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  • 51.
    Gutkin, Renaud
    et al.
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Risberg, Martin
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Gårdstam, Johannes
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Karlberg, Mats
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Wiklund, Daniel
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Slutrapport för det koncernstrategiska projektet Swerea Virtual Lab2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Simulering som verktyg för utveckling, tillverkning och provning av produkter i avancerade material är en stor och betydande del av Swereas ordinarie verksamhet. Swerea Virtual Lab är ett fokusområde inom Swerea AB. Swerea Virtual Lab är en kraftsamling för att hjälpa industrin att utöka sin virtuella produktutveckling. Swerea Virtual Lab är en unik samarbetspartner genom sin storlek, kompetens, materialbredd och förmåga att generera indata till beräkningsmodell, genomföra simuleringar och verifiera resultat i laboratorieskala. Swerea Virtual Lab är ett välkänt begrepp, en prioriterad samarbetspartner och den självklara forskningspartnern i EU projekt och i industriella utvecklingsprojekt i Europa och Sverige. Swerea Virtual Lab kännetecknas av tydlig kontaktstruktur, transparent process, hög kvalité och hög leveranssäkerhet. Swerea Virtual Lab vänder sig till alla branscher som har ett intresse av virtuell produktutveckling.

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  • 52.
    Harfeldt-Berg, Lovisa
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Resources. Lund University, Sweden.
    Harfeldt-Berg, Magnus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Connecting organizational context to environmental sustainability initiatives and industrial symbiosis: Empirical results and case analysis2023In: Sustainable Production and Consumption, ISSN 2352-5509, Vol. 40, p. 210-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial symbiosis can move us closer to a circular economy and enable efficient and sustainable use of resources. Its potential has however been far from realized, and to increase our understanding of why that is, we investigate drivers, barriers, and outcomes associated with both broadly defined environmental sustainability initiatives and industrial symbiosis from an organizational context perspective. A mixed-methods approach is used, combining statistical analysis of survey material with an embedded case study at an industrial symbiosis network in Sotenäs, Sweden. The position of the customer order decoupling point (CODP), a critical aspect of supply chains that separates forecast-based operations from those tied to specific orders, enables comparisons between organizations with primarily forecast-driven operations from those with primarily order-driven operations. We find that the CODP plays an important role in organizations' commitments to sustainability initiatives in general, as organizations with different CODP positions experience different levels of benefits from such initiatives. We did not find that the CODP position had the same impact for industrial symbiosis initiatives. Our results indicate that both industrial symbiosis, a very specific type of sustainability initiative and collaboration, and environmental sustainability initiatives in a broad sense, are associated with multiple, positive business outcomes. However, case study participants also described that their industrial symbiosis participation was time consuming and associated with an added administrative burden. This could be a reason why such collaborations are not more prevalent, despite the potential of bringing about several positive business outcomes. Finally, our findings indicate that industrial symbiosis may bring business-related benefits to firms regardless of their CODP position, but then in order to understand why such networks are not more prevalent, we recommend that future research investigates ways of quantifying and distributing burdens and rewards associated with industrial symbiosis collaboration. © 2023 The Authors

  • 53.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    A Start-up Firm´s Greenfield Project of Building a New State-of-the-art Factory in Sweden2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A unique greenfield project within a new industrial domain in Europe started 2017, with a mission to build the world’s greenest batteries, to enable and accelerate the European transition to renewable energy. The new firm, together with Sweden’s Innovation Agency Vinnova, initiated collaboration in the project “Research – new state-of-the-art factory”, (VDr. 2017-03397). This report includes an executive summary and an extract of results. The research project specifically contributed to the initiation and knowledge related to the union collaboration process, aiming to support the establishment of a new state-of-the-art factory in a Swedish context. Relevant results identified during the start-up journey will serve as a contextual base and be used in agreement with the start-up firm in planned publications, i.e. they are not included in detail in this report. Furthermore, areas of development regarding concepts for work organization in the initial production organization have been identified, and initiated actions during the study contributing to operational work processes, and organizational learning.

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  • 54.
    Hillberg, Emil
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Pihl, Hjalmar
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Persson, Mattias
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Weihs, Erik
    E.ON, Sweden.
    Csőre, Máté
    E.ON, Sweden.
    Tóth, Ádám
    E.ON, Sweden.
    Hancock, Neil
    Rosvall, Jörgen
    E.ON, Sweden.
    Samuelsson, Olof
    Lund University, Sweden.
    D1.1 Overview of need-owners and their needs: ANM4L, Januari 20202020Report (Other academic)
  • 55. Hultén, P.
    et al.
    Viström, Magnus
    RISE, STFI-Packforsk.
    Mejtoft, Thomas
    RISE, STFI-Packforsk.
    New printing technology and pricing2009In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 253-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study analyzes five Swedish printing houses’ pricing with respect to their investments in new printing technology. The new printing technology made it possible for the printing houses to market new products and services to meet the demand for shorter delivery times and full service solutions. Although this demand was apparent, the printing houses’ opportunities to capitalize on their investments depended on the characteristics of the market segment that they served. Findings indicate that the new printing technology made it possible to change prices when the new services reduced delivery time and costs, and when there were substantial differences between the new services and available substitutes. Thus, customers accepted new pricing when the utilization of the new technology resulted in financial gains and time reductions.

  • 56.
    Hunka, Agnieszka D.
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Habibi, Shiva
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    What drives demand for paid access to a sharing box with underused items?: A choice experiment with Swedish consumers2023In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 393, article id 135793Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Determinants of consumer demand for subscription to a sharing platform for underused tools and hobby items were investigated in a series of choice experiments. The stated-preference study with a census-representative sample of 702 Swedish adults, tested four types of offers (sharing boxes) containing: gardening and power tools, photo and video equipment, kitchen and household tools and outdoor/sport equipment. Respondents faced hypothetical buying scenarios: they were asked to choose a subscription to a maintained and insured sharing box located in a public space and containing premium-segment items from one of the above categories. Results show that a possible location for a sharing box depends on its content - for instance, the sharing box with garden tools was preferred by small garden owners. It was also tested, in a demand simulation scenario, how measures aimed at managing utilisation of shared items, such as booking in advance, booking limits or location of the sharing box would affect the preference for the offer. Findings suggest that respondents would be willing to accept these inconveniences of sharing, provided the subscription price was set accordingly (25% lower than the average used across all experiments). Moreover, respondents seem to be using familiar digital subscriptions as a benchmark to determine a fair price for the offers used in the study. © 2022 The Author(s)

  • 57.
    James, Natasha
    et al.
    USDA Forest Service, USA.
    Lundberg, Liv
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Sills, Erin
    The Implications of Learning on Bidding Behavior in a Repeated First Price Conservation Auction with Targeting2021In: Strategic Behavior and the Environment, ISSN 1944-012X, E-ISSN 1944-0138, Vol. 9, no 1-2, p. 69-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Conservation auctions have been advocated as a way to increase the cost-effectiveness of payment for ecosystem services (PES) programs by reducing the informational rents captured by participating landowners. Most PES programs have continual or periodic (rather than one-time) enrollment. In repeated auctions, it is possible for participants to learn the winning bids from previous auctions and use this information to strategically set their bids, thereby capturing more informational rents. We develop an agent-based model, using data from Costa Rica’s Pago de Servicios Ambientales

  • 58.
    Joborn, Martin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Ranjbar, Zohreh
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Orsaker till opunktlighet : kritiska störningar och småförseningar2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Delay contribution, critical disturbances and minor delays are new metrics created to clarify the connection between disturbances during a train's journey and its punctuality. A demonstrator for large-scale analyzes based on these metrics has been created. Train traffic throughout 2019 and parts of 2020 is analyzed. The results generally show that the metrics in a meaningful way complement the traditionally used analysis methods and specifically that small delays and disturbances late in travel have a large effect on the punctuality. The metrics can also be applied for station punctuality e.g. in a commuter train system.

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  • 59.
    Johansson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Broberg, Sarah
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Resources.
    Ottosson, Mikael
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Energy strategies in the pulp and paper industry in Sweden: Interactions between efficient resource utilisation and increased product diversification2021In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 311, article id 127681Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pulp and paper industry faces several challenges linked to climate and environmental impact, resource efficiency, rising energy prices, increased competition for biomass resources, and declining demand for traditional printed paper products. However, these challenges also offer strategic opportunities for the industry to develop into a competitive, resource-efficient, and low-carbon industry in line with a biobased economy. Against this background, this paper aims to analyse current energy strategies in the pulp and paper industry in Sweden. Specifically, the paper analyses how companies combine continuous process efficiency to reduce energy costs with activities that could be developed into new energy-related products to increase revenue. Most of the analysed companies work to various degrees with both these strategies, employing methods that include improving energy efficiency, energy security, and energy conversion, as well as developing a wide range of biobased energy products. However, our study indicates that there is an untapped potential associated with energy product development, and we conclude that energy efficiency measures can free up resources, enabling the development of new energy products. Finally, several potential managerial outcomes and implications are outlined. © 2021 The Authors

  • 60.
    Julin, Josefin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Norman, Dorthe
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Korsell, Nicklas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Bokström, Tomas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Läranderapport för projektet Frisk organisation i Borås stad 2019-20222022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport sammanställer erfarenheter och resultat från Borås stads arbete med projektet Frisk organisation och dess operativa enhet Organisationshälsa. Under 2019 - 2022 har projektet kartlagt och adresserat bakomliggande orsaker till hög korttidssjukfrånvaro på utvalda arbetsplatser inom kommunen. Arbetet har följts upp med två tidigare delrapporter inför vilka man samlat in och sammanställt underlag med fokus på olika delområden. Den första uppföljningen, 2020, analyserade implementeringen av Organisationshälsa och hur arbetsprocessen utvecklats i förhållande till den ursprungliga metodbeskrivningen, samt hur insatserna upplevdes fungera enligt projektgruppen, utvalda chefer och medarbetare. Uppföljningen 2021 redogjorde för de problemområden som kartläggningar på utvalda arbetsplatser identifierat som avgörande för att minska korttidssjukfrånvaron och förbättra arbetsmiljön. Vidare gjordes en uppföljning av handlingsplaner, liksom av lärdomar, utmaningar och utvecklingsbehov. Resultaten från 2021 är fortfarande högst aktuella, bland annat mot bakgrund av pandemin som lett till att delar av Organisationshälsas arbete saktats ned. Denna rapport bygger vidare på tidigare års slutsatser, kompletterar hur arbetet utvecklats under projekttiden och lyfter fram viktiga lärdomar. Organisationshälsa har under projekttiden stöttat 57 enheter på åtta av stadens sexton förvaltningar. Deras arbete har utgjort en värdefull insats för att hjälpa utsatta arbetsplatser att etablera ett systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete, ringa in och åtgärda sina arbetsmiljörelaterade utmaningar. I en föränderlig organisationsmiljö, där även hög personalomsättning är vanligt förekommande, är det en nyckelfaktor att kontinuerligt och gemensamt jobba med arbetsmiljöfrågor, gemensamma rutiner och samsyn på arbetsplatserna. Vikten av att jobba med dessa frågor genomgripande på alla verksamhetsnivåer, samt använda insikterna från detta arbete för att synliggöra de strukturella aspekterna av de utmaningar som verksamheterna möter, har framkommit tydligt under projekttiden. Att adressera problematiken på en högre organisatorisk nivå och skapa forum för att lyfta de återkommande mönster av arbetsplatsrelaterade utmaningar som screeningarna påvisar, är en viktig faktor som lyfts fram av fler av projektets parter, och essentiellt för att på ett systematiskt sätt kunna utveckla kommunens förutsättningar att skapa och upprätthålla en god arbetsmiljö och en frisk organisation.

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  • 61.
    Komazec, Ksenija
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Kosmack Vaara, Elsa
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Industrial Systems.
    Brun, Geraldine
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Stig
    Effective Change AB, Sweden.
    Tobiasson, Helena
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Building a Tiny House from Waste An alternative platform for exploring sustainability2023In: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, E-ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 16, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the understanding of how critical reflection can be applied to sustainability. This was accomplished by tracing the progression of a tiny-house project over time and the associated activities, which involved sourcing secondhand and discarded materials. We are a group of researchers and practitioners who worked together to explore and challenge the established norms of sustainability in housing practices: who is building, what is being built, with what materials, and through which processes. The use of discarded materials as resources for building a tiny house came to be decisive in shaping a platform for inclusion and sustainable practices. While the most common practice of building involves buying the materials needed at a lumber yard, working with discarded and secondhand materials requires time and flexibility. Tools play a central role in adapting random waste to specific purposes, a process that also demands skills in handling tools creatively. Additionally, gathering, organizing, and cleaning are activities that should be given special attention when working with these types of materials. In this paper, we explain how we reinjected waste materials into the production chain and how our work contributes to sustainable development from environmental and social perspectives. The argument for sustainability in our research revolves around exploring processes that include more groups in society and alternative ways of organizing the resources available.

  • 62.
    Landqvist, Maria
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Lind, Frida
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Resource renewal in heavy business networks: the case of Modvion starting up in the Swedish wind energy context2023In: Journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 507-519Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Taking the perspective of a start-up company, the purpose of this paper is to analyse resource renewal in heavy business networks. Design/methodology/approach: The theoretical framework is based on the Industrial Network Approach and, especially, the resource interaction framework, business network settings and studies of starting up in business networks. The basis for the paper is a case study of a start-up in the Swedish wind energy context. Findings: Resource renewal in this case means replacing one resource, having implications for the resource interfaces in the three business network settings. Research limitations/implications: The paper contributes to the area of studies of starting up in business networks by identifying a distinct form of resource renewal in heavy business networks enabled by development of resource interfaces in three business network settings. Practical implications: Managers in start-ups as well as established firms need to interact to create and develop the resource interfaces that are needed to achieve resource renewal. Resource renewal not only is in the hands of start-ups but also requires interactive resource development with various collaboration partners. Originality/value: This study takes a start-up’s perspective to resource renewal of heavy business networks and analyses heaviness based on resource interfaces in three business network settings. 

  • 63.
    Larsson, Stig
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Industrial Systems.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Winzenburg, Susanna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Smart Hardware.
    Edström, Adam
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Smart Hardware. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Färdplan: Teknik, material och förmågor för hållbar industriell konkurrenskraft2020Report (Other academic)
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  • 64.
    Larsson, Stig
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Industrial Systems.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Winzenburg, Susanna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Smart Hardware.
    Edström, Adam
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Färdplan: Teknik, material och förmågor för hållbar industriell konkurrenskraft (Broschyr)2020Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    De närmaste 15 åren kommer svenskindustri att med förnyad kraft fortsätta sin digitala omställning, ta tillsig en rad nya material, utveckla nyaaffärsmodeller och öka sin transformationsförmåga. Allt för att stärkasin konkurrenskraft, i symbios medhållbarhet – ekonomisk, ekologisk ochsocial. Coronapandemin medför förvisso enorma utmaningar för industrin,men efter den akuta kris hanteringenkommer med all sannolikhetindustriomställningen att ta ny fart.

    Denna broschyr är en förkortad sammanställning av RISE rapport 2020:46 som finns på länken:http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-44978

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  • 65.
    Leland, Suzanne
    et al.
    University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA.
    Pinka, Robert
    University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA.
    Boyer, Robert
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Who shares?: Participation in the sharing economy in the U.S.2023In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of goods and services are now available through peer-to-peer networks, product service systems, and redistribution markets—collectively labeled the “sharing economy.” This has implications for government in the areas of regulation and the built environment. This research explores who participates in the sharing economy based on factors such as race, density, demographics and political attitudes in the U.S. Respondents who live in urban ZIP codes are more likely to have used car sharing, bicycle sharing, couch surfing, and household goods applications. However, black individuals living in more dense areas are less likely to use some of these service categories, which may be in part to discrimination or access. Age, extraversion, and presence of children in the household are also positively associated with most applications, income, and ideology appear to be largely unrelated suggesting policy beliefs are likely not a driving factor in survey respondents’ preferences. Environmental concerns only influence who participates in carsharing. 

  • 66.
    Linder, Marcus
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Vanacore, Emanuela
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Hallquist, Lukas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Whalen, Katherine
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Financing Circular Business Models: The challenges of obtaining bank credit forProduct-as-a-service models2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Product-as-a-service (PaaS) circular business models are at a disadvantage in terms of bank financing compared to many linear business models. Such business models generally face significant challenges both in the case of collateral-based and business case-based credit security assessments. The challenges are due to both difficulties in assessing and realising the residual value of the collateral and due to the timeframe of the risk assessment of the business case. Furthermore, the complex services that are the source of competitive advantage for PaaS firms often disqualify customer contracts as collateral. Two of the challenges (low inventory valuation and forced depreciation losses) are traced to accounting and credit regulations. Another five challenges are traced to long-term industry practice. The empirical evidence consists of quotes and summarised data from 38 interviews and 24 survey responses with banks and product firms exploring circular economy financing.

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  • 67.
    Linder, Marcus
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    Williander, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    Circular Business Model Innovation: Inherent Uncertainties2017In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 182-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Circular business models based on remanufacturing and reuse promise significant cost savings as well as radical reductions in environmental impact. Variants of such business models have been suggested for decades, and there are notable success stories such as the Xerox product–service offering based on photocopiers that are remanufactured. Still, we are not seeing widespread adoption in industry. This paper examines causes for reluctance. Drawing on a hypothesis‐testing framework of business model innovation, we show that circular business models imply significant challenges to proactive uncertainty reduction for the entrepreneur. Moreover, we show that many product–service system variants that facilitate return flow control in circular business models further aggravate the potential negative effects of failed uncertainty reduction because of increased capital commitments. Through a longitudinal action research study we also provide a counterexample to many of the challenges identified in previous studies, which could be overcome in the studied case.

  • 68.
    Linneusson, Gary
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Den Första Ingenjören – kompetens för lönsamhet, produktivitet och lönsamhet2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förstudien den första ingenjören har undersökt hur ett system bör utformas för att stödja mindre tillverkande företag som inte har en fungerande rekryteringsprocess av ingenjörskompetens, dels med att identifiera sitt specifika behov av ingenjörskompetens men också att identifiera rätt ingenjör. Sveriges Ingenjörer lät 2005-2006 ta fram en studie som påvisade ett starkt samband mellan ingenjörskompetens och mindre företags utveckling. Denna utveckling studerades över en 6-års period m.a.p. produktivitet, sysselsättningsgrad och omsättningsökning. Samtliga mätetal visade på markant skilnad i positiv riktning för de som anställt sin förste ingejör gentemot företag som redan hade ingenjörer eller inte hade några ingenjörer alls. Förstudien har syftat till att ta fram en ansökan som kan beskriva hur ett genomförande av ett pilotcase, ett testsystem, för att stödja matchmaking av företag och ingenjörer kan se ut. Förstudien har använt arbetsmöten, workshops med företag och ingenjörer, enkätutskick, samt systemmappning för att samla in och sammanställa data. Resultatet av förstudien är ett förslag på genomförande av test/pilotcase på regional nivå i Jönköpings län för att kunna utvärdera dess nytta och möjlighet att växla upp systemet även på nationell nivå.

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  • 69.
    Lundberg, Liv
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Cintas Sanchez, Olivia
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Zetterholm, Jonas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    The impact of blending mandates on biofuel consumption, production, emission reductions and fuel prices2023In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 183, article id 113835Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transport sector accounts for about 20% of EU’s GHG-emissions. Progress in emission reductions has been slow and primarily driven by biofuels promoted through national blending mandates. The mandates differ in whether they are measured in volume, energy, or emission reduction and in how gasoline and diesel are targeted. Due to this, national mandates and their effects have not previously been quantitatively compared on an EU level. In this article we convert the mandates for all EU member states between 2009 and 2020 to a common unit and study their impact on biofuel consumption, production, emission reductions and fuel prices. We find that mandates are driving biofuel consumption in the EU and correlates with emission reductions. Increased mandates have however often been fulfilled by blending biofuels eligible for double counting. We also find that reduction mandates have been effective in encouraging high-performance biofuels. For historical fuel prices, we do not see a clear correlation between countries’ shares of biofuel and consumer fuel prices while the global oil price has a considerable impact. For biofuel production, increased demand drive investments in the EU, but when it comes to localisation of new plants factors such as local infrastructure are more important than national mandates. 

  • 70.
    Marcoulaki, Effie
    et al.
    National Centre for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, Greece.
    Persson, Karin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Chemical Process and Pharmaceutical Development.
    Cotgreave, Ian
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Toxicology.
    Niga, Petru
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Chemical Process and Pharmaceutical Development.
    Dulio, Valerio
    INERIS Institut national de l'environnement industriel et des risques, France.
    Blueprint for a self-sustained European Centre for service provision in safe and sustainable innovation for nanotechnology2021In: NanoImpact, ISSN 2452-0748, Vol. 23, article id 100337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The coming years are expected to bring rapid changes in the nanotechnology regulatory landscape, with the establishment of a new framework for nano-risk governance, in silico approaches for characterisation and risk assessment of nanomaterials, and novel procedures for the early identification and management of nanomaterial risks. In this context, Safe(r)-by-Design (SbD) emerges as a powerful preventive approach to support the development of safe and sustainable (SSbD) nanotechnology-based products and processes throughout the life cycle. This paper summarises the work undertaken to develop a blueprint for the deployment and operation of a permanent European Centre of collaborating laboratories and research organisations supporting safe innovation in nanotechnologies. The proposed entity, referred to as “the Centre”, will establish a ‘one-stop shop’ for nanosafety-related services and a central contact point for addressing stakeholder questions about nanosafety. Its operation will rely on significant business, legal and market knowledge, as well as other tools developed and acquired through the EU-funded EC4SafeNano project and subsequent ongoing activities. The proposed blueprint adopts a demand-driven service update scheme to allow the necessary vigilance and flexibility to identify opportunities and adjust its activities and services in the rapidly evolving regulatory and nano risk governance landscape. The proposed Centre will play a major role as a conduit to transfer scientific knowledge between the research and commercial laboratories or consultants able to provide high quality nanosafety services, and the end-users of such services (e.g., industry, SMEs, consultancy firms, and regulatory authorities). The Centre will harmonise service provision, and bring novel risk assessment and management approaches, e.g. in silico methodologies, closer to practice, notably through SbD/SSbD, and decisively support safe and sustainable innovation of industrial production in the nanotechnology industry according to the European Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability.

  • 71.
    Mattsson, Jens
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Preuter, Marit
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Bokström, Tomas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Bartholdsson, Shirin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Modeller för att leda och styra mot social hållbarhet.: lärdomar från ett innovationspartnerskap2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mellan 2020-11-01 och 2023-09-30 har RISE varit medskapande i ett innovationspartnerskap med Kungälv och Mölndals kommun för att gynna det lokala arbetet och bidra till den bredare kunskapsutvecklingen för att stödja kommuners omställning mot ökad social hållbarhet. Denna slutrapport innehåller en beskrivning av innovationspartnerskapet och är ett kunskapsunderlag för fortsatt utvecklingsarbete.

    Projektet har syftat till att skapa effektiv ledning och styrning mot social hållbarhet genom att utveckla och testa en uppföljningsmodell. Modellen kallas SMASH, vilket står för Systematisk Mätning och Analays av Social Hållbarhet. Modellen utvecklades utifrån de behov kommunerna hade, och innefattar tre delar: en ekonomisk modell för att beräkna vinster av insatser inom socialt arbete och sociala investeringar, en uppföljningsstruktur gällande indikatorer och mål samt ett batteri av verktyg för systematisk verksamhetsutveckling. Både Mölndal och Kungälv valde att arbeta inom arbetsmarknad-/ vuxenutbildningsområdet eftersom det var aktuella processer i båda kommunerna. Modellen kan dock användas inom fler områden.

    Modellen som utvecklats i projektet ger en bättre förståelse av vad som ska följas upp och hur, bland både politik och verksamhet. Modellen har använts som verktyg för att följa upp och utvärdera insatser och projekt inom ramen för socialt arbete. Modellen kan hjälpa till att följa och styra mot sociala hållbarhetsmål, främst genom att koppla politiska mål till aktiviteter och utfall.

    De främsta organisatoriska förflyttningarna som skett som en följd av SMASH och Innovationspartnerskapet handlar om ett större fokus på att mäta utfall, inte bara mål, samt en förbättrad samarbetskultur mellan chefer och medarbetare och mellan olika verksamheter och sektorer. SMASH har också lett till en gemensam förståelse och ett gemensamt språk kring uppföljning, en ökad politisk medvetenhet om vikten av realistiska mål och en bättre struktur för uppföljning.

    En central del i innovationspartnerskapet har varit att involvera parter från olika nivåer i kommunerna och genom dialoger skapa en gemensam förståelse av ägandeskap, ansvar och mandat kring uppföljning av social hållbarhet. Det är i dialogen som det främsta lärandet har skett.

    Innovationspartnerskapet har skapat utrymme för analys och utveckling kopplat till uppföljning av social hållbarhet. RISE ser att både Kungälv och Mölndal har gjort stora förflyttningar inom ramen för SMASH. Det handlar främst om stärkt helhetstänk och utvecklad systematisk kvalitetsutveckling som i sin tur har flyttat fram kommunernas arbete och fokus på social hållbarhet.

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  • 72.
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    RISE, Swedish ICT, Viktoria.
    Cirkulär affärsmodellsutveckling för utvalda fordonsdelar2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet "Cirkulär affärsmodellsutveckling för utvalda fordonsdelar" har syftat till att generera kunskap om hur Volvo Personvagnar och Volvo Bussar kan inleda en omställning till cirkulär ekonomi, genom att utvärdera om, och i så fall vilka, av de delar och komponenter ett fordon idag består av, som kan anses vara ”lågt hängande frukter”, det vill säga möjliga att starta en cirkulär omställning för, med relativt små förändringar av nuvarande affärsmodeller.För Volvo Personvagnar identifierades stolen och airbagen, som intressanta att analysera, och den främsta potentialen visade sig finnas i att använda delar av en stol (främst läder) för tillverkning av s.k. merchandise-produkter.För Volvo Bussar har vi analyserat den cirkulära potentialen för batteriet och funnit att det finns mycket goda möjligheter för att använda det i ett andra liv, som en del av ett energilagringssystem.Den metod projektet har utvecklat för att stegvis analysera och identifiera cirkulär potential hos produkter och delar av produkter, har dokumenterats och kan appliceras av andra tillverkande företag, såväl i fordonsbranschen som i andra branscher.

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  • 73.
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Boyer, Robert
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Williander, Mats
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Market Endurance: A cost-accounting based metric for measuring value retention for the Circular Economy2022In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 179, article id 106117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number and diversity of product-level circularity metrics have expanded rapidly in recent years, however, there remains a lack of tools that objectively assess products’ ability to retain their value over time. This paper proposes a simple arithmetic metric—called the Market Endurance (ME) metric—that partially fills this gap by relying on economic value data that can be easily scaled and accessed, that internalizes exogenous influences on product value, and that could be applied by managers with access to commonplace cost data. The metric is applied to a case study that compares eight different product-based utilities including four different furniture products, sold in two different business models. The case study confirms that the ME-metric rewards long lifespans and high-endurance features like repairability, upgradeability, and adaptability. The ME-metric also rewards business models that encourage customers to retain the same product over longer periods of time and utilities that deliver higher value to the end-customer. The metric can be used for cross-product and cross-sector comparisons and can thereby be a catalyst for circular innovation and transition. © 2021 The Authors

  • 74.
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Miltell, Maya
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Johansson, Niklas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    De branschvisa färdplanerna för fossilfrihet – innovationspotential och systemanalys2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en rapport framtagen av RISE kunskapsplattform Climate Opportunity Accellerator (COA) som ska höja kunskapen om behovet av ett systemperspektiv i klimatomställningen. Rapporten beskriver en innovationsanalys av färdplanerna för fossilfri konurennskraft framtagna inom ramen för Fossilfritt Sverige. Analysen har använt sig av 1.5°C Compatability Pathfinder Framework från Mission Innovation.

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  • 75.
    Mohammadi, Zahra
    et al.
    Mälardalen University .
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalen University .
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Critical Factors in Designing of Lean and Green Equipment2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing production equipment considering lean and related sustainability requirements may be a major factor in achieving productiveness through lean implementation. The objective of the study is to investigate the impact of lean production requirements on equipment design and how the lean requirements affects early design phases and global footprint. Data collection method includes literature review and in depth interviews with equipment users. The results provide support to importance of considering green and lean requirements in designing of production equipment by introducing important lean design factors for production equipment. These factors are designing simple equipment, error-proofing, being portable and flexible, supporting one piece flow, supporting short setup time, easy and reliable maintenance, supporting the operator interface with machine, safety of the operator, supporting production processes and layouts, energy efficiency, easy to operate, minimum cost, visualization, straight flows, teamwork, standardization, quality assurance, using pervious experiences, easy to clean, and easy to control. 

  • 76.
    Niimi, Jun
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Hörlin, Elizabeth
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Oberrauter, Lisa-Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Sörensen, Victoria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Norman, Cecilia
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Normann, Anne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Bendtsen, Marcus
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Bergman, Penny
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Sample discrimination through profiling with rate all that apply (RATA) using consumers is similar between home use test (HUT) and central location test (CLT)2022In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 95, article id 104377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of testing locations, home use test (HUT) and central location test (CLT) on consumer evaluations of food products using rate all that apply (RATA) was investigated. As a case study, eight cold cuts were evaluated: four vegetarian/vegan and four meat-based products. A between-subjects design was used, whereby consumers were randomly allocated to either HUT or CLT test location (58 and 71 consumers, respectively). To retain as much similarity as possible across locations, consumers in both groups received identical bags of products with palate cleansers and instructions. Consumers evaluated the products using a lexicon consisting of 32 sensory attributes based on similar studies and benchtop tasting, using RATA with 7pt scales. A total of 30 and 31 attributes differed significantly (p < 0.05) across the products for HUT and CLT, respectively. Sample discrimination was similar between the two locations. Location significantly (p < 0.05) affected discrimination of 14 attributes, but a particular location having consistently higher attribute means was not observed. Bootstrapping of the attribute means per product showed no significant differences between the two testing locations, and multilevel regression models using Bayesian inference did not reveal marked differences in expected ratings between locations. Further comparisons of sample discrimination patterns through principal component analysis showed that the two locations were very similar, including the overlap of confidence ellipses. The between-subjects design strengthens the results: that comparable sensory profiles were obtained from different consumers in different testing locations supports the notion that RATA data from consumers can be reliably collected for relatively sensorially distinct products with minimal data compromise.

  • 77.
    Nikoui, Tina
    et al.
    Islamic Azad University, Iran.
    Rahmani, Amir
    National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan.
    Balador, Ali
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Industrial Systems.
    Haj Seyyed Javadi, Hamid
    Shahed University, Iran.
    Analytical model for task offloading in a fog computing system with batch-size-dependent service2022In: Computer Communications, ISSN 0140-3664, E-ISSN 1873-703X, Vol. 190, p. 201-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Task offloading is one of the main concepts in fog computing which improves the system efficiency and decreases latency. Previously proposed models, such as exponential queue models, addressed the offloading models in a simple model. This study proposes a novel analytical model that examines batch queuing systems and the influence of batch size-dependent service time on system performance. Some of the system's properties are indicated using this model, and the correctness of the suggested model via numerical evaluations and simulations is shown. The evaluation results show that our proposed model provides acceptable accuracy and enables efficient task offloading, applied to fog computing systems. 

  • 78.
    Nilsson Tengstrand, Sara
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Tomaszewski, Piotr
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Borg, Markus
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems. Lund University, Sweden.
    Jabangwe, Ronald
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Challenges of Adopting SAFe in the Banking Industry – A Study Two Years After Its Introduction2021In: XP 2021: Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming.Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 419), Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH , 2021, p. 157-171Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) is a framework for scaling agile methods in large organizations. We have found several experience reports and white papers describing SAFe adoptions in different banks, which indicates that SAFe is being used in the banking industry. However, there is a lack of academic publications on the topic, the banking industry is missing in the scientific reports analyzing SAFe transformations. To fill this gap, we present a study on the main challenges with a SAFe transformation at a large full-service bank. We identify the challenges in the bank under study and compare the findings with experience reports from other banks, as well as with research on SAFe transformations in other domains. Many of the challenges reported in this paper overlap with the generic SAFe challenges, including management and organization, education and training, culture and mindset, requirements engineering, quality assurance, and systems architecture. However, we also report some novel challenges specific to the banking domain, e.g., the risk of jeopardizing customer relations, stability, and trust of external stakeholders. This study validates several SAFe-related challenges reported in previous work in the banking context. It also brings up some novel challenges specific to the banking industry. Therefore, we believe our results are particularly useful to practitioners responsible for SAFe transformations at other banks. © 2021, The Author(s).

  • 79.
    Nunes, Claudia
    et al.
    Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal.
    Oliveira, Carlos
    Universidade de Lisboa and REM, Portugal.
    Pimentel, Rita
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. NTNU, Norway.
    Quasi-analytical solution of an investment problem with decreasing investment cost due to technological innovations2021In: Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, ISSN 0165-1889, E-ISSN 1879-1743, Vol. 130, article id 104154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we address, in the context of real options, an investment problem with two sources of uncertainty: the price (reflected in the revenue of the firm) and the level of technology. The level of technology impacts in the investment cost, that decreases when there is a technology innovation. The price follows a geometric Brownian motion, whereas the technology innovations are driven by a Poisson process. As a consequence, the investment region may be attained in a continuous way (due to an increase of the price) or in a discontinuous way (due to a sudden decrease of the investment cost). For this problem no analytical solution is known, and threfore we propose a quasi-analytical method to find an approximated solution that preserves the qualitative features of the exact solution. This method is based on a truncation procedure. We prove that the truncated solution converges to the solution of the original problem. We provide results of the comparative statics for the investment thresholds. These results show interesting behaviors. In particular the investment may be postponed or anticipated with the intensity of the technology innovations and with the impact on the investment cost.

  • 80.
    Ordoñez, Isabel
    et al.
    , Spain.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Social factors and behavioural change in waste packaging collection systems – literature review and existing case studies2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The collection and recycling of packaging and life cycle assessments have traditionally been developed from a technical perspective, not including the actors in the chain. However, how recycling should be done depends on who you ask, and whether you look at the issue from an energy, material, legal or user-based perspective. FTI, the Packaging and Newspaper Collection organization is responsible for better circularity and collecting in Sweden's municipalities. They ensure that containers are emptied, that the collection points remain clean, that contents go to the right treatment, and that materials are recycled as much as possible. When recyclable materials end up in the wrong place, it causes problems leading to increased energy use in the life cycle. The ongoing project Tjårven, aims to reduce energy use in connection with packaging collection, as well as potential energy gains in the second stage of the packaging life cycle, by redesigning packaging collection from a user centred perspective. For this, design methods that consider users’ sorting and recycling behaviour as a starting point, will be used for the re-design. To show the energy use in the lifecycle and include the actors, an actor-based LCA method will be used. This literature review can be divided into two sections, the first one focusing on household waste sorting behaviour insights, and the second one focusing on EPR for PPP and how it fits into waste collection systems and recycling behaviour. The literature review has been performed initially on recycling behaviour and extended producer responsibility. The literature review has been further performed on social indicators and existing case studies of nudging has been added, as well as literature on the “ladder of change” has been added to the literature review to increase the understanding of behaviour change and behavioural context. The literature study included 36 reported interventions and from good practices to improve recycling performance from 162 articles. The literature shows that social modelling, environmental interventions, and communication strategies are the type of interventions that obtain best results. Additionally, it is advisable that the project team uses EXPRA content as a EPR for PPP specific benchmark platform. The Swedish regulations that define how FTI operates might be subjected to change based on shifting criteria at the EU, influenced by other EPR frontrunners. It is advisable to sort the social factors for changing behaviours in the literature into design factors: social design factors to provide positive feedback and to adopt to everyday life, physical design factors to provide accessibility, clarity, and comparability, as well as service design factors to provide user-and operator friendly service. It is advisable to look at Nudging, and service design since 30% reduction is possible. Additionally, it is advisable to build a new ladder of change to understand the context of change for the service provider and the user behaviour, including the following steps: (1) Awareness and willingness to change, (2) Knowledge raising, (3) Possibility e.g. simplifying, available, attractive, (4) Relationships and feedback, (5) Dare.

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  • 81.
    Pena, F. J.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Gonzalez, A. L.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Pashami, Sepideh
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    Al-Shishtawy, Ahmad
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    Payberah, Amir H.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Siambert: Siamese Bert-based Code Search2022In: 34th Workshop of the Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society, SAIS 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Code Search is a practical tool that helps developers navigate growing source code repositories by connecting natural language queries with code snippets. Platforms such as StackOverflow resolve coding questions and answers; however, they cannot perform a semantic search through the code. Moreover, poorly documented code adds more complexity to search for code snippets in repositories. To tackle this challenge, this paper presents Siambert, a BERT-based model that gets the question in natural language and returns relevant code snippets. The Siambert architecture consists of two stages, where the first stage, inspired by Siamese Neural Network, returns the top K relevant code snippets to the input questions, and the second stage ranks the given snippets by the first stage. The experiments show that Siambert outperforms non-BERT-based models having improvements that range from 12% to 39% on the Recall@1 metric and improves the inference time performance, making it 15x faster than standard BERT models

  • 82.
    Piechnik, Kira
    et al.
    Otto-von-Guericke-UniversityMagdeburg, Germany.
    Fjellgaard Mikalsen, Ragni
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire Technology.
    Steen-Hansen, Anne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire Technology. NTNU Norwegian Universityof Science and Technology, Norway.
    Fires without flames: fundamentals and fire investigation cases2021Other (Other academic)
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  • 83.
    Plummer, Paul
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Andersson, Johnn
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Foraging for development: An analysis of the Swedish wild berry innovation system2024In: Agricultural Systems, ISSN 0308-521X, E-ISSN 1873-2267, Vol. 216, article id 103901Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    CONTEXT Driven by strategic objectives such as regional development, increased domestic value added, improved labour conditions and reduced environmental impacts, a range of actors are pursuing innovation related to the Swedish wild berry value chain. OBJECTIVE Our objective is to analyse the structure, functions and directionality of the Swedish wild berry innovation system and draw implications for ongoing efforts to develop the value chain. METHODS Our study is based on 18 semi-structured interviews, participant observations and a range of secondary sources. We use an analytical framework based on the agricultural innovation systems approach and pay specific attention to reflexivity, directionality and non-human materiality. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION The Swedish wild berry innovation system is fragmented as incumbent berry companies are absent from efforts to develop and reconfigure the value chain. The fragmentation is a result of the partly conflicting objectives among actors in the innovation system. There is a need for broader governance networks to navigate trade-offs and enable the commercialisation of new solutions. Successful innovation likely hinges on institutional change, particularly when it comes to efforts to improve labour conditions for migrant workers. SIGNIFICANCE Our study contributes empirically to research on non-timber forest product value chains and offers insights for actors pursuing innovation related to Swedish wild berries. We contribute to theoretical development in the agricultural innovation systems literature by incorporating attention reflexivity, directionality and non-human materiality.

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  • 84. Pohl, Hans
    Vägtransporterna elektrifieras – hur påverkar det sysselsättningen i Sverige?2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Road transports are rapidly electrified, and, in a few years, electrified vehicles may represent the majority of all vehicles being sold. This is true for light and heavy vehicles. On the one hand, vehicle electrification is probably necessary to make road transport environmentally sustainable. On the other, electrification is a real challenge to the automotive industry. The automotive industry in Sweden is important and it has since its inception built its business around internal combustion engines. The main question of this pre-study is: To what extent will electrified vehicles have their value added in Sweden and how will the change impact the employment?The core of the pre-study is data from 11 interviews carried out in June 2019. The respondents work with electrification at AB Volvo, Volvo Cars or at a supplier. The inter-views covered among others the speed of change towards electrification, there are people arguing that everything will be electrified within a few years. The vehicle manufacturers argue that the change rate is lower, because it takes time to develop new vehicles and change the vehicle fleet. Another key question is if the consequences of electrification are underestimated. The pre-study indicates that the consequences probably are underestimated by automakers as well as suppliers. A rough estimation tells that internal combustion engine related work employ circa 15,000 people in Sweden. Moreover, the service and maintenance business is expected to diminish substantially, which might impact another 5,000 people. On the positive side, companies like Northvolt may employ 2,000 – 3,000 people in Skellefteå in a few years.

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  • 85.
    Popp Larsen, Claus
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Balksjö, Therese
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Forzati, Marco
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    Huss, Andreas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Ytterbyn 2030: en scenarioanalys av framtidens uppkopplade samhälle och konsekvenser av utebliven fiberutbyggnad2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande rapport är skriven av RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, på uppdrag av Svenska Stadsnätsföreningen, med syftet att ge insyn i och förståelse för vilka möjligheter ett uppkopplat samhälle kan skapa samt å andra sidan hur ett samhälle kan påverkas om aktörer såsom offentlig sektor, enskilda individer och företag saknar en fullgod uppkoppling. Ett mål med rapporten är att öka förståelsen för vilka tekniska förutsättningar som krävs för att delta fullt ut det digitala samhället. Rapporten presenterar ett antal troliga framtidsscenarier kopplat till “framtidens smarta och uppkopplade samhälle” – där fiber ingår som en del av infrastrukturen – och tillhörande “motsatsscenarier” (beskrivna som “spegelscenarier”) – där fiber inte finns tillgängligt. Dessa scenarier utspelar sig år 2030 i en fiktiv by kallad Ytterbyn.

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  • 86.
    Pousette, Sandra
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Löfgren, Martin
    RISE, Innventia.
    Nilsson, Birgitta
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Sweden; BI Norwegian School of Management, Norway.
    An extended method to measure overall consumer satisfaction with packaging2014In: Packaging technology & science, ISSN 0894-3214, E-ISSN 1099-1522, Vol. 27, no 9, p. 727-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are several reasons why people find it troublesome to use and handle consumer packages. The European Committee for Standardization recently suggested a technical specification (TS) regarding packaging and ease of opening. The present study has expanded the procedure by including consumer satisfaction measurements in two steps and engaging panels comprising two separate age groups. The expanded method, which used six different packages as test objects, engaged 75 panellists, 40 in the older group (65-80years) and 35 in the younger group (25-40years). The expanded method not only included the same operations as described in the TS but also included panellists who graded each handling element separately on a 'smiley' scale, along with feedback for their grades and an overall judgement of the package handling. The grading feedback differed between the two groups. The younger panellists mainly noted issues that were not connected to openability, while older panellists noted openability as the most influential factor. Further analysis revealed that openability was also a key issue for the younger panellists, despite their claims to the contrary. Satisfaction was the most critical TS element for describing a package as being easy to open.

  • 87.
    Pramanik, Roshni
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Challenges in coordination: Differences in perception of civil and military organizations by comparing international scientific literature and field experiences2015In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 18, no 7, p. 989-1007Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The extreme pressure resulting from modern-day disasters in terms of severe shortages of resources, mass casualties, infrastructure breakdown, large-scale damage and their impact necessitate coordination between all the agencies involved in disaster response. Better coordination in international disaster response operations will make them more effective in organizing the different phases of relief, rehabilitation and recovery. Recent disasters such as the hurricane Katrina, the Indian Ocean tsunami and the earthquake in Haiti have seen multiple civil agencies and the military working together. However, challenges have been identified in civil-military coordination. Differences in working procedures and a lack of knowledge on the others organizational identities resulted in stereotyping and prejudices, which are root obstacles to coordination. The aim of this study was to identify the perception-related challenges in civil-military coordination, and how they are perceived in the field by civil and military teams, and to investigate whether perception-related challenges and their implications have been reported in the international literature. A systematic literature review and 12 semi-structured interviews were carried out to answer these questions. Nine out of the 12 respondents were practitioners from the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) and the Swedish military, with experience of international disaster response missions that involved civil-military interactions, and 3 were trainees from Karlberg Military Academy, Stockholm, who were expected to participate in similar operations in the near future. The questions asked during the interviews were based on the systematic literature review. National backgrounds, attitudes and perceptions of the professionals towards the other organization were found to be key factors influencing civil-military coordination. This indicates that comparisons between the perceptions of professionals from both civil and military teams with different nationalities and different political histories should be carried out in future research.

  • 88. Pramanik, Roshni
    Interorganizational Collaboration In Crisis Response Management: Exploring The Conditions For Improving Collaborative Behaviour Across Organizational Borders.2015Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the conditions to improve collaborative behaviour between organizations in crisis response management. It takes an explorative approach and begins by identifying several challenges to interorganizational collaboration. A systematic review of the international scientific literature in conjuction with semi-structured interviews with crisis management professionals in civil-military collaboration context identified several challenges and their underlying reasons.Indications on ways to minimize such challenges are also explored. Based on these indications, two factors are chosen that are tested with the help of experiments involving 111 crisis management professionals from the Swedish police force, fire and rescue services, defense forces and the Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB). The experiments were performed to test whether changing the degree of these factors can potentially influence collaborative behaviour. Findings of the study indicate that by changing familiarity and expectation of future cooperation the extent of utilizing resources and the extent ofcontributing resources can be influenced. With greater degree of familiarity and long term commitment between organizations, greater knowledge on capabilities and equipment of other actors in crisis response, there is a higher extent of utilization of resources from other organizations in a joint task. Similarly higher degree of familiarity and long term commitment also make organizations to be more willing to contribute in terms of resources, equipment, knowledge and capabilities in a joint task. This means by fostering higher degree of familiarity and long term commitment, organizations areexpected to share, allocate and mobilze resources between them more effectively. Since this most likely will contribute to improve overall collaborative efforts in crisis response management, steps to increase familiarity and long term commitment between organizations seem to be a promising strategy to improve interorganizational collaboration. The thesis also discusseshow increased familiarity and long term commitments may also help organizations to adapt to changed conditions that arise during crises. The thesis has implications for crisis planning, preparedness and overall improvements of collaborative efforts in crisis response management.

  • 89.
    Pramanik, Roshni
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ekman, O.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Hassel, H.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Tehler, H.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Organizational Adaptation in Multi-Stakeholder Crisis Response: An Experimental Study2015In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 234-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern day crises demand organizations to collaborate and adapt to new roles, functions and structures. In such situations, lack of collaborative behaviour and openness between organizations can result in reduced adaptive ability. Therefore, it is important to facilitate collaboration between organizations. We have studied the extent to which crisis managers are prepared to work with personnel and resources from organizations other than their own when responding to crises. An experiment was designed with four different organizations in Sweden, which involved decision making concerning whether the participants systematically favoured their own organization over others. Findings indicate that increasing familiarity and expectation of future cooperation with other organizations increased the likelihood that decision makers would be prepared to work with other organizations in joint crisis management.

  • 90.
    Przyklenk, A.
    et al.
    PTB, Germany.
    Balsamo, A.
    INRIM, Italy.
    O’Connor, D.
    NPL, UK.
    Evans, A.
    BAM, Germany.
    Yandayan, T.
    TUBITAK UME, Turkey.
    Akgöz, S. A.
    TUBITAK UME, Turkey.
    Flys, Olena
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Zeleny, V.
    CMI, Czech Republic.
    Czułek, D.
    GUM, Poland.
    Phillips, D.
    EUSPEN, UK.
    Meli, F.
    METAS, Switzerland.
    Ragusa, C. S.
    POLITO, Italy.
    Bosse, H.
    PTB, Germany.
    AdvManuNet: Support for a European Metrology Network for advanced manufacturing2021In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference of the European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology, EUSPEN 2021, euspen , 2021, p. 321-322Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Advanced manufacturing has been identified as one of the key enabling technologies (KET) with applications in multiple industries. Advanced manufacturing requires new and enhanced metrology methods to assure the quality of manufacturing processes and resulting products. However, a high-level coordination of the metrology community in Europe is currently absent in this domain and limits the impact of metrology developments on advanced manufacturing. This gap aims to be closed through the establishment of a European Metrology Network (EMN) for advanced manufacturing. Here we report on the approach, first activities and the latest progress to establish a EMN on advanced manufacturing within EURAMET, the European Association of National Metrology Institutes (NMI). The objectives of this EMN are to set up a permanent stakeholder dialogue, to develop a Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) for metrology input needed for advanced manufacturing technologies, to create and maintain a knowledge sharing programme and to implement a web-based service desk for stakeholders involved in advanced manufacturing.

  • 91.
    Pushpananthan, G.
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Lindlöf, Ludvig
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems. Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Rothoff, Marcus
    Volvo Car Group, Sweden.
    Tactical capabilities in agile NPD projects: insights from an autonomous car project in Sweden2024In: International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, ISSN 1751-0252, E-ISSN 1751-0260, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 236-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on project management and new product development (NPD) identifies both strategy and tactics as important for success. Whilst there is a lot of attention on strategy, few studies address the role of tactics in NPD projects. In the pursuit for increasing organisational abilities to manage uncertainty, agile is increasingly getting traction in large firms. Both tactical activities and agile methodology deal with adapting to emergent challenges and handling uncertainty in projects. This motivated this study of how an agile transformation initiative influences tactical activities within NPD projects. The paper is based on a longitudinal case study of Volvo Car Group’s autonomous car project. The case firm’s transformation from waterfall to agile method provided the possibility to understand how tactical activities differ between the two methods. By using observations from the case, we argue that agile development method facilitates the use of tactics in NPD projects.

  • 92.
    Ranäng, Sara
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Esbjörnsson, Mattias
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Framtidssäkring av leveranser till nybyggda stadsdelar: En kunskapssammanställning om godstransporter i tidiga faser av samhällsplaneringen. Resultat från en förstudie av två stadsutvecklingsprojekt: Mälarporten i Västerås och Tomtebo strand i Umeå2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Futureproofing of deliveries to newly built districts - Aggregated knowledge on considerations on freight transport in early phases of city planning. Results from a feasibility study on two urban development cases: Mälarporten in Västerås and Tomtebo strand in Umeå. The feasibility study has been carried out within the framework of Drive Sweden with a financial contribution from Vinnova, during the period November 2021 to June 2022. The participating municipalities Umeå and Västerås have contributed with time, knowledge and two large urban development cases with high sustainability ambitions, Tomtebo strand and Mälarporten. In addition to the authors, external experts have been interviewed in the state-of-the-art mapping, and additional internal experts from RISE have been engaged in the final stage of the preliminary study, contributing with input on the report but also on the planning for the continuation. The report can be read in its entirety, or selected parts, depending on the reader's interest. The starting point has been that the content should be useful for the participating municipalities, but also for other municipalities and stakeholder groups. Reading instructions have been developed to facilitate navigation in the material. The feasibility study contributes with insights on how cities can work with planning to meet future needs regarding deliveries to residences and businesses. The purpose was to investigate opportunities and obstacles in connection with the planning of new city districts to futureproof efficient deliveries that meet visions/goals in the sustainable society of the future in a changing world. The mapping of cities has taken place through a series of dialogue meetings based on a questionnaire and studies of background material. The report starts with a section about the context for sustainable freight transport, the development of freight transport, freight transport in physical planning and the logistics system for deliveries to, from and within a city district, as a basis for further mapping. The results from the mapping of the municipalities; basic conditions for the cities and areas, compilation of good examples and needs/development opportunities regarding visions, goals and governing documents, investigations, and work materials as well as work process and cooperation are summarized in Table 2. Basic conditions (p.27) and Table 3. Good examples and needs/development opportunities (p. 29). There is much that the municipalities can learn from each other, but also things that can be of great benefit to other municipalities. A general template for self-evaluation/mapping for other municipalities has been developed based on the methodology in the mapping, see appendix 3. The result from the mapping of the "State of the art" is a compilation of knowledge regarding freight transport in the plan- och bygglagens kunskapsbank, a summary of a selection of handbooks, collections of knowledge, training courses, reports, tools, and specific examples, as well as an overview of related projects and collaboration arenas. Briefly, the results can be summarized as: • There is much to learn from the participating municipalities. Challenges and needs are probably shared by other municipalities. More knowledge is needed, and self-mapping of more municipalities could contribute to a more comprehensive collection of inspiration and needs. • There is a lot of knowledge about freight transport. However, it is scattered and not easy to find aggregated information. Several investigations, and results, are not published and searchable since the work is done in one single municipality, often by consultants. A knowledge node is needed to share knowledge in a better way. • Additionally, there is a lack of data for analysis and forecasting. This complicates the dimensioning of logistics areas and traffic systems. Basic key figures and tools for freight trip generation to businesses and inhabitants is needed • Freight transport needs an increased focus in the early planning phases to create effective conditions for deliveries. Important to get into the planning process - quality control of working methods and e.g., checklists for different stages are needed. Several development areas have been identified and several specific examples on what municipalities have the power to do themselves include: • Include freight transport in all important governing documents, freight transport as a separate transport type and secure resources for freight issues • Ensure that logistics and waste concepts and investigations enter all phases of the planning process • Use regulations and incentives as tools to achieve sustainability goals for freight transport • Be an example in the procurement of own goods and services "Take control of the freight" for the municipal group At the national level, the following areas of renewal and collaboration are proposed: • Create a knowledge-node focusing on freight transport in the early planning stage, which is user-friendly, with a plan for management and maintenance • Mapping other municipalities based on the self-evaluation template and aggregating data • National coordination – Research and Innovation programme on Urban logistics • Development of a national competence centre that can support the municipalities in their work • Development of KPI, forecasts and tools for freight transport that can be used in early planning • Further development of plan- och bygglagens kunskapsbank regarding freight transport Knowledge dissemination of this preliminary study takes place partly by making this report available in DIVA, partly through presentations in relevant networks and collaboration arenas.

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  • 93.
    Rex, Emma
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Fernqvist, Niklas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Ryding, Sven-Olof
    IVL, Sweden.
    Hallberg, Klas
    Akzo Nobel, Sweden.
    Ringström, Emma
    Akzo Nobel, Sweden.
    Landström, Lena
    Vattenfall, Sweden.
    Andréasson, Jessica
    Volvo Cars, Sweden.
    Widerberg, Anna
    Volvo Cars, Sweden.
    Dahllöf, Lisbeth
    Volvo Group, Sweden.
    Hallén Jorquera, Rebecka
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Tailored for decision – Knowing your target group prior to adaptation2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Life cycle thinking is but one perspective - if at all considered -, in everyday business decisions throughout the organization; in the selection of suppliers, in the strategy of new product ranges, and, in what information is chosen to be highlighted to the customers. Tradeoffs are constantly made between e.g. environment, quality, price and other company goals. Before any successful adaptation and visualization of life cycle information, it is important for internal life cycle experts to identify and understand how other functions of the company perceive and value life cycle information in their specific working situations.

    To get a better understanding of these internal users of life cycle information, life cycle experts in four multinational companies (Akzo Nobel, Vattenfall, Volvo Cars, Volvo Group) have joined forces with researchers in life cycle management and behavioral science to create a graphical map of how life cycle information is spread and used in different parts of an organization. The aim of the map is to be used as a basis for discussions and recommendations on how to tailor life cycle information in order to support decision making throughout a company.

    The map is constructed by combining a) inventories on how quantitative data seeks its way to internal users through databases, reports and KPIs, with b) qualitative interviews on goal framing and decision weights of e.g. environmental and economic information. As a result, the map illustrates both the “physical” flows of life cycle information and the “cognitive logics” of this information for different users (e.g. how values, attitudes and norms influence the target groups’ likelihood of including life cycle information in their decision processes).

    Based on the map, each company can identify and discuss who the main users of life cycle information are and what premises for life cycle thinking these users have: In what decision making situation is, or can, life cycle information be used? How is the information understood? What other sources of information and rationales for decisions are used in parallel to, or in conflict with, LCA-results?

    Initial analyses on the usefulness of the map point to a better understanding of how life cycle experts can tailor information for decisions in different parts of the company, as well as on its usefulness in illustrating to people outside of the environmental departments the widespread use of life cycle information that already exist in the company. The latter is not least important for creating an understanding in how the organization respond to ongoing external pressure to focus more on a life cycle approach, e.g. new requirements in ISO 14001, new EU Directives on public procurement and current EU work to establish a common LCA methodology.   

  • 94.
    Rex, Emma
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Kron, Ulrika
    Chalmers Industriteknik, Sweden; DFDS Logistics Göteborg, Sweden.
    Exploring reluctance to circular business models – the case of light as a service2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The circular economy does not only require new product designs but also business models that provide enough incentives for both suppliers and customers to shift to more circular practices. Selling “light as a service” is a classic example of a service-based business model that could enable a more circular economy. However, despite a growing interest to become more circular, there is still hesitation among customers to change the way they meet their need for light. 

    In an ongoing project, we explore this reluctance and seek to identify obstacles and driving forces for large customer organizations to buy “light as a service”. An interview study was made to identify current perceptions and practices among the broad range of stakeholders involved in the supply and demand of lighting in Sweden; lighting manufacturers, suppliers of light as a service, light designers and architects, private and public customers, collaborative bodies and sector organizations. The focus was on indoor lighting e.g. offices and schools in large customers (municipalities and property companies). 20 semi-structured interviews were made and results from the interviews were presented and discussed in a subsequent stakeholder workshop to validate results and add complementary perspectives. 

    The results show a broad range of factors affecting the stakeholder’s attitudes and actions towards light as a service, from uncertainties in legal and technical liability to expectations on increased wellbeing and productivity among users. The preliminary analysis points to the importance of reducing uncertainties and creating trust between actors in the business ecosystem to decrease barriers to change. It also seems like extending the value proposition and increase the emphasis on social and/or environmental benefits (e.g. through enhanced light ergonomics and increased resource efficiency) is key for light as a service to become competitive to traditional business models.  

  • 95.
    Rex, Emma
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Talalasova, Elena
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Vanacore, Emanuela
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Framtidsscenarier för cirkulära möbelflöden 20302021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport beskriver tre olika framtidsbilder av hur vi på ett cirkulärt sätt tillgodoser behov av möbler inom företag och offentlig sektor år 2030. Scenarioberättelserna beskriver ”lyckade” och rimliga utvecklingsvägar, där branschen tydligt gått från en linjär till en cirkulär logik, men på olika sätt. Scenarier utgår ifrån två områden där det råder osäkerhet i på vilket sätt och hur snabbt branschen och relationerna mellan aktörerna däri kommer att utvecklas: (1) graden av digitalisering och informationsdelning och (2) hur affärsrelationen mellan aktörer utvecklas i olika centraliseringsgrad i värdekedjan.

    Som en del av analysen diskuteras även risker och möjligheter för svensk möbelbransch som varje scenario medför och utvecklingsbehov för att lyckas ställas om till en cirkulär ekonomi till år 2030. Sammanfattningsvis finns behov av nya och utvecklade kompetenser, förbättrad informationsdelning och förändrade roller. 

    .

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  • 96.
    Richardsson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Sweden.
    Vad är viktigt, på riktigt, för oss?: En kvalitativ studie om en organisations villighet och förväntan att ta sig an innovation.2019Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Denna kvalitativa studien har två syften: att, i en utvald statlig myndighet, 1) undersöka organisationens villighet till innovation och 2) att utforska vad som är allmänt kännetecknande för att ta sig an innovation i organisationen. Utgångspunkten är sju anställdas perspektiv och upplevelser kring hur deras myndighet och organisation arbetar med innovation. Data är insamlad via intervjuer och två olika former av analysmetoder har använts. Resultaten från den första delstudien visar på att organisationens villighetsnivå i arbetet med innovation (vid studiens genomförande) ligger på nivå 4, förplaneringoch förflyttar sig i riktning mot nivå 5, förberedelser. Den andra delstudiens fenomenologiska resultat visar på en allmän upplevd psykologisk processviktig att tänka på i arbetet med att ta sig an innovationi organisationen. Denna psykologiska process visar att förväntanär kopplad till att ta sig an innovation och att det även finns förväntan kopplad till värdesättande och uppskattning; kapacitet och skicklighet; modig beslutsamhet; praktiskt görande och samskapande; nytt lärande; möjliggörande dialog och stärkande relationer. Tillsammans kan dessa vara viktiga riktningsgivare att tänka på för att framgångsrikt möta organisationens och de anställdas behov av att navigera och orientera sig i arbetet med att ta sig an innovation; att uppnå fullt ägarskap/professionalism inom innovation samt att säkra organisationens hållbara värdeskapande. 

  • 97. Ringsberg, Henrik
    et al.
    Brettmo, Alena
    Volvo Group AB, Sweden.
    Browne, Michael
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Exploring Swedish urban freight stakeholders' interests in public spaces2023In: Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, E-ISSN 1873-6084, Vol. 133, article id 104131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban stakeholders have divergent interests in the use of public space in cities and should be considered in city-planning of urban freight. This paper explores Swedish urban stakeholder's interests in the use of public space. A literature review on Urban Freight Stakeholders (UFSs) with direct impact on city-planning, and their interest’ in the use of public space was conducted and used as a theoretical foundation in a cross-case analysis of two Swedish cities. Forty-five semi-structured interviews, and forty-one answers from a multiple-choice question were used as empirical data in the evaluation of UFSs' interests. The paper shows that interests' of UFSs which contribute to attractive urban environment should be considered in city-planning of urban freight. In addition, policies on road safety, decoration of the city environment and pricing the use of public space in cities need to be developed at local authorities. The paper confirms property owners as UFSs with similar accessibility and service interests as local authorities in the city-planning of urban freight. The literature review of published research and a cross-case analysis of Swedish UFSs' interests in public space in two cities provides insights for further development of research to enrich theory and city-planning of urban freight.

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  • 98.
    Roos, Anders
    et al.
    SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Lindström, Mikael
    RISE, Innventia.
    Heuts, Lena
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Hylander, Nippe
    AF Consult, Sweden.
    Lind, Erik
    Stora Enso, Sweden.
    Nielsen, Christian
    Pöyry Management Consulting, United Kingdom.
    Innovation diffusion of new wood-based materials - reducing the "time to market"2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 394-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to understand the innovation diffusion of new wood-based materials, "from lab to market," to identify the success factors and barriers to market introduction, and to reveal important factors for the success of commercialization. Examples are given from target markets in the furniture, appliance, and automotive sectors. This study is based on three qualitative interview studies in Sweden from 2010 to 2012. The analysis showed that the diffusion process of a new bio-based material normally takes up to 10 years or even more. There are only a few companies along the supply chain whose specialized function is finding new materials. However, the automotive industry regularly monitors the development of new materials. Industrial customers of materials generally obtain information about biobased materials from suppliers, exhibitions, conferences, professional contacts, industry magazines, digital media, customers, and partners in development projects. Different industry sectors apply specific material requirements. Regulations regarding safety issues have a high priority, and the interviewees believed that environmental considerations will increase with time. If the materials are equal in other quality dimensions, environmental performance may cast the deciding vote. Recommendations for a faster diffusion cover the right mix of competences, financing, regulations, creativity, and support from the leadership.

  • 99.
    Roysen, R.
    et al.
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Bruehwiler, N.
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Kos, L.
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Boyer, Robert
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Koehrsen, J.
    University of Basel, Switzerland: University of Oslo, Norway.
    Rethinking the diffusion of grassroots innovations: An embedding framework2024In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 200, article id 123156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper conceptualises the ways grassroots innovations (GIs) influence sustainability transitions. While research on GI diffusion tends to use the three-pathway model (replication, scaling up and translation), this paper rethinks GI diffusion through the lenses of an embedding framework. We illustrate this framework by applying it to the empirical case of ecovillages in the Global North and South. The results show that GIs become embedded in wider society through different dynamics: expansion, reframing, circulation of knowledge, shifting material arrangements and replication. The embedding framework brings clarity to diverse dynamics of diffusion and is particularly able to grasp the cultural, cognitive, economic and environmental impacts of GI initiatives. 

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  • 100.
    Runeson, Per
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Rathsman, Karin
    ESS European Spallation Source, Sweden.
    Olsson, Thomas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Industrins data leder till innovationer – om den delas: Debattartikel2021In: Ny teknik, article id 2021-04-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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