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  • 1.
    Fasth Berglund, Åsa
    et al.
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF. Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Mattsson, Sandra
    RISE., Swerea, IVF. Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Groth, Cecilia
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Åkerman, Magnus
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Creatinga structured MEETing arena for knowledge-sharing2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to describe how to create and structure a meeting arena bycombining organisation structure and information structure; this will be used in orderto create an innovative and creative arena for knowledge sharing and problemsolving within the company. The model is exemplified by four industrial casestudies.Results reveal that most of the companies do not have any standards forinformation- or knowledge sharing, most improvement potentials are seen instructuring and storing the right information (IS), aiming from tacit towards explicitknowledge (OS) and this could be done by structuring the questions in the OS-M-ISmodel and by creating innovative and creative meeting arenas.

  • 2.
    Fässberg, T.
    et al.
    Chalmers Univ. of Techn..
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Garmer, Karin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Fasth, Å.
    Chalmers Univ. of Techn..
    Mattsson, S.
    Chalmers Univ. of Techn..
    Dencker, Kerstin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Davidsson, A.
    Volvo Cars Corporation.
    Stahre, J.
    Chalmers Univ. of Techn..
    An empirical study towards a definition of production complexity2011Ingår i: 21st International Conference on Production Research: Innovation in Product and Production, ICPR 2011 - Conference Proceedings / [ed] Krause T.Spath D.Ilg R., Fraunhofer-Verlag , 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mass customisation increases the number of product variants, shortens product cycles, and results in increasingly complex production systems. The complexity needs to be defined, and further operationalized to support management of production complexity. This paper's contribution is the empirical findings of perceived production complexity at three manufacturing companies, from the perspective of different functions/roles within the production systems; production engineers, operative personnel, internal logistics, and in one company also man-hour planning. Data was collected through observations, interviews, and cross-functional workshops. Results show that mass customisation is the greatest driver and cause of complexity. The increase of product variants affects complexity for all three investigated roles in the production system.

  • 3.
    Gullander, Per
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Davidsson, Anna
    Dencker, Kerstin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Fasth Berglund, Åsa
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Fässberg, Tommy
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Towards a Production Complexity Model that Supports Operation, Re-balancing and Man-hour Planning2011Ingår i: Proceedings of the 4th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS): Lund, Sweden, 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mass customization and more variants, components, and frequent changes increase production complexity. This paper presents research project aimed at developing a feasible definition of complexity, a method for measuring complexity, which supports line rebalancing, man-hour planning, and complexity management, competence, and information support. The project is done in collaboration between Swerea IVF, Chalmers, Volvo Cars, Electrolux, Stoneridge, Electronics, and AB Volvo. Industrial studies were carried out to understand the needs for handling complexity. In parallel, a literature study was conducted over research on definitions, models and methods for complexity. In literature, complexity is commonly modelled by information and entropy of the system (randomness); and categorized into static/dynamic and subjective/objective. The research further concludes: unknown events increase with complexity, making management of uncertainty increasingly important, not only reducing but also coping with complexities; the role of humans and technology in work systems is crucial for coping with uncertainties; complexity models and methods must be easy to understand and use; and must take a holistic view of production; and include different user’s perspective and the subjective complexity.

  • 4.
    Gullander, Per
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Fast- Berglund, Åsa
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Mattsson, Sandra
    RISE., Swerea, IVF. Chalmers University of Technology.
    Groth, Cecilia
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Åkerman, Magnus
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Stahre, Johan
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    The innovative glue between the organization system and information system2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Gullander, Per
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Mattsson, Sandra
    RISE., Swerea, IVF.
    Fässberg, Tommy
    Van Landeghem, Hendrik
    Zeltzer, Luiza
    Limère, Veronique
    Aghezzaf, El-Houssaine
    Stahre, Johan
    Comparing Two Methods to Measure Assembly Complexity From An Operator Perspective2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköpings Universitetet.
    wangwacharakul, Prompron
    Linköpings Universitetet.
    Review of research on national cultures’ influences on achieving efficient and innovative product realization processes for global collaboration2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Langbeck, Björn
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Medbo, Lars
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Wännström, Carl
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Johansson, Mats
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Swedish Production System (SwePS) – ett kompetenslyft för fordonsindustrin inom Lean Produktion2012Ingår i: Proceedings from VINNOVA conference on "Lean och innovationsförmåga – hinder, möjligheter och kunskapsluckor", 2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Lundin, Roger
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Wandebäck, Fredrik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Framtidens industriarbete: inspiration för utveckling av industriarbetet för ökad konkurrenskraft2011Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en övertygelse om att sättet som vi utvecklar industriarbetet på ger fördelar och konkurrensfördelar som inte går lätt att kopiera! Denna skrift visar hur några av de bästa företagen i Sverige utvecklar industriarbetet för att stärka sin konkurrenskraft och produktion i Sverige. Här är produktion och produktivitet i fokus som samtidigt skapar bra förutsättningar för individen och erbjuder ett attraktivt långsiktigt hållbart arbete. I en grundbild beskrivs gemensamma kvaliteter som företagen eftersträvar att stärka och vidareutveckla. Skriften ger inspiration för att ta fram en gemensam målbild inom det egna företaget för utveckling av industriarbetet som har förutsättningar att skapa fördelar både för företaget och medarbetare. Den innehåller också ett workshopunderlag för att analysera nuläget (bra initiativ, aktuella utmaningar, företagets egna styrkor), för att identifiera och prioritera aktiviteter och ta fram ett underlag till en handlingsplan. Skriften bygger på erfarenheter från  SKF, Scania CV, Alfa Laval Lund, SSAB EMEA, Atlas Copco Secoroc, Skaraverken, Furhoffs Rostfria, Westbaltic Components, Volvo Personvagnar och forskare från olika forskningsfält i Sverige. Studien och denna skrift har genomförts på uppdrag av IF Metall, Teknikföretagen, Swerea IVFs Intressentförening och Vinnova.

  • 9.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Lundin, Roger
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Wandebäck, Fredrik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Berglund, M.
    Development of industrial work of the future: – a study of Swedish manufacturing companies2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Li, Dan
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Fast-Berglund, Åsa
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Ruud, Lars
    LaRay AB, Sweden.
    Identifying Improvement Areas in Production Planning Meetings by Assessing Organisation and Information Systems at a Small Production Company2016Ingår i: Swedish Production Symposium 2016, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased mass-customisation of production requires operators to manage an increasing number of complex work tasks. From a social sustainability perspective, better sharing and dissemination of production information supports operators cognitively to manage and understand their work tasks, which in turn improves quality of work. So, the focus of this paper is to study how production planning meetings can be improved. Previous research suggests that the MEET model can be used as a framework for improving meetings and information sharing by studying 10 different areas within a company’s Organisation System (OS) and Information System (IS) whilst considering the time and place prerequisites and aims for these meetings. In this paper, the applicability of the MEET model and its 10 areas are tested at a small production company by applying two different approaches. First, a questionnaire was presented to and filled out by a manager, the results of the questionnaire identifies the improvement potential of each of the 10 areas. Second, a comprehensive current-state analysis based on observations on the shop-floor and interviews with operators were carried out with regards to the 10 areas. The results from these two approaches were compared and the comparison showed that both approaches point towards similar areas for potential improvements. This paper concludes that the MEET model can be used as a general framework to inspire change by suggesting areas with potential improvement in information sharing. While the selfassessment questionnaire can identify a direction, additional information and involvement of other stakeholders are recommended for actual implementations of change. For future research, the methods based on the MEET model will be further developed to improve accuracy and the suggestions provided to the case company in this paper will be tested as a validation of the model.

  • 11.
    Li, Dan
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Paulin, Dan
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Fast-Berglund, Åsa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB.
    Bligård, Lars-Ola
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Supporting individual needs for intra-organisational knowledge sharing activities in pre-industry 4.0 SMEs2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning, ICICKM, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2018, s. 160-170Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The complexity of modern manufacturing industry and the emergence of Industry 4.0 puts changing cognitive demands on human operators at work. Operators in this environment, Operator 4.0, will share knowledge through the use of new digital technologies that should be implemented in parallel with an organizational development towards Organization 4.0. On an individual level within the organization, people benefit from understanding their own knowledge needs and gain necessary knowledge through knowledge sharing activities. In pre-Industry 4.0 organizations, this is done primarily through meetings. Originally developed to create smart meetings in smart factories, an elaborated version of the MEET model (Gullander et al, 2014) is used in this paper to evaluate the needs for sharing of tacit and explicit knowledge, both in regards to how it affects the Information System and the Organization System. By adding a systematic process approach to mapping individual knowledge needs related to production activities, these needs can be identified for each process step. By using this systematic approach to apply the MEET model, two Swedish SMEs within the manufacturing industry have developed their knowledge sharing activities. This human-centred study, based on questionnaires and interviews, focuses on how shop-floor operators perceive changes in knowledge sharing activities due to the use of the MEET model. Novelty in this research lies in the attempt to link the technology-intensive Industry 4.0 development with an organizational emphasis. Results show that the applied method can be used to pragmatically improve knowledge sharing from certain aspects, but further research is required to determine the correlation between different areas and their effect on knowledge sharing. This paper suggests that knowledge sharing in organizations can be benefitted from Industry 4.0 enabling technologies, introducing this as Organization 4.0. 

  • 12.
    Mattson, Sandra
    et al.
    Product and Production Systems, Chalmers University of Technology..
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Davidsson, Anna
    Volvo Cars Corporation.
    Method for measuring production complexity2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Mattsson, S.
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Fasth, A.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Stahre, J.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Karlsson, M.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Dencker, Kerstin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Davidsson, A.
    Volvo Car Corporation.
    Validation of the complexity index method at three manufacturing companies2013Ingår i: Proceedings - 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Assembly and Manufacturing, ISAM 2013, 2013, s. 55-57Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to manage increasing numbers of product variants, tools that can reduce or manage production complexity are vital. The paper describes CompleXity Index (CXI), an index-based method and tool that assess the complexity at an industrial workstation. CXI was validated at three Swedish manufacturing companies investigating how different roles affect the index calculation and if the method measures what was intended. In all three cases, CXI was seen as a useful tool that provided a holistic view of the problems seen at a station. In addition it was indicated that complexity and unbalanced work was connected and that the method could be used to predict problem areas on new stations. © 2013 IEEE.

  • 14.
    Mattsson, S.
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Bäckstrand, Gunnar
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Fasth, Åsa
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Davidsson, Anna
    Volvo Car Corporation.
    Testing complexity index - A method for measuring perceived production complexity2012Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, 2012, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 394-399Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    CompleXity Index (CXI) is a method developed to help manufacturing companies to describe complexity as experienced and to assist in reducing the effects it has on operator performance. The method is targeting the perceived complexity and was tested at Volvo Cars Corporation. Reproducibility of the method could be seen between respondents and was considered a valuable tool for visualizing problem-areas at the stations. It is suggested that objective data could be one way to identify which stations should be tested in-depth with the CXI method, and that CXI could be used for suggesting improvements or appropriate support tools. © 2012 The Authors.

  • 15.
    Mattsson, S.
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Karlsson, M.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Van Landeghem, H.
    Ghent University.
    Zeltzer, L.
    Ghent University.
    Limère, V.
    Ghent University.
    Aghezzaf, E.-H.
    Ghent University.
    Fasth, A.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Stahre, J.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Comparing quantifiable methods to measure complexity in assembly2014Ingår i: International Journal of Manufacturing Research, 2014, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 112-130Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to measure complexity and stay competitive, manufacturing companies need to be able to quantify production complexity. For this reason, two methods were developed within the context of two concurrent research projects are compared: the Belgian Complexity Calculator, CXC, measures objective complexity and the Swedish Complexity Index, CXI, focuses on subjective complexity, as experienced by operators in the stations. This paper presents a comparative analysis of the two methods by comparing them to seven relevant existing quantitative methods and by examining results from case studies. It is observed that the two methods can be used as a compliment to one another, where CXC can be used for scanning data automatically CXI can be used for in-depth analysis. In addition, the comparison of existing methods provides insight on how to measure complexity depending on need and scope. copy; 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 16.
    Mattsson, Sandra
    et al.
    RISE., Swerea, IVF. Chalmers Universitet.
    Fasth, Åsa
    Chalmers Universitet.
    Dencker, Kersin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Stahre, Johan
    Chalmers Universitet.
    Karlsson, Malin
    Chalmers Universitet.
    Davidsson, Anna
    Volvo Car Corporation.
    Validation of the complexity index method at three manufacturing companies2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Solding, Petter
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, SWECAST.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Concepts for simulation based value stream mapping2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 18.
    Wangwacharakul, P.
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Berglund, M.
    Linköping University.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF. University of Technology.
    Cultural aspects when implementing lean production and lean product development -experiences from a Swedish perspective2014Ingår i: Quality Innovation Prosperity, ISSN 1335-1745, E-ISSN 1338-984X, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 125-140Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lean principles and methods, originating in a Japanese cultural context, have spread to a large number of companies throughout the world. The aim of this case study research is to identify and compare national cultural aspects that influence Lean Production and Lean Product Development implementation in Swedish companies. Data were collected through questionnaires, interviews and an industrial workshop with Swedish Lean practitioners. The study shows that some sub-areas in Lean, such as value definition, control systems, leadership, team development, knowledge management, and strategies, are highly dependent on contextual factors related to human, cultural and organizational aspects. These are related to the national culture and should be considered to a higher extent for successful sustainable implementation of Lean in different cultural contexts. As for implementing Lean in Sweden, national cultural characteristics, such as individualism, autonomy and supportive management style fit well with Lean thinking.

  • 19.
    Wangwacharakul, Promporn
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Berglund, Marina
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Cultural Aspects when Implementing Lean Production and Lean Product Development–a Swedish Perspective2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
1 - 19 av 19
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