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Steering the Future: An Overview of Current and Upcoming Regulations in Automated Driving: Version 0.5
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8452-0430
2024 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report provides an overview of current and upcoming legal frameworks and instruments relevant for automated vehicles (AV) and automated driving (AD). It is the first version of this overview, which will be updated every six months as long as the project ‘Network AD regulation’ runs. Next version of the overview can be expected around June 2024. In this version, legislation as of December 2023 has been considered. Laws and regulations play a vital role in the safe and efficient integration of AVs into our transportation system. They can ensure that we maximise the benefits of the new technology while minimising the downside risks and help to build public trust in the technology. Vehicles are sold on an international market and much of the traffic goes across national borders. Therefore, harmonised rules are needed, at least to some extent. A regulatory development around AD is ongoing at international level and regional level within Europe, and this has already resulted in some new regulations. More will come within the next few years. Knowledge of international and EU regulations as well as ongoing and planned regulatory initiatives that affect the development and use of AVs is important for actors in the AV space to follow. The shift towards AD is disruptive and complex, not least from a regulatory perspective. AVs need partly different requirements than previous vehicles, necessitating the development of new vehicle regulations and traffic rules. AVs must be able to interact safely with other road users (not least unprotected road users) in various traffic situations and driving conditions; anticipate and detect risks and drive with a margin of safety to prevent accidents and injuries; and follow traffic rules. (It is even likely that some traffic rules will have to be written differently than today.) ‘Vehicle regulations’ set requirements for how the vehicles should be designed and function, while ‘traffic rules’ set requirements for how road users should behave in traffic. In AD, it is the vehicle and not the driver that must follow traffic rules. This means that the AV must be designed to comply with traffic rules. This needs to be considered from a regulatory perspective. At the same time, users of AVs may need to have different traffic rules for how they should behave in relation to these vehicles. The legislator also needs to consider this.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024. , p. 38
Series
RISE Rapport ; 2024:6
Keywords [en]
automated driving, autonomous driving, automated vehicles, autonomous vehicles, regulatory development, regulatory landscape
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-70526ISBN: 978-91-89896-47-5 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-70526DiVA, id: diva2:1829974
Note

Sweden has 17 strategic innovation programmes funded by the Swedish innovation agency Vinnova, Formas (a research council for sustainable development) and the Swedish Energy Agency.

Available from: 2024-01-22 Created: 2024-01-22 Last updated: 2024-01-22Bibliographically approved

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Lundahl, Jenny

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