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  • 301.
    Lobov, Gleb S.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Zhao, Yichen
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Marinins, Aleksandrs
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Yan, Max
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Li, Jiantong
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Toprak, Muhammet Sadaka
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sugunan, Abhilash
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Thylen, Lars
    Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, US; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wosinski, Lech
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Östling, Mikael
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Electro-optical response of P3HT nanofibers in liquid solution2015In: Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2015, Optical Society of America, 2015, article id ASu1A.5Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AC electric poling introduces in P3HT nanofibers anisotropic electro-optical response and birefringence. Along with birefringence, such material exhibits strong amplitude modulation which makes it more efficient alternative to liquid crystals.

  • 302.
    Lobov, Gleb S.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Zhao, Yichen
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Marinins, Aleksandrs
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Yan, Min
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Li, Jiantong
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sugunan, Abhilash
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Thylén, Lars
    Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, US; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wosinski, Lech
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Östling, Mikael
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Toprak, Muhammet S.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Size impact of ordered P3HT nanofibers on optical anisotropy2016In: Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, ISSN 1022-1352, E-ISSN 1521-3935, Vol. 217, no 9, p. 1089-1095Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) nanofibers are 1D crystalline structures with semiconductor properties. When P3HT nanofibers are dispersed in nonconducting solvent, they react to external alternate electric field by aligning along the field lines. This can be used to create layers of ordered nanofibers and is referred to as alternating current poling method. P3HT nanofibers with three different size distributions are fabricated, using self-assembly mechanism in marginal solvents, and used for the alignment studies. Anisotropic absorption of oriented 2 μm long nanofibers exponentially increases with the magnitude of applied field to a certain asymptotic limit at 0.8 V μm-1, while 100-500 nm long nanofibers respond to electric field negligibly. Effective optical birefringence of oriented 2 μm long nanofibers is calculated, based on the phase shift at 633 nm and the average layer thickness, to be 0.41. These results combined with further studies on real-time control over orientation of P3HT nanofibers in liquid solution or host system are promising in terms of exploiting them in electroabsorptive and electrorefractive applications.

  • 303.
    Lobov, Gleb S.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Zhao, Yichen
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Marinins, Alexandrs
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Yan, Min
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Li, Jiantong
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sugunan, Abhilash
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Thylén, Lars
    Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, US; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wosinski, Lech
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Östling, Mikael
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Toprak, Muhammet S.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Popov, Sergei
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Dynamic manipulation of optical anisotropy of suspended Poly-3-hexylthiophene nanofibers2016In: Advanced Optical Materials, ISSN 2162-7568, E-ISSN 2195-1071, Vol. 4, no 10, p. 1651-1656Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Poly-3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) nanofibers are 1D crystalline semiconducting nanostructures, which are known for their application in photovoltaics. Due to the internal arrangement, P3HT nanofibers possess optical anisotropy, which can be enhanced on a macroscale if nanofibers are aligned. Alternating electric field, applied to a solution with dispersed nanofibers, causes their alignment and serves as a method to produce solid layers with ordered nanofibers. The transmission ellipsometry measurements demonstrate the dichroic absorption and birefringence of ordered nanofibers in a wide spectral range of 400–1700 nm. Moreover, the length of nanofibers has a crucial impact on their degree of alignment. Using electric birefringence technique, it is shown that external electric field applied to the solution with P3HT nanofibers can cause direct birefringence modulation. Dynamic alignment of dispersed nanofibers changes the refractive index of the solution and, therefore, the polarization of transmitted light. A reversible reorientation of nanofibers is organized by using a quadrupole configuration of poling electrodes. With further development, the described method can be used in the area of active optical fiber components, lab-on-chip or sensors. It also reveals the potential of 1D conducting polymeric structures as objects whose highly anisotropic properties can be implemented in electro-optical applications.​.

  • 304.
    Luca Kovacs, Eva
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Examination of microalgae: biomass production by capturing CO2 or flue gas at Swedish light conditions and producing biogas from algae biomass2010Report (Refereed)
  • 305.
    Lund, Vibeke
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Upprepad bearbetning med mellanliggande accelererad åldring av en stabiliserad LDPE. Examensarbetet 1994. Institutionen för Polymerteknologi, Chalmers tekniska högskola.1994Report (Refereed)
  • 306.
    Lundgren, Anders
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Munktell, Sara
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lacey, Matthew
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Berglin, Mattias
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Björefors, Fredrik
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Formation of gold nanoparticle size and density gradients via bipolar electrochemistry2016In: ChemElectroChem, ISSN 2196-0216, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 378-382Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bipolar electrochemistry is employed to demonstrate the formation of gold nanoparticle size gradients on planar surfaces. By controlling the electric field in a HAuCl4-containing electrolyte, gold was reduced onto 10nm diameter particles immobilized on pre-modified thiolated bipolar electrode (BPE) templates, resulting in larger particles towards the more cathodic direction. As the gold deposition was the dominating cathodic reaction, the increased size of the nanoparticles also reflected the current distribution on the bipolar electrode. The size gradients were also combined with a second gradient-forming technique to establish nanoparticle surfaces with orthogonal size and density gradients, resulting in a wide range of combinations of small/large and few/many particles on a single bipolar electrode. Such surfaces are valuable in, for example, cell-material interaction and combinatorial studies, where a large number of conditions are probed simultaneously.

  • 307.
    Lundgren, B
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Jonsson, B
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Ek-Olausson, B
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Materials emission of chemicals--PVC flooring materials1999In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 202-208Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 308.
    Lundgren, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Comparison of three small chamber test methods for the measurement of VOC emission rates from paint2003In: Indoor Air, Vol. 13, p. 156-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Comparison of three small chamber test methods for the measurement of VOC emission rates from paint

  • 309.
    Lundgren, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Comparison of threee small chamer test methods for the measurement of VOC emission rates from paint2003In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668, Vol. 13, p. 156-165Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Lundgren, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Exposure to VOC from water based paint in indoor environments. Part 1: Emissions1999In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. Indoor Air '99, Edinburgh, Scotland, 8-13 August 1999, Construction Research Communications , 1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Lundgren, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    impact of ventilation rate, ozone and limonene on perceived air quality in offices2002In: Indoor Air 2002, Proceedings: 9th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate Monterey, CA. USA, 2002, , p. 285-291Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 312.
    Lundgren, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Kemisk emission från byggnadsmaterial: Gemensamma regler efterlyses2006In: Miljöforskning, no 1, p. 13-14Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 313.
    Lundgren, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Phtalates in Indoor Dust and Their Association with Building Characteristics2005In: Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 113, no 10, p. 1399-1404Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 314.
    Lundgren, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Small particles containing phtalic esters in the indoor environment - a pilot study2002In: Indoor Air 2002, Proceedings: 9th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate Monterey, CA. USA, 2002, , p. 153-159Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Lundgren, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Validering av kemiska analysmetoder2000Report (Refereed)
  • 316.
    Lundgren, Björn
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Jonsson, Bengt
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Certifiering.
    Ek-Olausson, Birgitta
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Certifiering.
    Materials emission of chemicals - PVC flooring materials1999In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. Indoor Air '99, Edinburgh, Scotland, 8-13 August 1999, Construction Research Communications , 1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Lundh, Karin
    et al.
    Hållfasthet (BMh).
    Almström, Stefan
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Göteborg (BMg).
    Ageing and wear in polymeric child articles2008Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ageing and wear in polymeric child articles This report targets child use and care articles, toys and playground equipment. These products will in this report collectively be referred to as ‘child articles’. It is the authors’ experience that polymers are getting more and more frequent in child articles, probably since they are cheaper and in many ways easier to process than metals. This is not an unwanted development in itself, but the choice of material has to be carefully made since the material properties of polymers vary greatly depending on the type and amount of additives and this can not be assessed visually. In addition they degrade with time due to environmental influence. To verify the properties of a polymer the material has to be tested. One of the challenges with polymers is that they all have a limited lifetime. They degrade over time and might lose almost all their strength, leading to material failure and, in the worst case scenario, accidents. It is a fact that accidents happen due to material failure, although it is hard to trace the true cause in accident statistics. In this report the term ‘ageing’ will be used for chemical degradation of the material structure due to light and/or heat exposure and ‘wear’ refers to mechanical degradation as a result of mechanical stress and contact. The current regulation covers property changes in polymers during the lifetime of a product insufficiently, if at all. Ageing of materials is virtually non-existing in existing child article standards. During its life a product is subjected to all kinds of environmental factors which more or less lead to reduction of function of the product. All products get worn, in one way or another, when used and the surrounding environment affects the material of the product. These effects are greater or lesser depending on usage and the harshness of the surrounding environment, as well as material choice and other qualities of the product. Therefore the material and processing have to be chosen based on the knowledge of the environment in which the product will be used as well as the expected lifetime. This process is called environmental design or environmental engineering. In order to simplify the material selection process when a product is developed, it is recommended to compose a material qualification system for child articles. This system can preferably be based on existing systems from other industries. This study recommends that the requirements and test methods proposed in Chapter 5 are considered when new standards for child articles are being developed or when existing standards are being revised. It is also recommended to perform a risk analysis to identify the hazards of a product.

  • 318.
    Lyven, BM
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Haraldsson, C
    Optimization of on-channel preconcentration in flow field-flow fractionation for the determination of size distributions of low molecular weight colloidal material in natural waters1997In: Analytica Chimica Acta, ISSN 0003-2670, E-ISSN 1873-4324, Vol. 357, no 3, p. 187-196Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 319.
    Löwenhielm, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Dual-purpose PEG scaffolds for the preparation of soft and biofunctional hydrogels: The convergence between CuAAC and thiol-ene reactions2013In: Chemical Communications, ISSN 1359-7345, E-ISSN 1364-548X, Vol. 49, no 62, p. 6938-6940Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 320.
    Löwenhielm, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Hybrid nanoparticle arrays for measuring the interaction between cell adhesion ligands and macromolecules using SPR2011In: European Cells and Materials, ISSN 1473-2262, E-ISSN 1473-2262, Vol. 21, no S1, p. 44-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 321.
    Löwenhielm, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Templating gold surfaces with function: A self-assembled dendritic monolayer methodology based on monodisperse polyester scaffolds2013In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 456-465Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 322.
    Löwenhielm, Peter
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    UV initiated thiol-ene chemistry: A facile and modular synthetic methodology for the construction of functional 3D networks with tunable properties2013In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 1, no 44, p. 13732-13737Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 323.
    Macakova, Lubica
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Kjellin, Mikael
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Andersson, Martin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Wnukowska, H.
    Kemibolaget i Bromma, Sweden.
    Rapid assessment of glass etching/corrosion using the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring, QCM-D2014In: Tenside Surfactants Detergents, ISSN 0932-3414, E-ISSN 2195-8564, Vol. 51, no 6, p. 484-490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new method to determine glass corrosion/etching is presented. The method enables a rapid screening of formulations in terms of their glass etching tendency as well as identification of the main components responsible for giving rise to the etching. Up to four formulations can be evaluated during one day. The high sensitivity of the QCM-D instrument enables measuring the etching of thicknesses less than one nm. Therefore, the technique can be used efficiently to screen components in the formulations and aid in the development phase of new tformatoptimised dishwash detergent formulations. In a planned work we will investigate the correlation between the etching rate of thin sputtered glass films at the surface of QCM-D crystals and good performance in a standardized dishwasher test using meltquenched glasses.

  • 324.
    Madijus, Constantin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Utveckling av fältmetod för bestämning av sulfathalt på stålytor1997Report (Refereed)
  • 325.
    Magnusson, B
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Koch, M
    Measurement Quality in Water Analysis2011In: Treatise on Water Science / [ed] Peter Wilderer, Oxford Academic Press , 2011, p. 153-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 326.
    Magnusson, Bertil
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    The fitness for purpose of analytical methods: A laboratory guide to method validation and related topics (2nd ed. 2014)2014Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This guide was first issued in 1998, and has over the years been one of the most popular of the Eurachem guides. Since the release of the first edition, however, there have been many changes in terminology, working practices, reference documents and requirements. This second edition, produced by the Eurachem Method Validation Working Group, forms a thorough revision of the 1998 edition. This second edition accommodates the main changes in international standards and practice. The new edition also includes notes on some aspects of validation that are specific to qualitative test methods

  • 327.
    Magnusson, Bertil
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Oorganisk kemi (Kmoo).
    Lundgren, Björn
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Handbok för validering av analysmetoder inom laboratoriet2004Report (Refereed)
  • 328.
    Magnusson, Bertil
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Näykki, Teemu
    Hovind, Håvard
    Krysell, Mikael
    Handbok för beräkning av Mätosäkerhet vid miljölaboratorier Svensk utgåva av Nordtest Tr537.2015Report (Refereed)
  • 329.
    Magnusson, Bertil
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Örnemark, Ulf
    Metodvalidering - Handbok för laboratoriet: ny upplaga2012Report (Other academic)
  • 330.
    Mahlapuu, Margit
    et al.
    Promore Pharma AB, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Ringstad, Lovisa
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Björn, Camilla
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Antimicrobial peptides: An emerging category of therapeutic agents2016In: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, E-ISSN 2235-2988, Vol. 6, no DEC, article id 194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), also known as host defense peptides, are short and generally positively charged peptides found in a wide variety of life forms from microorganisms to humans. Most AMPs have the ability to kill microbial pathogens directly, whereas others act indirectly by modulating the host defense systems. Against a background of rapidly increasing resistance development to conventional antibiotics all over the world, efforts to bring AMPs into clinical use are accelerating. Several AMPs are currently being evaluated in clinical trials as novel anti-infectives, but also as new pharmacological agents to modulate the immune response, promote wound healing, and prevent post-surgical adhesions. In this review, we provide an overview of the biological role, classification, and mode of action of AMPs, discuss the opportunities and challenges to develop these peptides for clinical applications, and review the innovative formulation strategies for application of AMPs.

  • 331.
    Maldanis, L.
    et al.
    University of Campinas, Brazil; Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory, Brazil.
    Carvalho, M.
    Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory, Brazil; University of São Paulo, Brazil.
    Ramos Almeida, M.
    University of Campinas, Brazil.
    Freitas, F. I.
    Geopark Araripe, Brazil.
    De Andrade, J. A. F. G.
    Ministry of Mines and Energy, Brazil.
    Nunes, R. S.
    Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory, Brazil.
    Rochitte, C. E.
    University of São Paulo, Brazil.
    Poppi, R. J.
    University of Campinas, Brazil.
    Freitas, R. O.
    Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory, Brazil.
    Rodrigues, F.
    University of São Paulo, Brazil.
    Siljeström, Sandra
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Alves Lima, F.
    Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory, Brazil.
    Galante, D.
    Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory, Brazil.
    Carvalho, I. S.
    Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Perez, C. A.
    Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory, Brazil.
    de Carvalho, M. R.
    University of São Paulo, Brazil.
    Bettini, J.
    Brazilian Nanotechnology National Laboratory, Brazil.
    Fernandez, V.
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France.
    Xavier-Neto, J.
    Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory, Brazil.
    Heart fossilization is possible and informs the evolution of cardiac outflow tract in vertebrates2016In: eLIFE, E-ISSN 2050-084X, Vol. 5, no APRIL2016, article id e14698Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Elucidating cardiac evolution has been frustrated by lack of fossils. One celebrated enigma in cardiac evolution involves the transition from a cardiac outflow tract dominated by a Multi-Valved conus arteriosus in basal actinopterygians, to an outflow tract commanded by the Non- Valved, elastic, bulbus arteriosus in higher actinopterygians. We demonstrate that cardiac preservation is possible in the extinct fish Rhacolepis buccalis from the Brazilian Cretaceous. Using X-Ray synchrotron microtomography, we show that Rhacolepis fossils display hearts with a conus arteriosus containing at least five valve rows. This represents a transitional morphology between the primitive, multivalvar, conal condition and the derived, monovalvar, bulbar state of the outflow tract in modern actinopterygians. Our data rescue a Long-Lost cardiac phenotype (119-113 Ma) and suggest that outflow tract simplification in actinopterygians is compatible with a gradual, rather than a drastic saltation event. Overall, our results demonstrate the feasibility of studying cardiac evolution in fossils.

  • 332.
    Matougui, Nada
    et al.
    Inserm, France.
    Boge, Lukas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Groo, Anne-Claire
    Inserm, France.
    Umerska, Anita
    Inserm, France.
    Ringstad, Lovisa
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Bysell, Helena
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Saulnier, Patrick
    Inserm, France; CHU Angers, France.
    Lipid-based nanoformulations for peptide delivery2016In: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, ISSN 0378-5173, E-ISSN 1873-3476, Vol. 502, no 1-2, p. 80-97Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nanoformulations have attracted a lot of attention because of their size-dependent properties. Among the array of nanoformulations, lipid nanoformulations (LNFs) have evoked increasing interest because of the advantages of their high degree of biocompatibility and versatility. The performance of lipid nanoformulations is greatly influenced by their composition and structure. Therapeutic peptides represent a growing share of the pharmaceutical market. However, the main challenge for their development into commercial products is their inherent physicochemical and biological instability. Important peptides such as insulin, calcitonin and cyclosporin A have been incorporated into LNFs. The association or encapsulation of peptides within lipid-based carriers has shown to protect the labile molecules against enzymatic degradation. This review describes strategies used for the formulation of peptides and some methods used for the assessment of association efficiency. The advantages and drawbacks of such carriers are also described.

  • 333. Methe, K
    et al.
    Bäckdahl, Henrik
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Johansson, B R
    Nayakawde, N
    Dellgren, G
    Sumitran-Holgersson, S
    An alternative approach to decellularize whole porcine heart2014In: BioResearch Open Access, ISSN 2164-7844, E-ISSN 2164-7860, Vol. 3, no 6, p. 327-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scaffold characteristics are decisive for repopulating the acellular tissue with cells. A method to produce such a scaffold from intact organ requires a customized decellularization protocol. Here, we have decellularized whole, intact porcine hearts by serial perfusion and agitation of hypotonic solution, an ionic detergent (4% sodium deoxycholate), and a nonionic detergent (1% Triton X-100). The resultant matrix was characterized for its degree of decellularization, morphological and functional integrity. The protocol used resulted in extensive decellularization of the cardiac tissue, but the cytoskeletal elements (contractile apparatus) of cardiomyocytes remained largely unaffected by the procedure although their membranous organelles were completely absent. Further, several residual angiogenic growth factors were found to be present in the decellularized tissue.

  • 334.
    Mille, Christian B
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Corkery, Robert W
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    A structural and thermal conductivity study of highly porous, hierarchical polyhedral nanofoam shells made by condensing silica in microemulsion films on the surface of emulsified oil drops2013In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 1, no 5, p. 1849-1859Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Light-weight solid foams are utilized in applications such as packaging and insulation mainly due to their intrinsically high porosity, low relative density and associated mechanical and transport properties. Here hollow core spherical shells are prepared with walls made of a polyhedral silica nanofoam with open cells. A microemulsion film at the oil-water interface of oil droplets is used as a soft structural template for the condensation of soluble silica species. The microemulsion sets the length scale of the monodisperse silica nanofoam cells, and the emulsion droplets set the micron-scale dimensions of the polydisperse spherical shells. Porosity is achieved by removing the templates and oils, leaving pure low-density silica. This results in a hierarchically structured, highly porous shell foam material that packs into beds with a measured porosity of approximately 97.3%, well into the range of silica aerogels. Using a combination of electron microscopy, small-angle synchrotron X-ray diffraction and nitrogen physisorption, an accurate structural model for the nanofoam shells is constructed. The material is shown to be comprised of open-cell foams that are structurally analogous to dry polyhedral soap froths having minimal surface partitions, and Plateau boundaries. The primary polyhedral nanofoam cells are 30 nm in diameter connected by 7 nm cylindrical windows. These nanofoams form spherical monolithic shells with volume average mean diameter of 41 microns and shell thickness of 0.7 microns. Simple models for the thermal conductivity of these nanofoam shell materials are constructed that include accounting for the nanoscale effects on gaseous and solid thermal conductivity. These are compared to the measured value of 0.041 W m-1 K-1. These materials represent new structures in the family of self-assembled, highly porous silica materials and are potentially useful in packaging and insulation and other applications due to their light weight and/or intrinsically low thermal conductivity and associated mechanical and transport properties.

  • 335.
    Mille, Christian B
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Tyrode, EC
    Corkery, Robert W
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    3D titania photonic crystals replicated from gyroid structures in butterfly wing scales: Approaching full band gaps at visible wavelengths2013In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 3, no 9, p. 3109-3117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    3D titania photonic crystals are replicated from single gyroid structures found in the butterfly Callophrys rubi. Photonic crystals were characterised using SEM imaging, X-ray and Raman scattering and reflection spectroscopy. The overall symmetry and topology of the original single gyroid structures is replicated with high fidelity. Titania replicas display photonic responses that are thermal history dependent. Replicas treated at 700 °C, show up to 96% reflectivity at ∼505 nm, while at lower and higher treatment temperatures the photonic response was not as pronounced. Simulated band structures fitted to the observed spectral reflectivity data constrain the solid volume fractions and dielectric constants of the replicas. The titania photonic crystals were also found to be optically active, with both left- and right-handed single gyroids contributing to the chiral response. The 3D titania photonic crystals replicated here have nearly complete overlapping of partial band gaps, strongly suggesting that materials with full photonic band gaps are experimentally within reach using the general replication approach reported here.

  • 336.
    Millqvist-Fureby, Anna
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Aqueous two-phase systems for microencapsulation in food applications: Chapter 152014In: Microencapsulation in the Food Industry: A Practical Implementation Guide / [ed] A Gaonkar, N Vasisht, A Kare, R Sobel, Elsevier, 2014, p. 157-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 337.
    Millqvist-Fureby, Anna
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Larsson, Anders
    Mesoporous solid carrier particles in controlled delivery and release: Chapter 252014In: Microencapsulation in the Food Industry: A Practical Implementation Guide / [ed] A Gaonkar, N Vasisht, A Kare, R Sobel, Elsevier, 2014, p. 299-319Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 338.
    Mira, Isabel
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Andersson, Martin
    Foam forming revisited. Part II. Effect of surfactant on the properties of foam-formed paper products2014In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 689-699Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 339.
    Mira, Isabel
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Andersson, Martin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Boge, Lukas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Blute, Irena
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Carlsson, Gilbert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Foam forming revisited Part I. Foaming behaviour of fibre-surfactant systems2014In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 679-688Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The foaming properties of typical chemithermo-mechanical (CTMP) and kraft pulp paper making formulations in the presence of a series of surfactants were investigated using a lab-scale foaming set up. Foamability, foam stability, and bubble size distribution of the generated foam-fibre systems were measured. The foaming behaviour of the fibre/surfactant systems was found to be dependent on the surfactant concentration. Foams fulfilling the target requirements of air content (ca. 65% v/v air) and average bubble size (25 to 75 μm in radius) were obtained with all the seven surfactants tested. Three of the surfactants were found to allow for a rapid foaming in the system, namely sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), a commercial mixture of alkyl and ethoxylated alkyl sulphates, (MixSAES) and a commercial mixture of short chain alkyl glucosides (C8/C10Gluc). The rapid foaming is believed to be an intrinsic property of mixtures of surfactants with the right molecular structures and in the right proportion with respect to each other. On the other hand, the minimum surfactant concentrations required to reach the target foam volumes were lowest for surfactants with an anionic character. Further, the type of pulp fibre and the presence of GCC in the surfactant/pulp formulation were found to have very little effect on the foaming performance of the suspensions.

  • 340.
    Mira, Isabel
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Ink-jettable paper-based sensor for charged macromolecules and surfactants2014In: Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical, ISSN 0925-4005, E-ISSN 1873-3077, Vol. 195, no May, p. 389-395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of metachromatic dye-based formulations for the preparation of inkjettable prototype indicators suitable for the detection of charged macromolecules, surfactants or other low molecular weight molecules was investigated. Such indicators were based on the use of metachromatic o-toluidine blue (OTB) that undergoes a characteristic change in color (from blue to pink) upon interaction with anionic macromolecules. When applied onto absorbing substrates such as paper and paperboard, solutions containing OTB and the same dye in the presence of potassium polyvinyl sulfate (KPVS), proved to indicate negatively charged polymers and cationic surfactants. The colorimetric responses suggest a detection limit and sensitivity both are in the order of 1 mM of charged species but can be further improved. Interactions between active species in the indicators and some of the additives in inkjettable formulations (surfactant and humectants) interfered with the mechanism by which an OTB/KVPS-based system work only to a minor degree and could be overcome by priming the substrate. An OTB-based system was formulated into an inkjettable formulation that, once applied to a substrate, was showed to indicate charged polymers and surfactants. This concept has the potential for sensing/indication of other charged macromolecules, such as carboxylates and polyphosphates, which are relevant in biomedical (e.g. fouling due to microbial activity), packaging applications (e.g. migration or release of compounds, food spoilage), microfluidic devices or a simple dipstick application to indicate the presence of charged components.

  • 341.
    Moghaddam, Maziar Sedighi
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Heydari, Golrokh
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Tuominen, Mikko
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Fielden, Matthew
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Haapanen, Janne
    TUT Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Mäkelä, Jyrki M.
    TUT Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Wålinder, Magnus E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Hydrophobisation of wood surfaces by combining liquid flame spray (LFS) and plasma treatment: Dynamic wetting properties2016In: Holzforschung, ISSN 0018-3830, E-ISSN 1437-434X, Vol. 70, no 6, p. 527-537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The hydrophilic nature of wood surfaces is a major cause for water uptake and subsequent biological degradation and dimensional changes. In the present paper, a thin transparent superhydrophobic layer on pine veneer surfaces has been created for controlling surface wettability and water repellency. This effect was achieved by means of the liquid flame spray (LFS) technique, in the course of which the nanoparticulate titanium dioxide (TiO2) was brought to the surface, followed by plasma polymerisation. Plasma polymerised perfluorohexane (PFH) or hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) were then deposited onto the LFS-treated wood surfaces. The same treatment systems were applied to silicon wafers so as to have well-defined reference surfaces. The dynamic wettability was studied by the multicycle Wilhelmy plate (mWP) method, resulting in advancing and receding contact angles as well as sorption behavior of the samples during repeated wetting cycles in water. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were employed to characterise the topography and surface chemical compositions and to elucidate the question how the morphology of the nanoparticles and plasma affect the wetting behavior. A multi-scale roughness (micro-nano roughness) was found and this enhanced the forced wetting durability via a superhydrophobic effect on the surface, which was stable even after repeated wetting cycles. The hydrophobic effect of this approach was higher compared to that of plasma modified surfaces with their micro-scale modification.

  • 342.
    Moghaddam, Maziar Sedighi
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Van den Bulcke, J.
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Wålinder, M. E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    J., Van Acker
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    X-ray computed tomography on chemically modified wood2016In: Proceedings of the 12th meeting of the Northern European Network for Wood Science and Engineering (WSE): Wood science and engineering - a key factor on the transition to Bioeconomy / [ed] Bruno Andersons and Arnis Kokorevics, Riga: Latvian State Institute of Wood Chemistry , 2016, p. 184-190Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mapping and visualization of structural changes due to the modification of wood would increase the understanding of chemical modification processes and facilitate optimization of the process parameters. The 2D and 3D microstructure of acetylated and furfurylated softwood and hardwood were visualized using X-ray computed tomography and some anatomical features were investigated such as total porosity, cell wall thickness and maximum opening of tracheid lumens. The wetting properties of chemically modified samples were related to the microstructural properties. Significant changes in the wood structure were observed for furfurylated sapwood samples mainly indicated by a change in tracheid shape and filling of tracheids by furan polymer, whereas no microstructural changes were noted for acetylated samples. Furfurylation significantly decreased the porosity of the sample in both earlywood and latewood regions; whereas for acetylated samples the total porosity of modified and unmodified samples was rather similar. This is in line with results of wetting showing that furfurylation reduced both swelling and capillary uptake in contrast to acetylation which reduced mostly swelling.

  • 343.
    Moghaddam, Maziar Sedighi
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Van den Bulcke, J.
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Wålinder, M. E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Van Acker, J.
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    X-ray computed tomography on chemically modified wood2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mapping and visualization of structural changes due to the modification of wood would increase the understanding of chemical modification processes and facilitate optimization of the process parameters. The 2D and 3D microstructure of acetylated and furfurylated softwood and hardwood were visualized using X-ray computed tomography and some anatomical features were investigated such as total porosity, cell wall thickness and maximum opening of tracheid lumens. The wetting properties of chemically modified samples were related to the microstructural properties. Significant changes in the wood structure were observed for furfurylated sapwood samples mainly indicated by a change in tracheid shape and filling of tracheids by furan polymer, whereas no microstructural changes were noted for acetylated samples. Furfurylation significantly decreased the porosity of the sample in both earlywood and latewood regions; whereas for acetylated samples the total porosity of modified and unmodified samples was rather similar. This is in line with results of wetting showing that furfurylation reduced both swelling and capillary uptake in contrast to acetylation which reduced mostly swelling.

  • 344.
    Moghaddam, Maziar Sedighi
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wålinder, Magnus E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wettability and swelling of acetylated and furfurylated wood analyzed by multicycle Wilhelmy plate method2016In: Holzforschung, ISSN 0018-3830, E-ISSN 1437-434X, Vol. 70, no 1, p. 69-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The wetting, dimensional stability and sorption properties of a range of modified wood samples obtained either by acetylation or furfurylation were compared with those of unmodified samples of the same wood species via a multicycle Wilhelmy plate method. Wettability measurements were performed with water and octane as the swelling and non-swelling liquids, respectively. It was found that acetylation reduces water uptake mainly by reducing the swelling. In comparison, furfurylation reduces both swelling and the void volume in the sample. To quantify the effect of the modification process of the wood properties, the parameters "liquid up-take reduction" and the "perimeter change reduction" were introduced, which were determined from multicycle Wilhelmy plate measurements. Compared with the acetylated wood, the furfurylated wood with a higher level of weight percent gain exhibited larger property changes on the surface and in terms of swelling and sorption properties.

  • 345.
    Moodie, Lindon W. K.
    et al.
    UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Žužek, Monika C.
    University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Frangež, Robert
    University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Andersen, Jeanette H.
    UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Hansen, Espen
    UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Olsen, Elisabeth K.
    UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Cergolj, Marija
    University of Ljubljana, Slovenia; University of Rijeka, Croatia.
    Sepčić, Kristina
    University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Hansen, Kine Ø
    UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Svenson, Johan
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Synthetic analogs of stryphnusin isolated from the marine sponge: Stryphnus fortis inhibit acetylcholinesterase with no effect on muscle function or neuromuscular transmission2016In: Organic and biomolecular chemistry, ISSN 1477-0520, E-ISSN 1477-0539, Vol. 14, no 47, p. 11220-11229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The marine secondary metabolite stryphnusin (1) was isolated from the boreal sponge Stryphnus fortis, collected off the Norwegian coast. Given its resemblance to other natural acetylcholinesterase antagonists, it was evaluated against electric eel acetylcholinesterase and displayed inhibitory activity. A library of twelve synthetic phenethylamine analogs, 2a-7a and 2b-7b, containing tertiary and quaternary amines respectively were synthesized to investigate the individual structural contributions to the activity. Compound 7b was the strongest competitive inhibitor of both acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase with IC50 values of 57 and 20 μM, respectively. This inhibitory activity is one order of magnitude higher than the positive control physostigmine, and is comparable with several other marine acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. The physiological effect of compound 7b on muscle function and neuromuscular transmission was studied and revealed a selective mode of action at the investigated concentration. This data is of importance as the interference of therapeutic acetylcholinesterase inhibitors with neuromuscular transmission can be problematic and lead to unwanted side effects. The current findings also provide additional insights into the structure-activity relationship of both natural and synthetic acetylcholinesterase inhibitors.

  • 346.
    Månsson, Margret
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Assessment of fires in chemical warehouse: an overview of the TOXFIRE project.1999Report (Refereed)
  • 347.
    Månsson, Margret
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Determinations of calorific values of building materials - a guide. Nordtest project 871-90.1991Report (Refereed)
  • 348.
    Månsson, Margret
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Berglund, Karin
    Lundgren, Björn
    Utredning kring mätfrågor mm med anledning av skatten på svavel och den allmänna energiskattens differentiering i miljöklasser.1990Report (Refereed)
  • 349. Månsson, Margret
    et al.
    Blomqvist, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research, Branddynamik.
    Isaksson, Ingrid
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Certifiering.
    Rosell, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Kemi.
    Sampling and chemical analysis of smoke gas components from the SP industry calorimeter.1994Report (Refereed)
  • 350.
    Månsson, Margret
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Isaksson, Ingrid
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Certifiering.
    Rosell, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Organisk kemi (Kmo).
    TOXFIRE-Fire Characteristics and Smoke Gas Analysis in Under-ventilated Large-scale Combustion Experiments: Adsorbents and Soot Measurements2003Report (Other academic)
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