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Förnybar flytande biogas (LBG) till sjöfart i praktiken
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
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2024 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Reducing the environmental and climate impact of shipping propelled by liquefied natural gas (LNG) requires the introduction of alternative fuels such as liquid biogas/biomethane (LBG) (Jivén et al., 2022). Today, only a small part of the biomethane produced in Sweden is liquefied into LBG and an even smaller part is used as fuel for shipping. The price and availability of biogas is governed by supply and demand in an international market where shipping, industry and heavy trucks demand biogas. The biogas then needs to be processed into upgraded biogas (biomethane) or LBG quality in order to be transported and used in the respective sectors inside and outside of Sweden. The trend is for a larger proportion of biogas to be liquefied into LBG. The market has thus gone from a local market, where biogas was produced in the city's wastewater treatment plant and the city buses ran on biogas, to an international market where biogas often is transported in the same way as fossil gas and marketed using the fossil gas together with certificates. The project "Renewable liquid biogas (LBG) for shipping in practice" was carried out by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute and RISE in 2023 together with stakeholders from the shipping sector, ports and industry organizations for biogas. The project has studied the conditions required to make LBG available to shipping in practice at Swedish ports. The study shows that the major obstacles to an established use of LBG in the shipping sector in Sweden today are pricing/willingness to pay that is affected by international market prices, lack of suitable logistical solutions as well as the absence of the piece of the puzzle that is the business model and cooperation needed to make available the large volumes of biogas that shipping may demand. The stakeholders in the project estimate their total need of biogas to 3 TWh in a short term, and 10 TWh in a longer term. The project has identified a number of conclusions and recommendations for future work, including that the potential for biogas is large and untapped, but that new solutions for the distribution and logistics of LBG are needed. There is a clear interest from maritime actors as they see biogas as a strategic solution and the dialog between actors in the industry remains important. A change in the tax system could be needed so that more actors can use the green gas principle for LBG. In addition, a functioning "marketplace" is needed, which simplifies for sellers and buyers of LBG, and agreements/contracts are needed that are longterm and to a greater extent based on the costs of producing and providing LBG.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024. , p. 59
Series
LIGHTHOUSE-rapport
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-72316OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-72316DiVA, id: diva2:1843417
Note

En förstudie utförd inom Trafikverkets branschprogramHållbar sjöfart som drivs av Lighthouse. I samarbete medGöteborgs Hamn, Gävle Hamn, Terntank, Furetank, Biogas Syd, Biogas Sydost, Energigas Sverige, Wallenius Sol och Wallenius Marine.

Available from: 2024-03-11 Created: 2024-03-11 Last updated: 2024-03-11Bibliographically approved

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Gehandler, JonatanDahlbom, Sixten

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