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  • 1.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Organisational conditions for safety management practice in homecare and nursing homes, pre-pandemic and in pandemic2024Inngår i: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 174, artikkel-id 106488Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic was a major challenge for health care and eldercare service all over the world, regarding prevention of spread of contagion to both the elderly and care workers. This study used a mix method design, aiming to identify important conditions for Occupational Health and Safety Management (OHSM) in practice in home care and nursing homes, in general and regarding the prevention of spread of contagion. The result show how conditions for OHSM differed according to eldercare setting and had stronger importance in homecare, both pre-pandemic and in pandemic. Routines and standardized procedures of OHSM was introduced and improved during the pandemic. The routines and standardized procedures had importance for OHSM and COVID-specific OHSM, especially in homecare (r2: 0,86) but also in nursing homes (r2: 0,39). Team communication of risks, work adjustments and equality climate were also of importance. The OHSM work in homecare was understood as Rooms for re-constructing standardized guidelines to un-standardized settings. The practice of safety work was formed by room for elders’ independent decisions of forming their homes and by room for groupthink shaped by employees’ earlier knowledge experiences and norms. Supportive conditions with equal climate, explicable routines, visual instructions and reflections of OHSM have stronger importance where work environments are unstandardized and work and organizational conditions underdeveloped (i.e. homecare). To better bridge the gap between work as imagine and done in unstandardized contexts, conditions in general and specifically the opportunities to reflect and adapt routines together need to be improved. 

  • 2.
    Eriksson, Andrea
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Williamsson, Anna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    How Conditions and Resources Connected to Digital Management Systems and Remote Work Are Associated with Sustainable Work2022Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, nr 23, artikkel-id 15731Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The current state of work–life transformation will see more white-collar work being performed remotely using digital management systems. There is, however, a lack of research on factors and resources contributing to sustainable work when working remotely using digital management systems. The aim of this study was to study the conditions and resources connected to digital management systems and remote work, and their associations with sustainable work, in terms of process quality, trust, and sense of coherence, when working remotely during the COVID-19 pandemic. An analytical cross-sectional study was performed. Questionnaire data from white-collar employees (n = 484) in two private companies were analyzed with regression models, focusing on the importance of the conditions and resources connected to digital management systems and remote work, stratified by working from home or at the office. The results showed digital conditions and resources being associated with indicators of sustainable work. Furthermore, the results showed that social work relations were additional important explanatory factors for sustainable remote work. This study contributes to the development of a new post-pandemic work–life balance by concluding that sustainable remote work needs to be ensured by functional digital management systems and adequate leadership supporting the development of a positive team and learning climate. © 2022 by the authors.

  • 3.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Ekwall, Per-Erik
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Design process of live-action video instructions2023Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this design project is to explore ways of co-designing instructional videos, together with representatives from the elderly care sector, that show how to use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) related to the Covid-19 pandemic and how to follow basic hygiene routines. We have used Design Thinking (DT) and Research through design (RtD) methodology. The results show that the main improvements derived from using a co-design process were input on the details needed to make the video more realistic and reflective of real-world scenarios.

  • 4.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Stakeholder collaboration inspired by the Nordic model – Towards sustainable work and competitiveness during an industrial startup2021Inngår i: European Journal of Workplace Innovation, ISSN 2387-4570, Vol. 6, nr 1-2, s. 198-219Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    External stakeholder collaboration is vital for new industrial projects and establishments. The aim of this paper is to explore why and how new firms can create relations and stakeholder collaboration with trade unions during industrial start-ups. A case study was carried out in the early phases of a new firm´s major greenfield project aimed at establishing a new industrial domain in a Nordic context. The results showed that early co-operation between a new firm and trade unions has the potential to proactively address prerequisites for sustainable work in design phases of new factories, but also to strengthen the attention to other dimensions of social sustainability that are crucial for an industrial start-up’s longterm possibilities for success. However, specifically in a rapidly growing new firm, there needs to be a systematic approach that incorporates continuous anchoring activities both within and between the stakeholders. Practical implications are how new firms can initiate and establish co-operation with trade unions and other social partners in fast-moving work environments and change processes. Hence, the study identifies advantages and approaches for new firms to build relations  with trade unions in a stakeholder collaboration chain inspired by the Nordic model. Further, to proactively pay attention to dimensions of social sustainability in a new firm´s early development phases and change processes, such as industrial start-ups, seems beneficial from an individual, business, and a societal perspective.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Samverkans betydelse vid kris och radikal förändring: Strategisk, taktisk och operativ samverkan i arbetet under covid-19 pandemin2022Inngår i: Book of abstracts FALF 2022, 2022, s. 67-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Skyddsutrustning vid Covid 19 – Metodik för säker produktframtagning vid egen beredskapsproduktion2021Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    During spring 2020 the covid 19 virus spread all over the world. A supply shortage of  personnel protective equipment (PPE) was apparent due to an increase of global need for PPE and worsened due to breakage of supply chains, closed factories, and boarders. It was difficult to rely on the ordinary global market for supply of PPE during the strained  situation caused by the pandemic. Employers, who are responsible for ensuring  security for their staff and not exposed to dangerous infections, tried to obtain personal protective equipment by various means. The result describes different methods to meet the need of PPE, such as emergency stockpile, acute purchase, gifts, voluntary- or own production in collaboration with local industry. There are apparent problems with having a sufficiently extensive contingency stock of PPE pending a possible pandemic or rely on being able to make acute purchases or receive gifts from the surrounding community. Voluntary production alone seldom reaches necessary volumes and it is difficult to ensure all aspects of sufficient quality. However, a temporary emergency production of PPE can quickly be started together with local domestic industry. The result describes the core components in such process. The requirements and standards regulating PPE mainly sets material requirements. We recommend getting an understanding of these requirement when sourcing raw materials or components. It is also important to have standardized operation procedures with easy to learn instructions in place and a quality assurance system preferably with fault proof process design (poka yoke). Through these steps and design, production can start quickly even with unexperienced staff and still be able to provide sufficient volumes of approved quality. Finally, the documentation, labelling and instructions for use of PPE are necessary to have in place and sent together with the product to the end user. The recommendation to authorities is to simplify the description of PPE requirements and procedures for permits.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Mattsson, Sandra
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Digitalt stöd och kultur för universell utformning av manuella arbeten2021Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents how universal design of manual assembly was supported through digital support in a project called Universal design of workplaces - manual assembly (UUAAMM). In the project we have followed a company Husmuttern AB and evaluated their approach to universal design. The aim of the project was to increase universal design in industry and show how other companies can use it and why. The approach focused on four areas: sustainable work, standard operational procedures, digital support and culture.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Full text
  • 8.
    Mattsson, Sandra
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Almström, P.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Synthesis of Universal Workplace Design in Assembly-A Case Study2022Inngår i: Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering, IOS Press BV , 2022, Vol. 21, s. 184-196Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To form an inclusive and sustainable society, workplace design that can be used by different individuals, regardless of sex, language, background, and body function variations is needed. Such workplaces can also give economic benefits to companies if they provide a more accessible, safer, more productive and error proofed working environment. This aim of this paper is to evaluate a universal design concept developed at a company aiming at providing an 'easy job'-workplace design for manual industrial operations. The study investigated key factors from 8 interviews and compared it to theoretical constructs such as WHO's ICIDH-2. A synthesis was formed that included the following factors: personal factors, environmental factors and outcomes of universal work. The study has resulted in new insights regarding universal workplace design and the vision is that the synthesis can be used by other production companies that want to increase the universal design in assembly work. © 2022 The authors

  • 9.
    Mattsson, Sandra
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Almström, Peter
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Framework for universal design of digital support and workplace design in industry2023Inngår i: international journal of manufacturing research, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 392-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to propose a framework for universal design of manual assembly workplaces. Workplaces that are adapted to different individuals, regardless of gender, language, background and functional variations, also support the fundamental goals of the Industry 5.0 concept and an accessible, safer, productive and error-proof work environment. The study included: 1) a qualitative study on key factors for universal design and comparison with universal design theory; 2) improvement suggestions to the company based on observations, interviews and theory; 3) a framework for universal design. The framework included the following areas: personalisation and context, activities/tasks and output, and methods/standards and factors were suggested so that companies could start their analysis work for the design. The study resulted in new insights and empirics regarding universal workplace design.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Skagert, Katrin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Dellve, Lotta
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Implementing Organizational WHP Into Practice: Obstructing Paradoxes in the Alignment and Distribution of Empowerment2020Inngår i: Frontiers In Public Health, ISSN 2296-2565, Vol. 8, artikkel-id 579197Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: According to policy and theory, there is need for organizational workplace health promotion (WHP) to strengthen working conditions for all employees. However, earlier studies show it is hard to implement in practice. The aim was to critically analyze and identify interacting mechanisms and obstacles behind failures of organizational WHP projects from system perspectives. Methods: A holistic case study was performed, to critically analyze data from an organizational WHP project approach at a public health care organization. The qualitative data was collected over 5 years and included interviews with key actors (n = 80), focus groups (n = 59 managers), structured observations (n = 250 hours), continuous field observations and documents (n = 180). Questionnaires to employees (n = 2,974) and managers (n = 140) was complementing the qualitative-driven mixed method approach. Results: The analysis shows obstructing paradoxes of alignment and distribution of empowerment during the process of implementation into practice. The obstacles were interacting over system levels and were identified as: Governance by logics of distancing and detaching, No binding regulation of WHP, Separated responsibility of results, Narrow focus on delegated responsibilities, Store-fronting a strategic model, Keeping poor organizational preconditions and support for developments and Isolate WHP from other organizational developments. Conclusions: The following premises can be formulated regarding successful organizational WHP programs. Consider (1) the uncertainty a distributed empowerment to all system levels may create; (2) the distributed impact to define the target and allow broader areas to be included in WHP; and (3) the integration into other development processes and not reducing the organizational WHP to the form of a project. 

  • 11.
    Wallo, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Martin, Jason
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning. Linköping university, SwedenU.
    Bozic, Nina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Williamsson, Anna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Mapping the challenges of a socially sustainable, competitive, and green industry in the age of rapid change: A Delphi study2023Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the findings of a Delphi study coordinated by Linköping University (LiU) in collaboration with RISE Research Institutes of Sweden and the Chalmers University of Technology. The study was carried out in 2022 as part of a Vinnova-funded planning project aimed at establishing an interdisciplinary research environment to prepare an application for a new competence centre focused on building a long-term, sustainable Swedish industry. The Delphi study aimed to identify key challenges related to the ambition to develop a socially sustainable, competitive, and green industry subjected to an accelerating pace of change. The Delphi study was based on an interactive research approach to facilitate the cocreation of knowledge for the dual purpose of advancing long-term theory development and innovation processes. The consortium and its reference groups consist of industrial companies (such as AstraZeneca, Ericsson IndustryLab, Rimaster, Saab Aeronautics, Scania, Volvo GTO and Volvo Cars), intermediaries and educational actors (such as Skill, IUC Sverige and Linköping Science Park), labour market organisations (including IF Metall, Industriarbetsgivarna, Unionen, and Teknikföretagen), governmental agencies (the Office for Sustainable Working life), and researchers from LiU, Chalmers, and RISE. There are key industrial targets forming the starting point for the Delphi study that also guide policies and investments in strategic agendas for the industrial stakeholders. For the Swedish industry to be resilient and sustainable, new competence and organisational abilities are required to decrease the dependency on fossil energy in production. Transformation towards electrification, circular economy, and digitalisation are key enablers, and these transitions are ongoing and accelerating at a fast pace. Furthermore, new and constantly emerging targets require organisational resilience, like managing new requirements and targets within energy consumption and supply of competence. The findings of this report include a total of 14 identified challenges. To organise and create conditions for flexible work for all To successfully manage crises and drastic external events To successfully drive and contribute to the green industrial transformation To facilitate employee-driven innovation and organisational learning To attract, develop and retain employees with the right skills To take advantage of and exploit the opportunities of digitalisation To create inclusive workplaces and utilise diversity To organise competence development To collaborate with external parties to ensure the availability of competence To design for socially sustainable work considering efficiency and good health in a dynamic environment To organise the creation of added value for and together with customers and suppliers To systematically drive continuous improvement work in parallel with long-term development work To develop leadership that creates better opportunities both for a climate-neutral footprint and a competitive industry with good working conditions To transform research- and policy-based knowledge into practice The 14 challenges were further analysed according to perceived importance and ability and presented in a priority matrix. According to the priority matrix, the 14 challenges were then synthesised into six main research themes: A. Innovative competence supply practice, B. Resilient organisations & production systems, C. Analytics for improvement & learning, D. Socially sustainable work, E. Green transformation practices, and an open and undefined research theme labelled as Future challenges. The research themes are also presented together with six main analytical and theoretical perspectives in a matrix that can be used to intersect and interweave the research themes to guide the research agenda in a potential future research program.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Wallo, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Martin, Jason
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, Metodik för produktframtagning.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Bozic, Nina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Williamsson, Anna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Charting the path to a sustainable, competitive and green industry in an era of rapid change: proposing a research agenda2024Inngår i: Cogent Business and Management, ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 11, nr 1, artikkel-id 2344189Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Global labor market shifts have spurred the need for innovations and adaptations in workplace norms. This evolution demands a workforce with technical and soft skills to meet sustainability and industry advancements. The paper aims to elucidate the complex challenges related to the ambition to develop a socially sustainable, competitive, and green industry subjected to an accelerating pace of change. It outlines the findings of a Delphi study conducted in Sweden, which integrated workshops, interviews, and surveys with experts from various sectors to identify 14 key challenges. These challenges were synthesized into five themes: innovative competence supply management practices, resilient organizations and production systems, analytics for improvement and learning, socially sustainable work, and green transformation practices. The study provides a set of propositions within these themes, offering a strategic roadmap for future research to foster the growth of industries that are socially responsible, competitive, and committed to environmental sustainability. A practical implication of the study is the recognition of the larger competence ecosystem of which industrial companies are a part. This community must work together to create the knowledge needed to manage the shift to a green, sustainable, and digital working life. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Williamsson, Anna
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Trygghet i professionen: En vetenskaplig omvärldsanalys av socialsekreterares arbetssituation2023Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med litteraturgranskningen var att kartlägga; kunskapsläget kring socialsekreterares arbetsmiljö i allmänhet, samt identifiera interventioner och aktiviteter för att stärka socialsekreterares möjlighet att i trygghet utöva sitt uppdrag korrekt utan påverkan i synnerhet. Via de svenska databaserna Swepub och GU supersök identifierades 15 publikationer, varav 5 inkluderades i analysen. För engelskspråkiga publikationer gjordes sökningar i Scopus, där 69 lästes i sin fulltext. Efter genomläsning inkluderas 44 stycken. Av de inkluderade publikationerna dominerade kvantitativa studier baserade på enkätdata. Förhållandevis få studier redogjorde för någon form av insats för att stärka tryggheten. Teoretiska referensramar som användes bland publikationerna var teorin om Exit- Voice och krav- och resursmodellen relaterat till olika hälsoutfall där samband mellan arbetsförhållanden och tankar på att sluta, arbetstillfredsställelse, utmattning samt upplevelsen av förändring av ens egna medkänsla med klienter kunde fastslås. De vetenskapliga artiklarna beskriver problem och faktorer som påverkar tryggheten i professionen på olika systemnivåer. Dels finns resultat på individuell medarbetarnivå, på arbetsgrupp- och yrkesprofessionsnivå, i relation till andra myndigheter samt på övergripande samhällsnivå som relaterar både till påverkan, hantering och konsekvenser för tryggheten i yrkesprofessionen. De krav som uppstår kan påverka i en nedåtgående spiral men det finns också stöd och resurser som kan stärka tryggheten för att balansera krav och grundläggande förutsättningar i yrket. Det traditionella arbetsmiljöarbetet kan behöva kompletteras med proaktivt arbete för att stärka förmågan att hantera oförutsedda händelser. Här tycks öppenhet i organisationen och professionsstärkande åtgärder vara viktigt både för individens, professionsteamets och organisationens hållbarhet.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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