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  • 101.
    Sarasini, Steven
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    Linder, Marcus
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    Integrating a business model perspective into transition theory: The example of new mobility services2018In: Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, ISSN 2210-4224, E-ISSN 2210-4232, Vol. 27, p. 16-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Business model innovation is increasingly seen as a means to promote sustainable forms of production and consumption, having been linked to technological innovations in electric vehicles and the circular economy. Business models are an organisational phenomenon that concern focal firms and their networks. However, there is no theory of the firm in transition theory, such that the role of business model innovation in wider transformative processes is unclear. This paper aims to redress this issue by combining a business model perspective with core concepts and constructs from transition theory. We elucidate sources of change and inertia that issue from new and existing business models, illustrating our arguments by focusing on mobility services, which have the potential to radically transform road transportation via new business models. We derive new lines of inquiry that can be used to examine the dynamics of business model innovation in the context of sustainability transitions.

  • 102.
    Schnurr, Maria
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Duell, Mathias
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Building and Real Estate.
    Faxer, Anne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Stenberg, Susanne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Västerdal, Mårten
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Building and Real Estate.
    Branschöverskridande systemdesign: Hållbar mobilitet för fastigheter och kvarter2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Städer växer och förtätas, våra mobilitetsmönster förändras med teknologin som möjliggörare – men först och främst har personer ett behov av att ”lösa” mobilitet i vardagen utan att tänka för mycket på den. Det måste vara ”lätt att göra rätt” från början, och början och slutet av många resor är just fastigheter, antingen bostäder eller olika sorters verksamheter. Vilka mobilitetslösningar de erbjuder och möjliggör är därför avgörande för hur vi rör oss. Våra nuvarande planeringsnormer gynnar en bilburen mobilitet i och med att det finns regler om parkering per bostad resp. arbetsplats, så kallat parkeringstal (se plan- och bygglagen, förkortad PBL). På sistone har det dock varit ett flertal fastighetsaktörer och kommuner som har börjat experimentera med alternativ till parkeringen. Som så ofta inom begynnande innovationsområden saknas det kunskap och erfarenhet hos aktörerna, samt att nya samarbeten måste utvecklas och fördjupas. Under 2020 fick en grupp forskare på RISE möjlighet att undersöka a) hur en samarbetsprocess mellan två hittills oberoende aktörer eller branscher (”gränsland”) kan se ut och b) vilka som är de främsta utmaningar i det nya gränslandet mellan mobilitet och fastigheter, som exempel för ett gränsland som håller på att växa fram – bland flera andra som uppstår i omställningens spår. Till vår hjälp har vi haft flera experter som frikostigt delade med sig av kunskap och insikter, samt kollegor som har ett ben antingen i samhällsbyggnads- eller mobilitetsforskningen. I den här rapporten föreslår vi en process för samarbete mellan två branscher/ sektorer; och vi har sammanställt våra resultat och gör en bedömning av i vilken riktning mobilitet i fastigheter kommer ta vägen samt vilka förutsättningar som behöver förändras så för att bidra till att det blir just lätt att göra rätt, och därmed öka chanserna att lyckas med klimatomställningen i våra städer och samhällen.

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  • 103.
    Selvefors, Anneli
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Renström, Sara
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    Whalen, Katherine A.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Fallahi, Sara
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Leivas, Matilda
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Nordenö, Hanna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Fransson, Alexandra
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    User-centered circular value propositions – approaches in practice and research2024In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 207, article id 107628Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Circular value propositions enable companies to build business models based on value preservation and circular resource flows. Circular value propositions also allow people to live more sustainably by facilitating increased utilization and resource efficiency. However, despite potential, transitions to circular business models remain low. One reason may be that circular value propositions are less attractive because they are often not developed with a user-centered approach and thus fail to meet people’s everyday needs. Through interviews with 13 companies and a literature study, this paper explores how companies consider user needs and involve users during development of circular value propositions. It also identifies conditions and actions that aid development of attractive circular offers. The findings are synthesized in a framework describing six enabling conditions and a definition of user-centered circular value propositions useful for circular economy practice and research. 

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  • 104.
    Shinde, Priyanka
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Kouveliotis-Lysikatos, Iasonas
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Amelin, Mikael
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Song, Meng
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    A Modified Progressive Hedging Approach for Multistage Intraday Trade of EV aggregators2022In: Electric power systems research, ISSN 0378-7796, E-ISSN 1873-2046, Vol. 212, article id 108518Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing prominence of electric vehicle (EV) aggregators in the modern power system is drawing more attention towards modeling their behavior in the short-term electricity markets. The demand-side flexibility offered by the EVs can be leveraged to reduce their charging costs. In this paper, the participation of an EV aggregator in the intraday and balancing market is modeled as a multistage stochastic programming problem. The computational complexity introduced by the peculiarities of the intraday market is solved by a progressive hedging algorithm (PHA), a scenario-based decomposition technique. A randomized scenario sampling approach is implemented to accelerate the PHA which is further improved with a parallel randomized PHA. Finally, an asynchronous version of the parallel randomized PHA is leveraged to speed up the multistage model of EV aggregator trading. We compare the computation time of the modified versions of the PHA algorithm with the conventional PHA for the proposed EV aggregator model. Furthermore, we also show the value of EV aggregator trading in the intraday and balancing markets by comparing its cost to baseline models. © 2022 The Author(s)

  • 105.
    Sjöberg, Per-Olof
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Edström, Adam
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Andersson, Adam
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Salter, Michael
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Smart Hardware.
    Samel, Björn
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Smart Hardware.
    Andersson, Dag
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Smart Hardware.
    Sverige i halvledarvärlden – analys och förslag till strategi2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den brist på halvledare som industrin upplevt under 2021 har satt den annars tämligen anonyma halvledarindustrin i rampljuset såväl i Sverige som i Europa, USA och globalt. Hur länge denna brist kommer att bestå är en viktig fråga för industrin, som dock är svår att svara på. Enligt internationella analytiker kommer industrin att uppleva halvledarbrist fram till sommaren 2022 och eventuellt in på nästa höst eller eventuellt längre, varefter det föreligger en risk för överproduktion då lager förmodligen byggts upp bland avnämare. Erfarenheterna från tidigare halvledarbrister är att de så småningom övergår i överskott. Men den nuvarande bristen kan sannolikt kräva längre tid för detta än tidigare brister. Främsta skälet är att de halvledarfabriker som för närvarande är under uppbyggnad för att råda bot på bristen lider av samma överhettade försörjningskedjor som övrig industri, med förseningar av allt från vitala utrustningar till förbrukningsmateriel, och att det därför troligen kommer att ta längre tid än planerat att få dem i drift. Detta kan i värsta fall innebära att det rentav kan ta ett eller flera år längre tid än analytikerna förutspått innan försörjningsläget är normalt. Sverige är en del av det globala halvledarekosystemet – ett komplext ekosystem som kännetecknas av hög grad av arbetsfördelning, hög kapitalintensitet, hög kunskapsintensitet, långa produktionstider, stark internationalisering och starka inlåsningseffekter. Sverige interagerar med detta globala ekosystem på två sätt - som leverantör av produkter och tjänster i ett antal nischer där vi uppvisar global spetskompetens samt som avnämare av halvledarprodukter för industriella behov. Båda dessa sidor behöver stärkas för att a) våra SMF och stora företag ska kunna få tillgång till de halvledare och system byggda på halvledare som krävs för den produktion av produkter och tjänster som bidrar till Sveriges välstånd, b) svenska industriföretag ska kunna säkra tillgång till den kompetens och de tjänster som krävs då industrins produkter innehåller allt större mängd halvledare, och c) för att maximera möjligheterna för svenska halvledar- och elektronikinnovationer att hävda sig på världsmarknaden, och på så sätt bidra till landets välstånd. Det övergripande målet för Sverige bör vara att använda vår nationella styrka inom innovation som hävstång, och fokusera de starka specialiserade kompetenserna som finns här i landet, jämte långsiktiga investeringar i forskning inom halvledarteknik, systemdesign och halvledarmaterial, i syfte att med samlad kraft nå följande strategiska mål: 1) Etablera Sverige som ett halvledarinnovationsland genom att stärka vårt innovationssystem för halvledare och halvledarmaterial. 2) Få utväxling på de svenska investeringarna i forsknings- och innovationsinfrastruktur för design och produktion av halvledare. 3) Säkra och vidmakthåll en roll för Sverige i halvledarindustrin, inte minst genom svensk representation i de organ och församlingar som beslutar om framtida europeiska investeringar. För att nå dessa mål krävs stark samverkan mellan industri, akademi, institut och offentlig sektor, och långsiktiga såväl publika som privata investeringar i utbildning, forskningsinfrastruktur, test- och demonstrationsanläggningar och i startup- och scaleup-bolag. RISE åsikt är att Sverige därtill bör ta aktiv del i EU-initiativ som den europeiska halvledaralliansen (Alliance on Processor and Semiconductor Technologies) och European Chips Act. Påpekas bör att dessa mål är långsiktiga och kräver kontinuerligt arbete och finansiering under många år framöver. De löser inte industrins kortsiktiga behov av halvledare, och det kommer att ta tid att säkra industrins behov av halvledarkompetens. Med en väl genomförd strategi skulle dock dessa behov i högre grad kunna tillgodoses samtidigt som vårt lands bidrag till det globala halvledarekosystemet skulle växa kraftigt, till fromma för vårt gemensamma välstånd.

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  • 106.
    Smith, Göran
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria.
    Sandberg, Johan
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Barriers to innovating with open government data: Exploring experiences across service phases and user types2018In: Information Polity, ISSN 1570-1255, E-ISSN 1875-8754, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 249-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Open government data (OGD) can enable outbound open innovation (OI) that is beneficial to society. However, innovation barriers hinder OGD users from generating value. While previous studies have detailed a large number of such barriers, little is known of how different types of OGD users are affected, and when the barriers appear in their innovation processes. To this end, this paper describes a case study of distributed service development in the Swedish public transport sector. The contribution to extant research is twofold. Firstly, based on an inductive analysis, three OGD user archetypes are proposed: employees, entrepreneurs and hobbyists. Secondly, the study finds that the significance of distinct innovation barriers varies across phases of the services’ lifecycles and depending on the OGD users’ motivation, objective, pre-conditions and approach. Drawing on these insights, we propose that OGD initiatives aimed at facilitating outbound OI to a greater extent should address the barriers that appear during diffusion of innovations, the barriers that are not directly related to the OGD provision, and the barriers that are experienced by non-obvious OGD user groups.

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  • 107.
    Sommarin, Per
    et al.
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Johansson, Maria
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Svensson, Anders
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Slutrapport FRAME2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet har genomförts under perioden 2015-11-10 till 2017-02-10. Swerea SWECAST har varit projektägare och haft rollen som projektledare. Projektutförare har varit Swerea SWECAST tillsammans med avdelningen Energisystem på Linköpings universitet. Projektet har finansierats av Energimyndigheten via Järn- och Stålindustrins Energiforskningsprogram – JoSEn. Huvudmålet har varit att ta fram en metod som kan hjälpa företag att identifiera styrkor och brister i hur företaget använder energidata för att involvera och engagera alla medarbetare i företagets energieffektiviseringsarbete. Att på ett bra sätt hantera energidata inom företagets olika organisatoriska nivåer är en av förutsättningarna för att få engagerat och långsiktigt arbete med energieffektivisering. Den framtagna metodens centrala del består av en enkät innehållande frågor och påståenden som grupperas i kategorierna: allmänna frågor, kunskap, visualisering, teknik, mängd, urval och ledning. Enkäten utarbetades med utgångspunkt från sex djupintervjuer med respondenter från olika organisatoriska nivåer på två svenska stålföretag. Enkäten testades sedan genom utskick till alla anställda på dessa företag. Resultatet från enkätutskicket har delgivits fallföretagen. I denna slutrapport presenteras metoden och bakgrunden till metoden. Bifogat finns enkätfrågorna som tagits fram i projektet. Frågepaketet kan anpassas efter företagsspecifika önskemål. Ambitionen är att läsaren efter att ha tagit del av rapporten ska ha fått tillräcklig insyn i metoden för att kunna göra studier i det egna företaget genom att följa metodens olika steg. Användaren är fri att välja verktyg för enkätutskick. För förenklad bearbetning av enkätsvaren rekommenderas dock ett web-baserat verktyg.

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  • 108.
    Sopelana, Amaia
    et al.
    Tecnalia, Spain.
    Auriault, Camille
    LGI Sustainable Innovation, France.
    Bansal, Anurag
    Acciona Construcción S.A., Spain.
    Fifer, Karmen
    ZAG Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute, Slovenia.
    Paiva, Helena
    Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal.
    Maurice, Christian
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Westin, Gunnar
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Biorefinery and Energy.
    Rios, Javier
    BRTA BASQUE RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY ALLIANCE, Spain.
    Oleaga, Asier
    Tecnalia, Spain.
    Cañas, Antonio
    Greenize Projects S.L., Spain.
    Innovative circular economy models for the european pulp and paper industry: A reference framework for a resource recovery scenario2021In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 18, article id 10285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to recent literature in the field of sustainability, the circular economy (CE) appears to be a thriving opportunity for creating new businesses, although less attention has been paid to the form in which its principles fit into a comprehensive framework that enables companies to design it in a practical way. This paper presents the methodology that has been adopted to pave the way to a coherent reference framework for circular business model innovation and its outstanding design and implementation, taking into consideration the entire value and supply chain. A unique analysis of recent innovations in circular economy models is provided herein, together with an exhaustive analysis of those elements that enable or hinder their implementation. The main interactions among all those critical elements influencing how organisations innovate and operate cooperatively within a CE ecosystem are also evaluated. In addition, a study of five industrial cases in the pulp and paper industry allowed searching for industrial insights and empirical evidence of the relevance of those elements, including observation, document analysis, and interviews. Lastly, the main outcomes of this research are illustrated using the CE reference framework designed when applied to the aforementioned industrial cases, and relevant insights into future improvements are also provided. © 2021 by the authors.

  • 109.
    Strokirk, Cecilia
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
    Klintenberg, Henrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
    Rogerson, Sara
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
    Bach, Andreas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
    Raza, Zeeshan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
    Nyttan med svenskflaggade fartyg och betydelsen av en ökad inflaggning för Sverige2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Shipping transport plays a crucial role in supporting the domestic and global trade and economic growth by handling nearly 90% of Sweden’s import and export, transporting millions of passengers. The Swedish shipping industry provides employment directly to more than thirty thousand people and in addition, significantly contributes to the total GDP of Sweden by generating over 85 billion SEK annually (NRIA Shipping 2021). Over the past few decades despite shipping’s substantial importance for Swedish economy, Swedish ship-owners have largely adopted a “flagging out” model by placing vessels under alternative flags, which provides cost savings by reducing tax payments as well as more flexible standards related to ship operations. Existing literature and industry reports suggest that a reduced national flagged fleet has disturbing long-term implications for Sweden, and there is a need to increase the size of Swedish-flagged fleet. However, there is a lack of clear evidence regarding the benefits and importance of an increased national fleet for Sweden. Hence, relying on the existing literature and interviews with experts from Swedish Maritime and Transport Agencies, Swedish Shipowners’ Association, ship-owners, and Swedish Navy this feasibility study aims to shed light on the benefits of Swedish-flagged ships and how increased flagging would affect Sweden as a nation and society from a broad perspective. The findings of this study show that the existence of a strong Swedish shipping sector is important from several perspectives. In a complex world with humanitarian crises, natural disasters, piracy, supply chain disruptions and wars, Sweden has an obligation to protect and assist both its own citizens, industries, and economy as well as its international partners all over the globe within its limited means. In addition, the Swedish fleet provides an infrastructure link between Sweden and the rest of the world, promotes maritime cluster formation in the country, boosts tax revenues and GDP, increases employment opportunities, and contributes to Swedish industry’s globalized supply chains. Moreover, a competitive and sustainable Swedish fleet can assist Sweden in achieving national and global sustainable development goals (SDG). The SDGs are a global call for action to protect the planet, ensure better lives for all people and ascertain economic growth, peace, and prosperity. Similarly, one of the main goals set by the government of Sweden is to become world’s first fossil free welfare nation. A sustainable Swedish-flagged fleet is an important enabler to achieve the government’s business policy goal of strengthening Swedish competitiveness and creating conditions for more jobs and growing Swedish companies and economy. For Sweden to achieve an efficient and climate-smart transport system, all modes of transport need to be used in the best way. Sweden has also stated a clear goal in the national freight transport strategy to move goods from road transport to rail and sea. Shipping is an energy efficient transport mode. A shift from road haulage to shipping can relieve the heavily loaded road infrastructure to a greater extent and can thus reduce congestion, traffic accidents, longer wait times, noise, and emissions. A modal shift to shipping as a result can support the national and European policy of moving goods from road to sea. A positive outcome of using more shipping compared to trucking is that society does not have to spend as many resources on construction and maintenance of the road infrastructure. The findings of this study indicate that the Swedish government can play an important role to attract more vessels to use Swedish flag by providing a long term and consistent business conditions for the maritime industry. In our research Tax “Stämpelskatt” appears to be one of the key factors which makes Swedish flag unattractive for ship-owners who want to register their vessels in Sweden. Several scientific articles, reports and examples from other EU member states emphasize that tax exemptions and state subsidies for maritime transport are pivotal to form maritime clusters that in turn outweigh the reduction in tax revenues from shipping following tax relaxation, offering various socio-economic benefits in form of more jobs and a strong economic growth. Among other measures, the establishment of second ship registers is one of the most effective ways to increase the Swedish-flagged fleet, as shown by the success of Norwegian and Danish international ship registers. The Swedish state must understand that a Swedish-flagged fleet is a market issue and that the terms and conditions offered by the state both affect and determine who can do business in the market.

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  • 110.
    Suominen, Anu
    et al.
    Tampere University, Finland.
    Jonsson, Vilho
    Curlabs AB, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Eric
    Knivsta Municipality, Sweden.
    Fogelberg, Jessica
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Bäckman, Johan
    Curlabs AB, Sweden.
    Innovation leadership with mentors for team performance in municipal hackathons2023In: Innovation Leadership in Practice: How Leaders Turn Ideas into Value in a Changing World / [ed] Karina R. Jensen, Stephanie Kaudela-Baum & Rob Sheffield, Emerald Group Publishing Ltd. , 2023, p. 141-160Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the two main tasks of innovation leadership, a practice to inspire and enable creativity and innovation in organisations, is to construct a creativityenabling organisational environment. One form of this main task is using developmental interactions, like mentoring, as innovation leadership practices. A hackathon is one type of innovation contest with three designed phases: pre-hackathon, hackathon event and post-hackathon, involving multiple stakeholders with distinct roles, such as hackers and mentors. In a hackathon, the central activity of mentors is to support the hackers’ innovation process, especially in idea creation and concept development. The mentor role has not been focal in hackathon studies; thus, this chapter addresses the role, impact, and ways to acknowledge the mentors as an integral, contributing innovation leadership practice in hackathons. As an empirical study, this chapter presents the results of a public sector case in a Swedish multi-disciplinary municipality conducting intra-organisational hackathons in three different collocations. The chapter contributes to the literature on innovation leadership at the team level with mentorship in innovation contests in the public sector context by revealing the dual-role tension of innovation leadership in mentor activities in the hackathon event phase from both the hackers’ and mentors’ viewpoints, and the necessity of mentor-benefitting training in pre-hackathon phase. 

  • 111.
    Svenson, Pontus
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Axelsson, Jakob
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Initiation and Formation of Constellations in Systems of Systems2022In: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022, p. 340-345Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Systems of systems engineering is aimed at developing solutions that provide the capability to fulfil a need that cannot be met by an integrated system. In many SoS, there is a need to solve several tasks at the same time. Each set of constituent systems that collaborate to solve such a task is a constellation. In this paper, we discuss the process of forming such constellations. We focus on collaborative systems of systems and describe conceptual models for the formation of constellations. 

  • 112.
    Thidevall, Niklas
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Schnurr, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Modernare och enklare skattesystem för privat bildelning2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The tax situation for private (peer-to-peer, P2P) carsharing in Sweden has been identified by platform operators and end-users as one of the key barriers for growth. Given a tax declaration system in Sweden that requires less to no effort on the individual’s side – declarations usually are pre-infilled and only need to be confirmed, via a digital interface – certain additional revenues like the ones from private carsharing, even if small, need to be filled in manually, posing a seemingly insurmountable barrier for the average Swedish taxpayer. Multiple platform operators within P2P carsharing shared their concerns over how this keeps people from starting to share their cars, while at the same time taking up quite some time on the platform operators’ sides for handling customers’ tax-related questions. Another issue is of course the tax burden itself – 30 percent of the revenues, minus a mileage deduction, which feels high, especially for individuals that choose to share their vehicles out of an environmental motivation and not with the main purpose to generate significant incomes. During a time where the car sharing market is growing significantly– many more people needed access to cars during the Covid-19 pandemic to avoid public transportation – and where all kinds of sharing need to be encouraged to achieve climate and environmental goals, this situation seemed inacceptable and prompted a Drive Sweden funded so-called policy lab project led by RISE Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE). Together with key stakeholders, namely platform operators for private carsharing and sharing of other private assets, the main challenges where identified, along with possible solutions. During the project the Swedish government conveniently proposed a tax deduction of SEK 20,000 (appr. EUR 2,000) for individuals’ revenues from the sharing economy, and the EU came with a directive to introduce a common tax reporting system for the sharing (and “gig”) economy throughout Europe (DAC-7). For both proposals, the project group identified improvement areas in order to foster long-term growth of the sharing economy, in line with national and international development goals. The report sheds light on these and other issues that came up in the numerous discussions and exchanges between a very heterogenous group of stakeholders, opening for further discussion and analyses to come.

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  • 113.
    Timotijevic, L.
    et al.
    University of Surrey, UK.
    Astley, S.
    EuroFIR AISBL, Belgium.
    Bogaardt, M. J.
    Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Bucher, T.
    University of Newcastle, Uk.
    Carr, I.
    University of Surrey, UK.
    Copani, G.
    National Research Council of Italy, Italy.
    de la Cueva, J.
    Javier de la Cueva & Asociados, Spain.
    Eftimov, T.
    Jožef Stefan Institute, Slovenia.
    Finglas, P.
    Quadram Institute Bioscience, UK.
    Hieke, S.
    EUFIC European Food Information Council, Belgium.
    Hodgkins, C. E.
    University of Surrey, UK.
    Koroušić Seljak, B.
    Jožef Stefan Institute, Slovenia.
    Klepacz, N.
    University of Surrey, UK.
    Pasch, K.
    DIL German Institute of Food Technologies, Germany.
    Maringer, M.
    Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Mikkelsen, B. E.
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Normann, Anne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Ofei, K. T.
    Copenhagen Business College, Denmark.
    Poppe, K.
    Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Pourabdollahian, G.
    National Research Council of Italy, Italy.
    Raats, M. M.
    University of Surrey, UK.
    Roe, M.
    EuroFIR AISBL, Belgium.
    Sadler, C.
    EUFIC European Food Information Councilm Belgium.
    Selnes, T.
    Wageningen, Belgium.
    van der Veen, H.
    Wageningen, Belgium.
    van't Veer, P.
    Wageningen, Belgium.
    Zimmermann, K.
    Wageningen, Belgium.
    Designing a research infrastructure (RI) on food behaviour and health: Balancing user needs, business model, governance mechanisms and technology2021In: Trends in Food Science & Technology, ISSN 0924-2244, E-ISSN 1879-3053, Vol. 116, p. 405-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A better understanding of food-related behaviour and its determinants can be achieved through harmonisation and linking of the various data-sources and knowledge platforms. Scope: We describe the key decision-making in the development of a prototype of the Determinants and Intake Platform (DI Platform), a data platform that aims to harmonise and link data on consumer food behaviour. It will be part of the Food Nutrition Health Research Infrastructure (FNH-RI) that will facilitate health, social and food sciences. Approach: The decision-making was based on the evidence of user needs and data characteristics that guided the specification of the key building blocks of the DI Platform. Eight studies were carried out, including consumer online survey; interview studies of key DI Platform stakeholders; desk research and workshops. Key findings: Consumers were most willing to share data with universities, then industry and government. Trust, risk perception and altruism predicted willingness to share. For most other stakeholders non-proprietary data was most likely to be shared. Lack of data standards, and incentives for sharing were the main barriers for sharing data among the key stakeholders. The value of various data types would hugely increase if linked with other sources. Finding the right balance between optimizing data sharing and minimizing ethical and legal risks was considered a key challenge. Conclusions: The development of DI Platform is based on careful balancing of the user, technical, business, legal and ethical requirements, following the FAIR principles and the need for financial sustainability, technical flexibility, transparency and multi-layered organisational governance.

  • 114.
    Tobiasson, Wenche
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Llorca, Manuel
    Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
    Jamasb, Tooraj
    Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
    Performance effects of network structure and ownership: The norwegian electricity distribution sector2021In: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 14, no 21, article id 7160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transmission and distribution networks are capital intensive segments of the electricity sector and are generally considered natural monopolies. Due to their non-competitive nature, these are subject to independent regulation to prevent the abuse of monopolistic power and to induce competitive behaviour. Effective economic regulation of the electricity networks has become a key target in most developed economies after the 1980s. In Norway, incentive regulation and efficiency benchmarking were introduced in 1997. In Norway, the electricity grid is divided into three levels, namely, central, regional and distribution networks. In this paper, we study two overlooked aspects when analysing the performance of electricity networks: vertical integration and ownership structure. We use a stochastic frontier analysis approach to analyse the performance of Norwegian electricity distribution utilities for the period 2007–2014. We observe that vertical integration between distribution and regional transmission implies higher cost inefficiencies. This indicates that the efficiency gains due to separate management of the networks exceed the economies of coordination from vertical economies of scope. In addition, we find that council ownership entails higher efficiencies. This could be explained by the state having an interest in high-voltage electricity networks, rather than low-voltage ones, and the decentralised model from which the now centralised system was once developed. © 2021 by the authors. 

  • 115.
    Ulmanen, Johanna
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Bergek, Anna
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Influences of technological and sectoral contexts on technological innovation systems2021In: Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, ISSN 2210-4224, E-ISSN 2210-4232, Vol. 40, p. 20-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses how technological and sectoral context structures influence the functional pattern of a focal technological innovation system (TIS), focusing on value chain interdependencies. Through a case study of the ‘embryonic’ bio-succinate from mixed food waste TIS in Sweden, we show that all identified context structures exert both negative and positive influences on TIS functions by influencing resource availability and accessibility, market conditions and the wider selection environment. Contextual influences result from interdependencies throughout the value chain, but in contrast to previous studies, direct structural overlaps are not as relevant as competition for resources, markets and policy support. Competition does not only come from the regime but also from other related TISs and sectors. The study also confirms the importance of contextual influences from the international TIS. These findings suggest that a wide perspective on context structures and selection pressures should be considered in future research.

  • 116.
    Ulmanen, Johanna
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Hallquist, Lukas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Rex, Emma
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Sallén, Josefina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Tekie, Haben
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Förstudie bläckfiskkoden Halland – Nycklar till systemomställning för lyckade cirkulära affärsmodeller för tjänstefiering i praktiken2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förstudiens mål var att undersöka förutsättningar för etablering av en framtida testbädd för cirkulär affärsmodellsinnovation i Halland till förmån för produkters ökade livslängd och nyttjandegrad. Ambitionen med studien var att bidra med kunskap om hur omställning mot ökad hållbarhet och konkurrenskraft kan möjliggöras i Hallands näringsliv. För att nå målet har i första hand en teknologisk innovationssystemanalys utförts baserat på tre fallstudier av halländska företag som ställer om till cirkulär tjänstefiering av produkt, så kallad Product-as-a-Service-modell (PaaS). Parallellt med systemanalysen har dialoger utförts med olika aktörer inom och utanför Halland för att undersöka intresse för en framtida testbädd för PaaS. Studien har identifierat tre huvudsakliga omställningshinder kopplat till bristande utveckling av marknad för, och finansiering samt legitimering av cirkulära tjänster liksom PaaS. Av de tre hindren ses den bristande legitimeringen, som led av dominerande normer om linjära affärsmodeller, som mest avgörande då det påverkar möjligheter till utveckling av både marknad och finansiering för PaaS. Studien har även identifierat två huvudsakliga åtgärder för att tackla hindren. Ett, ökad legitimering genom dels, att offentlig sektor skapar nischmarknader genom offentlig upphandling, och dels, att aktörer som forskningsinstitut och näringslivsfrämjare sprider kunskap om fördelarna med PaaS. Två, aktörer liksom forskningsinstitut, näringslivsfrämjare och region Halland bör skapa möjligheter för fortsatt och förbättrad spridning och lärande av tillämpad kunskap, främst inom marknadsformering och finansiering. Studien ser goda möjligheter att skapa en testbädd i form av en samverkansarena i Halland. Samverkansarenan medför att fler aktörer kan samlas för att effektivisera arbetet med de identifierade åtgärderna och accelerera omställning till PaaS i regionen. Dock medför de begränsade ramarna för studien att vi inte kan avgöra om detta är den mest effektiva vägen

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  • 117.
    Valarezo, Orlando
    et al.
    Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Spain.
    Ávila, Jose
    Universidad Pontificia Comillas, Spain.
    Rossi, Joni
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Hillberg, Emil
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Baron, Marco
    Enel Global Infrastructure & Networks, Italy.
    Survey Results on Local Markets to Enable Societal Value2021In: 2021 IEEE Madrid PowerTech, 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To collate best praxis and ideas on local electricity markets, this paper surveyed a number of pioneering initiatives in local market design and implementation. The survey focused on the definition of the market itself and the roles and responsibilities of actors within, the distribution of the value of local markets, as well as challenges and current barriers. The results indicate that the main value of a local market is related to the benefits for society as a whole and to a lesser extent individual actors. The main benefits are expected to derive from deferred network investments and reduced network costs. Moreover, local markets are expected to allow for higher shares of clean energy integration and generate positive environmental impacts. Nonetheless, a number of regulatory, economic, stakeholder-related, and other barriers risk obstructing the operation of local markets in the short term and inhibit their adoption in the long run.

  • 118.
    Vanacore, Emanuela
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Forsberg, Petter
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Diener, Derek
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Nyström, Thomas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    ACCELERATING SYSTEM TRANSITIONING TOWARDS CIRCULARITY : A TOOLBOX FOR PRACTITIONERS2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this document we present a selection of methods for diagnosing and facilitating change and business model innovation towards circularity in organisations and business ecosystems. The selection resulted from a combination of factors considering theoretical investigation and practical managerial experience, which aim to provide tools that are theoretically sound, easy to use, and suitable for bring about organisational changes particularly towards higher degrees of circularity. The main aim is to help organisations move away from “management of unsustainability” lock-in, and transitions towards more sustainable configurations, a shift from “doing things better” to “doing better things”. We have selected 15 diagnosis methods, 9 methods for facilitating organisations or being used by organisations, and 9 methods for facilitating business ecosystems creation and development or for business ecosystem leaders to use. Not one of them is individually more effective than the other ones. It is recommended that their selection is a task that should be carefully planned and executed preferably with the support of change management experts who would coach companies in identifying their “root problem” of an unsustainable system they are in and carefully combine the methods that are the most suitable for their specific organisation and context.

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  • 119.
    Vanacore, Emanuela
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Fuertes Giné, Leticia
    University of Zaragoza, Spain.
    Hunka, Agnieszka
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Optimising Public Procurement Through Circular Practice: The Power of Intermediation2023In: Circular Economy, ISSN 2752-163X, Vol. 1, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The public sector is a key economic player in society with a significant purchasing power and therefore has the potential to promote societal change while maintaining a degree of control over use of public funds, transparency and fairness. However, current public procurement processes largely result in purchasing products and services through a generally more pre-planned and rigid type of process. In this paper we argue that the current public procurement process is not “fit for purpose” for a transition to large-scale circular public procurement which aims to optimise value retention. In order to overcome this, we propose a conceptual framework that could support public organisations in aligning the procurement processes and structures with the value propositions of their own operations. We suggest that intermediation is the key enabler for a transition to a more circular economy by stimulating innovation in public procurement and with an ecosystem perspective.

  • 120.
    von Platten, Jenny
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation. Lund University, Sweden.
    Energy Poverty in Sweden2021Report (Other academic)
  • 121.
    von Wieding, Sönke
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
    Rogerson, Sara
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
    Santén, Vendela
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
    Svanberg, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
    Wide, Per
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Maritime department.
    Framtidens moderna intermodala logistiknoder - kunskaps- och utvecklingsbehov2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern intermodal nodes of the future – Requirements on knowledge and development

    The purpose of the project was to compile existing knowledge to analyze the function, design, and organization of intermodal nodes, as well as identify gaps for future research within Trafikverket’s research program and serve as a basis for Trafikverket's strategic work. The project uses both literature reviews and empirical studies through workshops with experts. The project has five main results:

    1. Criteria are proposed to define sustainable intermodal nodes aimed at promoting economic, social, and environmental goals for authorities, cargo owners, and carriers. The aim is to identify challenges and areas where nodes can improve their sustainability to avoid sub-optimization.

    2. A two-dimensional matrix is proposed to categorize intermodal nodes according to their role in society's goods supply, as well as the local economy and environment.

    3. Various organizational forms for nodes are described, including terminals and associated logistics areas that can be owned and managed by public, private, or combined entities.

    4. A discussion on how technological innovations such as electrification, digitization, and automation can affect intermodal nodes in the future.

    5. Opportunities and needs for further work and research in the field are presented

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  • 122.
    Wallo, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Martin, Jason
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Bozic, Nina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Williamsson, Anna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Charting the path to a sustainable, competitive and green industry in an era of rapid change: proposing a research agenda2024In: Cogent Business and Management, ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 2344189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global labor market shifts have spurred the need for innovations and adaptations in workplace norms. This evolution demands a workforce with technical and soft skills to meet sustainability and industry advancements. The paper aims to elucidate the complex challenges related to the ambition to develop a socially sustainable, competitive, and green industry subjected to an accelerating pace of change. It outlines the findings of a Delphi study conducted in Sweden, which integrated workshops, interviews, and surveys with experts from various sectors to identify 14 key challenges. These challenges were synthesized into five themes: innovative competence supply management practices, resilient organizations and production systems, analytics for improvement and learning, socially sustainable work, and green transformation practices. The study provides a set of propositions within these themes, offering a strategic roadmap for future research to foster the growth of industries that are socially responsible, competitive, and committed to environmental sustainability. A practical implication of the study is the recognition of the larger competence ecosystem of which industrial companies are a part. This community must work together to create the knowledge needed to manage the shift to a green, sustainable, and digital working life. 

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  • 123.
    Whalen, Katherine
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Fallahi, Sara
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Renström, Sara
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Selvefors, Anneli
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Einebrant, Erik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Opportunities for Co-Designing Circular Business Models with Game-Based Approaches - A literature and practice review2022In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on New Business Models, 2022, p. 540-542Conference paper (Refereed)
123 101 - 123 of 123
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