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  • 1.
    Cameron, Christopher
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Hozić, Dženan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Stig, Fredrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    van der Veen, Sjord
    Airbus Operations SAS, France.
    A method for optimization against cure-induced distortion in composite parts2023Ingår i: Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), ISSN 1615-147X, E-ISSN 1615-1488, Vol. 66, nr 3, artikel-id 51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a novel method developed for the optimization of composite components against distortion caused by cure-induced residual stresses. A novel ply stack alteration algorithm is described, which is coupled to a parametrized CAD/FE model used for optimization. Elastic strain energy in 1D spring elements, used to constrain the structure during analysis, serves as an objective function incorporating aspects of global/local part stiffness in predicted distortion. Design variables such as the number and stacking sequence of plies, and geometric parameters of the part are used. The optimization problem is solved using commercial software combined with Python scripts. The method is exemplified with a case study of a stiffened panel subjected to buckling loads. Results are presented, and the effectiveness of the method to reduce the effects of cure-induced distortion is discussed. © 2023, The Author(s).

  • 2.
    Cameron, Christopher J.
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Material och produktion, SICOMP.
    Saseendran, Sibin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Material och produktion, SICOMP.
    Stig, Fredrik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Material och produktion, SICOMP.
    Rouhi, Mohammad
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Material och produktion, SICOMP.
    A rapid method for residual cure stress analysis for optimization of cure induced distortion effects2018Ingår i: ECCM 2018 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials, Applied Mechanics Laboratory , 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Within this paper, the authors present a rapid method for residual cure stress analysis. The method uses a high-fidelity path-dependent cure kinetics analysis subroutine implemented in Abaqus to calibrate values for a linear elastic analysis. The path dependent model accounts for the tool-part interaction, forming pressure, and the changing composite modulus during the rubbery region of matrix curing during an arbitrary cure cycle. Results are used to calculate equivalent lamina-wise coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) in 3 directions for a linear temperature analysis. The goal is to accurately predict distortions for large complex geometries with a single linear temperature load as rapidly and accurately as possible for use in an optimization framework. A carbon-epoxy system is studied. Simple parts are manufactured using unbalanced layups and out-of-autoclave methods. The resulting distortions are scanned with a 3D scanner and compared with simulation results for the same geometries. Further, a more complicated part is studied to compare the two methods using complex geometry. Results are presented and the accuracy and limitations of the rapid simulation method are discussed with particular focus on implementation in a numerical optimization framework.

  • 3.
    Cameron, Christopher
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Larsson, Johan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Loukil, Mohamed
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Murtagh, Timothy
    RUAG Space, Sweden.
    Wennhage, Per
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Bearing strength performance of mixed thin/thick-ply, quasi-isotropic composite laminates2021Ingår i: Composite structures, ISSN 0263-8223, E-ISSN 1879-1085, Vol. 261, artikel-id 113312Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of using thin plies to increase the bearing strength of composite laminates has been investigated. A series of 5 laminates of theoretically identical stiffness with varying proportions of thin plies were manufactured using a single material system. Four specimens from each plate were tested for bearing strength and damage was subsequently characterized using an optical microscope. The results show that performance in terms of bearing stiffness, strength at onset of damage, and ultimate bearing stress increase proportionally with the increasing amount of thin plies within the stack. Shifting from a 100% conventional ply laminate to a 100% thin-ply laminate gave an increase of 47% in the strength at onset of damage. Placement of the thin plies within the stack was also shown to be important for strength at initial onset of damage. Microscopic examination of the failure modes for all samples showed fiber kinking, localized to the center of the hole, to be the dominant failure mode regardless of the stacking sequence. © 2020 The Authors

  • 4.
    Cameron, Christopher
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Saseendran, Sibin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Stig, Fredrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Rouhi, Mohammad
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer. National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    A rapid method for simulating residual stress to enable optimization against cure induced distortion2021Ingår i: Journal of composite materials, ISSN 0021-9983, E-ISSN 1530-793X, Vol. 55, nr 26, s. 3799-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a rapid method for residual cure stress analysis from composite manufacturing is presented. The method uses a high-fidelity path-dependent cure kinetics subroutine implemented in ABAQUS to calibrate a linear elastic model. The path-dependent model accounts for the tool-part interaction, forming pressure, and the changing composite modulus during the rubbery phase of matrix curing. Results are used to calculate equivalent lamina-wise coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) in 3 directions for a linear temperature analysis. The goal is to accurately predict distortions for large complex geometries as rapidly as possible for use in an optimization framework. A carbon-epoxy system is studied. Simple coupons and complex parts are manufactured and measured with a 3 D scanner to compare the manufactured and simulated distortion. Results are presented and the accuracy and limitations of the rapid simulation method are discussed with particular focus on implementation in a numerical optimization framework. © The Author(s) 2021.

  • 5.
    Francis, Sachin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Bru, Thomas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Asp, Leif
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Wysocki, Maciej
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion.
    Cameron, Christopher
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Characterisation of tape-based carbon fibre thermoplastic discontinuous composites for energy absorption2021Ingår i: Plastics, rubber and composites, ISSN 1465-8011, E-ISSN 1743-2898, Vol. 50, nr 7, s. 351-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Tape-based discontinuous composite is a relatively new type of composite material that offers improved mechanical properties for similar process-ability compared to Sheet Moulding Compound or Bulk Moulding Compound. This makes it potentially attractive for the automotive industry. In this paper, a thin-ply carbon fibre reinforced polypropylene-based discontinuous composite is studied. Mechanical tests are performed to obtain the tensile, compression and shear behaviour of the material. The energy absorption via tearing is also studied to assess the suitability of the material for energy absorption applications, such as crash-boxes. The tearing test results show a large degree of plastic deformation and an advancing damage front leading to higher specific energy absorption via tearing compared to conventional composite materials. © 2021 The Author(s). 

  • 6.
    Hozić, Dzenan
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Thore, Carl-Johan
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Cameron, Christopher
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Loukil, Mohamed
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Linköping University, Sweden.
    A new method for simultaneous material and topology optimization of composite laminate structures using Hyperbolic Function Parametrization2021Ingår i: Composite structures, ISSN 0263-8223, E-ISSN 1879-1085, Vol. 276, artikel-id 114374Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a new discrete parametrization method for simultaneous topology and material optimization of composite laminate structures, referred to as Hyperbolic Function Parametrization (HFP). The novelty of HFP is the way the candidate materials are parametrized in the optimization problem. In HFP, a filtering technique based on hyperbolic functions is used, such that only one design variable is used for any given number of material candidates. Compared to state-of-the-art methods such Discrete Material and Topology Optimization (DMTO) and Shape Function with Penalization (SFP), HFP has much fewer optimization variables and constraints but introduces additional non-linearity in the optimization problems. A comparative analysis of HFP, DMTO and SFP are performed based on the problem of maximizing the stiffness of composite plates under a total volume constraint and multiple manufacturing constraints using various loads, boundary conditions and input parameters. The comparison shows that all three methods are highly sensitive to the choice of input parameters for the optimization problem, although the performance of HFP is overall more consistent. HFP method performs similarly to DMTO and SFP in terms of the designs obtained and computational cost. However, HFP obtains similar or better objective function values compared to the DMTO and SFP methods. © 2021 The Author(s)

  • 7.
    Hozić, Dzenan
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Thore, Carl-Johan
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Cameron, Christopher
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Loukil, Mohamed
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Deterministic-based robust design optimization of composite structures under material uncertainty2023Ingår i: Composite structures, ISSN 0263-8223, E-ISSN 1879-1085, Vol. 322, artikel-id 117336Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a new deterministic robust design optimization method for composite laminate structures under worst-case material uncertainty. The method is based on a simultaneous parametrization of topology and material and combines a design problem and a material uncertainty problem into a single min–max optimization problem which provides an efficient approach to handle variation of material properties in stiffness driven design optimization problems. An analysis is performed using a design problem based on a failure criterion formulation to evaluate the ability of the proposed method to generate robust composite designs. The design problem is solved using various loads, boundary conditions and manufacturing constraints. The designs generated with the proposed method have improved objective responses compared to the worst-case response of designs generated with nominal material properties and are less sensitive to the variation of material properties. The analysis indicates that the proposed method can be efficiently applied in a robust structural optimization framework. © 2023 The Author(s)

  • 8.
    Hozić, Dzenan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Thore, Carl-Johan
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Cameron, Christopher
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Loukil, Mohamed
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Material uncertainty quantification for optimized composite structures with failure criteria2023Ingår i: Composite structures, ISSN 0263-8223, E-ISSN 1879-1085, Vol. 305, artikel-id 116409Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a method to analyze effects of material uncertainty in composite laminate structures optimized using a simultaneous topology and material optimization approach. The method is based on computing worst-case values for the material properties and provides an efficient way of handling variation in material properties of composites for stiffness driven optimization problems. An analysis is performed to evaluate the impact of material uncertainty on designs from two design problems: Maximization of stiffness and minimization of a failure criteria index, respectively. The design problems are solved using different loads, boundary conditions and manufacturing constraints. The analysis indicates that the influence of material uncertainty is dependent on the type of optimization problem. For compliance problems the impact on the objective value is proportional to the changes of the constitutive properties and the effect of material uncertainty is consistent and predictable for the generated designs. The strength-based problem shows that material uncertainty has a significant impact on the response, and the effects of material uncertainty is not consistent and changes for different design requirements. In addition, the results show an increase of up to 25% of the maximum failure index when considering the worst-case deviation of the constitutive properties from their nominal values. © 2022 The Author(s)

  • 9.
    Olsson, Robin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Cameron, Christopher
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Moreau, Florence
    Oxeon AB, Sweden.
    Marklund, Erik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Merzkirch, Matthias
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Pettersson, Jocke
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Polymera material och kompositer.
    Design, Manufacture, and Cryogenic Testing of a Linerless Composite Tank for Liquid Hydrogen2024Ingår i: Applied Composite Materials, ISSN 0929-189X, E-ISSN 1573-4897Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes design, manufacture, and testing of a linerless composite vessel for liquid hydrogen, having 0.3 m diameter and 0.9 m length. The vessel consists of a composite cylinder manufactured by wet filament winding of thin-ply composite bands, bonded to titanium end caps produced by additive manufacturing. The aim was to demonstrate the linerless design concept with a thin-ply composite for the cylinder. The investigation is limited to the internal pressure vessel, while real cryogenic tanks also involve an outer vessel containing vacuum for thermal insulation. Thermal stresses dominate during normal operation (4 bar) and the layup was selected for equal hoop strains in the composite cylinder and end caps during filling with liquid hydrogen. Two vessels were tested in 20 cycles, by filling and emptying with liquid nitrogen to 4 bar, without signs of damage or leakage. Subsequently, one vessel was tested until burst at almost 30 bar.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 10.
    O'Reilly, C. J.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Göransson, P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Funazaki, A.
    Japan Automobile Research Institute, Japan.
    Suzuki, T.
    Japan Automobile Research Institute, Japan.
    Edlund, S.
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Sweden.
    Gunnarsson, C.
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Sweden.
    Lundow, J. -O
    Bombardier Transportation, Sweden.
    Cerin, P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; Swedish Energy Agency, Sweden.
    Cameron, Christopher
    RISE., Swerea, SICOMP. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wennhage, P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Potting, J.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Netherlands.
    Life cycle energy optimisation: A proposed methodology for integrating environmental considerations early in the vehicle engineering design process2016Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 135, s. 750-759Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To enable the consideration of life cycle environmental impacts in the early stages of vehicle design, a methodology using the proxy of life cycle energy is proposed in this paper. The trade-offs in energy between vehicle production, operational performance and end-of-life are formulated as a mathematical problem, and simultaneously balanced with other transport-related functionalities, and may be optimised. The methodology is illustrated through an example design study, which is deliberately kept simple in order to emphasise the conceptual idea. The obtained optimisation results demonstrate that there is a unique driving-scenario-specific design solution, which meets functional requirements with a minimum life cycle energy cost. The results also suggest that a use-phase focussed design may result in a solution, which is sub-optimal from a life cycle point-of-view. © 2016 The Authors

  • 11.
    O’Reilly, Ciaran J.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Göransson, Peter
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Potting, Jose
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Cameron, Christopher J.
    RISE., Swerea, SICOMP. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wennhage, Per
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Life-cycle energy optimisation for sustainable vehicle design2014Ingår i: FISITA 2014 World Automotive Congress - Proceedings, FISITA , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A methodology is presented in this paper, in which the trade-offs in energy between vehicle production, operational performance and end-of-life are formulated as a mathematical problem that may be optimised. This methodology enables the consideration of the life-cycle environmental impact, through the proxy of life-cycle energy, in the very first stages of transport vehicle design where it can be concurrently balanced with other functionalities. The methodology is illustrated through a sandwich panel design case study. The optimisation results for this case demonstrate that a design solution does exist, which meets functional requirements with a minimum life-cycle energy cost. They also highlight that a pure lightweight design may result in a solution, which is sub-optimal from a life cycle point-of-view. © 2014, FISITA. All rights reserved.

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