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  • 1.
    Axell, Monica
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Sikander, Eva
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Ruud, Svein
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Kovacs, Peter
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Att gå från lågenergihus till aktivhus - hur skapar vi nästa generations energieffektiva byggnader i stadsdelen Kongahälla?2010Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 2.
    Bolognesi, C. M.
    et al.
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Bygg och fastighet.
    Andersson, Per
    CGI Sverige AB, Sweden.
    Digital Tools for Fast Mapping of Buildings2022Inngår i: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology, Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH , 2022, s. 51-62Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    While the construction sector embraces digitalization, new technologies related to it are spreading benefits. The need of creating a 3D model of a building, a digital copy of something existing, is not new. Mediated by the advent of photographic and laser instrumentation, the construction of a digital model has crossed the fields of surveying with increasing accuracy and precision, imposing standards of capturing the existing first and modelling then ever higher. But while the Building Information Modelling allows a virtual representation of the existing asset enriching its geometry with precious and significant information related to its properties, advanced survey has always faced the impossibility to break the surface of the building, surveying what is inside walls, thus excluding what necessary should be contained within a BIM model. Also, BIM models do not consider the real-time component and do not report the real-time behaviour of the building. In this chapter we will investigate several technologies and instruments exploited till now for the surveying and positioning of existing buildings, plants included, and a new toolkit based on AR that, coupled with sensors and visualisation tools developed by BIM4EEB, offers many advantages when surveying the whole building. © 2022, The Author(s).

  • 3.
    Carolina, Hiller
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Svårigheter och möjligheter vid energieffektivisering2016Inngår i: Urban välfärd, effektiv energi / [ed] Ylva Norén Bretzer, Borea Bokförlag , 2016, 1Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Jalilzadehazhari, Elaheh
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Bygg och fastighet.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Bygg och fastighet.
    Development and application of a novel AR-tool being used in energy renovations2022Inngår i: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. Volume 1085, Issue 1, 2022, Article number 012059, Page 61DUMMY, Institute of Physics , 2022, nr 1Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of the buildings in Sweden were constructed before national energy codes became effective. Although performing energy renovations and/or energy-related maintenances can significantly improve the energy performance of these buildings, the energy renovation rate is very low in Sweden. The low energy renovation rate is associated with various challenges including lack of technical drawings to specify the position of hidden objects and lack of information about material specifications. An augmented reality (AR) tool was therefore developed to not only locate the position of hidden objects but also create IFC files being used by BIM management systems. The tool was later applied in real practice to evaluate its effectiveness in detecting hidden objects. The analyses of results showed that the application of the AR tool in energy renovations and/or energy efficiency-related maintenances can be beneficial as it could successfully locate hidden objects. However, the application of the AR-tool had different limitations related to the sensitivity of sensors in detecting hidden objects, connections between the software programs and hardware devices to integrate the digital information into the real-life environment, and finally time required for setting up the AR tool. 

  • 5.
    Karlsson, Henrik
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Byggteknik.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Byggteknik.
    Energi och klimateffektiva byggsystem med hjälp av Modellbaseradprognosstyrning2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A general optimization model has been developed and applied for a representative apartment in the condominium association "Viva", which is an apartment building area planned to be erected by Riksbyggen, at Dr. Allard street in Gothenburg. The optimization model's purpose is to find the optimum supply of heat from an environmental perspective without compromising thermal comfort. The building's heating system is updated with the heat source CO

    2-load, external climatic variations and internal loads, three days ahead and at the same time, the apartment’s heating system and thermal behavior is also taking into account. The aim is to assess the potential for CO2-savings depending on the choice of building structures and heating systems.

    The model of the Viva's apartment shows that it is possible to control and optimize the heat supply with respect to comfort requirements, internal and external loads, and environmental damage from the heat production. The extent of CO

    2 savings will be entirely dependent on how much CO2 impact of energy varies over time. A variation with a standard deviation of about 25 grams of CO2 / kWh provides savings of up to 20% for an apartment with a concrete frame and up to 16% for the same apartment with wooden frames. The difference between the heating systems; underfloor heating or air heating, is marginal in this case. On the other hand, if the standard deviation would be five times larger, corresponding to the use of margin generated heat, there could be savings of as much as 171% in the concrete apartment with underfloor heating and 145% for the same apartment with wooden frames. If air heating is used the savings will decrease by 20%-units in each case. All these findings are a result of optimization of heat source CO2-load and a comparison with the corresponding apartment controlled without optimization of heat source and were inside temperature could vary between 21-23 degrees. During optimization the temperature has been allowed to vary between 20-24 degrees.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Kovacs, Peter
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Ruud, Svein
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Ylmen, Peter
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Karlsson, Henrik
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Energiautonom jaktstuga som timmerhus2011Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 7.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Bygg och fastighet.
    Calculation Procedure for Revolving Doors -U-value2022Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a new calculation method to calculate the U-value of revolving doors. The calculation method is developed based on EN ISO 10077-1:2017 and EN ISO 10077-2:2017 standards, being used for calculating the U-value of doors and windows. Additionally, the EN 10211:2017 standard is exploited to calculate certain thermal bridges (Psi-values). The calculation method is developed by performing: 1. An analysis to identify the different heat flow paths 2. Frame calculations for the revolving part 3. Psi (ψ) calculations for the revolving part 4. Air cavity calculations 5. Frame calculation for the canopy part 6. Psi (ψ) calculation for the canopy part 7. U-value calculation for the complete door

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Energy Improvement Potential in Different Types of Social Buildings2009Inngår i: 4th IBPC Istanbul June 2009. Publication:, Oral & Yilmaz (eds), Istanbul Technical University , 2009, , s. 401-407Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Improvement of Energy Efficiency and Thermal Comfort by Renovation of Social Housing2009Inngår i: Passivhus Norden 2009 . Göteborg. 2009-04-28, IVL, SP, Passivhuscentrum m fl , 2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Innerväggar av betong avger värme under natten2012Inngår i: Husbyggaren, nr 2, s. 52-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 11.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, Byggteknik.
    Al-Ayish, Nadia
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, CBI Betonginstitutet.
    Brick, Karolina
    Riksbyggen, Sweden.
    Rönneblad, Anders
    Cementa, Sweden.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    During, Otto
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, CBI Betonginstitutet.
    Larsson, Oskar
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Kriterier för resurssnålt byggande i praktiken: Slutrapport från forskningsprogrammet E2B2 – energieffektivtbyggande och boende2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet omfattar uppföljning av ställda kriterier för låg klimatpåverkan från betong vid upphandlingav betongstomme för brf. Viva i Göteborg. Kriterierna följdes upp dels genom att LCA studien somgenomförts under programskedet uppdaterades med data för den färdigupphandlade byggnaden ochdels genom att interljuva ett urval av aktörer för att få en inblick över hur branschen ser på de ställdakraven. Arbetet innehåller även en avslutande del angående känsligheten i beräkningarna samtosäkerheter och hur de kan behandlas.Byggnaderna som är tänkta att stå i 100 år kommer utsättas för klimatförändringar. Därförgenomfördes parallellt med LCA studien också energisimuleringar för att se hur den termiskakomforten och uppvärmningsbehovet förändras över tiden.Resultaten av LCA-uppföljningen och de ställda kriterierna visar att kraven uppfylldes för både denprefabricerade betongen och den platsgjutna betongen. Att jämföra den totala klimatpåverkan mellanprogramskedet och upphandlad byggnad visar sig inte vara möjligt då konstruktionen har förändratsalltför mycket, bland annat har den uppvärmda ytan ökat med ca 50% samtidigt som mer material haranvänts för de prefabricerade väggarna och bjälklagen. En känslighetsanalys har istället genomförtssom visar att den upphandlade konstruktionen har 30% lägre klimatpåverkan per BOA jämfört motom den byggts med traditionell betong. Hade de ursprungliga konstruktionsdetaljerna frånprogramskedet använts för väggar och bjälklag hade klimatpåverkan istället varit ca 40% lägre.Vid framtida kravställning bör man därför ta hänsyn även till konstruktionerna, betongkvaliteternaoch dess materialmängder och inte bara ställa krav på betongrecepten som i det här fallet.Klimatsimuleringarna visar att det troligen finns ett stort mörkertal med lågenergilägenheter som harförhöjd temperatur inomhus sommartid redan vid dagens klimat

  • 12.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, Byggteknik.
    Al-ayish, Nadia
    Brick, Karolina
    Riksbyggen, Sweden.
    Rönneblad, Anders
    Cementa, Sweden.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    During, Otto
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, CBI Betonginstitutet.
    Larsson, Oskar
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Resurssnålt byggande: så ställs kraven för minstamöjliga klimatpåverkan: Resultatblad från forskningsprogrammet E2B2 –energieffektivt byggande och boende2018Inngår i: Energimyndigheten E2B2Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 13. Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    Brick, Karolina
    Riksbyggen.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019).
    During, Otto
    Minskar klimatpåverkan under byggprocessen genom att ställa tydliga krav.2017Inngår i: Bygg och Teknik, Vol. 5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Minska klimatpåverkan under byggprocessen genom att ställa tydliga krav. Att ställa krav på materialleverantörer har stor potential till minskad klimatpåverkan under byggprocessen och triggar utvecklingen av mer klimatsmarta produkter. I pilotprojektet Brf. Viva har Riksbyggen ställt krav på sammansättningen och produktionen av betong. Kraven har sitt ursprung i LCA analyser som utförts som beslutsunderlag för valet av stomme.

  • 14.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Filipsson, Peter
    Elfborg, Stefan
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Ruud, Svein
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Skillnad mellan beräknad och verklig energianvändning - Energistyrning under byggprocessen2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Karlsson, Jonathan
    Different Materials with High Thermal Mass and its Influences on a Building Heat Loss - An Analysis Based on the Theory of Dynamic Thermal Networks2012Inngår i: Proceedings of the 5th International Building Physics Conference, 2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Neisari Tabrizi, Azar
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Hållbar Samhällsbyggnad, Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö.
    Nordén, Johan
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Hållbar Samhällsbyggnad, Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö.
    Energiuppföljning Limnologen och Portvakten2015Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetets syfte är att följa upp energianvändningen i Portvakten och Limnologen samt jämföra utfallet mot tidigare uppföljningar och projekterat värde. Resultaten används för att utreda anledningen till eventuella skillnader samt ge rekommendationer för framtida projekteringar av liknande byggsystem.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 17.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Hållbar Samhällsbyggnad, Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö.
    Noren, Joakim
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Hållbar Samhällsbyggnad, Träbyggande och boende.
    Peñaloza, Diego
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Hållbar Samhällsbyggnad, Träbyggande och boende.
    Al-Ayish, Nadia
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, CBI Betonginstitutet AB.
    During, Otto
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, CBI Betonginstitutet AB.
    Energi och klimateffektiva byggsystem: Miljövärdering av olika stomalternativ2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the collaborative forum Positive footprint housing® Riksbyggen is building the Viva residential quarter, which is a sustainability project at the very forefront of what is possible with contemporary construction. The idea is that this residential quarter should be fully sustainable in ecological, economic and social terms. Since 2013, a number of pilot studies have been completed under the auspices of the Viva project framework thanks to financing from the Swedish Energy Agency.

    The various building frame alternatives that have been evaluated are precast concrete, cast in-situ concrete and solid wood, all proposed by leading commercial suppliers. The report includes a specific requirement for equivalent functions during the use phase of the building, B. An interpretation has been provided that investigates the building engineering aspects in detail, as well as an account of the results based on the social community requirements specified in Viva, durability, fire, noise and energy consumption in the Swedish National Board of Building, Planning and Housing building regulations (BBR), plus Riksbyggen’s own requirements, Sweden Green Building Council’s Environmental Building Gold (Miljöbyggnad Guld) and 100-year life cycle. Given that the alternatives have different long-term characteristics (and also that our knowledge of these characteristics itself varies), these functional requirements have been addressed by setting up different scenarios in accordance with the EPD standard EN 15978.

    Because Riksbyggen has specified a requirement for a 100-year life cycle, we have also opted for an analysis period of 100 years.

    The results show no significant differences between concrete and timber structures for the same functions during the life cycle, either for climate or for primary energy. The minor differences reported are accordingly less than the degree of uncertainty involved in the study.

    The available documentation on the composition of the relevant intumescent paint coating on solid wood frames differs from source to source, so it was not possible to fully allow for the significance of this.

    The LCA has not included functional changes in the building linked to load-bearing characteristics, noise, moisture, health or other problems that may result in increased maintenance and replacement. The concrete houses have been dimensioned for 100 years, for instance, in accordance with tried and tested standards and experience. The solid wood house is not dimensioned in the same way, and this has led to us having to assume various scenarios.

    The results also show the following:

     

    • The uncertainties involved in comparing different structures and alternative solutions are very significant. The results are affected by factors such as life cycle, the functional requirements taken into consideration, transportation, design and structural details, etc.

     

    • Variations in the built items and a considerable degree of uncertainty in the assumptions make it difficult to obtain significant results on comparisons. Only actual construction projects with known specific data, declared from a life cycle perspective that takes into account actual building developer

    requirements and involving different scenarios (best, documented and worst-case) for the user stage can currently be compared.

     

    • In the other hand, comparisons restricted to different concrete structures only, or to different timber structures only, ought to involve a lower degree of uncertainty, These would then provide results that are significant as well as improvement requirements that are relevant.

     

    • There is potential for improving concrete by imposing requirements on the material

     

    • There is potential for improving solid wood frames by developing and guaranteeing well-documented long-term characteristics for all functional requirements.

     

    The LCAs were performed as an iterative process where all parties were given the opportunity to submit their viewpoints and suggestions for changes during the course of the work. This helped ensure that all alternatives have been properly thought through.

    Because, during the project, Riksbyggen opted to procure a concrete frame, in the final stage the researchers involved focused on ensuring the procurement process would result in the concrete frame as built meeting the requirements set out above. As things currently stand, the material requirements for the concrete are limited by the production options open to the suppliers, and this is therefore being investigated in the manufacture of precast concrete frames for the Viva cooperative housing association.

     

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Hållbar Samhällsbyggnad, Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö.
    Norén, Joakim
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Hållbar Samhällsbyggnad, Träbyggande och boende.
    Peñaloza, Diego
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Hållbar Samhällsbyggnad, Träbyggande och boende.
    Al-Ayish, Nadia
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, CBI Betonginstitutet AB.
    During, Otto
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, CBI Betonginstitutet AB.
    Energy and climate-efficient construction systems: Environmental assessment of various frame options for buildings in Brf. Viva2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the collaborative forum Positive footprint housing® Riksbyggen is building the Viva residential quarter, which is a sustainability project at the very forefront of what is possible with contemporary construction. The idea is that this residential quarter should be fully sustainable in ecological, economic and social terms. Since 2013, a number of pilot studies have been completed under the auspices of the Viva project framework thanks to financing from the Swedish Energy Agency. The various building frame alternatives that have been evaluated are precast concrete, cast in-situ concrete and solid wood, all proposed by leading commercial suppliers. The report includes a specific requirement for equivalent functions during the use phase of the building, B. An interpretation has been provided that investigates the building engineering aspects in detail, as well as an account of the results based on the social community requirements specified in Viva, durability, fire, noise and energy consumption in the Swedish National Board of Building, Planning and Housing building regulations (BBR), plus Riksbyggen’s own requirements, Sweden Green Building Council’s Environmental Building Gold (Miljöbyggnad Guld) and 100-year life cycle. Given that the alternatives have different long-term characteristics (and also that our knowledge of these characteristics itself varies), these functional requirements have been addressed by setting up different scenarios in accordance with the EPD standard EN 15978. Because Riksbyggen has specified a requirement for a 100-year life cycle, we have also opted for an analysis period of 100 years. The results show no significant differences between concrete and timber structures for the same functions during the life cycle, either for climate or for primary energy. The minor differences reported are accordingly less than the degree of uncertainty involved in the study. The available documentation on the composition of the relevant intumescent paint coating on solid wood frames differs from source to source, so it was not possible to fully allow for the significance of this. The LCA has not included functional changes in the building linked to load-bearing characteristics, noise, moisture, health or other problems that may result in increased maintenance and replacement. The concrete houses have been dimensioned for 100 years, for instance, in accordance with tried and tested standards and experience. The solid wood house is not dimensioned in the same way, and this has led to us having to assume various scenarios.

    The results also show the following:

    • The uncertainties involved in comparing different structures and alternative solutions are very significant. The results are affected by factors such as life cycle, the functional requirements taken into consideration, transportation, design and structural details, etc.

    • Variations in the built items and a considerable degree of uncertainty in the assumptions make it difficult to obtain significant results on comparisons. Only actual construction projects with known specific data, declared from a life cycle perspective that takes into account actual building developer requirements and involving different scenarios (best, documented and worst-case) for the user stage can currently be compared.

    • In the other hand, comparisons restricted to different concrete structures only, or to different timber structures only, ought to involve a lower degree of uncertainty. These would then provide results that are significant as well as improvement requirements that are relevant.

    • There is potential for improving concrete by imposing requirements on the material

    • There is potential for improving solid wood frames by developing and guaranteeing well-documented long-term characteristics for all functional requirements.

    The LCAs were performed as an iterative process where all parties were given the opportunity to submit their viewpoints and suggestions for changes during the course of the work. This helped ensure that all alternatives have been properly thought through.

    Because, during the project, Riksbyggen opted to procure a concrete frame, in the final stage the researchers involved focused on ensuring the procurement process would result in the concrete frame as built meeting the requirements set out above. As things currently stand, the material requirements for the concrete are limited by the production options open to the suppliers, and this is therefore being investigated in the manufacture of precast concrete frames for the Viva cooperative housing association.

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  • 19.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Ylmen, Peter
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Wisell, Linda
    Warfvinge, Catarina
    Energieffektivisering av flerbostadshus: Status och hänsyn till värmetröghet2012Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    Mainini, A. G.
    et al.
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Signorini, M.
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Drozdziel, J.
    Prochem SA, Poland.
    Bartoszewski, A.
    Prochem SA, Poland.
    Lupica Spagnolo, S.
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Vesanen, T.
    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland.
    Madeddu, D.
    One Team S.r.l., Italy.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Bygg och fastighet.
    Tsatsakis, K.
    SUITE5 Data Intelligence Solutions Limited, Cyprus.
    O’Leidhin, E.
    University College Cork, Ireland.
    Kiviniemi, M.
    Prochem SA, Poland.
    Demonstration in Relevant Environments2022Inngår i: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology, Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH , 2022, s. 95-119Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Three building case studies were chosen with the purpose of demonstrating the BIM4EEB BIM-based toolkit. The selected buildings are both social houses and residential apartments respecting the needs of vulnerable inhabitants. To increase the representativeness of the test case the buildings are located in three different locations with different climatic conditions, specifically Italy, Poland, Finland. For all the case studies analysed, BIM models were created with different levels of detail (LOD), which, thanks to the interaction with the BIMMS, make it possible to create a common environment for the representation and use of the data collected and subsequently shared between the different tools. Among the three demonstration sites, the Italian site is undergoing building envelope renovation interventions such as the realization of the thermal insulation with ETICS technologies and the replacement of external windows. In order to test the different tools, a demonstration procedure has been defined for them, constituted mainly by workshop activities and quantitative and qualitative evaluations. To assess the level of accomplishment with respect to stated objectives and project success a validation methodology based on Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) was delineated. Precisely, two categories of KPIs have been identified: “mandatory” and “secondary” addressing project objectives and in connection with the literature review and project use cases and tools. To calculate the KPIs standard baselines were estimated, such as are currently in an ongoing process to assess the traditional process that can be compared with the actual value associated with the BIM-based process. The chapter will present the methods and the first intermediate results of a demonstration process that is currently not yet completed and will later see a further application of the tools in dedicated demo sites. Environmental monitoring sensors were installed in selected apartments in Polish and Italian demo site, while were installed in common spaces for the Finnish building. Specific sensors set up have been analysed and chosen to fulfil the different needs related to the specific project outcomes. Inhabitants’ availability, technical condition and flat exposition were criteria followed for the choice of apartments. Sensors allowed to improve the occupancy monitoring and to have a historical record of environmental values such as temperature, humidity and light strictly connected to users’ preferences. The mobile application about renovation activities performed and residents’ indoor home conditions—BIM4Occupants—has been installed by the users and specific workshops with inhabitants were carried out for registration purposes. The BIM Management System is currently collecting sensors’ data stream and data stream between tools such as BIM4Occupants and BIMPlanner. Project monitoring and better communication among users were tested in a different workshop by applying the BIMPlanner tool in the plans and progress site operations. The functionalities of the refurbishment scenario simulation tool—BIMeaser—were tested in qualitative and quantitative design workshops respectively with the construction professionals using the two pilot sites in Italy and in Finland and with the aim of assessing the achieved time savings of using this tool compared to the manual data input process of the scenario simulation. © 2022, The Author(s).

  • 21.
    Puig von Friesen, Marc
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Arinder, Pernilla
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Food and Bioscience, Microbiology.
    Lundin, Maria
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Bygg och Mekanik, Rörcentrum.
    Kjellin, Mikael
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Thörnblom, Kristian
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Göteborg (BMg).
    Säkerställa vattenkvalitet vid 45˚C med avseende på Legionella: En förstudie för innovationsupphandling2014Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 22.
    Sellén, Mikael
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Kurkinen, Eva-Lotta
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Beständighet för utomhusträ i Brf Viva2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Brf Viva is an apartment building, housing society, planned for Gothenburg where one alternative for the façade and house structure is based on wood. The buildings have 6-8 floors with balconies on one or more sides, according to images in the prospectus from Riksbyggen 2014.

    By utilizing Report TVBK-3066 [1] (ISSN 0349-4969, ISBN 978-91-87993-01-5) from Lund Technical University and from there in published data, lifetimes of different wooden details of planned buildings, and their maintenance intervals, have been estimated and summed in this report.

    Details calculated consists of:

     Protected wood panel and topographically sheltered position and protection by buildings (A1)

     Protected wooden panel and unprotected position (A2)

     Wooden panel without roof overhang with topographically sheltered position and protection by buildings (B1)

     Wooden panel without roof overhang and unprotected position (B2)

     Protected wooden exterior corridor and balcony plate decking (C1). This detail is missing in the guide [1] and its results are therefore considered much more uncertain. Exposed wooden railings on the balcony with topographically sheltered position and protection by buildings (D1)

     Exposed wooden railings on balcony with unprotected position (D2)

    The calculated estimates of wooden details life expectancy varied between 12 and 38 years.

    Calculating other than those in the report TVBK-3066 [1] described facade panels should be seen more as an attempt to calculate and appears to yield unreasonably short life spans. Calculations on the exterior corridor (C1) is here only to illustrate the inability of the calculation model for the specific example above.

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