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  • 701.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Temperature Analysis of Heavily-insulated Steel Structures Exposed to Fire1985Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An exact analytical one-dimensional solution of the temperature response of insulated steel structues is derived and a closed form solution is given for a structure exposed to the ISO 834 standard curve.......

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 702.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Temperature calculation of insulated steel columns exposed to natural fire1981Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method is developed, suitable for design purposes, which allows approximate post-flashover compartment fire temperature to be plotted versus time in one curve, the general natural fire curve; time is then modified or scaled for the consideration of ventilation conditions and wall properties

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 703.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Ten years since the discotheque fire in Gothenburg2008In: BrandPosten, no 39, p. 18-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 704.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    The Adiabatic Surface Temperature and the Plate Thermometer2011In: Fire Safety Science proceedings of the tenth international symposium, International Association for fire safety science , 2011, , p. 1001-1012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 705.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    The FBI did not set the fire in Waco, Texas, 19932000In: BrandPosten, no 23, p. 12-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 706.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    The plate thermometer - a simple instrument for reaching harmonized fire resistance tests1989Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fire resistance tim of the same structure may differ by 10 min when tested for about an hour in two diffrent furnaces according to ISO 834. The same structure may get a 25 % longer fire resistance when tested according to ISO in comparison with ASTM.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 707.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    The plate thermometer - Practical aspects.1997Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 708.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    The plate thermometer for measuring fire exposure in terms of adiabatic surface temperature2010In: Proceedings of fourth international symposium on tunnel Safety and Security, 2010, , p. 259-270Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 709.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    The Plate Thermometer in focus at the FORUM meeting in Japan2004In: BrandPosten, no 29, p. 31-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 710.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Tio år sedan diskoteksbranden i Göteborg2008In: BrandPosten, no 39, p. 18-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 711.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Travelling fires for CFD2011In: IAFSS - The International Association for Fire Safety Science: proceedings, ISSN 1817-4299, p. 1479-1488Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 712.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Use of the Plate Thermometer2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 713.
    Wickström, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Vyto's Ignition Handbook is useful for all professionals in fire protection engineering2004In: BrandPosten, no 29, p. 22-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 714.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Babrauskas, Vytenis
    The rational development of bench-scale fire tests for full scale fire prediction. (Reprint from the proceedings of the second International symposium on fire safety science, Tokyo, 1988. P. 813-822).1990Report (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 715.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Duthinh, D
    McGrattan, K
    Adiabatic surface temperature for calculating heat transfer to fire exposed structures2007In: Proceedings from Interflam 2007, Interscience , 2007, , p. 943-954Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 716.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Göransson, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, material (BRm).
    Full-scale/Bench-scale correlations of wall and ceiling linings.1992Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 717.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Göransson, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, material (BRm).
    Prediction of heat release rates of surface materials in large-scale fire test based on cone calorimeter results1988Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A simple theory is suggested for the important fire engineering problem of predicting large-scale test fires of surface materials based on information obtained from small-scale tests.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 718.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Göransson, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, material (BRm).
    The future of European testing . Nordtest full-scale fire tests.1990Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 719.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Hadziselimovic, Esad
    Equivalent concrete layer thickness of a fire protection insulation layer1996In: Fire Safety Journal, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 295-302Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 720.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Hermodsson, Thomas
    Comments on paper by Kay, Kirby and Preston "Calculation of the heating rate of an unprotected steel member in a standard fire resistance test"1997In: Fire Safety Journal, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 337-343Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 721.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Ingason, Haukur
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, skydd (BRs ).
    Diskoteksbranden - Brandförloppet2000In: BrandPosten, no 22, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 722.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Ingason, Haukur
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, skydd (BRs ).
    Fires in sloping tunnels grow rapidly2000In: BrandPosten, no 23, p. 6-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 723.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Jansson, Robert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Tuovinen, Heimo
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Validation fire tests on using the adiabatic surface temperature for predicting heat transfer2009Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 724.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Pålsson, Johan
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    A scheme for verification of computer codes for calculating temperature in fire exposed structures1999Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 725.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Robbins, Amanda
    Baker, Greg
    The use of adiabatic surface temperature to design structures for fire exposure2011In: Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, ISSN 2040-2317, E-ISSN 2040-2325, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 21-28Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 726.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Robbins, Amanda
    Baker, Greg
    The use of adiabatic surface temperature to design structures for fire exposure2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 727.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Sjöström, Johan
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Byström, Alexandra
    New method for calculating time to reach ignition temperature2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 728.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Sundström, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, material (BRm).
    Rapport från Fire Sector Group och CEN/TC127 - tak kan nu klassificeras och CE-märkas2003In: BrandPosten, no 29, p. 22-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 729.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Sundström, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, material (BRm).
    Report from Fire Sector Group and CEN/T127 - roofs can now be classidied and CE-marked2004In: BrandPosten, no 29, p. 22-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 730.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Tuovinen, Heimo
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Calculation of fluid temperature in circular tubes using Tube-TASEF.1997Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 731.
    Wickström, Ulf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Wetterlund, Ingrid
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Total heat flux cannot be measured2004In: Interflam 2004. Edinburgh, Skottland. 2004-07-05--07, Interscience Communications , 2004, , p. 269-76Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 732.
    Willstrand, Ola
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Brandt, Jonas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Karlsson, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Ochoterena, Raul
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Kovacevic, Vedran
    Fire detection & fire alarm systems in heavy duty vehicles: WP2 – Factors influencing detector performance in vehicles2015Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 733.
    Willstrand, Ola
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Brandt, Jonas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Ochoterena, Raul
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Försth, Michael
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, material (BRm).
    Detection of fires in Heavy Duty (HD) vehicles2014In: Proceedings from 15th International Conference on Automatic Fire Detection - AUBE´14, 2014, , p. 171-178Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 734.
    Willstrand, Ola
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Brandt, Jonas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Svensson, Robert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Branddetektion i toalett och förarsovhytt i bussar2014In: Brandposten, no 50, p. 36-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 735.
    Willstrand, Ola
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Brandt, Jonas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Svensson, Robert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Fire detection & fire alarm systems in heavy duty vehicles WP5 – Fire detection in bus and coach toilet compartments and driver sleeping compartments2014Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 736.
    Willstrand, Ola
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Karlsson, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Brandt, Jonas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Fire detection & fire alarm systems in heavy duty vehicles: WP1 – Survey of fire detection in vehicles2015Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 737.
    Willstrand, Ola
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Svensson, Robert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Försth, Michael
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Ochoterena, Raul
    Spray diagnostics using holography and wavelet analysis2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    In-line holography, where the reference beam coincides with the beam that is scattered against the droplets, has been found to be a versatile and simple experimental method for spray diagnostics using holography. Such an experiment was setup and a water spray was studied and holograms of high quality was obtained using a CCD-camera.

    The holograms were analysed with Wavelet analysis, implemented as a Matlab program. It was found that the droplets’s size and position could be reconstructed with reasonable accuracy. Future work will focus on a dynamic analysis program that dynamically adapts the wavelet analysis parameters to each detected droplet.

    Key words: spray diagnostics, laser diagnostics, holography, image processing, wavelet analysis

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    fulltext
  • 738.
    Winberg, David
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    International Fire Death Rate Trends2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of fire fatalities in Sweden has not changed significantly during the last two decades, in spite of information campaigns and an increased use of smoke detectors and fire extinguishers in homes. In recognition of this The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency initiated and funded a research program to investigate what could be done in order to reduce the fatalities in residential fires. This work is a first step in that process where fire fatalities statistics are studied to determine what measures have proven efficient in other countries. Both USA and Great Britain have reduced the number of fire fatalities steadily over the last three decades, and now have a lower fire death rate per capita compared to Sweden. One explanation to this could be that both countries have introduced fire regulations for furniture and furnishing, which is something that Sweden has not yet done.Key words: Fire, fire fatalities, fire statistics, residential fires.

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    fulltext
  • 739.
    Winberg, David
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Boström, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Beklädnad enligt det europeiska systemet2014In: Brandposten, no 50, p. 30-31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 740.
    Winberg, David
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Sjöstrand, Karin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Bygg och Mekanik, Rörcentrum.
    Vattensprinkleranläggningar och kommunala vattenledningsnät - en vattendelare2015In: Brandposten, no 52, p. 10-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 741.
    Winberg, David
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Sjöstrand, Karin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Arnell, Magnus
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Farestveit, Tomas
    Fire Sprinkler Systems- Capacity tests and Public Water Mains2016Report (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 742.
    Winberg, David
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Sjöstrand, Karin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Arnell, Magnus
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Farestveit, Tomas
    Nordiska Brand AB.
    Vattensprinkleranläggningar - Kapacitetsprov och kommunala vattenledningsnät2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this project is to provide support to local municipalities and other stakeholders on how sprinkler installations connected to the water mains should be installed and maintained so that a high fire safety can be obtained without any inconvenience or disturbances to the municipal water supply. The report includes recommendations for how Swedish municipalities can manage applications for sprinkler connections, and how the sprinkler industry can handle the design, installation and maintenance to minimize the risk for drinking water quality problems.Key words:Sprinkler, public water mains, drinking water quality, backflow prevention, sprinkler pumps, capacity test.

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    fulltext
  • 743. Zhang, Ping
    et al.
    Nordlund, Erling
    Mainlali, Ganesh
    Saiang, Christine
    Jansson, Robert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Adl-Zarrabi, Bijan
    Experimental study on thermal spalling of rock block exposed to fire2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 744.
    Östman, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Trä.
    Boström, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Beklädnader av trä med brandskyddande förmåga2014In: Bygg & teknik, Vol. 106, no 6, p. 45-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    fulltext
  • 745.
    Östman, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Trä.
    Boström, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Beklädnader av trä med brandskyddande förmåga2014In: Brandposten, no 50, p. 32-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 746.
    Östman, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Hållbar Samhällsbyggnad.
    Boström, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Fire protection ability of wood coverings2015In: Fire technology, ISSN 0015-2684, E-ISSN 1572-8099, Vol. 51, no 6, p. 1475-1493Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The low thermal conductivity and slow charring rate of wood products may protect underlying products from being heated and ignited. A literature survey shows that such fire protective behaviour of wood coverings has been verified by different methodologies in several countries in and outside Europe. A new European system with K classes for the fire protection ability of coverings has been utilised for wood products. The classes are based on full-scale furnace testing, and the main parameter is the temperature behind the fire-exposed panel after different time intervals. Three levels are defined: 10, 30 and 60 min. An extensive test program has been performed according to the new European system. The results demonstrate that all K classes may be achieved for wood-based panels (particle board, plywood, solid wood panels, OSB—Oriented Strand Board and hardboard), and for solid wood panelling and cladding. The criteria for wood products are based mainly on panel thickness. The thickness for achieving each K class may vary slightly, depending on the wood product type and on mounting conditions and fixing means. Typical thickness to reach 10 min fire protection is 10–15 mm, for 30 min 24–30 mm, and for 60 min protection 52–54 mm. The end-use applications of wood products with K classes are mainly as wall and ceiling coverings and for protection of underlying materials and structures. Examples are protection of combustible insulation materials from being ignited, timber structures from becoming charred, and steel structures from reaching high temperatures. K classification is required by building regulations in some countries, e.g. Germany, Denmark and Sweden.

  • 747.
    Östman, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Trä.
    Hilling, Rolf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Boström, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Fire protection ability of wood products2012Report (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 748.
    Pursiainen, Christer (Editor)
    University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway.
    Rød, Bjarte (Editor)
    University of Tromsø, Norway.
    Alheib, Marwan (Contributor)
    INERIS, France.
    Baker, Greg (Contributor)
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research AS, Norge.
    Bouffier, Christian (Contributor)
    INERIS, France.
    Bram, Staffan (Contributor)
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Cadete, Goncalo (Contributor)
    INOV, Spain.
    Carreira, Elisabete (Contributor)
    INOV, Spain.
    Gattinesi, Peter (Contributor)
    JRC, Greece.
    Guay, Fanny (Contributor)
    DBI.
    Honfi, Daniel (Contributor)
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Bygg och Mekanik, Strukturer och Komponenter.
    Eriksson, Kerstin (Contributor)
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Lange, David (Contributor)
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Brandmotstånd.
    Lundin, Emma (Contributor)
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Bygg och Mekanik, Urban Water Management.
    Malm, Annika (Contributor)
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Bygg och Mekanik, Urban Water Management.
    Melkunaite, Laura (Contributor)
    DBI.
    Merad, M (Contributor)
    INERIS, Frances.
    Mira da Silva, Miguel (Contributor)
    INOV, Spain.
    Petersen, Laura (Contributor)
    EMSC.
    Rodrigues, John (Contributor)
    INOV, Spain.
    Salmon, Romuald (Contributor)
    INERIS, France.
    Theocharidou, Marianthi (Contributor)
    JRC.
    Willot, Adrien (Contributor)
    INERIS, France.
    IMPROVER D2.2 Report of criteria for evaluating resilience2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent years, the focus has moved from critical infrastructure protection to that of resilience. But how do we know whether a critical infrastructure is resilient or not, how can it be evaluated, measured and enhanced?

     

    Drawing on, combining and developing the ideas of the existing literature and practices, the current report develops a holistic, easy-to-use and computable methodology to evaluate critical infrastructure resilience, called Critical Infrastructure Resilience Index (CIRI). The methodology is applicable to all types of critical infrastructure, including a possibility to tailor it to the specific needs of different sectors, facilities and hazard scenarios. The proposed methodology is especially suitable for organizational and technological resilience evaluation, but permits including also elements of societal resilience indicators to the evaluations.

     

    The methodology is based on four levels of hierarchically organized indicators. Level 1 consists of the phases well known from the so-called crisis management cycle. Under these phases, we find sets of Level 2 rather generic indicators. Thus under level 1 ‘Prevention’, for instance, we may find a Level 2 indicator such as ‘Resilient design’, further divided into Level 3 more detailed indicators such as ‘Physical robustness’, ‘Cyber robustness’, ‘Redundancy’, ‘Modularity’, and ‘Independency’. The task is to study these indicators on Level 4 in the context of concrete critical infrastructure facilities and hazard scenarios, that is, applying Level 3 indicators into concrete circumstances.

     

    The methodology then permits to transfer quantitative, semi-quantitative and qualitative evaluations of individual sector-specific resilience indicators into uniform metrics, based on process maturity levels. This in turn makes it possible to give a specific critical infrastructure, or its part, a resilience value on the scale 0-5.

     

    While the real resilience value becomes clear only when one engages in the analysis of several indicators, the methodology can be used also as a step-by-step measurement and development tool for resilience, without necessary immediately engaging in time-consuming total resilience analysis.

     

    The user of this methodology is supposed to be the operator of critical infrastructure, or part of it, in the spirit of self-auditing. In case it would be implemented in a wider scale, in cooperation between the operators and authorities, it would give the authorities a holistic picture about the respective society’s critical infrastructure resilience.

     

    In this report, we draw a concise picture of the methodology and illustrate how this methodology could be applied to a specific infrastructure and hazard scenario.

    Download full text (pdf)
    IMPROVER D2.2
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