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Hydrogen embrittlement of super duplex stainless steel – Towards understanding the effects of microstructure and strain
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, KIMAB. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3029-6493
University of Manchester, UK.
AB Sandvik Materials Technology, Sweden.
AB Sandvik Materials Technology, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, E-ISSN 1879-3487, Vol. 43, no 27, p. 12543-12555Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effects of austenite spacing, hydrogen charging, and applied tensile strain on the local Volta potential evolution and micro-deformation behaviour of grade 2507 (UNS S32750) super duplex stainless steel were studied. A novel in-situ methodological approach using Digital Image Correlation (DIC) and Scanning Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (SKPFM) was employed. The microstructure with small austenite spacing showed load partitioning of tensile micro-strains to the austenite during elastic loading, with the ferrite then taking up most tensile strain at large plastic deformation. The opposite trend was seen when the microstructure was pre-charged with hydrogen, with more intense strain localisation formed due to local hydrogen hardening. The hydrogen-charged microstructure with large austenite spacing showed a contrasting micro-mechanical response, resulting in heterogeneous strain localisation with high strain intensities in both phases in the elastic regime. The austenite was hydrogen-hardened, whereas the ferrite became more strain-hardened. SKPFM measured Volta potentials revealed the development of local cathodic sites in the ferrite associated with hydrogen damage (blister), with anodic sites related to trapped hydrogen and/or micro voids in the microstructure with small austenite spacing. Discrete cathodic sites with large Volta potential variations across the ferrite were seen in the coarse-grained microstructure, indicating enhanced susceptibility to micro-galvanic activity. Microstructures with large austenite spacing were more susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement, related to the development of tensile strains in the ferrite.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 43, no 27, p. 12543-12555
Keywords [en]
Austenite spacing, Hydrogen embrittlement, Load partitioning, Super duplex stainless steel, Volta potential, Austenite, Ferrite, Hydrogen, Microstructure, Stainless steel, Strain hardening, D. digital image correlation (DIC), Heterogeneous strain, Large plastic deformation, Methodological approach, Scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy, Volta potential variation, Tensile strain
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Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-34295DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.05.028Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85047740574OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-34295DiVA, id: diva2:1236847
Note

Export Date: 30 July 2018; Article; CODEN: IJHED; Correspondence Address: Örnek, C.Drottning Kristinas Väg 51, Sweden; email: ornek@kth.se

Available from: 2018-08-06 Created: 2018-08-06 Last updated: 2019-06-17Bibliographically approved

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