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  • 51.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Prizes and grants from the European Academy of Surface Technology2018In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 96, no 6, p. 287-289Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik.
    Recent progress in pulse reversal plating of copper for elctronics applications2007In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, Vol. 85, p. 40-45Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Leisner, Peter
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Hansen, Åsa
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Applicationof Assaf panel for evaluating the throwing power of pulse reverse plating2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Leisner, Peter
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Eilert
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Aspects to be considered when making innovation out of promising research results in surface technology2019In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 67-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the eyes of industrialists, scientists often exaggerate the economic potential of their findings. The industrialists know that developing a new technology to production is associated with uncertainty and risks. To elucidate the challenges faced by the surface treatment industry, this paper discusses aspects that should be considered when making innovation out of promising research results. The Technology Readiness Level (TRL) metric for assessing maturity of a technology is discussed and exemplified. Additional risks of fluid character such as legislation, price of raw material and customer expectations are also discussed. Even though, the subject is of general relevance, the present discussion refers to surface technology and examples are given from copper plating of printed circuit boards, and durable and cost-efficient coatings on electrical connectors.

  • 55.
    Leisner, Peter
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik.
    Lindgren, Mats
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik, Miljötålighet.
    Poder, Ralf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik.
    Methods for predicting corrosion on electronic products2014In: Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology, ISSN 1478-422X, E-ISSN 1743-2782, Vol. 49, no 7, p. 661-664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surface insulation resistance (SIR) measurements have become necessary to perform, especially due to the introduction of lead free solders. It has been reported that SIR and other test methods have to be used for evaluating the reliability of printed wiring boards. This paper presents an investigation on how the SIR test environment influences the test results. The factors varied were temperature and humidity. The temperature was varied between 40 and 85°C, and the relative humidity was varied between 60 and 85%. Furthermore, the influence of different types of process chemicals on SIR was evaluated. Seven lead free solder pastes, of which five were no-clean and two were water soluble, were compared. The influence of using conformal coating was also studied. These solder pastes were used to verify the developed method. A proper test method for SIR measurements is suggested in the paper, as well as a recommendation for use of conformal coating.

  • 56.
    Leisner, Peter
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden;.
    Nielsen, L. P.
    DTI Danish Technological Institute, Denmark.
    Offshoring and backshoring of surface finishing from the perspective of the Nordic countries2019In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 54-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Backshoring of production to Western Europe has become an increasingly important trend after decades of offshoring. The subject is introduced by a general discussion followed by a specific analysis of the Nordic surface finishing industry. The main finding is that production quality is the main driver for backshoring of surface finishing. .

  • 57.
    Leisner, Peter
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Zanella, C.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Application of Assaf panel for evaluating throwing power of pulse reverse electroplating on complex geometries2018In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 96, no 5, p. 258-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Assaf panel arrangement was used for evaluating pulse reverse plating processes and optimisation of the throwing power (TP) of complex three-dimensional (3D) geometries. Two different electroplating processes were investigated: an acid copper bath and a cyanide silver bath without additives. It has not been possible to establish a direct correlation factor for TP obtained with the Assaf panel and the 3D objects included in the trials. Nevertheless, the Assaf panel was found to be a useful tool for preliminary process parameter optimisation. The copper bath needs agitation to deposit coatings of good quality, whereas the silver bath obtains the best throwing power without agitation. The latter is probably due to inhibition by adsorbed cyanide.

  • 58.
    Leisner, Peter
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Zanella, C.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Belov, I.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Edström, Curt
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Sandulache, G.
    Happy Plating, Austria.
    Hansal, W. E. G.
    Happy Plating, Austria.
    Control of silver throwing power by pulse reverse electroplating2017In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 95, no 1, p. 25-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of electroplating parameters on throwing power (TP) is studied in additive-free silver cyanide solutions under direct current and pulse reverse electroplating conditions. It is found that the best TP is obtained when no agitation of the electrolyte is applied. The most important parameters for controlling the TP are the cathodic current density, the anodic to cathodic charge ratio, and the ratio between the anodic and cathodic current densities. Guidelines for process optimisation are given.

  • 59.
    Leisner, Peter
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Introduction to pulse plating2016In: The 7th European Pulse Plating Seminar, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Leisner, Peter
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Structure modification and process control by pulsed electrodeposition2015In: EUROMAT 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Leisner, Peter
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Belov, Ilia
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Edström, Curt
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Sandulache, Gabriela
    Happy Plating GmbH, Austria.
    Influence of pulse reverse plating parameters on throwing power in a silver cyanide bath2016In: The 7th European Pulse Plating Seminar, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Leisner, Peter
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Zanella, Caterina
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. Jönköping University, Sweden; University of Trento, Italy.
    Edström, Curt
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik, Miljötålighet. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Wang, H.
    Chang Zhou University, China.
    Influence of anodic pulses and periodic current reversion on electrodeposits2014In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 92, no 6, p. 336-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses how anodic pulses and periodic current reversion influence electrodeposition. Depending on the involved metal and electrolyte, very different effects can be observed and taken advantage of. The Wagner number, Wa, describing the current distribution is shown to be useful for predicting the throwing power at low frequencies of current reversion, even in complex electrochemical systems, but is less useful at higher frequencies. Passivation can occur due to oxide formation, super-saturation of metal salts or depletion of complexing agents at the electrode surface. Furthermore, dissolution and desorption processes in the anodic period can have strong influence on the succeeding cathodic electrocrystallisation affecting preferred crystal orientation, intrinsic stress and current efficiency. A literature survey is combined with experiments from silver plating from a cyanide bath.

  • 63.
    Lekka, M.
    et al.
    University of Undine, Italy.
    Zanella, C.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    New European Training Network solving corrosion problems on micro- and nanoscale: mCBEEs2017In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 95, no 6, p. 297-298Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    mCBEEs is an acronym for: Advanced integrative solutions to Corrosion problems beyond micro-scale: towards long-term durability of miniaturised Biomedical, Electronic and Energy systems. It is a doctoral student training network funded by the European Commission under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Action scheme in the same way as the recently reported training network SELECTA that is focusing on smart electrodeposited alloys for environmentally sustainable applications.1.

  • 64.
    Lindgren, Mats
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik, Miljötålighet.
    Belov, Ilja
    Johansson, Alf
    G. Sarius, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik, Miljötålighet.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik.
    Multi-disciplinary Approach to Design of a Power Electronics Module for Harsh Environments2009In: EuroSime 2009. Delft, Nederländerna. 2009-04-27--29, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Ludvigsson, Mikael
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Andersson Ersman, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Acreo.
    Dyreklev, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Acreo.
    Nilsson, Daniel
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Norberg, Björn
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Grund Bäck, Lina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Malmros, Ingemar
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Falk, Krister
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Clausén, Ulf
    Forserum Saftey Glass AB, Sweden.
    Laminated display based on printed electronics2016In: Engineered Transparency 2016: Glass in Architecture and Structural Engineering, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Magagnin, Luca
    et al.
    Politechnico de Milano, Italy.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Professor Pietro Luigi Cavallotti: 11 November 1938 – 12 October 20172018In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 96, no 1, p. 7-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 67.
    Mölmen, Live
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Alexandersson, Anna
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Surface technology should improve PEM fuel cell performance2019In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 97, no 3, p. 112-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leading industrial nations are investing in hydrogen technology as energy storage solution with fuel cells as the main converter to electric energy. Improvements in the performance of the key components: electrode catalyst, bipolar plates and polymer electrolyte membrane are needed to reduce costs for mass-market introduction. Consequently, surface technology has an essential role in meeting the goals. 

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  • 68.
    Mölmen, Live
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Braun, Maximilian
    FEM Forschungsinstitut Edelmetalle Metallchemie, Germany.
    Baumgärtner, Manfred
    FEM Forschungsinstitut Edelmetalle Metallchemie, Germany.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Pt-P catalyst for fuel cells2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Fuel cell technology is becoming increasingly important in a society where the energy system is changing toward a high degree of electrification based on fossil-free primary sources of energy. Among commercial fuel cells, PEM (polymer electrolyte membrane) technology is dominating and the production is doubled each year. The reason for PEM technology being so prosperous is the ability of the industry to manufacture thin film materials (electrodes, membranes and protective films on bipolar plates), while also reaching high current densities. In order to improve the efficiency, catalysts are applied in the electrodes. These improvements have been achieved during the last decades thanks to significant materials development of membranes and electrodes, including micro- and nano-structuring and catalyst development by materials-doping. Thus, PEM technology has a strong potential to offer sustainable, cost effective and flexible solutions.

    However, PEM technology is sensitive to contamination of catalysts and membrane. Additionally, the demanding internal environment (chemistry, temperature, pressure, and dynamic operation make the conditions very harsh) poses complex challenges in terms of durability. Therefore, there are still challenges to overcome to make PEM technology more efficient and robust and thereby beneficial. The most important areas of materials development to reduce the cost of PEM fuel cells are

    • High-performance electrode catalysts enabling ultra-low precious metal loading,
    • Lower cost, lighter, corrosion-resistant bipolar plates,
    • Low cost, high-performance membranes.

    The purpose of the present work is synthesis of catalytic Pt and PtP nanoparticles onto the gas diffusion layer (GDL) of PEM fuel cells by electrodeposition, and in a next step to study aging during fuel cell testing.

    Pt particles with varying P concentration are electrodeposited onto the carbon paper GDL. The concentrations used were 0 at% P, 1 at% P and 10 at% P. The GDL is activated by plasma etching prior to electroplating. The electrolyte used, contained 8 gL-1 Pt as Pt(NO2)2(NH3)2, 70 gL-1  NaCH3COOH and 100 gL-1  Na2CO3. Phosphorous was added in the form of H3PO3. Pulsed electrodeposition was performed at a temperature of 30 °C with an on-time of 0.005 seconds and off-time of 0.195 s. The peak current was 5 A.

  • 69.
    Mölmen, Live
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Fast, Lars
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Andreatta, Francesco
    Università degli Studi di Udine, Italy.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Pitting corrosion on coated stainless steel PEMFC flow plates2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The bipolar plate(BPP) constitutes up to 28% of the PEMFC stack cost[1]. Cheaper and more lightweight materials are needed, while there are strict requirements on both the mechanical and chemical stability within the acidic environment of the fuel cell. The targets set by the US DOE are a corrosion current <1 μA/cm2 and interfacial contact resistance <0.01 ohm cm2[2].

    Stainless steel is affordable and has the mechanical stability required for the BPPs. However, SS is subject to corrosion in the PEMFC environment. To be able to reach the DOE goals, either noble metal or conductive ceramic coatings must be utilised[3]. In this work, commercially available coatings on hydroformed SS 316L flow plates are studied. A single cell fuel cell tester is used to age the samples, and the in-situ degradation is measured by impedance measurements and polarisation curves. The electrochemical micro-cell technique is utilised to study the corrosion on both the pristine and aged flow plates by polarisation. SEM is used to analyse the surface. The aim is to better understand the pitting corrosion on PEMFC flow plates.

  • 70.
    Mölmen, Live
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Lundblad, Anders Olof
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Fast, Lars
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Investigation of feed water impurities on life-time of PEMWE2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the introduction of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV), hydrogen gas produced without fossil fuels Is requiredto reduce the CO2 emissions. At the same time, the production of renewable energy is increasing. Waterelectrolysis to produce hydrogen with the use of electricity from renewable sources allows for storage of theenergy in the form of hydrogen. The gas can be utilized either back to the electric net or as fuel for FCEVs.However, the cost of water electrolysis systems needs to be reduced while the lifetime must be increased. Oneof the main limitations of the proton exchange membrane water electrolyser (PEMWE) system is the degradationof the membrane1. This limits the lifetime of the system and is expensive to replace. It has been shown thatimpurities from feed water and the degradation products from other component poison the membrane, loweringthe proton conductivity. Furthermore, metal ion impurities catalyse the formation of hydrogen peroxide at thecathode further contributing to irreversible membrane thinning2. In industrial systems, the water circulated tothe cells is purified to minimize the degradation. However, the purification limits the operating temperature ofthe systems and increases the total system cost2.The water quality used in most electrolysis cells today utilises ASTM type II deionized water. However, littleresearch is done on the limitations, and quantifying the reduction in efficiency dependent on the water quality.Dedigama et al.3 calculated the minimum flow needed, and further state that in industry, 5 times the necessaryflow of water is circulated to ensure proper wetting of the membrane. However, in research, an excess of wateris often used, up to 100 times higher flow than required, to exclude mass transport restrictions on thereactions3,4.Increasing temperature decreases the kinetic overpotential and increases the membrane conductivity4.However, also dissolution of the catalyst and degradation of the cell components increase with temperature.Furthermore, in industrial applications the maximum temperature of the water into the purification system is60°C5. Dependent on the aim of the research, experiments at temperatures as low as 25°C are performed to fitwith the industry, while others run at 80 or 90°C to probe the upper limits of current density and efficiency2.In this project we aim to analyse the effect of varying water purity on the membrane degradation in a single PEMelectrolysis cell test setup. Furthermore, the effect of changing temperature from 60 to 80°C on the impuritytolerance will be studied. The circulating feed water will be analysed with respect to conductivity, metal ion andfluorine concentration. A parallel “blank” system with only tubings, fittings etc will be assembled and comparedto the data measured from the electrolyser. Contaminating species will be added to the feed water to study theirimpact.

  • 71.
    Mølmen, Live
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electrification and Reliability. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Eiler, K.
    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.
    Fast, Lars
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electrification and Reliability.
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Pellicer, Eva
    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.
    Recent advances in catalyst materials for proton exchange membrane fuel cells2021In: APL Materials, E-ISSN 2166-532X, Vol. 9, no 4, article id 040702Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on fuel cell technology is constantly gaining importance, while global emission requirements are becoming more and more restrictive. For environmentally neutral proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) to become a competitive technology, sustainable infrastructures need to be established. One of the main showstoppers is the utilization of the rare and therefore costly precious metal Pt as the key element in the electrocatalysis of hydrogen and oxygen. A huge amount of research is done on immensely reducing or even replacing Pt for future PEMFC technology. In this research update, the progress on oxygen reduction reaction catalysts in acidic media over the past two years is reviewed, with special attention to their durability. © 2021 Author(s).

  • 72.
    Nielsen, Lars Pleth
    et al.
    DTI Danish Technological Institute, Denmark.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Møller, Per B.
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Surface technology is essential for transition to a hydrogen-based energy system2018In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 96, no 1, p. 8-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of advanced surface technology for the success of the ongoing energy turnaround in Germany has recently been discussed in this journal.1 The purpose of the present article is to add views based on the conditions valid for the Nordic region.

  • 73.
    Pavlatou, E.
    et al.
    National Technical University of Athens, Greece.
    Chrysagis, K.
    Cert, Greece.
    Zoikis–Karathanasis, A.
    Cert, Greece.
    Rasmussen, Jan Boye
    Elplatek A/S, Denmark.
    Rasmussen, Anette
    Instituttet for produktudvikling, Denmark.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Gradewald, L.
    Kampakas, N.S.
    Kampakas, Greece.
    Panayiotakopoulos, G.
    SelfClean: NovelSelf-cleaning, anti-bacterial coatings, preventing disease transmission on everydaytouched surfaces2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Pavlatou, E.A.
    et al.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Tsoukleris, D.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Spanou, S.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Novel Self-cleaning,anti-bacterial Sn-Ni electrocoatings of high aesthetics and durability2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 75.
    Pinate, S.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Zanella, C.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Electrocodeposition of nano-SiC particles by pulse-reverse under an adapted waveform2019In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 166, no 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work has explored the potential of using pulse reverse (PR) plating for increasing the deposited fraction of SiC nanoparticles. Two PR waveforms were selected, a short pulse (500 Hz) waveform and a newly modified and adapted pulsed sequence that equals the plating thickness to the particles’ diameter (50 nm) for the on-time and half-diameter during the anodic time. The pulse waveforms were designed with 4 and 10 A•dm−2 as the average current density and cathodic peak current density, respectively. Direct current (DC) deposits at the same values were also produced as reference. In all cases, the codeposition of nano-SiC particles influenced the microstructure. The electroplating under DC 10 A•dm−2 showed the strongest grain refinement and increased the content of the particles (up to 2% vol.) PR using high-frequency achieved a similar codeposition. The maximum particle incorporation was achieved by the proposed adapted pulse waveform, doubling the SiC content produced by other set-ups (up to 4% vol.); increasing the microhardness of the deposits to 400 HV, despite no grain refinement compared to the pure metal. From these results, it was observed a relationship between the influence of the plating method on the microstructure, the particle content, and the material’s hardness. 

  • 76.
    Péter, L.
    et al.
    Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungary.
    Zanella, C.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    European training school for young scientists and EAST Forum 20172017In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 95, no 5, p. 237-238Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 77.
    Solér, Ola
    et al.
    Region Skåne, Sweden.
    Bye, Åse
    Vätgas Sverige, Sweden.
    Aronsson, Björn
    Vätgas Sverige, Sweden.
    Wiberg, Erik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Vätgas Sverige, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Cornander, Anna
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Nilsson, Karin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Alexandersson, Anna
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Eriksen, Jon
    Kunnskapsbyen Lilleström, Norway.
    Gjerlöw, Jan Carsten
    Kunnskapsbyen Lilleström, Norway.
    Rambech, Eric Lyche
    Oslo kommune, Norway.
    Kalland, Liv-Elisif
    ZERO, Norway.
    Goldmann, Mattias
    Fores, Sweden.
    Pervik, Mats
    Göteborgs Stads Leasing AB, Sweden.
    Tibbelin, Anna
    Energikontoret Skåne, Sweden.
    Baden, Niels-Arne
    GreenHydrogen, Denmark.
    Rammevilkår og strategier for hydrogen i transportsektoren2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Interreg project Blue Move promotes increased use of renewable energy to replace fossil fuels in the Øresund-Kattagat-Skagerrak (ØKS) region. International, national, regional and local framework conditions, strategies and measures are crucial in making the transport sector emission-free. Such framework conditions and strategies providing examples of what can be done at local and regional level to promote emission-free transport are described including analysis of business models for the use of hydrogen for transport, as well as proposals for strategic roadmap bullet points and a concrete checklist for municipalities that wish to facilitate emission-free transport. The purpose of the report is to help both public and private stakeholders succeed in introducing hydrogen as a fuel. A tight interaction between the public and private sector is seen crucial to secure a successful outcome. Municipalities and counties/regions have important roles as facilitators and first movers including hydrogen vehicles in their own car fleet and for public transport. Through its purchasing power, public authorities can drive development in the right direction by demanding the use of emission-free fuels. At the same time, the private sector has important roles in building and operating infrastructure, as well as adopting hydrogen fuelled passenger cars and utility vehicle.The report describes framework conditions and strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport at EU level and down to local level. There is a strong connection between these strategies; To achieve the EU goals, each country must set its own goals. Similar, to reach the national targets, measures must be taken at local and regional level. In Chapter 3, the EU goals and strategies are described. Chapter 4 addresses the national framework conditions and strategies in Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. It appears that there are great variations in which instruments are used in the countries to promote emission-free transport. In Chapter 5, a range of insights into regional and local strategies, action plans and measures are provided. In an early phase, sustainable business models might be hard to find without financial support both for private and public stakeholders. In a Blue Move feasability study [BLUE MOVE WP3] the potential of hydrogen as an energy carrier in the ØKS region was illuminated through several case descriptions. In Chapter 6, a brief analysis of the business models described by these cases is provided. Then, a numerical example is presented illustrating the profitability of a small hydrogen station related to a fixed refuelling demand. Next, the possibility of infrastructure development in elucidation of construction machinery and coordinated initiatives in the field of heavy transport are described. At the very end of the chapter, a study of the potential for temporary hydrogen filling stations in Norway and Sweden is summarised. Finally, the report provides some practical advice on how to get more hydrogen on the road. Here, 10 roadmap bullet points at a slightly higher level for what and how to focus are given. Furthermore, a concrete 10-point checklist for municipalities is presented. The municipalities play an important role in transforming their own vehicle fleet and facilitating that private sector and its residents being able to run emissions-free. Our aim is that the report will inspire both public and private sector to plan and implement concrete measures to increase the use of hydrogen for transport and by these means achieve its goals of reduced greenhouse gas emissions.

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  • 78.
    Tsoukleris, D.S.
    et al.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Spanou, S.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Köhler, Susanne
    Elplatek A/S.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Pavlatou, E.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Study of tribological properties of nickel-basedcoatings reinforced by TiO2 nanoparticles produced by pulseelectrodeposition2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 79.
    Wallmark, Cecilia
    et al.
    Sweco.
    Aronsson, Björn
    Vätgas Sverige.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019). Jönköping University.
    Strategisk innovationsagenda för vätgas i fordon 2016Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 80.
    Zanella, Caterina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leimbach, Martin
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Pulse reverse plating of SnNi2015In: EAST Forum 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Zanella, Caterina
    et al.
    Jönköping university.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden. Jönköping University.
    A criticalreview on the use of pulse and pulse reverse plating and their influence onelectrodeposition of nanocomposite coatings2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 82. Zanella, Caterina
    et al.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    mCBEEs Nytt europeisktutbildningsnätverk loser korrosionsproblem på mikro- och nanonivå2018In: YtforumArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 83. Zanella, Caterina
    et al.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik.
    Seminar Report - 6th European pulse plating seminar2014In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 92, no 4, p. 178-179Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Zanella, Caterina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Péter, Laszlo
    Hungarian Academy of Science, Hungary.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Promotion of young European scientists in surface technology2016In: Transactions of the Institute of Metal Finishing, ISSN 0020-2967, E-ISSN 1745-9192, Vol. 94, no 4, p. 173-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This contribution is an extension of two earlier reports in Transactions on EAST activities in which the imminent start-up of the e-MINDS program, involving training courses for early stage surface technology researchers in electrochemical processing in the development of miniaturized systems and devices, was noted. The first of these courses recently took place in Brno, the Czech Republic, in April 2016. e-MINDS was a COST action devoted to high-quality research in electrochemical processing technologies and corrosion towards the development of miniaturized systems and devices. Sixty-one attendees participated at the course event, representing 18 European countries.

  • 85.
    Zanella, Caterina
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Spanou, S.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Pavlatou, E.A.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden. Jönköping University.
    Functional nanocomposite coatings based on SnNiand TiO22015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Zendejas Medina, León
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Mølmen, Live
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electrification and Reliability. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Paschalidou, Eirini-Maria
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Donzel-Gargand, Olivier
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Jansson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Leif
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Extending the Passive Region of CrFeNi-Based High Entropy Alloys2023In: Advanced Functional Materials, ISSN 1616-301X, E-ISSN 1616-3028Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study provides principles for designing new corrosion resistant high entropy alloys. The theoretical framework is a percolation model developed by Newman and Sieradzki that predicts the ability of an alloy to passivate, i.e., to form a protective surface oxide, based on its composition. Here, their model is applied to more complex materials than previously, namely amorphous CrFeNiTa and CrFeNiW alloys. Furthermore, the model describes a more complex passivation process: reforming the oxide layer above the transpassive potential of Cr. The model is used to predict the lowest concentration of Ta or W required to extend the passive region, yielding 11–14 at% Ta and 14–17 at% W. For CrFeNiTa, experiments reveal a threshold value of 13–15 at% Ta, which agrees with the prediction. For CrFeNiW, the experimentally determined threshold value is 37–45 at% W, far above the predicted value. Further investigations explore why the percolation model fails to describe the CrFeNiW system; key factors are the higher nobility and the pH sensitivity of W. These results demonstrate some limitations of the percolation model and offer complementary passivation criteria, while providing a design route for combining the properties of the 3d transition metal and refractory metal groups. © 2023 The Authors.

  • 87.
    Zhang, Yafan
    et al.
    RISE, Swedish ICT, Acreo. Jönköping University, Sweden; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Belov, Ilja
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Sarius, Niklas G.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Bakowski, Mietek
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Nee, Hans Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Thermal evaluation of a liquid/air cooled integrated power inverter for hybrid vehicle applications2014In: 14th International Conference on Thermal, Mechanical and Multi-Physics Simulation and Experiments in Microelectronics and Microsystems, EuroSimE 2013, 2014, , p. 6529944article id 6529944Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A thermal design of an integrated double-side cooled SiC 50kW-1200V-200A power inverter for hybrid electric vehicle applications has been proposed to enable cooling in two different automotive operating environments: under-hood and controlled temperature environment of passenger compartment. The power inverter is integrated with air/liquid cooled cold plates equipped with finned channels. Concept evaluation and CFD model calibration have been performed on a simplified thermal prototype. Computational experiments on the detailed model of the inverter, including packaging materials, have been performed for automotive industry defined application scenarios, including two extreme and one typical driving cycles. For the studied applicationscenarios the case temperature of the SiC transistors and diodes have been found to be below 210°C. The maximum steady-state temperature of the DC-link capacitor has been below 127 °C for the worst-case scenario including liquid cooling, and up to 140 °C for the worst-case scenario with air-cooling.

  • 88.
    Zhang, Yafan
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Acreo. Jönköping University, Sweden; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Below, Ilja
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Bakowski, Mietek
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Acreo.
    Lim, Jang-Kwon
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Acreo.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Elektronik.
    Nee, Hans Peter
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Investigation of a finned baseplate material and thickness variation for thermal performance of a SiC power module2014In: 15th international conference on Thermal, Mechanical and Multi-Physics Simulation and Experiments in Microelectronics and Microsystems, IEEE , 2014, , p. 1-8article id 6813817Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A simplified transient computational fluid dynamics model of an automotive three-phase double-side liquid cooled silicon carbide power inverter, including pin-fin baseplates, has been developed and qualified for parametric studies. Effective heat transfer coefficients have been extracted from the detailed pin-fin baseplate model for two coolant volume flow rates 2 l/min and 6 l/min, at the coolant temperature 105 °C. The inverter model includes temperature dependent heat losses of SiC transistors and diodes, calculated for two driving cycles. Baseplate materials such as copper, aluminum-silicon carbide metal matrix composite, aluminium alloy 6061 as well as virtual materials have been evaluated in the parametric studies. Thermal conductivity, specific heat and density have been varied as well as thickness of the finned baseplates (1 to 3 mm). A trade-off between temperature of SiC chips and baseplate weight has been investigated by means of Pareto optimization. The main results of the parametric studies include a weak dependence (1 to 3 °C) of the chip temperature on baseplate thickness. Furthermore, switching e.g. between copper and AlSiC results in 5 to 8 °C increase of the chip temperature, at 65 to 70 % baseplate weight reduction.

  • 89.
    Zhu, Bai
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Seifeddine, Salam
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Jarfors, Anders
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    A study of anodising behaviour of al-si components produced by rheocasting2019In: Solid State Phenomena, ISSN 1012-0394, E-ISSN 1662-9779, Vol. 285, p. 39-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to investigate the anodising behaviour of Al-Si components produced by rheocasting, to understand the effect of the surface liquid segregation (SLS) on the anodising response. The material investigated was EN AC 42000 Al-alloy with an addition of 150 ppm Sr. The component was rheocast and conventionally liquid cast for benchmarking. The RheoMetal™ process was used to prepare slurry and subsequently cast using a vertical pressure die casting machine. Prior to anodising, mechanical grinding was used as pre-treatment method for selected samples as comparison with components in the as-cast state. Anodising was performed on the components using a constant controlled voltage at 25 V, in 1 M H2 SO4, at room temperature. The duration of anodising was varied from 30 mins to 120 mins to examine the relationship between oxide layer thickness and the anodising time. The oxide layer was investigated and characterised. The results demonstrated that the presence of the SLS layer, which was enriched with alloying elements, had a significant influence on the anodising behaviour of the cast component. The oxide layer thickness of the components produced by rheocasting and fully liquid casting was measured and compared. The relations between the oxide layer thickness and anodising time, as well as the casting methods are presented and discussed in this paper..

  • 90.
    Zhu, Baiwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Fedel, Michele
    University of Trento, Italy.
    Andersson, Nils Eric
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Deflorian, Flavio
    University of Trento, Italy.
    Zanella, C.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Influence of the Sr modification and post-treatment on corrosion resistance of oxide layer of cast Al-(low)Si alloys2017In: EUROCORR 2017 - The Annual Congress of the European Federation of Corrosion, 20th International Corrosion Congress and Process Safety Congress 2017, Asociace koroznich inzenyru z.s.- AKI - Czech Association of Corrosion Engineers , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current development of casting process makes it possible to cast low Si content aluminium alloys, which open the gate for the application of anodising on cast aluminium components. This paper aims to investigate the influence of Sr modification as well as the post-treatment on corrosion resistance of oxide layer of low Si content cast Al alloys. In the present study, designed Al-Si alloys with 5.45 wt-% Si were studied by performing electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in 3 wt-% NaCl solution. The morphology of Si particle was determined by controlling the level of Sr. The microstructure features were evaluated by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Furthermore, focus ion beam-SEM (FIB-SEM) equipped with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS) was applied to exam the corrosion morphology and the anodised layer with Si rich eutectic phases. The EIS study revealed that the corrosion resistance of the oxide layer on cast Al alloys can be significantly influenced by the morphology of Si particle and the post-treatment. It was found that the change of Si particle morphology from flake-like to fibrous by Sr addition can substantially improve the corrosion resistance of the oxide layer in the unsealed condition due to the formation of the more compacted oxide layer with less defects. Normally, the application of a sealing step such as the hydrothermal sealing can improve the corrosion protection of the oxide layer. However, in the current study, it was found the hydrothermal sealing step leads to a significant reduce of the corrosion protection due to the generation of cracks into the oxide layer, and the hydrothermal sealing step can counteract the improvement of the corrosion protection by Sr addition. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. All rights reserved.

  • 91.
    Zhu, Baiwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Fedel, Michele
    University of Trento, Italy.
    Andersson, Nils-Eric
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Deflorian, Flavio
    University of Trento, Italy.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Effect of Si content and morphology on corrosionresistance of anodized cast Al-Si alloys2017In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 164, no 7, p. C435-C441Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the influence of Si content and Si particle morphology on the corrosion protection of anodized oxide layers on Al-Si alloys. Two Al alloys with low Si concentrations (2.43 wt-% and 5.45 wt-%, respectively) were studied and compared with 6082-T6 via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in 3 wt-% NaCl solution prior to oxide layer sealing. Si particles were also modified by the addition of Sr to study the influence of Si particle morphology on the corrosion protection of the oxide layer. The EIS showed that the corrosion protection provided by the oxide layer on Al-Si alloys is significantly affected by the presence of Si particles. Si particles make the oxide layer locally thinner and more defective in the eutectic region, thereby increasing the ease of substrate corrosion attack. However, the addition of Sr can improve the corrosion protection of anodized Al-Si alloys significantly. Furthermore, it was proved that higher Si level influences negatively the anodized oxide corrosion protection due to the higher amount of cracks and defects, but Sr modification is efficient in preventing this negative effect.

  • 92.
    Zhu, Baiwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Fedel, Michele
    University of Trento, Italy.
    Andersson, Nils-Eric
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Deflorian, Flavio
    University of Trento, Italy.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Influence of the Srmodification and post-treatment on corrosion resistance of oxide layer of cast Al-(low)Si alloys2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 93.
    Zhu, Baiwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Persson, Per O. Å.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Jarfors, Anders E. W.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    A study of formation and growth of the anodized surface layer on Al-Si casting alloys based on different analytical techniques2015In: EAST Forum 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 94.
    Zhu, Baiwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Jarfors, Anders E. W.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Influence of Si and cooling rate on microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Si-Mg cast alloys2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 95.
    Zhu, Baiwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Jarfors, Anders E. W.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Influence of Si and cooling rate on microstructure and mechanical properties of Al–Si–Mg cast alloys2016In: Surface and Interface Analysis, ISSN 0142-2421, E-ISSN 1096-9918, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 861-869Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to investigate the effect of Si-content and microstructure on mechanical properties of Al–Si–Mg alloys with the purpose of to develop high-strength cast aluminum alloys that are anodizable. The Si-content was 2.5, 3.5 and 5.5 wt% Si, and both Sr-modified and unmodified conditions were used. The samples were produced using the gradient solidification furnace to generate a well-controlled microstructure. The resulting secondary dendrite arm spacing was 10 and 20 µm. The microstructural features were evaluated by employing SEM/EDS and optical microscopy. Furthermore, computed tomography (CT) scan technology was used to provide a 3D view of high-density phases in the microstructure. The mechanical properties of these alloys were studied by means of tensile and hardness testing where the latter was performed on the macrolevel and microlevel. The results demonstrate clearly how the Si growth in the microstructure is restricted by increased cooling rate and modification and its role in strength development in Al-Si alloys. Additionally, the CT scan visualized the morphology of intermetallics and supported in identifying the oxide layer growth as a result of the anodizing process.

  • 96.
    Zhu, Baiwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University,Sweden.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Jarfors, Anders E.W.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    A study of anodising behaviour of Al-Si componentsproduced by rheocasting2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Zhu, Baiwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Persson, Per O. Å.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Jarfors, Anders E. W.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019). Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    A study of formation and growth of the anodised surface layer on cast Al-Si alloys based on different analytical techniques2016In: Materials and Design, ISSN 0264-1275, Vol. 101, p. 254-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to investigate the mechanisms of formation and growth of the anodised surface layer on Al-Si castings by applying different analytical techniques such as optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), and X-ray computer tomography (X-ray CT) scanning. Three different Al alloys with various Si content (2.43%, 3.53% and 5.45%) were investigated. Si particle morphological modification by Sr addition, as well as directional solidification, was used to vary the microstructural coarseness in a controlled manner to study the influence of these parameters on the growth behaviour of the oxide layer. This study observed residual unanodised Al phases trapped beneath or between Si particles in the oxide layer. It was found, depending on the geometry and morphology of Si particles, that Al can be shielded by Si particles and prevented from oxidising.

  • 98.
    Zhu, Baiwei
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Seifeddine, Salem
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Persson, Per O. Å.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Jarfors, Anders E. W.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Leisner, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden. Jönköping University.
    Zanella, Caterina
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Effect of Si particle modification on the growth and microstructure of anodized aluminium oxide2016Conference paper (Refereed)
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