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  • 51.
    Carlsson, Bo
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Jämförelse av tillgängliga rostskyddssystem för kulturmiljövård - Förutsättningar för referensobjektstudie av två järnvägsbroar samt rapport från inledande målningsarbete2004Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 52.
    Carlsson, Bo
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Jämförelse av tillgängliga rostskyddssystem för kulturmiljövård - Resultat av accelererad korrosionsprovning2002Report (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 53.
    Carlsson, Bo
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Material i plana termiska solfångare. Internationellt samarbete inom ramen för IEA: s solvärmeprogram under 19981998Report (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 54.
    Carlsson, Bo
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Materials in solar thermal collectors2000In: Conference proceedings, EuroSun 2000, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 19-22, 2000, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Berglund Åman, Anneli
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Jutengren, Kurt
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Livslängdsteknisk utvärdering genom accelererad provning. Förslag till arbetsmetodik för kvalificering och verifiering av rostskyddsfärger.1995Report (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 56. Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    Heale, Beatrice
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Jutengren, Kurt
    Jämförelse av tillgängliga rostskyddssystem för kulturmiljövård – Resultat av konditionsbesiktningar av referensobjekt ett år efter ommålning2004Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 57.
    Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Möller, Kenneth
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Accelerated life testing of solar absorber coatings - testing procedure and results2000In: Solar Energy, ISSN 0038-092X, E-ISSN 1471-1257, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 313-323Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Möller, Kenneth
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Accelerated life testing of solar energy materials. Case study of some selective solar absorber coating materials for DHW-systems.1994Report (Refereed)
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    SP rapport 1994 13
  • 59. Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    Möller, Kenneth
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Comparison between predicted and actually observed in-service degradation of a nickel pigmented anodized aluminium absorber coating for solar DHW systems2000In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, E-ISSN 1879-3398, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 223-238Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 60. Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    Möller, Kenneth
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Development of accelerated life testing procedures for solar absorber coatings1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 61. Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    Möller, Kenneth
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    General methodology of test procedures for assessment of durability and service life2001In: 9th DBMC, Brisbane, Australia, March 2002. Proceedings, 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Möller, Kenneth
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Round robin on accelerated life testing of solar absorber durability1999In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, E-ISSN 1879-3398, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 239-253Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Palm, Magnus
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Design and evaluation of weathering tests including acid rain2000In: Proceedings of the American Chemical Society Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering..ACS 220th meeting in Washington, D.C., 20-24 August, 2000, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Carlsson, Bo
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Wernståhl, Karin
    Bylander, Sven-Arne
    Långtidshållbarhet vid underhållsmålning av träfönster - Jämförelse mellan traditionell ommålning och fönsterrenovering enligt A13 metoden.1997Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 65.
    Carlsson, Gilbert
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Fornell, Rickard
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Westin, Mats
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Trä.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Melander, Robert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, CBI Betonginstitutet AB.
    Engström, Clas
    Our Resources for the Forest-based Industry2014Report (Refereed)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 66.
    Carlsson, Gilbert
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Nussbaum, Ralph
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Material och produkter (TRm).
    Fornell, Rickard
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Westin, Mats
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Trä.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Melander, Robert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, CBI Betonginstitutet AB.
    Engström, Clas
    Resources for Forest-based Industries2013Report (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 67.
    Carlsson, L
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Nikkilä, L
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Sörensen, O-T
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    A fractographic study of cyclically deformed alumina and zirconia1999In: British ceramic proceedings, Vol. 60, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Carlsson, Lennart
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    A VAMAS round robin of fractography of ceramics. Swedish results.1993Report (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 69.
    Carlsson, Lennart
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Bestämning av mekaniska egenskaper vid höga temperaturer. NUTEK-utredning.1991Report (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 70.
    Carlsson, Lennart
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Cyclic fatigue of Hot-ISOstatic-pressed silicon nitride.1989Report (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 71.
    Carlsson, Lennart
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Cyclic fatigue of yttria tetragonal zirconia polycrystals.1990Report (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 72.
    Carlsson, Lennart
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Fractographic studies of cyclically deformed ceramics.1991Report (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 73.
    Carlsson, Lennart
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Fractography of cyclically deformed zirconia and alumina ceramics2000Report (Refereed)
  • 74.
    Carlsson, Lennart
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Keramforskning i Japan - en reseberättelse.1996Report (Refereed)
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    fulltext
  • 75.
    Carlsson, Lennart
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Ringprovning rörande förslag till CEN-standard fraktografi keramer2000Report (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Carlsson, Lennart
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Test method for ageing of ballast tank coatings2000Report (Refereed)
  • 77. Carlsson, Lennart
    et al.
    Palm, Magnus
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Determination of Flexibility and Fatigue Resistance of Aged Ballast Tank Coatings. Proposal for NORDTEST method2001Report (Refereed)
  • 78. Carlsson, Lennart
    et al.
    Palm, Magnus
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Fatigue resistance of aged ballast tank coatings2001Report (Refereed)
  • 79.
    Carstens, Bodil B.
    et al.
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Rosengren, K. Johan
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Gunasekera, Sunithi
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Schempp, Stefanie
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Bohlin, Lars
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Dahlström, Mia
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Clark, Richard J.
    University of Queensland, Australia.
    Göransson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Isolation, characterization, and synthesis of the Barrettides: disulfide-containing peptides from the marine sponge Geodia barretti2015In: Journal of Natural Products, ISSN 0163-3864, E-ISSN 1520-6025, Vol. 78, no 8, p. 1886-1893Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two disulfide-containing peptides, barrettides A (1) and B (2), from the cold-water marine sponge Geodia barretti are described. Those 31 amino acid residue long peptides were sequenced using mass spectrometry methods and structurally characterized using NMR spectroscopy. The structure of 1 was confirmed by total synthesis using the solid-phase peptide synthesis approach that was developed. The two peptides were found to differ only at a single position in their sequence. The three-dimensional structure of 1 revealed that these peptides possess a unique fold consisting of a long β-hairpin structure that is cross-braced by two disulfide bonds in a ladder-like arrangement. The peptides are amphipathic in nature with the hydrophobic and charged residues clustered on separate faces of the molecule. The barrettides were found not to inhibit the growth of either Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus aureus but displayed antifouling activity against barnacle larvae (Balanus improvisus) without lethal effects in the concentrations tested. (Figure Presented).

  • 80.
    Cervin, Nicholas Tchang
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Johansson, Erik
    Cellutech AB, Sweden.
    Benjamins, Jan-Willem
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Wågberg, Lars
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Mechanisms behind the Stabilizing Action of Cellulose Nanofibrils in Wet-Stable Cellulose Foams2015In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 822-831Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The principal purpose of the investigation was to clarify the mechanisms behind the stabilizing action of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) in wet-stable cellulose foams. Following the basic theories for particle-stabilized foams, the investigation was focused on how the surface energy of the stabilizing CNF particles, their aspect ratio and charge density, and the concentration of CNF particles at the air–water interface affect the foam stability and the mechanical properties of a particle-stabilized air–liquid interface. The foam stability was evaluated from how the foam height changed over time, and the mechanical properties of the interface were evaluated as the complex viscoelastic modulus of the interface using the pendant drop method. The most important results and conclusions are that CNFs can be used as stabilizing particles for aqueous foams already at a concentration as low as 5 g/L. The major reasons for this were the small dimensions of the CNF and their high aspect ratio, which is important for gel-formation and the complex viscoelastic modulus of the particle-filled air–water interface. The influence of the aspect ratio was also demonstrated by a much higher foam stability of foams stabilized with CNFs than of foams stabilized by cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) with the same chemical composition. The charge density of the CNFs affects the level of liberation within larger aggregates and hence also the number of contact points at the interface and the gel formation and complex viscoelastic modulus of the air–water interface. The charges also result in a disjoining pressure related to the long-range repulsive electrostatic pressure between particle-stabilized bubbles and hence contribute to foam stability.

  • 81.
    Charlène, Reverdy
    et al.
    CNRS, France; Grenoble Institute of Technology, France.
    Sedighi Moghaddam, Maziar
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Sundin, Mikael
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Julien, Bras
    CNRS, France; Grenoble Institute of Technology, France.
    Superhydrophobic surfaces manufacturing with nanocellulose2016In: N.I.C.E. 2016 - The 3rd International Conference on Bioinspired and Biobased Chemistry & Materials, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers in natural fibers see opportunities in superhydrophobicity for fabrics or paper. The first challenge with natural fiber is their high hydrophilicity when the second is the perpetual search for water born coating  in papermaking. These challenges were overcome by a one pot formulation comprising a latex binder, precipitated calcium carbonate and  fatty acids to give their hydrophobicity to pigments 1.  In this study, we want to go further by replacing the petro-sourced latex with a new kind of fibers that are cellulose nanofibers (CNF).

    Inspired by the Lotus leaf, superhydrophobic surfaces have been a center of interest in the last decade because of their high potential in industry for a variety of applications.  It is seen as the next generation of surface for anti-fouling and corrosive retardant in navy industry but also  in general  anti corrosive materials industry.  Now widely studied , mechanisms for manufacturing superhydrophobicity are well understood. Born from the alliance of low surface energy chemistry and physical structuration of surface, superhydrophobic materials give a water contact angle above 150° and a slidding angle below 10°.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Poster
  • 82.
    Colombo, Stefan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Brisander, Magnus
    XSpray Microparticles AB, Sweden.
    Haglöf, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Sjövall, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Andersson, Per
    XSpray Microparticles AB, Sweden.
    Østergaard, Jesper
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Malmsten, Martin
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Matrix effects in nilotinib formulations with pH-responsive polymer produced by carbon dioxide-mediated precipitation2015In: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, ISSN 0378-5173, E-ISSN 1873-3476, Vol. 494, no 1, p. 205-217, article id 15114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Factors determining the pH-controlled dissolution kinetics of nilotinib formulations with the pH-titrable polymer hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate, obtained by carbon dioxide-mediated precipitation, were mechanistically examined in acid and neutral environment. The matrix effect, modulating the drug dissolution, was characterized with a battery of physicochemical methodologies, including ToF-SIMS for surface composition, SAXS/WAXS and modulated DSC for crystallization characterization, and simultaneous UV-imaging and Raman spectroscopy for monitoring the dissolution process in detail. The hybrid particle formulations investigated consisted of amorphous nilotinib embedded in a polymer matrix in single continuous phase, displaying extended retained amorphicity also under wet conditions. It was demonstrated by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy that the efficient drug dispersion and amorphization in the polymer matrix were mediated by hydrogen bonding between the drug and the phthalate groups on the polymer. Simultaneous Raman and UV-imaging studies of the effect of drug load on the swelling and dissolution of the polymer matrix revealed that high nilotinib load prevented matrix swelling on passage from acid to neutral pH, thereby preventing re-precipitation and re-crystallization of incorporated nilotinib. These findings provide a mechanistic foundation of formulation development of nilotinib and other protein kinase inhibitors, which are now witnessing an intense therapeutic and industrial attention due to the difficulty in formulating these compounds so that efficient oral bioavailability is reached.

  • 83.
    Cooper, Peter K.
    et al.
    University of Newcastle, Australia.
    Li, Hua
    University of Newcastle, Australia.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Webber, Grant B.
    University of Newcastle, Australia.
    Atkin, Rob
    University of Newcastle, Australia.
    Tribotronic control of friction in oil-based lubricants with ionic liquid additives2016In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 18, no 34, p. 23657-23662Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Atomic force microscopy (AFM) reveals that tribotronic control of friction using an external potential applied to a gold surface is possible for ionic liquid (IL) concentrations as low as 5 mol% in hexadecane. The IL used is trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphinate, in which both the cation and anion have surfactant-like structures, and is miscible with hexadecane in all proportions. For IL concentrations less than 5 mol% friction does not vary with applied potential, but for 5 mol% and above changing the potential changes the composition of the IL boundary layer from cation-enriched (negative potentials) to anion-enriched (positive potentials). As the lubricities of the cation-rich and anion-rich boundary layers differ, this enables active control of friction in oil-based lubricants.

  • 84.
    Dahlenborg, Hanna
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. Lund University, Sweden.
    Millqvist-Fureby, Anna
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Bergenståhl, Björn
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Effect of particle size in chocolate shell on oil migration and fat bloom development2015In: Journal of Food Engineering, ISSN 0260-8774, E-ISSN 1873-5770, Vol. 146, p. 172-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of chocolate shell particle size were investigated by means of its influence on rate of oil migration and fat bloom development. The particle size of the non-fat particles in the chocolate, i.e. sugar and cocoa particles was varied between 15, 22 and 40 μm. A novel set of analytical techniques was used and by combining migration results with surface topology results clear differences could be observed between the samples. At 23 °C storage the samples with a particle size of 15 μm showed higher rate of oil migration and further, the earliest development of fat bloom at the surface. This could be observed both macroscopically and microscopically. Thus, it appears as a larger specific surface area of the non-fat particles facilitates migration of filling oil, possibly due to a more heterogeneous and coarser crystal network with higher permeability. Molecular diffusion cannot explain the level of oil migration observed and, thus, convective flow is assumed to be an important contribution in addition to the molecular diffusion.

  • 85.
    Dahlenborg, Hanna
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. Lund University, Sweden.
    Millqvist-Fureby, Anna
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Bergenståhl, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor. Lund University, Sweden.
    Effect of shell microstructure on oil migration and fat bloom development in model pralines2015In: Food Structure, ISSN 2213-3291, Vol. 5, p. 51-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the influence of shell microstructure on oil migration and fat bloom development in chocolate model systems. The microstructure of the model shells was varied by means of tempering or seeding cocoa butter and the addition of non-fat particles. Further, the impact of different storage conditions was studied. By using a set of novel analytical techniques the migration rate could be connected to the development of fat bloom at the surface. The non-seeded cocoa butter samples showed significantly higher rate of migration together with the highest rate of developed fat bloom, whereas the over-seeded cocoa butter samples showed low migration rate and low rate of fat bloom development. Addition of particles (sugar, cocoa powder and defatted cocoa powder) proved to have a significant impact on the microstructure, since these samples showed a substantially higher rate of migration and fat bloom development compared to seeded cocoa butter samples. Molecular diffusion could not explain the migration behaviour, thus, convective flow is suggested as an important contribution in addition to the molecular diffusion.

  • 86.
    Dahlström, Mia
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Sjögren, Martin
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Per R.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Göransson, Ulf
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lindh, Liselott
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Arnebrant, Thomas
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Pinori, Emiliano
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Elwing, Hans
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berglin, Mattias
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Affinity states of biocides determine bioavailability and release rates in marine paints2015In: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 201-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A challenge for the next generation marine antifouling (AF) paints is to deliver minimum amounts of biocides to the environment. The candidate AF compound medetomidine is here shown to be released at very low concentrations, ie ng ml(-1) day(-1). Moreover, the release rate of medetomidine differs substantially depending on the formulation of the paint, while inhibition of barnacle settlement is independent of release to the ambient water, ie the paint with the lowest release rate was the most effective in impeding barnacle colonisation. This highlights the critical role of chemical interactions between biocide, paint carrier and the solid/aqueous interface for release rate and AF performance. The results are discussed in the light of differential affinity states of the biocide, predicting AF activity in terms of a high surface affinity and preserved bioavailability. This may offer a general framework for the design of low-release paint systems using biocides for protection against biofouling on marine surfaces.

  • 87.
    Das, Prabir Kumar
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Kringos, Niki
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wallqvist, Viveca
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Birgisson, Björn
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Micromechanical investigation of phase separation in bitumen by combining atomic force microscopy with differential scanning calorimetry results2013In: International Journal on Road Materials and Pavement Design, ISSN 1468-0629, E-ISSN 2164-7402, Vol. 14, no Suppl 1, p. 25-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The thermo-rheological behaviour of bitumen depends largely on its chemical structure and intermolecular microstructures. Bitumen is a complex mixture of organic molecules of different sizes and polarities for which the micro-structural knowledge is still rather incomplete. Knowledge at that level can have great implications for behaviour at a larger scale and will help to optimise the bitumen in its production stage. The present study is focused on understanding the fundamental mechanisms behind the micro-structural phase appearance and the speed or mobility at which they change. To do so, atomic force microscopy was utilised at different temperatures to investigate the phase separation behaviour for four different types of bitumen and co-relate it with the differential scanning calorimetry measurements. Based on the experimental evidences, it was found that the observed phase separation is mainly due to the wax/paraffin fraction presence in bitumen and that the investigated bitumen behaves quite differently. Recommendations are made to continue this research into qualitative information to be used on the asphalt mix design level.

  • 88.
    de Bièvre, P, et al
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    An expanding International Measurement Evaluation Programme IMEP1997In: EUROLAB Newsletter, no 15, p. 9-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 89.
    de Peppo, Giuseppe Maria
    et al.
    The New York Stem Cell Foundation Research Institute, USA; Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden; BIOMATCELL, Sweden.
    Agheli, Hossein
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden; BIOMATCELL, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Camilla
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden; BIOMATCELL, Sweden.
    Ekström, Karin
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden; BIOMATCELL, Sweden.
    Brisby, Helena
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden; BIOMATCELL, Sweden.
    Lennerås, Maria E.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden; BIOMATCELL, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Stefan
    BIOMATCELL, Sweden; Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Sjövall, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Funktionella material (KMf).
    Johansson, Anna Karin
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden; BIOMATCELL, Sweden.
    Olsson, Eva
    BIOMATCELL, Sweden; Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Lausmaa, Jukka
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Funktionella material (KMf).
    Thomsen, Peter
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden; BIOMATCELL, Sweden.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. BIOMATCELL, Sweden.
    Osteogenic response of human mesenchymal stem cells to well-defined nanoscale topography in vitro2014In: International Journal of Nanomedicine, ISSN 1176-9114, E-ISSN 1178-2013, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 2499-2515Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patterning medical devices at the nanoscale level enables the manipulation of cell behavior and tissue regeneration, with topographic features recognized as playing a significant role inthe osseointegration of implantable devices. Methods: In this study, we assessed the ability of titanium-coated hemisphere-like topographic nanostructures of different sizes (approximately 50, 100, and 200 nm) to influence the morphology, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Results: We found that the proliferation and osteogenicdifferentiation of hMSCs was influenced by the size of the underlying structures, suggesting that size variations in topographic features at the nanoscale level, independently of chemistry, can be exploited to control hMSC behavior in a size-dependent fashion. Conclusion: Our studies demonstrate that colloidal lithography, in combination with coating technologies, can be exploited to investigate the cell response to well defined nanoscale topography and to develop next-generation surfaces that guide tissue regeneration and promote implant integration.

  • 90.
    Dedinaite, Andra
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Rutland, Mark
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Claesson, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Low friction and high load bearing capacity layers formed by cationic-block-non-ionic bottle-brush copolymers in aqueous media2013In: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, E-ISSN 1744-6848, Vol. 9, no 22, p. 5361-5371Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 91.
    Demker, Ingvar
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Determination of mechanical comfort properties of floor coverings2009Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In March 2002, the Swedish Work Environment Authority performed an inspection at Skottsundsbackens home for elderly in the municipality of Sundsvall. The Swedish Work Environment Authority came to the conclusion that the ergonomic problems many employees had experienced were related to the floor covering in the building. The municipality lodged an appeal, but in October 2005 the appeal was rejected by the Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden. In the decision you can read that “The Swedish Work Environment Authority points out that if the floor covering has got a suitable springiness or not can not be objectively judged, since there are no test methods for this”. In spite of this, the Swedish Work Environment Authority believes that the best way to minimise the risks of strain injuries is to replace the current floor covering with a softer floor covering. Since there are existing test methods to quantify properties of springiness (i.e. shock absorption and vertical deformation) for sport surfaces, the aim of this study has been to find out whether these methods can be applied to ordinary floor coverings. If it’s possible, this might be a way of objectively judge if a floor covering is suitable or not for a certain work activity. The test methods chosen were EN 14808 Surfaces for sports areas – Determination of shock absorption and EN 14809 Surfaces for sport areas – Determination of vertical deformation. The study could also bee seen as an inventory of what values that could be expected for ordinary floor coverings in Sweden. Another goal for the study was to find out whether or not it was possible to quantify the difference between the floor covering that was replaced at Skottsundsbacken and the softer one that was finally installed. The conclusions of the study were that the mentioned test methods are suitable for measuring mechanical comfort properties of floor coverings, exceptions made for homogeneous and heterogeneous floor coverings without any kind of foam backing. These floorings has got very little ability to absorb energy and the results from the measurements can not be used to discriminate between them. Keywords: Floor covering, comfort, shock absorption, springiness, vertical deformation, EN 14808, EN 14809

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  • 92.
    Drake, Henrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Aström, Mats E.
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Heim, Christine
    Georg-August University, Germany.
    Broman, Curt
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Aström, Jan
    CSC-IT Center for Science, Finland.
    Whitehouse, Martin
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden.
    Ivarsson, Magnus
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden.
    Siljeström, Sandra
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Sjövall, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Extreme 13 C depletion of carbonates formed during oxidation of biogenic methane in fractured granite2015In: Nature Communications, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 6, article id 7020Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Precipitation of exceptionally 13C-depleted authigenic carbonate is a result of, and thus a tracer for, sulphate-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation, particularly in marine sediments. Although these carbonates typically are less depleted in 13C than in the source methane, because of incorporation of C also from other sources, they are far more depleted in 13C (δ13C as light as -69% V-PDB) than in carbonates formed where no methane is involved. Here we show that oxidation of biogenic methane in carbon-poor deep groundwater in fractured granitoid rocks has resulted in fracture-wall precipitation of the most extremely 13Cdepleted carbonates ever reported, δ13C down to -125% V-PDB. A microbial consortium of sulphate reducers and methane oxidizers has been involved, as revealed by biomarker signatures in the carbonates and S-isotope compositions of co-genetic sulphide. Methane formed at shallow depths has been oxidized at several hundred metres depth at the transition to a deep-seated sulphate-rich saline water. This process is so far an unrecognized terrestrial sink of methane.

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  • 93.
    Duner, Gunnar
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA.
    Thormann, Esben
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Dedinaite, Andra
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation (QCM-D) studies of the viscoelastic response from a continuously growing grafted polyelectrolyte layer2013In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 408, no 1, p. 229-234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poly(acrylic acid) was grown from substrates by photopolymerization, and the grafting process was monitored in situ by Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation (QCM-D) measurements in a 1:1 v/v mixture of water/ethanol. The polymerization process was monitored into the thick film region, where the change in frequency and dissipation with increasing film mass changes sign as predicted by the Voigt viscoelastic model. Our experimental data are compared with predictions of this model, and satisfactory agreement is found for low overtone numbers. The Voigt model was applied to analyze the measured changes in frequency, Δf, and dissipation, ΔD, in order to extract information on layer thickness, shear elasticity, μ, and shear viscosity, η, of the growing film. The increasing rate of changes in Δf and ΔD observed after about 150 s of polymerization was found to correlate with an increasing growth rate of the film thickness. For longer polymerization times a close to linear increase in thickness with time was observed. The sensitivity, defined as the derivatives of Δf and ΔD with respect to thickness, depends on overtone number and is different for the frequency and dissipation signals - facts that should be considered when investigating small changes in thick films used in e.g. sensor applications.

  • 94.
    Duvefelt, Kenneth
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Ulf
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Johannesson, Carl Michael
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Skedung, Lisa
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Model for contact between finger and sinusoidal plane to evaluate adhesion and deformation component of friction2016In: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 96, p. 389-394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main parameters affecting finger friction, friction-induced vibrations in the finger, and consequently tactility is surface topography. Recently Skedung et al. performed finger friction measurements on fine controlled surfaces. These surfaces were sinusoidal with wavelengths from 0.27 to 8.8 μm and amplitudes from 0.007 to 6 μm. Building on those tests an analytical model for the contact was developed to explain the differences in friction coefficient. The contact was modelled as trapezoids in a circular pattern pressed against a sinusoidal plane. Results showed that the calculated contact area and therefore friction coefficient corresponded well with the measurements. This model can be used to see how the different surface parameters influence friction.

  • 95.
    Ejenstam, Lina
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Ovaskainen, Louise
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Rodríguez-Meizoso, Irene
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Wågberg, Lars Göran
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    The effect of superhydrophobic wetting state on corrosion protection: The AKD example2013In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 412, p. 56-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Corrosion is of considerable concern whenever metal is used as construction material. In this study we address whether superhydrophobic coatings could be used as part of an environmentally friendly corrosion-protective system, and specific focus is put on how the wetting regime of a superhydrophobic coating affects corrosion inhibition. Superhydrophobic alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) wax coatings were produced, using different methods resulting in hierarchical structures, where the coatings exhibit the same surface chemistry but different wetting regimes. Contact angle measurements, ESEM, confocal Raman microscopy, open circuit potential and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to evaluate the surfaces. Remarkably high impedance values of 1010Ωcm2 (at 10-2Hz) were reached for the sample showing superhydrophobic lotus-like wetting. Simultaneous open circuit potential measurements suggest that the circuit is broken, most likely due to the formation of a thin air layer at the coating-water interface that inhibits ion transport from the electrolyte to the metal substrate. The remaining samples, showing superhydrophobic wetting in the rose state and hydrophobic Wenzel-like wetting, showed less promising corrosion-protective properties. Due to the absence of air films on these surfaces the coatings were penetrated by the electrolyte, which allowed the corrosion reaction to proceed.

  • 96.
    Ejenstam, Lina
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Toward superhydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane−silica particle coatings2016In: Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, ISSN 0193-2691, E-ISSN 1532-2351, Vol. 37, no 9, p. 1375-1383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrophobized silica nanoparticles of different sizes, from 16 to 500 nm, were used to impart roughness to a hydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) coating with the aim of obtaining superhydrophobic properties. The particle silanization process and the curing process of the PDMS coating were optimized to increase the contact angle (CA) of the particle containing coating. The evaluation of the coatings, by means of water CA measurements and scanning electron microscopy imaging, shows that superhydrophobicity in the adhesive rose state was achieved using combinations of two differently sized particles, with an excess of the small 16 nm ones. Superhydrophobicity in the lotus state was obtained when the filler concentration of 16 nm particles was 40 wt%, but under such conditions the coating was found to partially crack, which is detrimental in barrier applications. The preference for the rose wetting state can be explained by the round shape of the particles, which promotes the superhydrophobic rose wetting state over that of the superhydrophobic lotus state.

  • 97.
    Ejenstam, Lina
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Corrosion protection by hydrophobic silica particle-polydimethylsiloxane composite coatings2015In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 99, p. 89-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the time-dependent corrosion protection ability of 10-15. μm thin polydimethylsiloxane-nanoparticle composite coatings was evaluated using mainly open circuit potential and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. The best result was obtained for the coating containing 20. wt% hydrophobic silica nanoparticles, where it was possible to achieve protection for almost 80 days in 3. wt% NaCl solution. The protective properties offered by this coating are suggested to be due to a synergistic effect of the hydrophobicity of the polydimethylsiloxane matrix and the prolonged diffusion path caused by addition of hydrophobic silica particles.

  • 98.
    Ejenstam, Lina
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Tuominen, Mikko
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Haapanen, Janne
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Mäkelä, Jyrki M.
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Long-term corrosion protection by a thin nano-composite coating2015In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 357, no Part B, p. 2333-2342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report and discuss the corrosion protective properties of a thin nano-composite coating system consisting of an 11μm thick polyester acrylate (PEA) basecoat, covered by an approximately 1-2μm thick layer of TiO2 nanoparticles carrying a 0.05μm thick hexamethyl disiloxane (HMDSO) top coat. The corrosion protective properties were evaluated on carbon steel substrates immersed in 3wt% NaCl solution by open circuit potential (OCP) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. The protective properties of each layer, and of each pair of layers, were also evaluated to gain further understanding of the long-term protective properties offered by the nano-composite coating. The full coating system showed excellent corrosion protective properties in the corrosive environment of 3wt% NaCl-solution for an extended period of 100 days, during which the coating impedance, at the lower frequency limit (0.01Hz), remained above 108 Ωcm2. We suggest that the excellent corrosion protective properties of the complete coating system is due to a combination of (i) good adhesion and stability of the PEA basecoat, (ii) the surface roughness and the elongated diffusion path provided by the addition of TiO2 nanoparticles, and (iii) the low surface energy provided by the HMDSO top coat.

  • 99.
    Ekendahl, Susanne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Characterization of yeasts isolated from deep igneous rock aquifers of the Fennoscandian Sheild2003In: Microbiology and Ecology, Vol. 46, p. 416-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Characterization of yeasts isolated from deep igneous rock aquifers of the Fennoscandian Sheild

  • 100.
    Ekendahl, Susanne
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Strömberg, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Oorganisk kemi (Kmoo).
    Haglund, Jonas
    Lauritzen, Andreas
    Persson, Magnus
    Sandberg, Maria
    Svanberg, Johanna
    Svensen, Tarjei
    Tervell, Nils
    Wernvall, Svante
    Wiklund, Per
    Pettersson, Christer
    Algodling hos massa- och pappersbruk för hållbar produktion av biobränsle – en förstudie2012Report (Refereed)
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