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  • 501.
    Tuominen, Mikko
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Teisala, Hannu
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Haapanen, Janne
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Mäkelä, Jyrki M.
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Honkanen, Mari
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Vippola, Minnamari
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Bardage, Stig
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Wålinder, Magnus E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Superamphiphobic overhang structured coating on a biobased material2016In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 389, p. 135-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A superamphiphobic coating on a biobased material shows extreme liquid repellency with static contact angles (CA) greater than 150° and roll-off angles less than 10° against water, ethylene glycol, diiodomethane and olive oil, and a CA for hexadecane greater than 130°. The coating consisting of titania nanoparticles deposited by liquid flame spray (LFS) and hydrophobized using plasma-polymerized perfluorohexane was applied to a birch hardwood. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging after sample preparation by UV laser ablation of coated areas revealed that capped structures were formed and this, together with the geometrically homogeneous wood structure, fulfilled the criteria for overhang structures to occur. The coating showed high hydrophobic durability by still being non-wetted after 500 000 water drop impacts, and this is discussed in relation to geometrical factors and wetting forces. The coating was semi-transparent with no significant coloration. A self-cleaning effect was demonstrated with both water and oil droplets. A self-cleanable, durable and highly transparent superamphiphobic coating based on a capped overhang structure has a great potential for commercial feasibility in a variety of applications, here exemplified for a biobased material.

  • 502.
    Van Der Veen, Adriaan M. H.
    et al.
    VSL Dutch Metrology Institute, Netherlands.
    Brown, Andrew S.
    NPL National Physical Laboratory, UK.
    Li, Jianrong
    VSL Dutch Metrology Institute, Netherlands.
    Murugan, Arul
    NPL National Physical Laboratory, UK.
    Heinonen, Martti
    MIKES Centre for Metrology and Accreditation, Finland.
    Haloua, Frédérique
    LNE Laboratoire National de Métrologie et d'Essais, France.
    Arrhenius, Karine
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Kemi.
    Measurement requirements for biogas specifications2015In: 17th International Congress of Metrology, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased use of biogas and biomethane urgently requires that these non-conventional energy gases can be transmitted through natural gas grids and refuelling stations. The European Standardization Organisation CEN is developing specifications for green gas which supplement the specifications for natural gas. The specifications for green gas address a range of parameters not commonly covered in natural gas, such as the contents of impurities (e.g., siloxanes, ammonia, halogenated hydrocarbons, and hydrogen chloride), dust content and particles. In a collaboration between 12 European metrology institutes and 3 university groups, robust and reliable methods are developed to support these draft specifications and to enable conformity assessment. The project also deals with issues related to density, calorific value, moisture content, and the sampling of biogas. This paper gives an overview of the state-ofthe-art in green gas testing, as well as an outlook what methods need be developed.

  • 503.
    Velon, Adeline
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor. Chalmers University of Technology.
    Oxidation of Fe- and Ni-aluminides in dry and humid atmospheres2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 504.
    Wakeham, Deborah
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Crivoi, Dana G.
    Rovira i Virgili University, Spain.
    Medina, Francesc
    Rovira i Virgili University, Spain.
    Segarra, Anna M.
    Rovira i Virgili University, Spain.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    In-situ study of substrate - catalyst interactions in a Juliá-Colonna epoxidation using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation2016In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 469, p. 263-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) analysis of the hexa-l-Leucine (PLL)-catalyzed epoxidation of chalcone gives in-situ experimental evidences which demonstrate that the reaction proceeds mainly via the formation of a PLL-bound hydroperoxide complex followed by the reversible addition of chalcone. The observations offer an alternative rationalization for the viability of the preferred catalytic pathway.

  • 505.
    Wallqvist, Viveca
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Adhesive surface characteristics of bitumen binders investigated by Atomic Force Microscopy2013In: Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, E-ISSN 1873-7153, Vol. 113, p. 248-256Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 506.
    Wallqvist, Viveca
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Micromechanical investigation of phase separation in bitumen by combining atomic force microscopy with differential scanning calorimetry results2013In: International Journal on Road Materials and Pavement Design, ISSN 1468-0629, E-ISSN 2164-7402, Vol. 14, no Suppl 1, p. 25-37Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 507.
    Wallqvist, Viveca
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Kraft, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, CBI Betonginstitutet AB.
    Prototype bike lanes - placement practices and properties2015In: 57º Congresso Brasileiro do Concreto, Bonito/MS [CBC 2015], IBRACON , 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    AstaZero, a unique environment to build any scenario in order to develop, test or certifynew traffic safety solutions was opened 2014 in Sweden. In this environment a testingarena for vulnerable road users has been developed. Among with the solutions testedbelongs impact absorbing surfaces for cyclists, one which has been made of rubbermodified concrete. The study involved testing of different compositions and examining newproperties in the fresh state, which affected the production process to different extents. Forexample, due to difference in density between aggregate and rubber the segregation maybe a problem. Regarding the materials properties, the head injury criterion (HIC) was usedfor evaluation of the pavements shock absorbing capability. In the laboratory tests themodified concrete demonstrated a decrease in HIC-value by 85% compared to standardbitumen material. In the AstaZero test-lane, measured at -1°C, the decrease in HIC-valuecompared to reference was 79%. The frictional properties were approved according toexisting criteria. Future tests will determine the new materials’ durability, maintenance andcycling comfort.

  • 508.
    Wallqvist, Viveca
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Rutland, Mark
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Claesson, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Surface wrinkling: The phenomenon causing bees in bitumen2013In: Journal of Materials Science, ISSN 0022-2461, E-ISSN 1573-4803, Vol. 48, no 20, p. 6970-6976Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 509.
    Wang, Min
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Zander, Thomas
    Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Liu, Xiaoyan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Liu, Chao
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Raj, Akanksha
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wieland, D. C. Florian
    Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Garamus, Vasil M.
    Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Willumeit-Römer, Regine
    Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Dedinaite, Andra
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    The effect of temperature on supported dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayers: Structure and lubrication performance2015In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 445, p. 84-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Phospholipids fulfill an important role in joint lubrication. They, together with hyaluronan and glycoproteins, are the biolubricants that sustain low friction between cartilage surfaces bathed in synovial fluid. In this work we have investigated how the friction force and load bearing capacity of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) bilayers on silica surfaces are affected by temperature, covering the temperature range 25–52 °C. Friction forces have been determined utilizing the AFM colloidal probe technique, which showed that DPPC bilayers are able to provide low friction forces over the whole temperature interval. However, the load bearing capacity is improved at higher temperatures. We interpret this finding as being a consequence of lower rigidity and higher self-healing capacity of the DPPC bilayer in the liquid disordered state compared to the gel state. The corresponding structure of solid supported DPPC bilayers at the silica–liquid interface has been followed using X-ray reflectivity measurements, which suggests that the DPPC bilayer is in the gel phase at 25 °C and 39 °C and in the liquid disordered state at 55 °C. Well-defined bilayer structures were observed for both phases. The deposited DPPC bilayers were also imaged using AFM PeakForce Tapping mode, and these measurements indicated a less homogeneous layer at temperatures below 37 °C.

  • 510.
    Wang, Xuying
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Herting, Gunilla
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Odnevall Wallinder, Inger
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Blomberg, Eva
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Adsorption of bovine serum albumin on silver surfaces enhances the release of silver at pH neutral conditions2015In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 17, no 28, p. 18524-18534Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Metallic biomaterials are widely used to replace and/or restore the function of damaged bodily parts. The use of silver as antibacterial coatings onto implants has recently gained large interest in medical applications. The extent of silver that can be released into different biological fluids from such coatings is, except for the surface characteristics of the coating, governed by parameters such as protein characteristics, adsorbed layer properties, formation of silver-protein complexes as well as concentrations of proteins in the solution. This study aims to relate the structure of adsorbed net negatively charged bovine serum albumin (BSA), which is the most abundant protein in serum, to the release of silver from metallic silver surfaces in order to elucidate if the net charge of the protein has any effect of the silver release. Simultaneous adsorption measurements were performed in real time on the very same surface using combined ellipsometry and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) measurements to provide a more comprehensive understanding on adsorption kinetics and layer structures. The amount of released silver into solution was measured by means of graphite furnace atomic absorption spectroscopy (GF-AAS). The structure of the adsorbed BSA layer largely influenced the amount of released silver, an enhancement that increased with BSA concentration. These observations are in complete contrast to the effect of net positively charged lysozyme (LSZ) adsorbed on silver, previously studied by the authors, for which a complete surface coverage suppressed the possibility for silver release. The underlying mechanisms behind the enhanced release of silver in the presence of BSA were mainly attributed to surface complexation between BSA and silver followed by an enhanced exchange rate of these surface complexes with BSA molecules in the solution, which in turn increase the amount of released silver in solution.

  • 511.
    Wang, Yong-Lei
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Sarman, Sten
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Glavatskih, Sergei
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; Ghent University, Belgium.
    Antzutkin, Oleg N.
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; Warwick University, UK.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Laaksonen, Aatto
    Stockholm University, Sweden; Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
    Atomistic Insight into Tetraalkylphosphonium-Bis(oxalato)borate Ionic Liquid/Water Mixtures. I. Local Microscopic Structure2015In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 119, no 16, p. 5251-5264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Atomistic simulations have been performed to investigate the microscopic structural organization of aqueous solutions of trihexyltetradecylphosphonium bis(oxalato)borate ([P6,6,6,14][BOB]) ionic liquid (IL). The evolution of the microscopic liquid structure and the local ionic organization of IL/water mixtures as a function of the water concentration is visualized and systematically analyzed via radial and spatial distribution functions, coordination numbers, hydrogen bond network, and water clustering analysis. The microscopic liquid structure in neat IL is characterized by a connected apolar network composed of the alkyl chains of [P6,6,6,14] cations and isolated polar domains consisting of the central segments of [P6,6,6,14] cations and [BOB] anions, and the corresponding local ionic environment is described by direct contact ion pairs. In IL/water mixtures with lower water mole fractions, the added water molecules are dispersed and embedded in cavities between neighboring ionic species and the local ionic structure is characterized by solvent-shared ion pairs through cation-water-anion triple complexes. With a gradual increase in the water concentration in IL/water mixtures, the added water molecules tend to aggregate and form small clusters, intermediate chain-like structures, large aggregates, and eventually a water network in water concentrated simulation systems. A further progressive dilution of IL/water mixtures leads to the formation of self-organized micelle-like aggregates characterized by a hydrophobic core and hydrophilic shell consisting of the central polar segments in [P6,6,6,14] cations and [BOB] anions in a highly branched water network. The striking structural evolution of the [P6,6,6,14][BOB] IL/water mixtures is rationalized by the competition between favorable hydrogen bonded interactions and strong electrostatic interactions between the polar segments in ionic species and the dispersion interactions between the hydrophobic alkyl chains in [P6,6,6,14] cations.

  • 512.
    Wernståhl,
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Accelererade åldringsmetoder för billacker1994Report (Refereed)
  • 513.
    Wernståhl, Karin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    A comparison of testing in Global UV and Xenon arc test cabinet.1990Report (Refereed)
  • 514.
    Wernståhl, Karin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Renovering av träfönster - tekniska och ekonomiska förutsättningar för fallstudie av A13-metoden.1990Report (Refereed)
  • 515.
    Wetterskog, E.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Agthe, M.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Mayence, A.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Grins, J.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Wang, D.
    Northeast Dianli University, China.
    Rana, S.
    Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, India.
    Ahniyaz, Anwar
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Salazar-Alvarez, G.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Bergström, L.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Precise control over shape and size of iron oxide nanocrystals suitable for assembly into ordered particle arrays2014In: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, ISSN 1468-6996, E-ISSN 1878-5514, Vol. 15, no 5, p. 55010-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Here we demonstrate how monodisperse iron oxide nanocubes and nanospheres with average sizes between 5 and 27 nm can be synthesized by thermal decomposition. The relative importance of the purity of the reactants, the ratio of oleic acid and sodium oleate, the maximum temperature, and the rate of temperature increase, on robust and reproducible size and shape-selective iron oxide nanoparticle synthesis are identified and discussed. The synthesis conditions that generate highly monodisperse iron oxide nanocubes suitable for producing large ordered arrays, or mesocrystals are described in detail.

  • 516.
    Wieland, D. C. Florian
    et al.
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Degen, Patrick
    Technical University of Dortmund, Germany.
    Zander, Thomas
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Gayer, Sören
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Raj, Akanksha
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    An, Junxue
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Dédinaité, Andra A.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Willumeit-Römer, Regine
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Structure of DPPC-hyaluronan interfacial layers-effects of molecular weight and ion composition2016In: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, E-ISSN 1744-6848, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 729-740Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hyaluronan and phospholipids play an important role in lubrication in articular joints and provide in combination with glycoproteins exceptionally low friction coefficients. We have investigated the structural organization of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) Langmuir layers at the solution-air interface at different length scales with respect to the adsorption of hyaluronan (HA). This allows us to assemble a comprehensive picture of the adsorption and the resulting structures, and how they are affected by the molecular weight of HA and the presence of calcium ions. Brewster angle microscopy and grazing incident diffraction were used to determine the lateral structure at the micro- and macro scale. The data reveals an influence of HA on both the macro and micro structure of the DPPC Langmuir layer, and that the strength of this effect increases with decreasing molecular weight of HA and in presence of calcium ions. Furthermore, from X-ray reflectivity measurements we conclude that HA adsorbs to the hydrophilic part of DPPC, but data also suggest that two types of interfacial structures are formed at the interface. We argue that hydrophobic forces and electrostatic interactions play important rules for the association between DPPC and HA. Surface pressure area isotherms were used to determine the influence of HA on the phase behavior of DPPC while electrophoretic mobility measurements were used to gain insight into the binding of calcium ions to DPPC vesicles and hyaluronan.

  • 517.
    Wieland, D. C. Florian
    et al.
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geestacht, Germany.
    Garamus, Vasil M.
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geestacht, Germany.
    Zander, Thomas
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geestacht, Germany.
    Krywka, C.
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geestacht, Germany.
    Wang, M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Dédinaité, Andra A.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Willumeit-Römera, Regine
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geestacht, Germany.
    Studying solutions at high shear rates: A dedicated microfluidics setup2016In: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, ISSN 0909-0495, E-ISSN 1600-5775, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 480-486Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of a dedicated small-angle X-ray scattering setup for the investigation of complex fluids at different controlled shear conditions is reported. The setup utilizes a microfluidics chip with a narrowing channel. As a consequence, a shear gradient is generated within the channel and the effect of shear rate on structure and interactions is mapped spatially. In a first experiment small-angle X-ray scattering is utilized to investigate highly concentrated protein solutions up to a shear rate of 300000 s-1. These data demonstrate that equilibrium clusters of lysozyme are destabilized at high shear rates.

  • 518.
    Wieland, E
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    A surface chemical model of the bentonite-water interface and its implications for modelling the near field chemistry in a repository for spent fuel.1994Report (Refereed)
  • 519.
    Wåhlander, Martin
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Hansson-Mille, Petra M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Superhydrophobicity: Cavity growth and wetting transition2015In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 448, p. 482-491Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show by using AFM colloidal probe microscopy (combinations of hydrophobic/superhydrophobic as probe/surface) that superhydrophobicity displays a set of specific events when compared with hydrophobicity. Both attraction (due to capillary and wetting forces) and repulsion (most likely due to repelling air/vapor layers or micro-/nanobubbles) occur upon approach and when surfaces are pulled apart both shorter range (50–100 nm or more) and longer range (several micrometers) attractive forces are displayed. The interaction is explained by forces generated through the formation of air and water vaporcavities, in the shorter-range (>50 nm) case maintaining a constant volume of the cavity, in agreement with calculation of capillary forces, and in the longer-range (>1 μm) case through access of air to the cavity, in agreement with thermodynamics of cavity growth. An added sodium dodecyl sulphate surfactant gave a partially reversible wetting transition and reduced the longer-range interaction to shorter-range, suggesting a transfer from the Cassie–Baxter to the Wenzel wetting regime. The findings would be of interest in development of practical applications, such as for anti-soiling, anti-icing, protection of electrical componentsand for extreme water-repellency in paper and textiles.

  • 520.
    Yakubov, Gleb E.
    et al.
    University of Queensland, Australia; Unilever, UK.
    Macakova, Lubica
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science. Unilever, UK.
    Wilson, Stephen
    Unilever, UK.
    Windust, John H. C.
    Unilever, UK.
    Stokes, Jason R.
    Unilever, UK; University of Queensland, Australia.
    Aqueous lubrication by fractionated salivary proteins: Synergistic interaction of mucin polymer brush with low molecular weight macromolecules2015In: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 89, p. 34-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The remarkable lubrication provided by saliva in the oral cavity is vital to human health and wellbeing. Yet, molecular mechanisms for saliva lubrication remain unclear. In this work we report a possible mechanism of synergistic interaction between salivary proteins. By isolating a number of salivary protein fractions, we identify major protein candidates that contribute to saliva lubrication. We discover that a key driver for low friction is a hydrated brush-like layer formed by glycosylated species, with an essential synergistic contribution coming from the low molecular weight components that facilitate spreading, adsorption and strengthening of the salivary film on hydrophobic substrates. Lessons may be learned from saliva for understanding other natural bio-aqueous lubrication systems and for the development of saliva mimics.

  • 521.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Determination of the suitable methods for recycling of old and new flooring materials - Mechanical recycling aand energy recovery2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 522.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    MISTRA- Sustainable building, Experiences From a Cross-Disiplinary Research Program2002Report (Refereed)
  • 523.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Polymeric materials in sustainable building2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 524.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Polymeric materials in sustainable building MISTRA- sustainable building. Experiences from a cross-disciplinary research programme2002Report (Refereed)
  • 525.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    PVC floorings as post-consumer products for mechanical recycling and energy recovery2003In: Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 79, p. 439-448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PVC floorings as post-consumer products for mechanical recycling and energy recovery

  • 526.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    The effects of heat treatment and ageing on the mechanical properties of rigid PVC2003In: Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 82, p. 59-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of heat treatment and ageing on the mechanical properties of rigid PVC

  • 527.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Enebro, Jonas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Polylactic acid and its blends with petroleum-based resins: Effects of reprocessing and recycling on properties2016In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 133, no 36, article id 43916Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental and economic reasons make the use of bioplastics and biocomposites increasingly coveted in sectors other than packaging. Recycling of all wasted or rejected durable plastics is highly desired and biobased plastics are no exception. Therefore, the investigation of pre- and post-consumer recycling of products made from biobased plastics is of great interest. Polylactic acid (PLA) and its blends have been chosen for this study because it is an excellent representative of mass-produced bioplastics for industrial applications. As part of the "Sustainable Recycling of 'Green' Plastics" project, the current study addresses the durability issues related to the reprocessing and post-consumer recycling of a PLA virgin resin and two commercially available blends of PLA namely one with polycarbonate (PC) and one with polyethylene (PE). The materials were investigated using methods that simulate post-processing and post-consumer recycling. Accelerated ageing was performed at elevated temperature and humidity to simulate the usage period of the materials. The materials were analyzed using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and their mechanical strength was evaluated by tensile and impact testing. The flow properties of the materials were characterized by the melt flow index (MFI). Multiple processing of pure PLA did not affect the impact strength or the glass transition temperature (Tg), but caused crystallization and increase in the MFI, indicating that degradation occurred during processing. DSC thermograms of the blends revealed that the components in the blends were not miscible. Multiple processing of the blends did not significantly affect the elastic modulus of the materials, but affected the elongation at break. The results indicated that multiple processing of the PLA/HDPE blend caused increased dispersion and thus increased elongation at break, while the dominating mechanism in the PLA/PC blend was degradation that caused a decrease in elongation at break. Post-consumer recycling of the PLA/PC blend was simulated and the results clearly showed that ageing corresponding to one year of use caused a significant degradation of PLA. Pure PLA was severely degraded after only one ageing cycle. Although the PLA/PC blend showed some improved mechanical properties and resistance to degradation compared with pure PLA, one ageing cycle still caused a severe degradation of the PLA and even the PC was degraded as indicated by the formation of small amounts of bisphenol A.

  • 528.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Gevert, Thomas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Determination of potential for recycling of polymeric products found in buildings from the 1960s and 70`s1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 529.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Gevert, Thomas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Determination of potential for recycling of polymeric products found in buildings from the 1960s and 70s - a case study1999In: International journal of low energy and sustainable buildings. http://www.ce.kth.se/bim/leas/journal.htm, Vol. 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 530.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Gevert, Thomas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Effects of repeated extrusion on properties and durability of rigid PVC2001In: Polymer degradation and stability, ISSN 0141-3910, E-ISSN 1873-2321, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 93-99Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 531.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Gevert, Thomas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Effects of repeated Extrusion on the Properties and Durability of Rigid PVC2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 532.
    Ylmen, Peter
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Hansén, Magnus
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Romild, Jörgen
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Beständighet hos lufttäthetslösningar2012Report (Refereed)
  • 533. Zaborowska, M
    et al.
    Bodin, A
    Bäckdahl, Henrik
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Popp, J
    Goldstein, A
    Gatenholm, P
    Microporous bacterial cellulose as a potential scaffold for bone regeneration2010In: Acta Biomater, Vol. 6, no 7, p. 233939-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Microporous bacterial cellulose as a potential scaffold for bone regeneration. Acta Biomater. Jul;6(7):2540-7, 2010

  • 534.
    Zander, Thomas
    et al.
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Wieland, D. C. Florian
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Raj, Akanksha
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wang, Min
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Nowak, Benedikt
    Technical University of Dortmund, Germany.
    Krywka, Christina
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Dédinaité, Andra A.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Garamus, Vasil M.
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Schreyer, Andreas
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    Willumeit-Römer, Regine
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany.
    The influence of hyaluronan on the structure of a DPPC-bilayer under high pressures2016In: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, ISSN 0927-7765, E-ISSN 1873-4367, Vol. 142, p. 230-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The superior lubrication properties of synovial joints have inspired many studies aiming at uncovering the molecular mechanisms which give rise to low friction and wear. However, the mechanisms are not fully understood yet, and, in particular, it has not been elucidated how the biolubricants present at the interface of cartilage respond to high pressures, which arise during high loads of joints. In this study we utilize a simple model system composed of two biomolecules that have been implied as being important for joint lubrication. It consists of a solid supported dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholin (DPPC) bilayer, which was formed via vesicles fusion on a flat Si wafer, and the anionic polysaccharide hyaluronan (HA). We first characterized the structure of the HA layer that adsorbed to the DPPC bilayers at ambient pressure and different temperatures using X-ray reflectivity (XRR) measurements. Next, XRR was utilized to evaluate the response of the system to high hydrostatic pressures, up to 2 kbar (200 MPa), at three different temperatures. By means of fluorescence microscopy images the distribution of DPPC and HA on the surface was visualized. Our data suggest that HA adsorbs to the headgroup region that is oriented towards the water side of the supported bilayer. Phase transitions of the bilayer in response to temperature and pressure changes were also observed in presence and absence of HA. Our results reveal a higher stability against high hydrostatic pressures for DPPC/HA composite layers compared to that of the DPPC bilayer in absence of HA.

  • 535. Zhao, Y.
    et al.
    Sugunan, Abhilash
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Muhammed, M.
    Toprak, M. S.
    Synthesis of nanostructured antimony telluride for thermoelectric applications2015In: Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 2015, Vol. 1742, p. 1-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thermoelectric (TE) materials have been studied during past decades since they can generate electricity directly from waste heat. Antimony chalcogenides (Sb2M3, M = S, Se, Te) are well known as one of the promising candidates among the inorganic TE materials. We report on the synthesis of Sb2Te3 nanoparticle via thermolysis method. A systematic study was done to investigate the effect of reaction time and ratio between the precursors as well as the method of cooling on the morphology and composition of obtained nanoparticles. The ratio between precursors was varied to study the effect on the morphology. Furthermore, the high purity phase Sb2Te3 was obtained by a rapid cooling process.

  • 536. Zhao, Y.
    et al.
    Sugunan, Abhilash
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Schmidt, T.
    Fornara, Andrea
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Toprak, M. S.
    Muhammed, M.
    Relaxation is the key to longer life: Suppressed degradation of P3HT films on conductive substrates2014In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 2, no 33, p. 13270-13276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Here we show the dependence of the degree of degradation of poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) films on the conductivity of the supporting substrate. P3HT is widely used for organic solar cells and electronic devices because it allows simple, low cost fabrication and has potential for the fabrication of flexible devices. However, P3HT is known to have a relatively low photostability, and investigating the photodegradation mechanism is an active research field. We find that P3HT films on conductive substrates show significantly retarded degradation and retain their chemical and morphological features when compared to similar films on glass substrates. This 'substrate effect' in retarding the degradation of P3HT films is evident even upon prolonged exposure to air for up to five months.

  • 537.
    Zhao, Y.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sugunan, Abhilash
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Schmidt, T.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Fornara, Andrea
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Toprak, M. S.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Muhammed, M.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Relaxation is the key to longer life: Suppressed degradation of P3HT films on conductive substrates2014In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 2, no 33, p. 13270-13276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Here we show the dependence of the degree of degradation of poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) films on the conductivity of the supporting substrate. P3HT is widely used for organic solar cells and electronic devices because it allows simple, low cost fabrication and has potential for the fabrication of flexible devices. However, P3HT is known to have a relatively low photostability, and investigating the photodegradation mechanism is an active research field. We find that P3HT films on conductive substrates show significantly retarded degradation and retain their chemical and morphological features when compared to similar films on glass substrates. This 'substrate effect' in retarding the degradation of P3HT films is evident even upon prolonged exposure to air for up to five months. 

  • 538.
    Zhao, Yichen
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sugunan, Abhilash
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Wang, Qin
    RISE, Swedish ICT, Acreo.
    Yang, Xuran
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Rihtnesberg, David B.
    RISE, Swedish ICT, Acreo.
    Toprak, Muhammet S.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Direct Determination of Spatial Localization of Carriers in CdSe-CdS Quantum Dots2015In: Journal of Nanomaterials, ISSN 1687-4110, E-ISSN 1687-4129, Vol. 2015, article id 321354Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) have gained significant attention due to their tunable band gap, simple solution processability, ease of scale-up, and low cost. By carefully choosing the materials, core-shell heterostructure QDs (HQDs) can be further synthesized with a controlled spatial spread of wave functions of the excited electrons and holes for various applications. Many investigations have been done to understand the exciton dynamics by optical characterizations. However, these spectroscopic data demonstrate that the spatial separation of the excitons cannot distinguish the distribution of excited electrons and holes. In this work, we report a simple and direct method to determine the localized holes and delocalized electrons in HQDs. The quasi-type-II CdSe-CdS core-shell QDs were synthesized via a thermolysis method. Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) nanofiber and ZnO nanorods were selected as hole and electron conductor materials, respectively, and were combined with HQDs to form two different nanocomposites. Photoelectrical properties were evaluated under different environments via a quick and facile characterization method, confirming that the electrons in the HQDs were freely accessible at the surface of the nanocrystal, while the holes were confined within the CdSe core.

  • 539.
    Zingmark, P
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Johansson, J
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Lindberg, J
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Termogravimetrisk analys av bindemedel i färg1993Report (Refereed)
  • 540.
    Álvarez-Asencio, Rubén
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; IMDEA Nanoscience, Spain.
    Wallqvist, Viveca
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Kjellin, Mikael
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Rutland, Mark W.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Camacho, Alejandra
    L’Oréal Research and Innovation, US.
    Nordgren, Niklas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Luengo, Gustavo S.
    L’Oréal Research and Innovation, France.
    Nanomechanical properties of human skin and introduction of a novel hair indenter2016In: Journal of The Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, ISSN 1751-6161, E-ISSN 1878-0180, Vol. 54, p. 185-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The mechanical resistance of the stratum corneum, the outermost layer of skin, to deformation has been evaluated at different length scales using Atomic Force Microscopy. Nanomechanical surface mapping was first conducted using a sharp silicon tip and revealed that Young’s modulus of the stratum corneum varied over the surface with a mean value of about 0.4 GPa. Force indentation measurements showed permanent deformation of the skin surface only at high applied loads (above 4 μN). The latter effect was further demonstrated using nanomechanical imaging in which the obtained depth profiles clearly illustrate the effects of increased normal force on the elastic/plastic surface deformation. Force measurements utilizing the single hair fiber probe supported the nanoindentation results of the stratum corneum being highly elastic at the nanoscale, but revealed that the lateral scale of the deformation determines the effective elastic modulus.This result resolves the fact that the reported values in the literature vary greatly and will help to understand the biophysics of the interaction of razor cut hairs that curl back during growth and interact with the skin.

  • 541.
    Ålgårdh Karlsson, Joakim
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Horn, Timothy
    North Carolina State University, US.
    West, Harvey
    North Carolina State University, US.
    Aman, Ronald
    North Carolina State University, US.
    Snis, Anders
    Arcam AB, Sweden.
    Engqvist, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lausmaa, Jukka
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Harrysson, Ola
    North Carolina State University, US.
    Thickness dependency of mechanical properties for thin-walled titanium parts manufactured by Electron Beam Melting (EBM)®2016In: Additive Manufacturing, ISSN 2214-8604, Vol. 12, p. 45-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Metal powder bed additive manufacturing technologies, such as the Electron Beam Melting process, facilitate a high degree of geometric flexibility and have been demonstrated as useful production techniques for metallic parts.However, the EBM process is typically associated with lower resolutions and higher surface roughness compared to similar laser-based powder bed metal processes. In part, this difference is related to the larger powder size distribution and thicker layers normally used. As part of an effort to improve the resolution and surface roughness of EBM fabricated components, this study investigates the feasibility of fabricating components with a smaller powder size fraction and layer thickness (similar to laser based processes). The surface morphology, microstructure and tensile properties of the produced samples were evaluated. The findings indicate that microstructure is dependent on wall-thickness and that, for thin walled structures, tensile properties can become dominated by variations in surface roughness.

  • 542.
    Örnemark, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Have uncertainty statements improved over the last ten years? Experience from the IRMM-international measurement evaluation programme (IMEP)1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 543.
    Örnemark, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    The IRMM-International Measurement Evaluation Programme- IMEP-7, Inorganic components in human serum. Report to the Slovak participants1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 544.
    Örnemark, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Utvärdering av mätosäkerhet i kemisk analys. 2: a rev. utg. Översättning och bearbetning från den 22001Report (Refereed)
  • 545.
    Örnemark, Ulf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Utvärdering av mätosäkerhet i kemisk analys. ERSATT AV SP RAPPORT 2001: 242000Report (Refereed)
891011 501 - 545 of 545
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