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  • 1.
    Andren, Oliver C. J.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Ingverud, Tobias
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Hult, Daniel
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Bogestål, Yalda
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Caous, Josefin S
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Blom, Kristina
    Medibiome AB, Sweden.
    Zhang, Yuning
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Andersson, Therese
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Pedersen, Emma
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Björn, Camilla
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Löwenhielm, Peter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Malkoch, Michael
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Antibiotic-Free Cationic Dendritic Hydrogels as Surgical-Site-Infection-Inhibiting Coatings2019Ingår i: Advanced Healthcare Materials, ISSN 2192-2640, E-ISSN 2192-2659, artikel-id e1801619Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A non-toxic hydrolytically fast-degradable antibacterial hydrogel is herein presented to preemptively treat surgical site infections during the first crucial 24 h period without relying on conventional antibiotics. The approach capitalizes on a two-component system that form antibacterial hydrogels within 1 min and consist of i) an amine functional linear-dendritic hybrid based on linear poly(ethylene glycol) and dendritic 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid, and ii) a di-N-hydroxysuccinimide functional poly(ethylene glycol) cross-linker. Broad spectrum antibacterial effect is achieved by multivalent representation of catatonically charged β-alanine on the dendritic periphery of the linear dendritic component. The hydrogels can be applied readily in an in vivo setting using a two-component syringe delivery system and the mechanical properties can accurately be tuned in the range equivalent to fat tissue and cartilage (G' = 0.5-8 kPa). The antibacterial effect is demonstrated both in vitro toward a range of relevant bacterial strains and in an in vivo mouse model of surgical site infection.

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  • 2.
    Björn, Camilla
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Myhrman, E
    Sjöstrand, V
    Haug, T
    Lindgren, K
    Anti-infectious and anti-inflammatory effects of peptide fragments sequentially derived from the antimicrobial peptide centrocin 1 isolated from the green sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis2012Ingår i: AMB Express, ISSN 2191-0855, E-ISSN 2191-0855, Vol. 2, nr 1, artikel-id art.no 67Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Bacterial resistance against antibiotic treatment has become a major threat to public health. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have emerged as promising alternative agents for treatment of infectious diseases. This study characterizes novel synthetic peptides sequentially derived from the AMP centrocin 1, isolated from the green sea urchin, for their applicability as anti-infective agents. The microbicidal effect of centrocin 1 heavy chain (CEN1 HC-Br), its debrominated analogue (CEN1 HC), the C-terminal truncated variants of both peptides, i.e. CEN1 HC-Br (1–20) and CEN1 HC (1–20), as well as the cysteine to serine substituted equivalent CEN1 HC (Ser) was evaluated using minimal microbicidal concentration assay. The anti-inflammatory properties were assessed by measuring the inhibition of secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. All the peptides tested exhibited marked microbicidal and anti-inflammatory properties. No difference in efficacy was seen comparing CEN1 HC-Br and CEN1 HC, while the brominated variant had higher cytotoxicity. C-terminal truncation of both peptides reduced salt-tolerability of the microbicidal effect as well as anti-inflammatory actions. Also, serine substitution of cysteine residue decreased the microbicidal effect. Thus, from the peptide variants tested, CEN1 HC showed the best efficacy and safety profile. Further, CEN1 HC significantly reduced bacterial counts in two different animal models of infected wounds, while Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) failed to develop resistance against this peptide under continued selection pressure. In summary, CEN1 HC appears a promising new antimicrobial agent, and clinical studies are warranted to evaluate the applicability of this AMP for local treatment of infections in man.

  • 3.
    Björn, Camilla
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. Pergamum AB, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mahlapuu, Margit
    Pergamum AB, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mattsby-Baltzer, Inger
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. Pergamum AB, Sweden.
    Anti-infective efficacy of the lactoferrin-derived antimicrobial peptide HLR1r2016Ingår i: Peptides, ISSN 0196-9781, E-ISSN 1873-5169, Vol. 81, s. 21-28Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have emerged as a new class of drug candidates for the treatment of infectious diseases. Here we describe a novel AMP, HLR1r, which is structurally derived from the human milk protein lactoferrin and demonstrates a broad spectrum microbicidal action in vitro. The minimum concentration of HLR1r needed for killing ≥99% of microorganisms in vitro, was in the range of 3-50 μg/ml for common Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and for the yeast Candida albicans, when assessed in diluted brain-heart infusion medium. We found that HLR1r also possesses anti-inflammatory properties as evidenced by inhibition of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) secretion from human monocyte-derived macrophages and by repression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) secretion from human mesothelial cells, without any cytotoxic effect observed at the concentration range tested (up to 400 μg/ml). HLR1r demonstrated pronounced anti-infectious effect in in vivo experimental models of cutaneous candidiasis in mice and of excision wounds infected with MRSA in rats as well as in an ex vivo model of pig skin infected with S. aureus. In conclusion, HLR1r may constitute a new therapeutic alternative for local treatment of skin infections.

  • 4.
    Björn, Camilla
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. Pergamum AB, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Noppa, Lalia
    FOI Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Näslund Salomonsson, Emelie
    FOI Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Johansson, Anna-Lena
    FOI Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Elin
    FOI Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Mahlapuu, Margit
    Pergamum AB, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. Pergamum AB, Sweden.
    Efficacy and safety profile of the novel antimicrobial peptide PXL150 in a mouse model of infected burn wounds2015Ingår i: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, ISSN 0924-8579, E-ISSN 1872-7913, Vol. 45, nr 5, s. 519-524Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The urgent need to develop novel antimicrobial therapies has stimulated interest in antimicrobial peptides as therapeutic candidates for the treatment of infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-infectious effect of the synthetic antimicrobial peptide PXL150, formulated in hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) gel, on Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vitro and in an in vivo mouse model of infected burn wounds as well as to assess the in vivo safety profile of PXL150 in rats and rabbits. Minimal microbicidal concentration analysis showed prominent efficacy of PXL150 against P. aeruginosa in vitro, which was further enhanced in formulating the peptide in HPC gel. Application of 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 mg/g PXL150 in HPC gel twice daily for four consecutive days significantly reduced bacterial counts in the burn wounds compared with non-treated or placebo-treated controls. Continuous bioluminescence measurements of the bacteria revealed a pronounced anti-infective effect already at the first day post infection by PXL150 in concentrations of ≥2.5 mg/g. In the non-clinical safety studies, PXL150 showed a favourable safety profile following repeated administration systemically and locally in rats and rabbits, respectively. In conclusion, these data support that PXL150 has the potential to be an effective and safe drug candidate for the treatment of infected burn wounds. The findings encourage the progression of PXL150 as a novel topical treatment of microbial infections.

  • 5.
    Boge, Lukas
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Yta, process och formulering. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Hallstensson, Karin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Yta, process och formulering.
    Ringstad, Lovisa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Yta, process och formulering.
    Johansson, Jenny
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Andersson, Therese
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Davoudi, Mina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Larsson, Per Tomas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Mahlapuu, Margit
    Promore Pharma AB, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Andersson, Martin
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Cubosomes for topical delivery of the antimicrobial peptide LL-372019Ingår i: European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics, ISSN 0939-6411, E-ISSN 1873-3441, Vol. 134, s. 60-67Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the use of cubosomes for topical delivery of the antimicrobial peptide (AMP) LL-37 was investigated. Topical delivery of AMPs is of great interest for treatment of skin infections caused by bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus. AMP containing cubosomes were produced by three different preparation protocols and compared: (i) pre-loading, where LL-37 was incorporated into a liquid crystalline gel, which thereafter was dispersed into nanoparticles, (ii) post-loading, where LL-37 was let to adsorb onto pre-formed cubosomes, and (iii) hydrotrope-loading, where LL-37 was incorporated during the spontaneously formed cubosomes in an ethanol/glycerol monooleate mixture. Particle size and size distribution were analyzed using dynamic light scattering (DLS), liquid crystalline structure by small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and release of LL-37 by a fluorescamine assay. Proteolytic protection of LL-37 as well as bactericidal effect after enzyme exposure was investigated. The skin irritation potential of cubosomes was examined by an in vitro epidermis model. Finally, the bacterial killing property of the cubosomes was examined by an ex vivo pig skin wound infection model with Staphylococcus aureus. Data showed that a high loading of LL-37 induced formation of vesicles in case of cubosomes prepared by sonication (pre-loading). No release of LL-37 was observed from the cubosomes, indicating strong association of the peptide to the particles. Proteolysis studies showed that LL-37 was fully protected against enzymatic attacks while associated with the cubosomes, also denoting strong association of the peptide to the particles. As a consequence, bactericidal effect after enzyme exposure remained, compared to pure LL-37 which was subjected to proteolysis. No skin irritation potential of the cubosomes was found, thus enabling for topical administration. The ex vivo wound infection model showed that LL-37 in pre-loaded cubosomes killed bacteria most efficient.

  • 6.
    Chinga Carrasco, Gary
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Pasquier, Eva
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Solberg, Amalie
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Leirset, Ingebjørg
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Stevanic Srndovic, Jasna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Carboxylated nanocellulose for wound healing applications – Increase of washing efficiency after chemical pre-treatment and stability of homogenized gels over 10 months2023Ingår i: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 314, artikel-id 120923Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To commercialize a biomedical product as a medical device, reproducibility of production and time-stability are important parameters. Studies of reproducibility are lacking in the literature. Additionally, chemical pre-treatments of wood fibres to produce highly fibrillated cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) seem to be demanding in terms of production efficiency, being a bottleneck for industrial upscaling. In this study, we evaluated the effect of pH on the dewatering time and washing steps of 2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperidinyloxy (TEMPO)-mediated oxidized wood fibres when applying 3.8 mmol NaClO/g cellulose. The results indicate that the method does not affect the carboxylation of the nanocelluloses, and levels of approximately 1390 μmol/g were obtained with good reproducibility. The washing time of a Low-pH sample was reduced to 1/5 of the time required for washing a Control sample. Additionally, the stability of the CNF samples was assessed over 10 months and changes were quantified, the most pronounced were the increase of potential residual fibre aggregates, reduction of viscosity and increase of carboxylic acid content. The cytotoxicity and skin irritation potential were not affected by the detected differences between the Control and Low-pH samples. Importantly, the antibacterial effect of the carboxylated CNFs against S. aureus and P. aeruginosa was confirmed. © 2023 The Authors

  • 7.
    Chinga-Carrasco, Gary
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi, PFI.
    Ehman, Nanci
    IMAM, Argentina.
    Filgueira, Daniel
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi, PFI.
    Johansson, Jenny
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Vallejos, Maria
    IMAM, Argentina.
    Felissia, Fernando
    IMAM, Argentina.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Area, Maria
    IMAM, Argentina.
    Bagasse—A major agro-industrial residue as potential resource for nanocellulose inks for 3D printing of wound dressing devices2019Ingår i: Additive Manufacturing, ISSN 2214-8604, E-ISSN 2214-7810, Vol. 28, s. 267-274Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sugarcane bagasse, an abundant residue, is usually burned as an energy source. However, provided that appropriate and sustainable pulping and fractionation processes are applied, bagasse can be utilized as a main source of cellulose nanofibrils (CNF). We explored in this study the production of CNF inks for 3D printing by direct-ink-writing technology. The CNF were tested against L929 fibroblasts cell line and we confirmed that the CNF from soda bagasse fibers were found not to have a cytotoxic potential. Additionally, we demonstrated that the alginate and Ca 2+ caused significant dimensional changes to the 3D printed constructs. The CNF-alginate grids exhibited a lateral expansion after printing and then shrank due to the cross-linking with the Ca 2+ . The release of Ca 2+ from the CNF and CNF-alginate constructs was quantified thus providing more insight about the CNF as carrier for Ca 2+ . This, combined with 3D printing, offers potential for personalized wound dressing devices, i.e. tailor-made constructs that can be adapted to a specific shape, depending on the characteristics of the wound healing treatment.

  • 8.
    Chinga-Carrasco, Gary
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi, PFI.
    Ehman, Nanci V.
    IMAM Instituto de Materiales de Misiones, Argentina.
    Pettersson, Jennifer
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Vallejos, Maria E.
    IMAM Instituto de Materiales de Misiones, Argentina.
    Brodin, Malin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi, PFI.
    Felissia, Fernando E.
    IMAM Instituto de Materiales de Misiones, Argentina.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Area, Maria C.
    IMAM Instituto de Materiales de Misiones, Argentina.
    Pulping and Pretreatment Affect the Characteristics of Bagasse Inks for Three-dimensional Printing2018Ingår i: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, E-ISSN 2168-0485, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 4068-4075Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Bagasse is an underutilized agro-industrial residue with great potential as raw material for the production of cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) for a range of applications. In this study, we have assessed the suitability of bagasse for production of CNF for three-dimensional (3D) printing. First, pulp fibers were obtained from the bagasse raw material using two fractionation methods, i.e. soda and hydrothermal treatment combined with soda. Second, the pulp fibers were pretreated by TEMPO-mediated oxidation using two levels of oxidation for comparison purposes. Finally, the CNF were characterized in detail and assessed as inks for 3D printing. The results show that CNF produced from fibers obtained by hydrothermal and soda pulping were less nanofibrillated than the corresponding material produced by soda pulping. However, the CNF sample obtained from soda pulp was cytotoxic, apparently due to a larger content of silica particles. All the CNF materials were 3D printable. We conclude that the noncytotoxic CNF produced from hydrothermally and soda treated pulp can potentially be used as inks for 3D printing of biomedical devices. 

  • 9.
    Chinga-Carrasco, Gary
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Johansson, Jenny
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion.
    Heggset, Ellinor B
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Leirset, Ingebjørg
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Björn, Camilla
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Agrenius, Karin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Stevanic Srndovic, Jasna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil. Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Characterization and Antibacterial Properties of Autoclaved Carboxylated Wood Nanocellulose.2021Ingår i: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 22, nr 7, s. 2779-2789Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) were obtained by applying a chemical pretreatment consisting of autoclaving the pulp fibers in sodium hydroxide, combined with 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-1-oxyl-mediated oxidation. Three levels of sodium hypochlorite were applied (2.5, 3.8, and 6.0 mmol/g) to obtain CNF qualities (CNF_2.5, CNF_3.8, and CNF_6.0) with varying content of carboxyl groups, that is, 1036, 1285, and 1593 μmol/g cellulose. The cytotoxicity and skin irritation potential (indirect tests) of the CNFs were determined according to standardized in vitro testing for medical devices. We here demonstrate that autoclaving (121 °C, 20 min), which was used to sterilize the gels, caused a modification of the CNF characteristics. This was confirmed by a reduction in the viscosity of the gels, a morphological change of the nanofibrils, by an increase of the ultraviolet-visible absorbance maxima at 250 nm, reduction of the absolute zeta potential, and by an increase in aldehyde content and reducing sugars after autoclaving. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and wide-angle X-ray scattering complemented an extensive characterization of the CNF gels, before and after autoclaving. The antibacterial properties of autoclaved carboxylated CNFs were demonstrated in vitro (bacterial survival and swimming assays) on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Importantly, a mouse in vivo surgical-site infection model on S. aureus revealed that CNF_3.8 showed pronounced antibacterial effect and performed as good as the antiseptic Prontosan wound gel.

  • 10.
    Garre, Elena
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Anna
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Leiva, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden; .
    Ståhlberg, Anders
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Kovács, Aniko
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Landberg, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Breast Cancer Patient-Derived Scaffolds Can Expose Unique Individual Cancer Progressing Properties of the Cancer Microenvironment Associated with Clinical Characteristics2022Ingår i: Cancers, ISSN 2072-6694, Vol. 14, nr 9, artikel-id 2172Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease in terms of cellular and structural composition, and besides acquired aggressive properties in the cancer cell population, the surrounding tumor microenvironment can affect disease progression and clinical behaviours. To specifically decode the clinical relevance of the cancer promoting effects of individual tumor microenvironments, we performed a comprehensive test of 110 breast cancer samples using a recently established in vivo-like 3D cell culture platform based on patient-derived scaffolds (PDSs). Cell-free PDSs were recellularized with three breast cancer cell lines and adaptation to the different patient-based microenvironments was monitored by quantitative PCR. Substantial variability in gene expression between individual PDS cultures from different patients was observed, as well as between different cell lines. Interestingly, specific gene expression changes in the PDS cultures were significantly linked to prognostic features and clinical information from the original cancer. This link was even more pronounced when ERα-status of cell lines and PDSs matched. The results support that PDSs cultures, including a cancer cell line of relevant origin, can monitor the activity of the tumor microenvironment and reveal unique information about the malignancy-inducing properties of the individual cancer niche and serve as a future complementary diagnostic tool for breast cancer. © 2022 by the authors.

  • 11.
    Granskog, Viktor
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    García-Gallego, Sandra
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    von Kieseritzky, Johanna
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Stenlund, Patrik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Zhang, Yuning
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Lyvén, Benny
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Arner, Marianne
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Malkoch, Michael
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    High-Performance Thiol–Ene Composites Unveil a New Era of Adhesives Suited for Bone Repair2018Ingår i: Advanced Functional Materials, ISSN 1616-301X, E-ISSN 1616-3028, Vol. 28, nr 26, artikel-id 1800372Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of adhesives for fracture fixation can revolutionize the surgical procedures toward more personalized bone repairs. However, there are still no commercially available adhesive solutions mainly due to the lack of biocompatibility, poor adhesive strength, or inadequate fixation protocols. Here, a surgically realizable adhesive system capitalizing on visible light thiol–ene coupling chemistry is presented. The adhesives are carefully designed and formulated from a novel class of chemical constituents influenced by dental resin composites and self-etch primers. Validation of the adhesive strength is conducted on wet bone substrates and accomplished via fiber-reinforced adhesive patch (FRAP) methodology. The results unravel, for the first time, on the promise of a thiol–ene adhesive with an unprecedented shear bond strength of 9.0 MPa and that surpasses, by 55%, the commercially available acrylate dental adhesive system Clearfil SE Bond of 5.8 MPa. Preclinical validation of FRAPs on rat femur fracture models details good adhesion to the bone throughout the healing process, and are found biocompatible not giving rise to any inflammatory response. Remarkably, the FRAPs are found to withstand loads up to 70 N for 1000 cycles on porcine metacarpal fractures outperforming clinically used K-wires and match metal plates and screw implants.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 12.
    Greco, Ines
    et al.
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Molchanova, Natalia
    Roskilde University, Denmark; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA.
    Holmedal, Elin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Jenssen, Håvard
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Hummel, Bernard D
    Zoetis Inc, USA.
    Watts, Jeffrey L
    Zoetis Inc, USA.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Hansen, Paul R
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Svenson, Johan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil. Cawthron Institute, New Zealand; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Correlation between hemolytic activity, cytotoxicity and systemic in vivo toxicity of synthetic antimicrobial peptides.2020Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 10, nr 1, artikel-id 13206Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of non-standard toxicity models is a hurdle in the early development of antimicrobial peptides towards clinical applications. Herein we report an extensive in vitro and in vivo toxicity study of a library of 24 peptide-based antimicrobials with narrow spectrum activity towards veterinary pathogens. The haemolytic activity of the compounds was evaluated against four different species and the relative sensitivity against the compounds was highest for canine erythrocytes, intermediate for rat and human cells and lowest for bovine cells. Selected peptides were additionally evaluated against HeLa, HaCaT and HepG2 cells which showed increased stability towards the peptides. Therapeutic indexes of 50-500 suggest significant cellular selectivity in comparison to bacterial cells. Three peptides were administered to rats in intravenous acute dose toxicity studies up to 2-8 × MIC. None of the injected compounds induced any systemic toxic effects in vivo at the concentrations employed illustrating that the correlation between the different assays is not obvious. This work sheds light on the in vitro and in vivo toxicity of this class of promising compounds and provides insights into the relationship between the different toxicity models often employed in different manners to evaluate the toxicity of novel bioactive compounds in general.

  • 13.
    Holmbäck, Jan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden; Lipidor AB, Sweden.
    Rinwa, Vibhu
    Stockholm University, Sweden; Lipidor AB, Sweden.
    Johansson, Jenny
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion. Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Rinwa, Puneet
    Lipidor AB, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Anders
    MediGelium AB, Sweden.
    Herslöf, Bengt
    Lipidea AB, Sweden.
    Preclinical development of sodium fusidate antibiotic cutaneous spray based on water-free lipid formulation system2022Ingår i: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, ISSN 0928-0987, E-ISSN 1879-0720, Vol. 176, artikel-id 106250Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Topical antibiotics are a key component in the management of mild to moderate skin and soft tissue infections. There are, however, concerns about the emerging bacterial resistance against topical antibacterial agents such as fusidic acid, due to the prolonged treatment period of its marketed dosage forms. Improving the efficacy of topical formulations could potentially shorten the treatment period and avoid the resistance growth. To provide a more effective drug delivery, a water-free lipid-based formulation system (AKVANO®) which can be applied by spraying, has been developed. In the current paper, different formulations containing sodium fusidate were evaluated for their in vitro skin permeability using artificial skin mimicking membranes and antibacterial properties using ex vivo and in vivo skin wound infection models. The novel formulations containing sodium fusidate showed a much higher skin permeation (up to 60% of nominal amount) than the commercially available Fucidin® cream (3%). These formulations also gave a significantly stronger antibacterial effect than Fucidin cream showing a clear dose-response relationship for the sodium fusidate content. A spray product based on the described formulation technology would therefore require a shorter treatment time and thereby lower the risk for the development of bacterial resistance. Spray administration of these formulations provides an even layer on the skin surface from which the solvent quickly evaporates and thereby facilitates a non-touch application where no rubbing is required. © 2022 The Authors

  • 14.
    Hui, Isabel
    et al.
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland.
    Pasquier, Eva
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Solberg, Amalie
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Agrenius, Karin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chinga Carrasco, Gary
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Biocomposites containing poly(lactic acid) and chitosan for 3D printing: Assessment of mechanical, antibacterial and in vitro biodegradability properties2023Ingår i: Journal of The Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, ISSN 1751-6161, E-ISSN 1878-0180, Vol. 147, artikel-id 106136Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    New bone repair materials are needed for treatment of trauma- and disease-related skeletal defects as they still represent a major challenge in clinical practice. Additionally, new strategies are required to combat orthopedic device-related infections (ODRI), given the rising incidence of total joint replacement and fracture fixation surgeries in increasingly elderly populations. Recently, the convergence of additive manufacturing (AM) and bone tissue engineering (BTE) has facilitated the development of bone healthcare to achieve personalized three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds. This study focused on the development of a 3D printable bone repair material, based on the biopolymers poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and chitosan. Two different types of PLA and chitosan differing in their molecular weight (MW) were explored. The novel feature of this research was the successful 3D printing using biocomposite filaments composed of PLA and 10 wt% chitosan, with clear chitosan entrapment within the PLA matrix confirmed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) images. Tensile testing of injection molded samples indicated an increase in stiffness, compared to pure PLA scaffolds, suggesting potential for improved load-bearing characteristics in bone scaffolds. However, the potential benefit of chitosan on the biocomposite stiffness could not be reproduced in compression testing of 3D printed cylinders. The antibacterial assays confirmed antibacterial activity of chitosan when dissolved in acetic acid. The study also verified the biodegradability of the scaffolds, with a process producing an acidic environment that could potentially be neutralized by chitosan. In conclusion, the study indicated the feasibility of the proposed PLA/chitosan biocomposite for 3D printing, demonstrating adequate mechanical strength, antibacterial properties and biodegradability, which could serve as a new material for bone repair.

  • 15.
    Hutchinson, Daniel
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Granskog, Viktor
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    von Kieseritzky, Johanna
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Alfort, Henrik
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Stenlund, Patrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Zhang, Yuning
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Arner, Marianne
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Malkoch, Michael
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Highly Customizable Bone Fracture Fixation through the Marriage of Composites and Screws2021Ingår i: Advanced Functional Materials, ISSN 1616-301X, E-ISSN 1616-3028, Vol. 31, nr 41, artikel-id 2105187Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) metal plates provide exceptional support for unstable bone fractures; however, they often result in debilitating soft-tissue adhesions and their rigid shape cannot be easily customized by surgeons. In this work, a surgically feasible ORIF methodology, called AdhFix, is developed by combining screws with polymer/hydroxyapatite composites, which are applied and shaped in situ before being rapidly cured on demand via high-energy visible-light-induced thiol–ene coupling chemistry. The method is developed on porcine metacarpals with transverse and multifragmented fractures, resulting in strong and stable fixations with a bending rigidity of 0.28 (0.03) N m2 and a maximum load before break of 220 (15) N. Evaluations on human cadaver hands with proximal phalanx fractures show that AdhFix withstands the forces from finger flexing exercises, while short- and long-term in vivo rat femur fracture models show that AdhFix successfully supports bone healing without degradation, adverse effects, or soft-tissue adhesions. This procedure represents a radical new approach to fracture fixation, which grants surgeons unparalleled customizability and does not result in soft-tissue adhesions. © 2021 The Authors.

  • 16.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. Pergamum AB, Sweden.
    Björn, Camilla
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. Pergamum AB, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Kerstin
    Pergamum AB, Sweden.
    Sjöström, Emma
    Pergamum AB, Sweden.
    Sjöstrand, Veronika
    Pergamum AB, Sweden.
    Mahlapuu, Margit
    Pergamum AB, Sweden.
    Efficacy of the novel topical antimicrobial agent pxl150 in a mouse model of surgical site infections2014Ingår i: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, ISSN 0066-4804, E-ISSN 1098-6596, Vol. 58, nr 5, s. 2982-2984Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Antimicrobial peptides have recently emerged as a promising new group to be evaluated in the therapeutic intervention of infectious diseases. This study evaluated the anti-infectious effect of the short, synthetic, broad-spectrum antimicrobial peptide PXL150 in a mouse model of staphylococcal surgical site infections. We found that administration of PXL150, formulated in an aqueous solution or in a hydroxypropyl cellulose gel, significantly reduced the bacterial counts in the wound compared with placebo treatment, warranting further investigations of the potential of this peptide as a novel local treatment of microbial infections.

  • 17.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil. Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Cavanagh, J. P.
    Amicoat A/S, Norway; UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Stensen, W.
    UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
    Mortensen, B.
    Amicoat A/S, Norway.
    Svendsen, J. -S
    UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway; Amicoat A/S, Norway.
    Svenson, Johan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Cawthron Institute, New Zealand.
    In vitro and in vivo antibacterial properties of peptide AMC-109 impregnated wound dressings and gels2021Ingår i: Journal of Antibiotics, ISSN 0021-8820, E-ISSN 1881-1469, Vol. 74, s. 337-345Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Synthetic mimics of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) is a promising class of molecules for a variety of antimicrobial applications. Several hurdles must be passed before effective systemic infection therapies with AMPs can be achieved, but the path to effective topical treatment of skin, nail, and soft tissue infections appears less challenging to navigate. Skin and soft tissue infection is closely coupled to the emergence of antibiotic resistance and represents a major burden to the healthcare system. The present study evaluates the promising synthetic cationic AMP mimic, AMC-109, for treatment of skin infections in vivo. The compound is evaluated both in impregnated cotton wound dressings and in a gel formulation against skin infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin resistant S. aureus. Both the ability to prevent colonization and formation of an infection, as well as eradicate an ongoing infection in vivo with a high bacterial load, were evaluated. The present work demonstrates that AMC-109 displays a significantly higher antibacterial activity with up to a seven-log reduction in bacterial loads compared to current clinical standard therapy; Altargo cream (1% retapamulin) and Fucidin cream (2% fusidic acid) in the in vivo wound models. It is thus concluded that AMC-109 represents a promising entry in the development of new and effective remedies for various skin infections. © 2021, The Author(s)

  • 18.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jenndahl, Lachmi
    Verigraft Ab, Sweden.
    Simonsson, Stina
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Martin E
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Larsson, Karin
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Strehl, Raimund
    Verigraft AB, Sweden.
    Olsen Ekerhult, Teresa
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    De- and recellularized urethral reconstruction with autologous buccal mucosal cells implanted in an ovine animal model2023Ingår i: Biomedizinische Technik (Berlin. Zeitschrift), ISSN 1862-278X, E-ISSN 0013-5585Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with urethral stricture due to any type of trauma, hypospadias or gender dysphoria suffer immensely from impaired capacity to urinate and are in need of a new functional urethra. Tissue engineering with decellularization of a donated organ recellularized with cells from the recipient patient has emerged as a promising alternative of advanced therapy medicinal products. The aim of this pilot study was to develop an ovine model of urethral transplantation and to produce an individualized urethra graft to show proof of function in vivo. Donated urethras from ram abattoir waste were decellularized and further recellularized with autologous buccal mucosa epithelial cells excised from the recipient ram and expanded in vitro. The individualized urethral grafts were implanted by reconstructive surgery in rams replacing 2.5 ± 0.5 cm of the native penile urethra. After surgery optimization, three ram had the tissue engineered urethra implanted for one month and two out of three showed a partially regenerated epithelium. Further adjustments of the model are needed to achieve a satisfactory proof-of-concept; however, we interpret these findings as a proof of principle and a possible path to develop a functional tissue engineered urethral graft with de- and recellularization and regeneration in vivo after transplantation. 

  • 19.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Juhlin, Oskar
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hovannisyan, Armen
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Bogestål, Yalda
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Olmarker, Kjell
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Changes in ion-channels in the dorsal root ganglion after exposure to autologous nucleus pulposus and TNF. A rat experimental study2024Ingår i: Journal of Orthopaedics, ISSN 0972-978X, E-ISSN 2589-9082, Vol. 47, s. 23-27Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: It is known that contact of nucleus pulposus with the dorsal root ganglion may induce changes in nerve conduction and pain behavior. It has also been suggested that the behavioristic changes are caused by changes in voltage-gated ion channels, which in turn have been upregulated by TNF. Such upregulations have previously been shown for NaV 1.8 and NaV 1.9. In this investigation, we expanded the number of studied ion channels after the application of nucleus pulposus or TNF. Methods: Following removal of the left L4-5 fact joint, a disc puncture was performed and the dorsal root ganglion was exposed to nucleus pulposus (n = 5) and TNF (n = 5). Operated rats without disc puncture served as sham (n = 5) and 5 non-operated (naïve) rats were included. After 24 h, the DRGs were harvested and analyzed by quantitative PCR on validated pre-spotted primer plates displaying genes for 90 voltage-gated ion channels. Results: It was evident that the changes in operated animals were separate from the naïve rats. It was also apparent that gene expression changes in rats with nucleus pulposus or TNF application showed similar trends and were also separated from sham-operated animals. Conclusion: The application of nucleus pulposus and TNF onto the DRG in rats induces comparable changes in gene expression of several ion channels. Since the changes induced by TNF and NP are similar, one might also suspect that TNF mediates the NP-induced changes. However, such a mechanism needs further investigation. © 2023 The Authors

  • 20.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Ringstad, Lovisa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Umerska, Anita
    Université de Lorraine, France; Université Bretagne Loire, France.
    Johansson, Jenny
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Andersson, Therese
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Boge, Lukas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Rozenbaum, René T.
    University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Sharma, Prashant K.
    University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Tollbäck, Petter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Björn, Camilla
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Saulnier, Patrick
    Université Bretagne Loire, France.
    Mahlapuu, Margit
    Promore Pharma AB, Sweden.
    Characterization of the in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo Efficacy of the Antimicrobial Peptide DPK-060 Used for Topical Treatment2019Ingår i: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, E-ISSN 2235-2988, Vol. 9, artikel-id 174Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Antimicrobial peptides, also known as host defense peptides, have recently emerged as a promising new category of therapeutic agents for the treatment of infectious diseases. This study evaluated the preclinical in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo antimicrobial activity, as well as the potential to cause skin irritation, of human kininogen-derived antimicrobial peptide DPK-060 in different formulations designed for topical delivery. We found that DPK-060 formulated in acetate buffer or poloxamer gel caused a marked reduction of bacterial counts of Staphylococcus aureus in vitro (minimum microbicidal concentration <5 μg/ml). We also found that DPK-060 in poloxamer gel significantly suppressed microbial survival in an ex vivo wound infection model using pig skin and in an in vivo mouse model of surgical site infection (≥99 or ≥94% reduction in bacterial counts was achieved with 1% DPK-060 at 4 h post-treatment, respectively). Encapsulation of DPK-060 in different types of lipid nanocapsules or cubosomes did not improve the bactericidal potential of the peptide under the applied test conditions. No reduction in cell viability was observed in response to administration of DPK-060 in any of the formulations tested. In conclusion, the present study confirms that DPK-060 has the potential to be an effective and safe drug candidate for the topical treatment of microbial infections; however, adsorption of the peptide to nanocarriers failed to show any additional benefits.

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  • 21.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Simsa, Robin
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden.
    Bogestål, Yalda
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Jenndahl, Lachmi
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden.
    Gustafsson-Hedberg, Tobias
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Strehl, Raimund
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden.
    Österberg, Klas
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden.
    Individualized tissue-engineered veins as vascular grafts: a proof of concept study in pig.2021Ingår i: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, ISSN 1932-6254, E-ISSN 1932-7005, Vol. 15, nr 10, s. 818-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Personalized tissue engineered vascular grafts are a promising advanced therapy medicinal product (ATMP) alternative to autologous or synthetic vascular grafts utilized in blood vessel bypass or replacement surgery. We hypothesized that an individualized tissue engineered vein (P-TEV) would make the body recognize the transplanted blood vessel as autologous, decrease the risk of rejection and thereby avoid lifelong treatment with immune suppressant medication as is standard with allogenic organ transplantation. To individualize blood vessels, we decellularized vena cava from six deceased donor pigs and tested them for cellular removal and histological integrity. A solution with peripheral blood from the recipient pigs was used for individualized reconditioning in a perfusion bioreactor for seven days prior to transplantation. To evaluate safety and functionality of the individualized vascular graft in vivo, we transplanted reconditioned porcine vena cava into six pigs and analyzed histology and patency of the graft at different time points, with three pigs at the final endpoint 4-5 weeks after surgery. Our results showed that the P-TEV was fully patent in all animals, did not induce any occlusion or stenosis formation and we did not find any signs of rejection. The P-TEV showed rapid recellularization in vivo with the luminal surface covered with endothelial cells. In summary, the results indicate that P-TEV is functional and have potential for use as clinical transplant grafts. 

  • 22.
    Jenndahl, L.
    et al.
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden.
    Österberg, K.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden.
    Bogestål, Yalda
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Simsa, R.
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Gustafsson-Hedberg, T.
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden.
    Stenlund, Patrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Krona, Annika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.
    Fogelstrand, P.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Strehl, R.
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Personalized tissue-engineered arteries as vascular graft transplants: A safety study in sheep2022Ingår i: Regenerative Therapy, ISSN 2352-3204, Vol. 21, s. 331-341Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients with cardiovascular disease often need replacement or bypass of a diseased blood vessel. With disadvantages of both autologous blood vessels and synthetic grafts, tissue engineering is emerging as a promising alternative of advanced therapy medicinal products for individualized blood vessels. By reconditioning of a decellularized blood vessel with the recipient's own peripheral blood, we have been able to prevent rejection without using immunosuppressants and prime grafts for efficient recellularization in vivo. Recently, decellularized veins reconditioned with autologous peripheral blood were shown to be safe and functional in a porcine in vivo study as a potential alternative for vein grafting. In this study, personalized tissue engineered arteries (P-TEA) were developed using the same methodology and evaluated for safety in a sheep in vivo model of carotid artery transplantation. Five personalized arteries were transplanted to carotid arteries and analyzed for safety and patency as well as with histology after four months in vivo. All grafts were fully patent without any occlusion or stenosis. The tissue was well cellularized with a continuous endothelial cell layer covering the luminal surface, revascularized adventitia with capillaries and no sign of rejection or infection. In summary, the results indicate that P-TEA is safe to use and has potential as clinical grafts. 

  • 23.
    Kjellin, Per
    et al.
    Promimic AB, Sweden.
    Danielsson, Karin
    Promimic AB, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Agrenius, Karin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi och Tillämpad mekanik.
    Andersson, Therese
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Stenlund, Patrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Biomechanical and histomorphometric evaluation of skin integration on titanium and PEEK implants with different surface treatments2022Ingår i: Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine, ISSN 0957-4530, E-ISSN 1573-4838, Vol. 33, nr 10, artikel-id 68Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Percutaneous implants are frequently affected by bacterial growth at the skin-implant interface. Integration between implant and surrounding skin is important to prevent bacteria from spreading to the underlying tissue. The standard method to evaluate skin-implant integration is by histomorphometry on samples which have been placed in tissue grown in vivo or ex vivo. In this study, a biomechanical method was developed and evaluated. The integration of implants into porcine skin was studied in an ex vivo model, where pig skin samples were cultivated in a nutrient solution. Cylindrical shaped implants, consisting of polyether ether ketone (PEEK) and titanium (Ti) with different surface treatments, were implanted in the skin tissue and the skin was grown in nutrient solution for 2 weeks. The implants were then extracted from the implantation site and the mechanical force during extraction was measured as a quantitative assessment of skin-implant integration. Implants from each group were also processed for histomorphometry and the degree of epidermal downgrowth (ED) and tissue to implant contact (TIC) was measured. A higher mean pullout force was observed for the PEEK implants compared to the Ti implants. Applying nanosized hydroxyapatite (HA) on Ti and PEEK increased the pullout force compared to uncoated controls, 24% for machined and 70% for blasted Ti, and 51% for machined PEEK. Treatment of Ti and PEEK with nanosized zirconium phosphate (ZrP) did not increase the pullout force. The histomorphometry analysis showed correlation between ED and pullout force, where the pullout force was inversely proportional to ED. For TIC, no significant differences were observed between the groups of same material (i.e. Ti, Ti+HA, Ti+ZrP, and PEEK, PEEK + HA, PEEK + ZrP), but it was significantly higher for PEEK compared to Ti. Scanning electron microscopy analysis was done on samples before and after the pullout tests, showing that the ZrP coating was unaffected by the 2 week ex vivo implantation and pullout procedure, no dissolution or detachment of the coating was observed. For the HA coating, a loss of coating was seen on approximately 5% of the total surface area of the implant. [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2022, The Author(s).

  • 24.
    Knutsen, Maja
    et al.
    Oxy Solutions, Norway.
    Agrenius, Karin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Ugland, Hege
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Haglerod, Camilla
    Oxy Solutions, Norway.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Chinga-Carrasco, Gary
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Oxygenated Nanocellulose - A Material Platform for Antibacterial Wound Dressing Devices2021Ingår i: ACS Applied Bio Materials, E-ISSN 2576-6422, Vol. 4, nr 10, s. 7554-7562Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Both carboxylated cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) and dissolved oxygen (DO) have been reported to possess antibacterial properties. However, the combination for use as wound dressings against biofilm infections in chronic wounds is less known. The present study reports the development of oxygenated CNF dispersions that exhibit strong antibacterial effect. Carboxylated CNF dispersions with different oxidation levels were oxygenated by the OXY BIO System and tested for antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. The results reveal that the higher oxidation level of the CNFs, the better antibacterial effect. Scanning electron microscopy of bacterial biofilms revealed that a potential mechanism of action of the CNFs is the formation of a network surrounding and entrapping the bacteria. This effect is further potentiated by the oxygenation process. A CNF sample (concentration 0.6 wt %) that was oxygenated to a DO level of 46.4 mg/L demonstrated a strong antibacterial effect against S. aureus in vivo using a mouse model of surgical site infection. The oxygenated CNF dispersion reduced the bacterial survival by 71%, after 24 h treatment. The potent antibacterial effect indicates that oxygenated nanocellulose is a promising material for antibacterial wound dressings. © 2021 The Authors.

  • 25.
    Kuna, V K
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Padma, A M
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Nygren, J
    TATAA Biocenter, Sweden.
    Sjöback, R
    TATAA Biocenter, Sweden.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Sumitran-Holgersson, S
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Significantly accelerated wound healing of full-thickness skin using a novel composite gel of porcine acellular dermal matrix and human peripheral blood cells2017Ingår i: Cell Transplantation, ISSN 0963-6897, E-ISSN 1555-3892, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 293-307Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Herein, we report the fabrication of a novel composite gel from decellularized gal-gal-knockout porcine skin and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMC) for full-thickness skin wound healing. Decellularized skin extracellular matrix (ECM) powder was prepared via chemical treatment, freeze-drying and homogenization. The powder was mixed with culture medium containing hyaluronic acid to generate a pig skin gel (PSG). The effect of the gel in regeneration of full-thickness wound was studied in nude mice. We found significantly accelerated wound closure already on day 15 in animals treated with PSG only or PSG+hPBMC as compared to untreated and hyaluronic acid treated controls (p<0.05). Addition of the hPBMC to the gel resulted in marked increase of host blood vessels as well as the presence of human blood vessels. At day 25, histologically, the wounds in animals treated with PSG only or PSG+hPBMC were completely closed as compared to controls. Thus, the gel facilitated generation of new skin with well arranged epidermal cells and restored bilayer structure of the epidermis and dermis. These results suggest that porcine skin ECM gel together with human cells may be a novel and promising biomaterial for medical applications especially for patients with acute and chronic skin wounds.

  • 26.
    Landberg, G.
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jonasson, E.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, A.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fitzpatrick, P.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Isakson, P.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Karlsson, J.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, E.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svanström, A.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rafnsdottir, S.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Persson, E.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, D.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Ranji, P.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gregersson, P.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Y.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Ståhlberg, A.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Characterization of cell-free breast cancer patient-derived scaffolds using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry data and RNA sequencing data2020Ingår i: Data in Brief, E-ISSN 2352-3409, Vol. 31, artikel-id 105860Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Patient-derived scaffolds (PDSs) generated from primary breast cancer tumors can be used to model the tumor microenvironment in vitro. Patient-derived scaffolds are generated by repeated detergent washing, removing all cells. Here, we analyzed the protein composition of 15 decellularized PDSs using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry. One hundred forty-three proteins were detected and their relative abundance was calculated using a reference sample generated from all PDSs. We performed heatmap analysis of all the detected proteins to display their expression patterns across different PDSs together with pathway enrichment analysis to reveal which processes that were connected to PDS protein composition. This protein dataset together with clinical information is useful to investigators studying the microenvironment of breast cancers. Further, after repopulating PDSs with either MCF7 or MDA-MB-231 cells, we quantified their gene expression profiles using RNA sequencing. These data were also compared to cells cultured in conventional 2D conditions, as well as to cells cultured as xenografts in immune-deficient mice. We investigated the overlap of genes regulated between these different culture conditions and performed pathway enrichment analysis of genes regulated by both PDS and xenograft cultures compared to 2D in both cell lines to describe common processes associated with both culture conditions. Apart from our described analyses of these systems, these data are useful when comparing different experimental model systems. Downstream data analyses and interpretations can be found in the research article “Patient-derived scaffolds uncover breast cancer promoting properties of the microenvironment” [1]. © 2020 The Authors

  • 27.
    Landberg, Göran
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fitzpatrick, Paul
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Isakson, Pauline
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jonasson, Emma
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Joakim
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Erik
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svanström, Andreas
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rafnsdottir, Svanheidur
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Persson, Emma
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Annna
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Daniel
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Ranji, Parmida
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gregersson, Pernilla
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Ylva
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Ståhlberg, Anders
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Patient-derived scaffolds uncover breast cancer promoting properties of the microenvironment2020Ingår i: Biomaterials, ISSN 0142-9612, E-ISSN 1878-5905, Vol. 235, artikel-id 119705Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Tumor cells interact with the microenvironment that specifically supports and promotes tumor development. Key components in the tumor environment have been linked to various aggressive cancer features and can further influence the presence of subpopulations of cancer cells with specific functions, including cancer stem cells and migratory cells. To model and further understand the influence of specific microenvironments we have developed an experimental platform using cell-free patient-derived scaffolds (PDSs) from primary breast cancers infiltrated with standardized breast cancer cell lines. This PDS culture system induced a series of orchestrated changes in differentiation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, stemness and proliferation of the cancer cell population, where an increased cancer stem cell pool was confirmed using functional assays. Furthermore, global gene expression profiling showed that PDS cultures were similar to xenograft cultures. Mass spectrometry analyses of cell-free PDSs identified subgroups based on their protein composition that were linked to clinical properties, including tumor grade. Finally, we observed that an induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related genes in cancer cells growing on the PDSs were significantly associated with clinical disease recurrences in breast cancer patients. Patient-derived scaffolds thus mimics in vivo-like growth conditions and uncovers unique information about the malignancy-inducing properties of tumor microenvironment. © 2019 The Authors

  • 28.
    Mahlapuu, Margit
    et al.
    Promore Pharma AB, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Ringstad, Lovisa
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Björn, Camilla
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Antimicrobial peptides: An emerging category of therapeutic agents2016Ingår i: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, E-ISSN 2235-2988, Vol. 6, nr DEC, artikel-id 194Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), also known as host defense peptides, are short and generally positively charged peptides found in a wide variety of life forms from microorganisms to humans. Most AMPs have the ability to kill microbial pathogens directly, whereas others act indirectly by modulating the host defense systems. Against a background of rapidly increasing resistance development to conventional antibiotics all over the world, efforts to bring AMPs into clinical use are accelerating. Several AMPs are currently being evaluated in clinical trials as novel anti-infectives, but also as new pharmacological agents to modulate the immune response, promote wound healing, and prevent post-surgical adhesions. In this review, we provide an overview of the biological role, classification, and mode of action of AMPs, discuss the opportunities and challenges to develop these peptides for clinical applications, and review the innovative formulation strategies for application of AMPs.

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  • 29.
    Newman, Diane K
    et al.
    University of Pennsylvania, USA.
    New, Peter W
    Monash University, Australia; Caulfield Hospital, Australia.
    Heriseanu, Roxana
    Royal Rehab, Australia.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Håkansson, Maria Å
    Wellspect, Sweden.
    Lee, Bonsan Bonne
    Prince of Wales Hospital, Australia.
    Intermittent catheterization with single- or multiple-reuse catheters: clinical study on safety and impact on quality of life2020Ingår i: International Urology and Nephrology, ISSN 0301-1623, E-ISSN 1573-2584, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 1-153Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Intermittent catheterization (IC) is a proven effective long-term bladder management strategy for individuals who have lower urinary tract dysfunction. This study provides clinical evidence about multiple-reuse versus single-use catheterization techniques and if catheter choice can have an impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

    METHOD: A prospective, multi-center, clinical trial studied patients who currently practiced catheter reuse, and who agreed to prospectively evaluate single-use hydrophilic-coated (HC) (i.e. LoFric) catheters for 4 weeks. A validated Intermittent Self-Catheterization Questionnaire (ISC-Q) was used to obtain HRQoL. Reused catheters were collected and studied with regard to microbial and debris contamination.

    RESULTS: The study included 39 patients who had practiced IC for a mean of 10 years, 6 times daily. At inclusion, all patients reused catheters for a mean of 21 days (SD = 48) per catheter. 36 patients completed the prospective test period and the mean ISC-Q score increased from 58.0 (SD = 22.6) to 67.2 (SD = 17.7) when patients switched to the single-use HC catheters (p = 0.0101). At the end of the study, 83% (95% CI [67-94%]) preferred to continue using single-use HC catheters. All collected reused catheters (100%) were contaminated by debris and 74% (95% CI [58-87%]) were contaminated by microorganisms, some with biofilm.

    CONCLUSION: Single-use HC catheters improved HRQoL and were preferred over catheter reuse among people practicing IC. Catheter multiple-reuse may pose a potential safety concern due to colonization by microorganisms as well as having reduced acceptance compared to single use.

    TRIAL REGISTRY NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02129738.

  • 30.
    Parkinson, Gabrielle
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Salerno, Simona
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ranji, Parmida
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bogestål, Yalda
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Wettergren, Yvonne
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ståhlberg, Anders
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bexe Lindskog, Elinor
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Landberg, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Patient-derived scaffolds as a model of colorectal cancer2021Ingår i: Cancer Medicine, E-ISSN 2045-7634, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 867-882Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide and standardized therapies often fail to treat the more aggressive and progressive types of colorectal cancer. Tumor cell heterogeneity and influence from the surrounding tumor microenvironment (TME) contribute to the complexity of the disease and large variability in clinical outcomes. Methods: To model the heterogeneous nature of colorectal cancer, we used patient-derived scaffolds (PDS), which were obtained via decellularization of surgically resected tumor material, as a growth substrate for standardized cell lines. Results: After confirmation of native cell absence and validation of the structural and compositional integrity of the matrix, 89 colorectal PDS were repopulated with colon cancer cell line HT29. After 3 weeks of PDS culture, HT29 cells varied their gene and protein expression profiles considerably compared to 2D-grown HT29 cells. Markers associated with proliferation were consistently decreased, while markers associated with pluripotency were increased in PDS-grown cells compared to their 2D counterparts. When comparing the PDS-induced changes in HT29 cells with clinically relevant tumor information from individual patients, we observed significant associations between stemness/pluripotency markers and tumor location, and between epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers and cancer mortality. Kaplan–Meier analysis revealed that low PDS-induced EMT correlated with worse cancer-specific survival. Conclusions: The colorectal PDS model can be used as a simplified personalized tool that can potentially reveal important diagnostic and pathophysiological information related to the TME. © 2020 The Authors.

  • 31.
    Pasquier, Eva
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Solberg, Amalie
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Ståhlberg, Anders
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chinga Carrasco, Gary
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Polysaccharides and Structural Proteins as Components in Three-Dimensional Scaffolds for Breast Cancer Tissue Models: A Review2023Ingår i: Bioengineering, E-ISSN 2306-5354, Vol. 10, nr 6, artikel-id 682Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, and even though treatments are available, efficiency varies with the patients. In vitro 2D models are commonly used to develop new treatments. However, 2D models overestimate drug efficiency, which increases the failure rate in later phase III clinical trials. New model systems that allow extensive and efficient drug screening are thus required. Three-dimensional printed hydrogels containing active components for cancer cell growth are interesting candidates for the preparation of next generation cancer cell models. Macromolecules, obtained from marine- and land-based resources, can form biopolymers (polysaccharides such as alginate, chitosan, hyaluronic acid, and cellulose) and bioactive components (structural proteins such as collagen, gelatin, and silk fibroin) in hydrogels with adequate physical properties in terms of porosity, rheology, and mechanical strength. Hence, in this study attention is given to biofabrication methods and to the modification with biological macromolecules to become bioactive and, thus, optimize 3D printed structures that better mimic the cancer cell microenvironment. Ink formulations combining polysaccharides for tuning the mechanical properties and bioactive polymers for controlling cell adhesion is key to optimizing the growth of the cancer cells. © 2023 by the authors.

  • 32.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Zarna, Chiara
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Chinga-Carrasco, Gary
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Gene-Expression Analysis of Human Fibroblasts Affected by 3D-Printed Carboxylated Nanocellulose Constructs2023Ingår i: Bioengineering, E-ISSN 2306-5354, Vol. 10, nr 1, artikel-id 121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Three-dimensional (3D) printing has emerged as a highly valuable tool to manufacture porous constructs. This has major advantages in, for example, tissue engineering, in which 3D scaffolds provide a microenvironment with adequate porosity for cell growth and migration as a simulation of tissue regeneration. In this study, we assessed the suitability of three cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) that were obtained through 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpyperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO)-mediated oxidation. The CNFs were obtained by applying three levels of carboxylation, i.e., 2.5, 3.8, and 6.0 mmol sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) per gram of cellulose. The CNFs exhibited different nanofibrillation levels, affecting the corresponding viscosity and 3D printability of the CNF gels (0.6 wt%). The scaffolds were manufactured by micro-extrusion and the nanomechanical properties were assessed with nanoindentation. Importantly, fibroblasts were grown on the scaffolds and the expression levels of the marker genes, which are relevant for wound healing and proliferation, were assessed in order to reveal the effect of the 3D-scaffold microenvironment of the cells. © 2023 by the authors.

  • 33.
    Rozenbaum, Rene
    et al.
    University of Groningen, Netherlands.
    Su, Linzhu
    University of Groningen, Netherlands; Nankai University, China.
    Umerska, Anita
    Université Bretagne, France.
    Eveillard, Matthiou
    Université de Nantes, France.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Biovetenskap och material, Kemi och material.
    Mahlapuu, Margit
    Promore Pharma, Sweden.
    Huang, Fan
    Peking Union Medical College, China.
    Liu, Jian feng
    Peking Union Medical College, China.
    Zhang, Zhenkun
    Nankai University, China.
    Shi, Linqi
    Nankai University, China.
    van der Mei, Henny
    University of Groningen, Netherlands.
    Busscher, Henk
    University of Groningen, Netherlands.
    Sharma, Prashant
    University of Groningen, Netherlands.
    Antimicrobial synergy of monolaurin lipid nanocapsules with adsorbed antimicrobial peptides against Staphylococcus aureus biofilms in vitro is absent in vivo2019Ingår i: Journal of Controlled Release, ISSN 0168-3659, E-ISSN 1873-4995, Vol. 293, s. 73-83Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Bacterial infections are mostly due to bacteria in their biofilm-mode of growth, while penetrability of antimicrobials into infectious biofilms and increasing antibiotic resistance hamper infection treatment. In-vitro, monolaurin lipid nanocapsules (ML-LNCs) carrying adsorbed antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) displayed synergistic efficacy against planktonic Staphylococcus aureus, but it has not been demonstrated, neither in-vitro nor in-vivo, that such ML-LNCs penetrate into infectious S. aureus biofilms and maintain synergy with AMPs. This study investigates the release mechanism of AMPs from ML-LNCs and possible antimicrobial synergy of ML-LNCs with the AMPs DPK-060 and LL-37 against S. aureus biofilms in-vitro and in a therapeutic, murine, infected wound-healing model. Zeta potentials demonstrated that AMP release from ML-LNCs was controlled by the AMP concentration in suspension. Both AMPs demonstrated no antimicrobial efficacy against four staphylococcal strains in a planktonic mode, while a checkerboard assay showed synergistic antimicrobial efficacy when ML-LNCs and DPK-060 were combined, but not for combinations of ML-LNCs and LL-37. Similar effects were seen for growth reduction of staphylococcal biofilms, with antimicrobial synergy persisting only for ML-LNCs at the highest level of DPK-060 or LL-37 adsorption. Healing of wounds infected with bioluminescent S. aureus Xen36, treated with ML-LNCs alone, was faster when treated with PBS, while AMPs alone did not yield faster wound-healing than PBS. Faster, synergistic wound-healing due to ML-LNCs with adsorbed DPK-060, was absent in-vivo. Summarizing, antimicrobial synergy of ML-LNCs with adsorbed antimicrobial peptides as seen in-vitro, is absent in in-vivo healing of infected wounds, likely because host AMPs adapted the synergistic role of the AMPs added. Thus, conclusions regarding synergistic antimicrobial efficacy, should not be drawn from planktonic data, while even in-vitro biofilm data bear little relevance for the in-vivo situation. © 2018

  • 34.
    Svanström, Andreas
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Salerno, Simona
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jonasson, Emma
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ståhlberg, Anders
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Landberg, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    The Effect of Hypoxic and Normoxic Culturing Conditions in Different Breast Cancer 3D Model Systems2021Ingår i: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, E-ISSN 2296-4185, Vol. 9, artikel-id 711977Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of 3D cell cultures is currently emerging, and material development is essential in striving toward mimicking the microenvironment of a native tissue. By using the response of reporter cells to a 3D environment, a comparison between materials can be assessed, allowing optimization of material composition and microenvironment. Of particular interest, the response can be different in a normoxic and hypoxic culturing conditions, which in turn may alter the conclusion regarding a successful recreation of the microenvironment. This study aimed at determining the role of such environments to the conclusion of a better resembling cell culture model to native tissue. Here, the breast cancer cell line MCF7 was cultured in normoxic and hypoxic conditions on patient-derived scaffolds and compared at mRNA and protein levels to cells cultured on 3D printed scaffolds, Matrigel, and conventional 2D plastics. Specifically, a wide range of mRNA targets (40), identified as being regulated upon hypoxia and traditional markers for cell traits (cancer stem cells, epithelial–mesenchymal transition, pluripotency, proliferation, and differentiation), were used together with a selection of corresponding protein targets. 3D cultured cells were vastly different to 2D cultured cells in gene expression and protein levels on the majority of the selected targets in both normoxic and hypoxic culturing conditions. By comparing Matrigel and 3DPS-cultured cells to cells cultured on patient-derived scffolds, differences were also noted along all categories of mRNA targets while specifically for the GLUT3 protein. Overall, cells cultured on patient-derived scaffolds closely resembled cells cultured on 3D printed scaffolds, contrasting 2D and Matrigel-cultured cells, regardless of a normoxic or hypoxic culturing condition. Thus, these data support the use of either a normoxic or hypoxic culturing condition in assays using native tissues as a blueprint to optimize material composition. Copyright © 2021 Svanström, Rosendahl, Salerno, Jonasson, Håkansson, Ståhlberg and Landberg.

  • 35.
    Svanström, Andreas
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Salerno, Simona
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Leiva, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gregersson, Pernilla
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berglin, Mattias
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Bogestål, Yalda
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Lausmaa, Jukka
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Oko, Asaf
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Chinga-Carrasco, Gary
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Material- och ytdesign.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Standoft, Simon
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Ståhlberg, Anders
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Landberg, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Optimized alginate-based 3D printed scaffolds as a model of patient derived breast cancer microenvironments in drug discovery2021Ingår i: Biomedical Materials, ISSN 1748-6041, E-ISSN 1748-605X, Vol. 16, nr 4, artikel-id 045046Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The cancer microenvironment influences tumor progression and metastasis and is pivotal to consider when designing in vivo-like cancer models. Current preclinical testing platforms for cancer drug development are mainly limited to 2D cell culture systems that poorly mimic physiological environments and traditional, low throughput animal models. The aim of this work was to produce a tunable testing platform based on 3D printed scaffolds (3DPS) with a simple geometry that, by extracellular components and response of breast cancer reporter cells, mimics patient-derived scaffolds (PDS) of breast cancer. Here, the biocompatible polysaccharide alginate was used as base material to generate scaffolds consisting of a 3D grid containing periostin and hydroxyapatite. Breast cancer cell lines (MCF7 and MDA-MB-231) produced similar phenotypes and gene expression levels of cancer stem cell, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, differentiation and proliferation markers when cultured on 3DPS and PDS, contrasting conventional 2D cultures. Importantly, cells cultured on 3DPS and PDS showed scaffold-specific responses to cytotoxic drugs (doxorubicin and 5-fluorouracil) that were different from 2D cultured cells. In conclusion, the data presented support the use of a tunable alginate-based 3DPS as a tumor model in breast cancer drug discovery. © 2021 The Author(s).

  • 36.
    Ujigo, Satoshi
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; National Hospital Organization Higashihiroshima Medical Center, Japan.
    Jonsson, Daniel
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bogestål, Yalda
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Brive, Lena
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Olmarker, Kjell
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Structural Analysis of Experimentally Induced Disc Herniation-Like Changes in the Rat.2020Ingår i: Spine Surgery and Related Research, ISSN 2432-261X, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 117-123Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: A disc herniation has traditionally been considered as disc tissue that has slipped out from an intervertebral disc. However, it was recently suggested that the disc herniation mass is a product of bioactive substances from the disc and that the disc hernia would more likely be scar tissue than herniated disc material. In this study, we aimed to analyze the structural components of experimentally induced disc herniations and compare with scar tissue and nucleus pulposus, in the rat. Methods: Twenty-eight rats had their L4-5 discs punctured. After three weeks, the nodule that had been formed over the puncture site, scar tissue from the spine musculature, and normal nucleus pulposus were harvested and processed for further analysis. Results: Proteomics analysis demonstrated that the formed nodule was more similar to scar tissue than to nucleus pulposus. Gene expression analysis showed that there was no resemblance between any tissues when looking at inflammatory genes but that, there was a clear resemblance between the nodule and scar tissue when analyzing extracellular matrix-related genes. Analysis of the GAG and polysaccharide size distribution revealed that only the nodule and scar tissue contained the shorter versions, potentially short chain hyaluronic acid that is known to induce inflammatory responses. The hematoxylin and eosin stained sections of the nodule, disc tissue, and scar tissue indicated that the morphology of the nodule and scar tissue was very similar. Conclusions: The nodule formed after experimental disc puncture, and that resembles a disc hernia, has a more structural resemblance to scar tissue than disc tissue. The nodule is, therefore, more likely to be induced by disc-derived bioactive substances than being formed by herniated disc material.

  • 37.
    Zhang, Y.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SWEDEN; Jilin University, China.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fan, Y.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SWEDEN.
    Andrén, O. C. J.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SWEDEN.
    San Jacinto García, J.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SWEDEN.
    Qin, L.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SWEDEN; Xi'an Jiaotong University, China.
    Umerska, Anita
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Kemi, biomaterial och textil.
    Hutchinson, D. J.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SWEDEN.
    Lüchow, M.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SWEDEN.
    Mahlapuu, M.
    Promore Pharma AB, Sweden.
    Malkoch, M.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, SWEDEN.
    Dendritic Nanogels Directed Dual-Encapsulation Topical Delivery System of Antimicrobial Peptides Targeting Skin Infections2023Ingår i: Macromolecular Bioscience, ISSN 1616-5187, E-ISSN 1616-5195Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are promising antibacterial agents in the fight against multidrug resistant pathogens. However, their application to skin infections is limited by the absence of a realizable topical delivery strategy. Herein, a hybrid hierarchical delivery system for topical delivery of AMPs is accomplished through the incorporation of AMPs into dendritic nanogels (DNGs) and their subsequent embedding into poloxamer gel. The high level of control over the crosslink density and the number of chosen functionalities makes DNGs ideal capsules with tunable loading capacity for DPK-060, a human kininogen-derived AMP. Once embedded into the poloxamer gel, DPK-060 encapsulated in DNGs displays a slower release rate compared to those entrapped directly in the gels. In vitro EpiDerm Skin Irritation Tests show good biocompatibility, while MIC and time-kill curves reveal the potency of the peptide toward Staphylococcus aureus. Anti-infection tests on ex vivo pig skin and in vivo mouse infection models demonstrate that formulations with 0.5% and 1% AMPs significantly inhibit the growth of S. aureus. Similar outcomes are observed for an in vivo mouse surgical site infection model. Importantly, when normalizing the bacteria inhibition to released/free DPK-060 at the wound site, all formulations display superior efficacy compared to DPK-060 in solution. © 2023 The Authors. 

  • 38.
    Österberg, Klas
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bogestål, Yalda
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Jenndahl, Lachmi
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden.
    Gustafsson-Hedberg, Tobias
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden.
    Synnergren, Jane
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Holmgren, Gustav
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Bom, Eva
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Petronis, Sarunas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Krona, Annika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.
    Eriksson, Jonna
    TATAA Biocenter AB, Sweden.
    Rosendahl, Jennifer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Crisostomo, Veronica
    Jesús Usón Minimally Invasive Surgery Centre, Spain; CIBER de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares, Spain; RICORS-TERAV Network, Spain.
    Sanchez-Margallo, Francisco
    Jesús Usón Minimally Invasive Surgery Centre, Spain; CIBER de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares, Spain; RICORS-TERAV Network, Spain.
    Baez-Diaz, Claudia
    Jesús Usón Minimally Invasive Surgery Centre, Spain; CIBER de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares, Spain; RICORS-TERAV Network, Spain.
    Strehl, Raimund
    VERIGRAFT AB, Sweden.
    Håkansson, Joakim
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Personalized tissue-engineered veins - long term safety, functionality and cellular transcriptome analysis in large animals2023Ingår i: Biomaterials Science, ISSN 2047-4830, E-ISSN 2047-4849, Vol. 11, nr 11, s. 3860-3877Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Tissue engineering is a promising methodology to produce advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMPs). We have developed personalized tissue engineered veins (P-TEV) as an alternative to autologous or synthetic vascular grafts utilized in reconstructive vein surgery. Our hypothesis is that individualization through reconditioning of a decellularized allogenic graft with autologous blood will prime the tissue for efficient recellularization, protect the graft from thrombosis, and decrease the risk of rejection. In this study, P-TEVs were transplanted to vena cava in pig, and the analysis of three veins after six months, six veins after 12 months and one vein after 14 months showed that all P-TEVs were fully patent, and the tissue was well recellularized and revascularized. To confirm that the ATMP product had the expected characteristics one year after transplantation, gene expression profiling of cells from P-TEV and native vena cava were analyzed and compared by qPCR and sequencing. The qPCR and bioinformatics analysis confirmed that the cells from the P-TEV were highly similar to the native cells, and we therefore conclude that P-TEV is functional and safe in large animals and have high potential for use as a clinical transplant graft.

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