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  • 1.
    Damschen, Marvin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Farooqui, Ashfaq
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Häll, Rickard
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Landström, Per
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Thorsén, Anders
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Development and onboard assessment of drone for assistance in firefighting resource management and rescue operations2022Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report provides comprehensive information for deciding whether to pursue the deployment of adrone system for increasing safety on ship. The assessments of technical and legal feasibility as wellas usefulness of a drone system for surveying the open decks of a ro-ro ship are presented. The usecases of fire patrol, fire resource management and search & rescue operations are targeted. Aprototype drone system is detailed that is built on open standards and open-source software for highextensibility and reproducibility. Technical feasibility is assessed positively overall using a purpose-designed drone-control software, in-field tests and a demonstration onboard of DFDS PetuniaSeaways. The needs for further development, analysis and long-term tests are described. The legalfeasibility assessment gives an overview of applicable maritime and airspace regulations within theEU. It concludes that the drone system should be seen complementary to existing fire safety systemsand that operational authorization is best applied for in collaboration with a ship owner. Usefulnessis assessed using responses from maritime experts to an online questionnaire on the targeted usecases. Results are positive with two major challenges identified: achieving a reasonable selling priceand obtaining the ship operators’ and crews’ trust in the system. Finally, a SWOT analysis gives aconcise summary of the performed assessments and can be used as input to the strategic businessplanning for a potential drone system provider.

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  • 2.
    Farooqui, Ashfaq
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Claase, Tijsse
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Fabian, Martin
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    On Active Learning for Supervisor Synthesis2024Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, ISSN 1545-5955, E-ISSN 1558-3783, Vol. 21, s. 78-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Supervisory control theory provides an approach to synthesize supervisors for cyber-physical systems using a model of the uncontrolled plant and its specifications. These supervisors can help guarantee the correctness of the closed-loop controlled system. However, access to plant models is a bottleneck for many industries, as manually developing these models is an error-prone and time-consuming process. An approach to obtaining a supervisor in the absence of plant models would help industrial adoption of supervisory control techniques. This paper presents, an algorithm to learn a controllable supervisor in the absence of plant models. It does so by actively interacting with a simulation of the plant by means of queries. If the obtained supervisor is blocking, existing synthesis techniques are employed to prune the blocking supervisor and obtain the controllable and non-blocking supervisor. Additionally, this paper presents an approach to interface the with a PLC to learn supervisors in a virtual commissioning setting. This approach is demonstrated by learning a supervisor of the well-known example simulated in Xcelgo Experior and controlled using a PLC. interacts with the PLC and learns a controllable supervisor for the simulated system. Note to Practitioners—Ensuring the correctness of automated systems is crucial. Supervisory control theory proposes techniques to help build control solutions that have certain correctness guarantees. These techniques rely on a model of the system. However, such models are typically unavailable and hard to create. Active learning is a promising technique to learn models by interacting with the system to be learned. This paper aims to integrate active learning and supervisory control such that the manual step of creating models is no longer needed, thus, allowing the use of supervisory control techniques in the absence of models. The proposed approach is implemented in a tool and demonstrated using a case study. 

  • 3.
    Farooqui, Ashfaq
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Sangchoolie, Behrooz
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Towards Formal Fault Injection for Safety Assessment of Automated Systems2023Ingår i: Fifth International Workshop on Formal Methods for Autonomous Systems, 2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Reasoning about safety, security, and other dependability attributes of autonomous systems is a challenge that needs to be addressed before the adoption of such systems in day-to-day life. Formal methods is a class of methods that mathematically reason about a system’s behavior. Thus, a correctness proof is sufficient to conclude the system’s dependability. However, these methods are usually applied to abstract models of the system, which might not fully represent the actual system. Fault injection, on the other hand, is a testing method to evaluate the dependability of systems. However, the amount of testing required to evaluate the system is rather large and often a problem. This vision paper introduces formal fault injection, a fusion of these two techniques throughout the development lifecycle to enhance the dependability of autonomous systems. We advocate for a more cohesive approach by identifying five areas of mutual support between formal methods and fault injection. By forging stronger ties between the two fields, we pave the way for developing safe and dependable autonomous systems. This paper delves into the integration’s potential and outlines future research avenues, addressing open challenges along the way.

  • 4.
    Hagebring, Fredrik
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Farooqui, Ashfaq
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Fabian, Martin
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Lennartson, Bengt
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    On Optimization of Automation Systems: Integrating Modular Learning and Optimization2022Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, ISSN 1545-5955, E-ISSN 1558-3783, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 1662-1674Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Compositional Optimization (CompOpt) was recently proposed for optimization of discrete-event systems of systems. A modular optimization model allows CompOpt to divide the optimization into separate sub-problems, mitigating the state space explosion problem. This paper presents the Modular Optimization Learner (MOL), a method that interacts with a simulation of a system to automatically learn these modular optimization models. MOL uses a modular learning that takes as input a hypothesis structure of the system and uses the provided structural information to split the acquired learning into a set of modules, and to prune parts of the search space. Experiments show that modular learning reduces the state space by many orders of magnitude compared to a monolithic learning, which enables learning of much larger systems. Furthermore, an integrated greedy search heuristic allows MOL to remove many sub-optimal paths in the individual modules, speeding up the subsequent optimization.

  • 5.
    Maleki, Mehdi
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Farooqui, Ashfaq
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    Sangchoolie, Behrooz
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Elektrifiering och pålitlighet.
    CarFASE: A Carla-based Tool for Evaluating the Effects of Faults and Attacks on Autonomous Driving Stacks2023Ingår i: 2023 53rd Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks Workshops (DSN-W), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023, s. 92-99Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents CarFASE, an open-source carla-based fault and attack simulation engine that is used to test and evaluate the behavior of autonomous driving stacks in the presence of faults and attacks. Carla is a highly customizable and adaptable simulator for autonomous driving research. In this paper, we demonstrate the application of CarFASE by running fault injection experiments on OpenPilot, an open-source advanced driver assistance system designed to provide a suite of features such as lane keeping, adaptive cruise control, and forward collision warning to enhance the driving experience. A braking scenario is used to study the behavior of OpenPilot in the presence of brightness and salt&pepper faults. The results demonstrate the usefulness of the tool in evaluating the safety attributes of autonomous driving systems in a safe and controlled environment.

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