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  • 1.
    Carlsson, Raul
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    OMNIMETAL Digital twin concept data model of metal: Vinnova project 2018-043212022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the concept data model for the digital twin of metal, from specification of metal product to definition of scrap yard, and from scrap yard to final metal product. The report leads the reader from the basic needs of data-based foundry production management system through logic steps to the model where all key concepts for the data model is presented.

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  • 2.
    Carlsson, Raul
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, SWECAST.
    Smart metal components a key enabler for higher value material loops2018In: CIRCULAR MATERIALS CONFERENCE Chalmers Conference Centre, Gothenburg, Sweden.  March 7-8 2018., 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 3.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, SWECAST.
    Elmquist, Lennart
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, SWECAST.
    Johansson, Christian
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Acreo.
    Cast metal with intelligence - from passive to intelligent cast components2017In: 8th Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, SMART 2017 and 6th International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, SMN 2017, 2017, p. 550-560Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper describes an innovation project aiming to embed sensors into cast metal during the casting process. Important measurands are e.g. elongation, shear, temperature and vibration. In practice this means to turn metal components into also being digital components. This will respond to some of metal industrýs challenges; resource efficient design, increased value added for the casting sector, and general access to different possibilities of digitalization. Technical challenges lie in choices of sensor material to integrate during the casting process that maintains its sensor functionality after casting processing without degrading the mechanical strength of the metal component. Other challenges relate to signal interaction and interference between sensor and metal. To handle the technical challenges the innovation project gathers competence about metal casting and sensor technology. One goal of this innovation project is to develop an innovation platform that elevates the material based casting industry into a wholly or partially value and service based industry. Integration of sensors into cast components makes sensing functionality a natural property of metal, which in turn may turn metal into key components for the industrial digitalization.

  • 4.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, SWECAST.
    Elmquist, Lennart
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, SWECAST.
    Thore, Andreas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, SWECAST.
    Ahrentorp, Fredrik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Acreo.
    Johansson, Christer
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Acreo.
    Israelsson, Björn
    SKF Mekan AB, Sweden.
    Connecting sensors inside smart castings2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents ongoing research on smart metal castings, meaning the technologicalinnovation of elevating cast metal components into metal components with integratedsensor functionality. Since the innovation targets aim straight at low cost industrial serialproduction, specific high cost and high-end solutions like inclusion of advancedelectronic equipment and after mounted sensors are not part of this innovationdevelopment. Integrating signal carriers inside metal castings to achieve metal castingswith sensor functionality requires robust solutions for connecting the sensor signal to thesensor interrogator and interpreter. The actual transmission of the signal may be donewirelessly or by wire. However, for several reasons there is a challenge with establishingan isolated and distinct connection between the sensor contact, and the contact at theexternal connection, regardless of whether it is to an antenna for wireless transmission orto a wire. This paper presents metallurgical challenges associated with choices ofmaterials, and combinations of metallurgical challenges and production process relatedchallenges, including the high melting temperatures. Aims are to find the rightcombinations of metal alloys, production simplicity, signal stability and robustness. Thepaper will present some of the tests made in the project so far. The project is run in aconsortium of the two Sweden-based industrial companies Husqvarna and SKF, and thetwo Swedish research institutes Swerea SWECAST and RISE Acreo.

  • 5.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Elzén, Björn
    SIS Swedish Institute for Standards, Sweden.
    INTERNET OF MATERIALS STANDARDS SLUTRAPPORT: Sammanfattning: Kartläggning av existerande standarder tillämpliga för att möjliggöra spårning av material och delning av materialrelaterad information över materialens cirkulära livscykler.2019Report (Other academic)
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  • 6.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Lorentzon, Katarina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Rex, Emma
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Karpenja, Tatjana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Pulp, Paper and Packaging.
    Davis, Jennifer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Edoff, Petra
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Industrial Systems.
    Research institute strengthens its LCA capacity by internal collaboration and data infrastructure2021In: Abstract book of 10th International Conference on Life Cycle Management, 2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Most of the research institutes that during the last years merged to create RISE Research Institutes of Sweden had previously developed unique ways of delivering LCA competence, services and data to Swedish industry and public sector. Thereby RISE holds a unique position to establish itself as a leader in the LCA field, in practical application areas such as lifestyle and sustainability analyses, scenario simulation and modeling, service innovation, and policy recommendations at different system levels. To put this in effect, the competence groups of the former separate institutes need to establish synergetic collaboration and operational infrastructure of knowledge, internal standards, and data sharing, as well as concerted LCA offerings. Recognizing the general explosion of interest for environmental assessments, such as carbon footprints, from industry, public sector and consumers, RISE now focuses its capacity to manage different types and formats of life cycle data for internal use as well as for customer offerings. The goal is to increase availability of the life cycle competence connected to RISE’s technical breadth, to provide synergized competence in support of sustainable transition to industry and society. During 2020 the first step towards this goal resulted in an internal shared view of RISE’s LCA offerings and common fundamental and flexible data documentation principles for all different life cycle data within RISE’s different life cycle competence groups. This is an achievement, considering that formats for data presentations within RISE ranges from aggregated carbon footprint results of per kg of products to ILCD European Product Environmental Footprints. During 2021 the RISE effort is dedicated to formation of a solid platform for generic life cycle data sharing, through common internal data exchange formats and interfaces towards customers, as well as a long-term governance, maintenance and competence supply for the synergetic collaboration.

  • 7.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Nevzorova, Tatiana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Digitalization Strategy for Sustainable Transport in the Construction Sector2024In: Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH , 2024, Vol. 377, p. 45-62Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The construction sector is under a strong transformation, partly due to accelerating digitalization and partly due to an increase in sustainability requirements. The drivers of digitalization are increased productivity, efficiency, and quality, whereas the requirements on sustainability performance are related to many external forces impacting the sector, such as stricter regulations on the verifiability of claims concerning total resource efficiency, emissions, and waste management. In particular, this leads to the transport actors within the construction sector who need a strategy to digitalize their sustainability information handling, from data sources on vehicle, fuel, good, endpoints, and routes to total logistics commissions and projects, as well as how to integrate their data and information with other actors in the construction sector. This paper investigates this issue by assessing approaches to this combined challenge and shows how to integrate data exchange standards of the construction sector (the Swedish BEAst and the international PEPPOL) with an ISO standard for controlling the verifiability of quantitative sustainability information. The research shows how such standards-based requirements on data exchange between and from all construction transport actors and stakeholders throughout full product life cycles and total transport chains enable digitalization and data flows in a cost-efficient way and with short lead time. This in turn intends to reduce administrational costs and errors, as well as facilitate follow-up, traceability, verifiability, efficiency, as well as improves the managerial control necessary to reduce societal and environmental risks. © The Author(s)

  • 8.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Nevzorova, Tatiana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Managing Circular Electric Vehicle Battery Lifecycles Using Standards2024In: Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, ISSN 2190-3018, E-ISSN 2190-3026, Vol. 377, p. 63-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electric vehicle (EV) market and its implied battery resource management are in large and fast expansion. The European Union is developing directives for digital product passport for batteries, where much understanding and knowledge of battery management are quickly growing. Coordinating standards that can harmonize circular battery management and spread best practices is therefore in high demand. This research presents a review of existing standards that support managing circular EV battery lifecycles. It was performed to understand the maturity of the circular battery lifecycle, regarding battery performance and safety to workers, EV passengers, and the environment. The review structure was made by positioning standards to key steps throughout the circular battery lifecycle, highlighting steps where handling, producing, testing, servicing, and remanufacturing could be expected to support harmonization and guidance. The scope was limited to mainly lithium-ion batteries for vehicle traction but also included general standards concerning recycling, safe battery handling, and environmental management. The resulting mapping summarizes a catalog of existing and upcoming standards. It shows that many important standards are available. Much still needs to be developed, especially with regard to tests for reused batteries’ health and performance and with regard to how to synchronize performance specifications along and across the circular life cycle stages. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first attempt to provide such a comprehensive overview of standards that covers the whole circular electric vehicle battery lifecycles.

  • 9.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Nevzorova, Tatiana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Diener, Derek
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Vanacore, Emanuela
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Boyer, Robert
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Linder, Marcus
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Carlson, Annelie
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Testing metrics for measuring the circularity while metrics are being standardized - TRACE CERTAINTY TRAnsitioning to a Circular Economy via CERTificAtion in INdusTrY: PROJECT FINAL REPORT Reference Number 2020-044102022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the results and the learnings of a project that had the aim to develop a protocol for measuring circularity for products. The project was centered around an assessment of the real-world example of a lubrication cleaning and recirculation system by SKF RecondOil. The process of assessment required that the team match circularity in principle (how circularity can be measured in theory) with circularity in practice (how circularity can be measured in a real system). In the process, the team identified different ways to measure circularity based on drafted circularity principles (from ongoing ISO work on circularity). In the end, these alternatives were to be practically verifiable and certifiable. Learnings are to be fed into ongoing work on developing international standards (ISO) for assessing circularity. In the progress of the work, a framework for understanding and measuring circularity for the system at hand was developed including: a heuristic (diagram) describing a system of interest and a list of chosen circular economy principles see Figure 3. It is thought that the heuristic and list of principles could be used to guide an entity in the process of first, creating their system model, and then, making sense of and applying principles.

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  • 10.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Nevzorova, Tatiana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Vikingsson, Karolina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Digitalization and verifiability strategy for sustainability management of transports in the construction sector2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The construction sector is under a strong transformation, partly due to accelerating digitalization, and partly due to an increase in sustainability requirements. The drivers of digitalization are increased productivity, efficiency, and quality, whereas the requirements on sustainability performance are related to many external forces impacting the sector, such as stricter regulations on the verifiability of claims concerning resource efficiency, emissions, and waste management. In particular, the transport actors within the construction sector need a strategy to digitalize all their sustainability information. This report approaches this issue by integrating the BEAst (PEPPOL) standard for the construction sector’s data exchange with the ISO standard ISO 14033 for controlling the verifiability of quantitative sustainability information. The report shows how standards-based requirements on data exchange to and from all construction transport actors and stakeholders enable digitalization and data flows in a cost-efficient way and with short lead time to reduce administration, facilitate follow-up, enable traceability and verifiability, efficiency, and goal fulfillment combining societal and environmental benefits.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Nevzorova, Tatiana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Vikingsson, Karolina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    LAST CANVAS – Principles and guidelines2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is intended to guide the use of the Certified to LAST canvases. The concept of LAST establishes the fundamental content, trust and structure of an information system needed to verify the promises and claims about individual product’s circularity, durability, and sustainability. This refers to claims about the product’s durability lifetime, accessibility to affordable service and spare parts, resource efficiency, and other sustainability claims about the materials and resources. These claims are classified into four groups, Long lifetime, Accessible service and spare parts, Sustainable materials and life cycle, and Transparent information, abbreviated into L, A, S, and T, and integrated into a certified market competition platform called Certified to LAST.

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  • 12.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Nevzorova, Tatiana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Vikingsson, Karolina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Long-Lived Sustainable Products through Digital Innovation2022In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 14, no 21, article id 14364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization is key for an organization to achieve sustainability leadership, to be able to conform with sustainability objectives, support claims, and inform consumers and consecutive stakeholders. However, there is no impartial, credible, and universal market platform where market competition favors data exchange and traceability of products and materials. This paper addresses the question of how to utilize digital tools to meet the challenges at the interface between the producer and the consumer. The methodology of the study is action research, which includes various qualitative and quantitative research methods. The research results in the creation of an information system platform, which shows how to merge digital information with a product to provide credibility to consumers and support their purchasing decision based on the claimed lifetime of the product, the sustainability requirements met, how the consumer will find service and spare parts, as well as the design of a universal digital twin. This research contributes to the transparency and traceability aspects by showing how organizations can work and cooperate to create verifiable information and establish claims that support resource efficiency decisions, as well as demonstrating how a traceability system can facilitate the efficient use of materials and energy resources. © 2022 by the authors.

  • 13.
    Carlsson, Raul
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification.
    Saeidpour, Mahsa
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Manufacturing Processes.
    Thore, Andreas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Labelling material and components for digital traceability2022Report (Other academic)
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  • 14.
    Elmquist, Lennart
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, SWECAST.
    Carlsson, Raul
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, SWECAST.
    Johansson, Christer
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Acreo.
    Cast iron components with intelligence2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper describes a project with the aim to develop communicating and functional cast iron components in smart systems. The concept is based on sensors integrated into cast iron components; this will influence not only the component but also the casting process. Among the technical challenges is how to choose a sensor solution that cost-efficiently and with minimal environmental impact can be integrated into the component during the casting process, and especially without being damaged during mold filling and the high pouring temperature. Another challenge is how the iron will interact and interfere with sensor signals and whether an insulating intermediate material is needed or not. Integrating the sensors into the casting makes sensors a natural part of the component, which in turn can lead to more resource efficient designs, increased value added for the casting sector, and a general access to different possibilities of digitalization. The integrated sensors can be used for effective control and monitoring of components when in service and give information about for example how the component is used and what conditions it is exposed to. In other words, the component can tell when maintenance is needed or in worst cases, indicate that something is wrong before a failure will happen. Important measurands can e.g. be elongation, shear, temperature and vibration. Different combinations of sensor materials and insulating materials and their interaction with the cast iron have been investigated. It is shown how the interaction at the interface affects the microstructure and consequently the properties of the cast iron. In the case of insulating materials it is e.g. shown how air gaps are formed and in the case of sensor materials it is shown how a diffusion zone is formed and how this zone depends on the sensor material. How this diffusion zone affects the microstructure is discussed.

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