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  • 1.
    Abitbol, Tiffany
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy, Biorefinery and Energy.
    Ahniyaz, Anwar
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    UV-blocking hybrid nanocellulose films containing ceria and silica nanoparticles2018In: International Conference on Nanotechnology for Renewable Materials 2018, 2018, p. 503-515Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Abitbol, Tobias
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Ahniyaz, Anwar
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    UV-blocking hybrid nanocellulose films containing ceria and silica nanoparticles2018In: International Conference on Nanotechnology for Renewable Materials 2018, 2018, p. 503-515Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Alriksson, Björn
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Processum.
    Eskilsson, Martin
    Holmen, Sweden.
    Johansson, Emma
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Processum.
    Lapidot, Shaul
    Melodea, Israel.
    Norström, Markus
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Schultz-Eklund, Ola
    Holmen, Sweden .
    Shkedi, Yoram
    Melodea, Israel.
    Svedberg, Anna
    MoRe Research, Sweden.
    Svensson, Stefan
    MoRe Research, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Europe’s first pilot facility for cellulose nanocrystals (CNC)2016In: Annual Surface and Materials Chemistry Symposium and Materials for tomorrow (ASMCS 2016), 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Brandner, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Claesson, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Hydrophobic pore array surfaces: Wetting and interaction forces in water/ethanol mixtures2013In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 396, p. 278-286Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Brandner, Birgit D
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Hansson, Petra M
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Claesson, Per M
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Wåhlander, Martin
    Schoelkopf, Joachim
    Solvent segregation and capillary evaporation at a superhydrophobic surface investigated by confocal Raman microscopy and force measurements2011In: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, E-ISSN 1744-6848, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 1045-1052Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wetting of water, a 1 : 1 water/ethanol mixture and an aqueous dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid surfactant solution on hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces were studied using confocal Raman microscopy. The superhydrophobic surfaces were prepared by immersion of a glass substrate in a silica particle/fluoropolymer formulation followed by silanization. Preparation of hydrophobic surfaces was done in the same way with the exception that the silica particles were excluded from the formulation. The hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces were characterized with respect to surface roughness using AFM, and by contact angle measurements using different liquids. Confocal Raman microscopy measurements in a 1 : 1 water/ethanol mixture showed an enrichment of ethanol close to the superhydrophobic surface, which could not be observed for the hydrophobic surface. Unexpectedly, the Raman spectrum of a pure water film in close proximity to the superhydrophobic surface displayed some differences compared to that of bulk water and indicated a stronger hydrogenbonding close to the superhydrophobic surface. Evidence for capillary evaporation next to the superhydrophobic surface was also found, and this results in very long-range capillary attraction between one superhydrophobic surface and a hydrophobic colloidal probe as shown by AFM colloidal probe force measurements. Addition of a surfactant or ethanol suppresses capillary evaporation.

  • 6.
    Carlsson, Gilbert
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Fornell, Rickard
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Westin, Mats
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Trä.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Melander, Robert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, CBI Betonginstitutet AB.
    Engström, Clas
    Our Resources for the Forest-based Industry2014Report (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Carlsson, Gilbert
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Nussbaum, Ralph
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Material och produkter (TRm).
    Fornell, Rickard
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi, Klimatisering och installationsteknik.
    Westin, Mats
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Trä.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Melander, Robert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, CBI Betonginstitutet AB.
    Engström, Clas
    Resources for Forest-based Industries2013Report (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Charlène, Reverdy
    et al.
    CNRS, France; Grenoble Institute of Technology, France.
    Sedighi Moghaddam, Maziar
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Sundin, Mikael
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Julien, Bras
    CNRS, France; Grenoble Institute of Technology, France.
    Superhydrophobic surfaces manufacturing with nanocellulose2016In: N.I.C.E. 2016 - The 3rd International Conference on Bioinspired and Biobased Chemistry & Materials, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers in natural fibers see opportunities in superhydrophobicity for fabrics or paper. The first challenge with natural fiber is their high hydrophilicity when the second is the perpetual search for water born coating  in papermaking. These challenges were overcome by a one pot formulation comprising a latex binder, precipitated calcium carbonate and  fatty acids to give their hydrophobicity to pigments 1.  In this study, we want to go further by replacing the petro-sourced latex with a new kind of fibers that are cellulose nanofibers (CNF).

    Inspired by the Lotus leaf, superhydrophobic surfaces have been a center of interest in the last decade because of their high potential in industry for a variety of applications.  It is seen as the next generation of surface for anti-fouling and corrosive retardant in navy industry but also  in general  anti corrosive materials industry.  Now widely studied , mechanisms for manufacturing superhydrophobicity are well understood. Born from the alliance of low surface energy chemistry and physical structuration of surface, superhydrophobic materials give a water contact angle above 150° and a slidding angle below 10°.

  • 9.
    Ejenstam, Lina
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Claesson, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    The effect of superhydrophobic wetting state on corrosion protection - The AKD example2013In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 412, no 56-64Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Ejenstam, Lina
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Toward superhydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane−silica particle coatings2016In: Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, ISSN 0193-2691, E-ISSN 1532-2351, Vol. 37, no 9, p. 1375-1383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrophobized silica nanoparticles of different sizes, from 16 to 500 nm, were used to impart roughness to a hydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) coating with the aim of obtaining superhydrophobic properties. The particle silanization process and the curing process of the PDMS coating were optimized to increase the contact angle (CA) of the particle containing coating. The evaluation of the coatings, by means of water CA measurements and scanning electron microscopy imaging, shows that superhydrophobicity in the adhesive rose state was achieved using combinations of two differently sized particles, with an excess of the small 16 nm ones. Superhydrophobicity in the lotus state was obtained when the filler concentration of 16 nm particles was 40 wt%, but under such conditions the coating was found to partially crack, which is detrimental in barrier applications. The preference for the rose wetting state can be explained by the round shape of the particles, which promotes the superhydrophobic rose wetting state over that of the superhydrophobic lotus state.

  • 11.
    Ejenstam, Lina
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Corrosion protection by hydrophobic silica particle-polydimethylsiloxane composite coatings2015In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 99, p. 89-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the time-dependent corrosion protection ability of 10-15. μm thin polydimethylsiloxane-nanoparticle composite coatings was evaluated using mainly open circuit potential and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. The best result was obtained for the coating containing 20. wt% hydrophobic silica nanoparticles, where it was possible to achieve protection for almost 80 days in 3. wt% NaCl solution. The protective properties offered by this coating are suggested to be due to a synergistic effect of the hydrophobicity of the polydimethylsiloxane matrix and the prolonged diffusion path caused by addition of hydrophobic silica particles.

  • 12.
    Ejenstam, Lina
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Tuominen, Mikko
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Haapanen, Janne
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Mäkelä, Jyrki M.
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Pan, Jinshan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Long-term corrosion protection by a thin nano-composite coating2015In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 357, no Part B, p. 2333-2342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report and discuss the corrosion protective properties of a thin nano-composite coating system consisting of an 11μm thick polyester acrylate (PEA) basecoat, covered by an approximately 1-2μm thick layer of TiO2 nanoparticles carrying a 0.05μm thick hexamethyl disiloxane (HMDSO) top coat. The corrosion protective properties were evaluated on carbon steel substrates immersed in 3wt% NaCl solution by open circuit potential (OCP) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. The protective properties of each layer, and of each pair of layers, were also evaluated to gain further understanding of the long-term protective properties offered by the nano-composite coating. The full coating system showed excellent corrosion protective properties in the corrosive environment of 3wt% NaCl-solution for an extended period of 100 days, during which the coating impedance, at the lower frequency limit (0.01Hz), remained above 108 Ωcm2. We suggest that the excellent corrosion protective properties of the complete coating system is due to a combination of (i) good adhesion and stability of the PEA basecoat, (ii) the surface roughness and the elongated diffusion path provided by the addition of TiO2 nanoparticles, and (iii) the low surface energy provided by the HMDSO top coat.

  • 13.
    Eriksson, Mimmi
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Tuominen, Mikko
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Järn, Mikael
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Claesson, Per Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wallqvist, Viveca
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Butt, Hans-Jürgen
    Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Germany.
    Vollmer, Doris
    Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Germany.
    Kappl, Michael
    Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Germany.
    Schoelkopf, Joachim
    Omya International AG, Switzerland.
    Gane, Patrick A C
    Omya International AG, Switzerland.
    Teisala, Hannu
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Direct Observation of Gas Meniscus Formation on a Superhydrophobic Surface2019In: ACS Nano, ISSN 1936-0851, E-ISSN 1936-086X, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 2246-2252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of a bridging gas meniscus via cavitation or nanobubbles is considered the most likely origin of the submicrometer long-range attractive forces measured between hydrophobic surfaces in aqueous solution. However, the dynamics of the formation and evolution of the gas meniscus is still under debate, in particular, in the presence of a thin air layer on a superhydrophobic surface. On superhydrophobic surfaces the range can even exceed 10 μm. Here, we report microscopic images of the formation and growth of a gas meniscus during force measurements between a superhydrophobic surface and a hydrophobic microsphere immersed in water. This is achieved by combining laser scanning confocal microscopy and colloidal probe atomic force microscopy. The configuration allows determination of the volume and shape of the meniscus, together with direct calculation of the Young-Laplace capillary pressure. The long-range attractive interactions acting on separation are due to meniscus formation and volume growth as air is transported from the surface layer.

  • 14.
    Hansson, Petra M
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Hormozan, Y
    Brandner, Birgit D
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Linnros, J
    Claesson, Per M
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Effect of surface depressions on wetting and interactions between hydrophobic pore array surfaces2012In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 28, no 30, p. 11121-11130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The surface structure is known to significantly affect the long-range capillary forces between hydrophobic surfaces in aqueous solutions. It is, however, not clear how small depressions in the surface will affect the interaction. To clarify this, we have used the AFM colloidal probe technique to measure interactions between hydrophobic microstructured pore array surfaces and a hydrophobic colloidal probe. The pore array surfaces were designed to display two different pore spacings, 1.4 and 4.0 μm, each with four different pore depths ranging from 0.2 to 12.0 μm. Water contact angles measured on the pore array surfaces are lower than expected from the Cassie-Baxter and Wenzel models and not affected by the pore depth. This suggests that the position of the three-phase contact line, and not the interactions underneath the droplet, determines the contact angle. Confocal Raman microscopy was used to investigate whether water penetrates into the pores. This is of importance for capillary forces where both the movement of the three-phase contact line and the situation at the solid/liquid interface influence the stability of bridging cavities. By analyzing the shape of the force curves, we distinguish whether the cavity between the probe and the surfaces was formed on a flat part of the surface or in close proximity to a pore. The pore depth and pore spacing were both found to statistically influence the distance at which cavities form as surfaces approach each other and the distance at which cavities rupture during retraction.

  • 15.
    Hansson, Petra M
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Skedung, Lisa
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Claesson, Per M
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Schoelkopf, Joachim
    Gane, Patrick A C
    Robust hydrophobic surfaces displaying different surface roughness scales while maintaining the same wettability2011In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 27, no 13, p. 8153-8159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A range of surfaces coated with spherical silica particles, covering the size range from nanometer to micrometer, have been produced using Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) deposition. The particles were characterized both in suspension and in the Langmuir trough to optimize the surface preparation procedure. By limiting the particle aggregation and surface layer failures during the preparation steps, well-defined monolayers with a close-packed structure have been obtained for all particle sizes. Thus, this procedure led to structured surfaces with a characteristic variation in the amplitude and spatial roughness parameters. In order to obtain robust surfaces, a sintering protocol and an AFM-based wear test to determine the stability of the deposited surface layer were employed. Hydrophobization of the LB films followed by water contact angle measurements showed, for all tested particle sizes, the same increase in contact angle compared to the contact angle of a flat hydrophobic surface. This indicates nearly hexagonal packing and gives evidence for nearly, complete surface wetting of the surface features.

  • 16.
    Hansson, Petra M
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Schoelkopf, Joachim
    Gane, Patrick A C
    Thormann, Esben
    Influence of surface topography on the interactions between nanostructured hydrophobic surfaces2012In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 28, no 21, p. 8026-8034Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nanostructured particle coated surfaces, with hydrophobized particles arranged in close to hexagonal order and of specific diameters ranging from 30 nm up to 800 nm, were prepared by Langmuir-Blodgett deposition followed by silanization. These surfaces have been used to study interactions between hydrophobic surfaces and a hydrophobic probe using the AFM colloidal probe technique. The different particle coated surfaces exhibit similar water contact angles, independent of particle size, which facilitates studies of how the roughness length scale affects capillary forces (previously often referred to as "hydrophobic interactions") in aqueous solutions. For surfaces with smaller particles (diameter < 200 nm), an increase in roughness length scale is accompanied by a decrease in adhesion force and bubble rupture distance. It is suggested that this is caused by energy barriers that prevent the motion of the three-phase (vapor/liquid/solid) line over the surface features, which counteracts capillary growth. Some of the measured force curves display extremely long-range interaction behavior with rupture distances of several micrometers and capillary growth with an increase in volume during retraction. This is thought to be a consequence of nanobubbles resting on top of the surface features and an influx of air from the crevices between the particles on the surface.

  • 17.
    Järn, Mikael
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Claesson, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Superhydrophilic polyelectrolyte brush layers with imparted anti-icing properties: Effect of counter ions2014In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 6, no 9, p. 6487-6496Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work demonstrates the feasibility of superhydrophilic polyelectrolyte brush coatings for anti-icing applications. Five different types of ionic and nonionic polymer brush coatings of 25-100 nm thickness were formed on glass substrates using silane chemistry for surface premodification followed by polymerization via the SI-ATRP route. The cationic [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl] trimethylammonium chloride] and the anionic [poly(3-sulfopropyl methacrylate), poly(sodium methacrylate)] polyelectrolyte brushes were further exchanged with H+, Li+, Na+, K+, Ag+, Ca2+, La3+, C16N+, F-, Cl-, BF4-, SO42-, and C12SO3- ions. By consecutive measurements of the strength of ice adhesion toward ion-incorporated polymer brushes on glass it was found that Li+ ions reduce ice adhesion by 40% at -18 °C and 70% at -10 °C. Ag+ ions reduce ice adhesion by 80% at -10 °C relative to unmodified glass. In general, superhydrophilic polyelectrolyte brushes exhibit better anti-icing property at -10 °C compared to partially hydrophobic brushes such as poly(methyl methacrylate) and surfactant exchanged polyelectrolyte brushes. The data are interpreted using the concept of a quasi liquid layer (QLL) that is enhanced in the presence of highly hydrated ions at the interface. It is suggested that the ability of ions to coordinate water is directly related to the efficiency of a given anti-icing coating based on the polyelectrolyte brush concept.

  • 18.
    Koppolu, R.
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Lahti, J.
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Abitbol, Tiffany
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy, Biorefinery and Energy.
    Swerin, Agne
    Kuusipalo, J.
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Toivakka, M.
    Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Continuous Processing of Nanocellulose and Polylactic Acid into Multilayer Barrier Coatings2019In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 11, no 12, p. 11920-11927Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent years have seen an increased interest toward utilizing biobased and biodegradable materials for barrier packaging applications. Most of the abovementioned materials usually have certain shortcomings that discourage their adoption as a preferred material of choice. Nanocellulose falls into such a category. It has excellent barrier against grease, mineral oils, and oxygen but poor tolerance against water vapor, which makes it unsuitable to be used at high humidity. In addition, nanocellulose suspensions' high viscosity and yield stress already at low solid content and poor adhesion to substrates create additional challenges for high-speed processing. Polylactic acid (PLA) is another potential candidate that has reasonably high tolerance against water vapor but rather a poor barrier against oxygen. The current work explores the possibility of combining both these materials into thin multilayer coatings onto a paperboard. A custom-built slot-die was used to coat either microfibrillated cellulose or cellulose nanocrystals onto a pigment-coated baseboard in a continuous process. These were subsequently coated with PLA using a pilot-scale extrusion coater. Low-density polyethylene was used as for reference extrusion coating. Cationic starch precoating and corona treatment improved the adhesion at nanocellulose/baseboard and nanocellulose/PLA interfaces, respectively. The water vapor transmission rate for nanocellulose + PLA coatings remained lower than that of the control PLA coating, even at a high relative humidity of 90% (38 °C). The multilayer coating had 98% lower oxygen transmission rate compared to just the PLA-coated baseboard, and the heptane vapor transmission rate reduced by 99% in comparison to the baseboard. The grease barrier for nanocellulose + PLA coatings increased 5-fold compared to nanocellulose alone and 2-fold compared to PLA alone. This approach of processing nanocellulose and PLA into multiple layers utilizing slot-die and extrusion coating in tandem has the potential to produce a barrier packaging paper that is both 100% biobased and biodegradable.

  • 19.
    Koppolu, Rajesh
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Abitbol, Tiffany
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Kumar, Vinay
    Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Jaiswal, Aayush K.
    Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Toivakka, Martti
    Åbo Akademi University, Finland; VTT Technical Research Center of Finland Ltd, Finland.
    Continuous roll-to-roll coating of cellulose nanocrystals onto paperboard2018In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 25, no 10, p. 6055-6069Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increased interest in the use of cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) films and coatings for a range of functional applications in the fields of material science, biomedical engineering, and pharmaceutical sciences. Most of these applications have been demonstrated on films and coatings produced using laboratory-scale batch processes, such as solvent casting, dip coating, or spin coating. For successful coating application of CNC suspensions using a high throughput process, several challenges need to be addressed: relatively high viscosity at low solids content, coating brittleness, and potentially poor adhesion to the substrate. This work aims to address these problems. The impact of plasticizer on suspension rheology, coating adhesion, and barrier properties was quantified, and the effect of different pre-coatings on the wettability and adhesion of CNC coatings to paperboard substrates was explored. CNC suspensions were coated onto pre-coated paperboard in a roll-to-roll process using a custom-built slot die. The addition of sorbitol reduced the brittleness of the CNC coatings, and a thin cationic starch pre-coating improved their adhesion to the paperboard. The final coat weight, dry coating thickness, and coating line speed were varied between 1–11 g/m2, 900 nm–7 µm, and 2.5–10 m/min, respectively. The barrier properties, adhesive strength, coating coverage, and smoothness of the CNC coatings were characterized. SEM images show full coating coverage at coat weights as low as 1.5 g/m2. With sorbitol as plasticizer and at coat weights above 3.5 g/m2, heptane vapor and water vapor transmission rates were reduced by as much as 99% and 75% respectively. Compared to other film casting techniques, the process employed in this work deposits a relatively thick coating in significantly less time, and may therefore pave the way toward various functional applications based on CNCs.

  • 20.
    Lindström, Tom
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    On the mechanical and chemical factors governing retention and formation of a fine paper stock: The case of headbox elongational shear2016In: Journal of Science & Technology for Forest Products and Processes, ISSN 1927-6311, E-ISSN 1927-632X, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 30-37Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The relation between formation and retention is of key importance in papermaking. This paper deals with how various variables (mix-to-wire speed difference, softwood/hardwood ratio, pulp consistency, headbox contraction, and various amounts of added two-component retention aid) affect the forming of paper and in turn retention and paper formation. The experiments were conducted using the EuroFEX paper machine at Innventia, which can be operated under steady-state conditions of the white water system.

    It was found that formation is worst when the mix-to-wire speed difference is close to zero or when the oriented shear is lowest. Retention, on the other hand, is to a large extent independent of mix-to-wire speed. Higher consistency during forming is generally associated with an enhanced susceptibility of fibres to flocculate, but a higher consistency in the  headbox is, in this study, also associated with increased headbox contraction, which increases elongational shear. The higher the headbox consistency, the higher will be the first-pass retention because of the closer proximity of particles, which is beneficial for bridging flocculation. It is known that elongational shear is in general more beneficial to fibre dispersion than transverse shear and also that for weaker fibre flocs (higher hardwood pulp content), the effect of high headbox contraction (higher consistency) actually reverses the effect of consistency on sheet formation because elongational shear overcomes the effects of fibre crowding at high headbox consistency on sheet formation.

    In conclusion, we show how the effects of mix-to-wire speed difference, softwood/hardwood ratio, headbox consistency, headbox contraction, and amount of retention aid added (cationic polyacrylamide and colloidal silica) affect retention and formation of paper.

  • 21.
    MacKenzie, Jordan
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Söderberg, Daniel
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Lundell, Fredrik
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Turbulent stress measurements of fibre suspensions in a straight pipe2018In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 30, no 2, article id 025104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of the present work is an experimental study of the behaviour of semi-dilute, opaque fibre suspensions in fully developed cylindrical pipe flows. Measurements of the normal and turbulent shear stress components and the mean flow were acquired using phase-contrast magnetic resonance velocimetry. Two fibre types, namely, pulp fibre and nylon fibre, were considered in this work and are known to differ in elastic modulus. In total, three different mass concentrations and seven Reynolds numbers were tested to investigate the effects of fibre interactions during the transition from the plug flow to fully turbulent flow. It was found that in fully turbulent flows of nylon fibres, the normal, uzuz+, and shear, uzur+ (note that · is the temporal average, u is the fluctuating velocity, z is the axial or streamwise component, and r is the radial direction), turbulent stresses increased with Reynolds number regardless of the crowding number (a concentration measure). For pulp fibre, the turbulent stresses increased with Reynolds number when a fibre plug was present in the flow and were spatially similar in magnitude when no fibre plug was present. Pressure spectra revealed that the stiff, nylon fibre reduced the energy in the inertial-subrange with an increasing Reynolds and crowding number, whereas the less stiff pulp fibre effectively cuts the energy cascade prematurely when the network was fully dispersed.

  • 22.
    MacKenzie, Jordan
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Söderberg, Daniel
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Lundell, Fredrik
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Turbulent stress measurements with phase-contrast magnetic resonance through tilted slices2017In: Experiments in Fluids, ISSN 0723-4864, E-ISSN 1432-1114, Vol. 58, article id 51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aiming at turbulent measurements in opaque suspensions, a simplistic methodology for measuring the turbulent stresses with phase-contrast magnetic resonance velocimetry is described. The method relies on flow-compensated and flow-encoding protocols with the flow encoding gradient normal to the slice. The experimental data is compared with direct numerical simulations (DNS), both directly but also, more importantly, after spatial averaging of the DNS data that resembles the measurement and data treatment of the experimental data. The results show that the most important MRI data (streamwise velocity, streamwise variance and Reynolds shear stress) is reliable up to at least r&#x00AF;=0.75'>r¯=0.75r¯=0.75 without any correction, paving the way for dearly needed turbulence and stress measurements in opaque suspensions.

  • 23.
    Mira, Isabel
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Ink-jettable paper-based sensor for charged macromolecules and surfactants2014In: Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical, ISSN 0925-4005, E-ISSN 1873-3077, Vol. 195, no May, p. 389-395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of metachromatic dye-based formulations for the preparation of inkjettable prototype indicators suitable for the detection of charged macromolecules, surfactants or other low molecular weight molecules was investigated. Such indicators were based on the use of metachromatic o-toluidine blue (OTB) that undergoes a characteristic change in color (from blue to pink) upon interaction with anionic macromolecules. When applied onto absorbing substrates such as paper and paperboard, solutions containing OTB and the same dye in the presence of potassium polyvinyl sulfate (KPVS), proved to indicate negatively charged polymers and cationic surfactants. The colorimetric responses suggest a detection limit and sensitivity both are in the order of 1 mM of charged species but can be further improved. Interactions between active species in the indicators and some of the additives in inkjettable formulations (surfactant and humectants) interfered with the mechanism by which an OTB/KVPS-based system work only to a minor degree and could be overcome by priming the substrate. An OTB-based system was formulated into an inkjettable formulation that, once applied to a substrate, was showed to indicate charged polymers and surfactants. This concept has the potential for sensing/indication of other charged macromolecules, such as carboxylates and polyphosphates, which are relevant in biomedical (e.g. fouling due to microbial activity), packaging applications (e.g. migration or release of compounds, food spoilage), microfluidic devices or a simple dipstick application to indicate the presence of charged components.

  • 24.
    Moghaddam, Maziar Sedighi
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Heydari, Golrokh
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Tuominen, Mikko
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Fielden, Matthew
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Haapanen, Janne
    TUT Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Mäkelä, Jyrki M.
    TUT Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Wålinder, Magnus E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Hydrophobisation of wood surfaces by combining liquid flame spray (LFS) and plasma treatment: Dynamic wetting properties2016In: Holzforschung, ISSN 0018-3830, E-ISSN 1437-434X, Vol. 70, no 6, p. 527-537Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The hydrophilic nature of wood surfaces is a major cause for water uptake and subsequent biological degradation and dimensional changes. In the present paper, a thin transparent superhydrophobic layer on pine veneer surfaces has been created for controlling surface wettability and water repellency. This effect was achieved by means of the liquid flame spray (LFS) technique, in the course of which the nanoparticulate titanium dioxide (TiO2) was brought to the surface, followed by plasma polymerisation. Plasma polymerised perfluorohexane (PFH) or hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) were then deposited onto the LFS-treated wood surfaces. The same treatment systems were applied to silicon wafers so as to have well-defined reference surfaces. The dynamic wettability was studied by the multicycle Wilhelmy plate (mWP) method, resulting in advancing and receding contact angles as well as sorption behavior of the samples during repeated wetting cycles in water. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were employed to characterise the topography and surface chemical compositions and to elucidate the question how the morphology of the nanoparticles and plasma affect the wetting behavior. A multi-scale roughness (micro-nano roughness) was found and this enhanced the forced wetting durability via a superhydrophobic effect on the surface, which was stable even after repeated wetting cycles. The hydrophobic effect of this approach was higher compared to that of plasma modified surfaces with their micro-scale modification.

  • 25.
    Moghaddam, Maziar Sedighi
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Van den Bulcke, J.
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Wålinder, M. E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    J., Van Acker
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    X-ray computed tomography on chemically modified wood2016In: Proceedings of the 12th meeting of the Northern European Network for Wood Science and Engineering (WSE): Wood science and engineering - a key factor on the transition to Bioeconomy / [ed] Bruno Andersons and Arnis Kokorevics, Riga: Latvian State Institute of Wood Chemistry , 2016, p. 184-190Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mapping and visualization of structural changes due to the modification of wood would increase the understanding of chemical modification processes and facilitate optimization of the process parameters. The 2D and 3D microstructure of acetylated and furfurylated softwood and hardwood were visualized using X-ray computed tomography and some anatomical features were investigated such as total porosity, cell wall thickness and maximum opening of tracheid lumens. The wetting properties of chemically modified samples were related to the microstructural properties. Significant changes in the wood structure were observed for furfurylated sapwood samples mainly indicated by a change in tracheid shape and filling of tracheids by furan polymer, whereas no microstructural changes were noted for acetylated samples. Furfurylation significantly decreased the porosity of the sample in both earlywood and latewood regions; whereas for acetylated samples the total porosity of modified and unmodified samples was rather similar. This is in line with results of wetting showing that furfurylation reduced both swelling and capillary uptake in contrast to acetylation which reduced mostly swelling.

  • 26.
    Moghaddam, Maziar Sedighi
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Van den Bulcke, J.
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Wålinder, M. E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Van Acker, J.
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    X-ray computed tomography on chemically modified wood2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mapping and visualization of structural changes due to the modification of wood would increase the understanding of chemical modification processes and facilitate optimization of the process parameters. The 2D and 3D microstructure of acetylated and furfurylated softwood and hardwood were visualized using X-ray computed tomography and some anatomical features were investigated such as total porosity, cell wall thickness and maximum opening of tracheid lumens. The wetting properties of chemically modified samples were related to the microstructural properties. Significant changes in the wood structure were observed for furfurylated sapwood samples mainly indicated by a change in tracheid shape and filling of tracheids by furan polymer, whereas no microstructural changes were noted for acetylated samples. Furfurylation significantly decreased the porosity of the sample in both earlywood and latewood regions; whereas for acetylated samples the total porosity of modified and unmodified samples was rather similar. This is in line with results of wetting showing that furfurylation reduced both swelling and capillary uptake in contrast to acetylation which reduced mostly swelling.

  • 27.
    Moghaddam, Maziar Sedighi
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Van den Bulcke, Jan
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Wålinder, Magnus E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Van Acker, Joris
    Ghent University, Belgium.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Microstructure of chemically modified wood using X-ray computed tomography in relation to wetting properties2017In: Holzforschung, ISSN 0018-3830, E-ISSN 1437-434X, Vol. 71, no 2, p. 119-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    X-ray computed tomography (XCT) was utilized to visualize and quantify the 2D and 3D microstructure of acetylated southern yellow pine (pine) and maple, as well as furfurylated pine samples. The total porosity and the porosity of different cell types, as well as cell wall thickness and maximum opening of tracheid lumens were evaluated. The wetting properties (swelling and capillary uptake) were related to these microstructural characteristics. The data show significant changes in the wood structure for furfurylated pine sapwood samples, including a change in tracheid shape and filling of tracheids by furan polymer. In contrast, no such changes were noted for the acetylated pine samples at the high resolution of 0.8

  • 28.
    Moghaddam, Maziar Sedighi
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wålinder, Magnus E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wettability and swelling of acetylated and furfurylated wood analyzed by multicycle Wilhelmy plate method2016In: Holzforschung, ISSN 0018-3830, E-ISSN 1437-434X, Vol. 70, no 1, p. 69-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The wetting, dimensional stability and sorption properties of a range of modified wood samples obtained either by acetylation or furfurylation were compared with those of unmodified samples of the same wood species via a multicycle Wilhelmy plate method. Wettability measurements were performed with water and octane as the swelling and non-swelling liquids, respectively. It was found that acetylation reduces water uptake mainly by reducing the swelling. In comparison, furfurylation reduces both swelling and the void volume in the sample. To quantify the effect of the modification process of the wood properties, the parameters "liquid up-take reduction" and the "perimeter change reduction" were introduced, which were determined from multicycle Wilhelmy plate measurements. Compared with the acetylated wood, the furfurylated wood with a higher level of weight percent gain exhibited larger property changes on the surface and in terms of swelling and sorption properties.

  • 29.
    Niga, Petru
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Hansson-Mille, Petra M
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Schoelkopf, Joachim
    Omya International AG, Switzerland.
    Gane, Patrick A C
    Omya International AG, Switzerland; Aalto University, Finland.
    Bergendal, Erik
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Tummino, Andrea
    Institut Laue-Langevin, France; Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary.
    Campbell, Richard A
    Institut Laue-Langevin, France.
    Johnson, C Magnus
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Interactions between model cell membranes and the neuroactive drug propofol.2018In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 526, p. 230-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    phospholipid, NR data reveal that propofol is located exclusively in the head group region, which is rationalized in the context of previous studies. The results imply a non-homogeneous distribution of propofol in the plane of real cell membranes, which is an inference that requires urgent testing and may help to explain why such low concentration of the drug are required to induce general anaesthesia.

  • 30.
    Niga, Petru
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Hansson-Mille, Petra
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Schoelkopf, Joachim
    Omya International AG, Switzerland.
    Gane, Patrick
    Omya International AG, Switzerland; Aalto University, Finland.
    Dai, Jing
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Furó, Istvan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Campbell, Richard
    Institut Laue-Langevin, France; University of Manchester, UK.
    Johnson, Magnus
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Propofol adsorption at the air/water interface: a combined vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance and neutron reflectometry study2019In: Soft Matter, ISSN 1744-683X, E-ISSN 1744-6848, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 38-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Propofol is an amphiphilic small molecule that strongly influences the function of cell membranes, yet data regarding interfacial properties of propofol remain scarce. Here we consider propofol adsorption at the air/water interface as elucidated by means of vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy (VSFS), neutron reflectometry (NR), and surface tensiometry. VSFS data show that propofol adsorbed at the air/water interface interacts with water strongly in terms of hydrogen bonding and weakly in the proximity of the hydrocarbon parts of the molecule. In the concentration range studied there is almost no change in the orientation adopted at the interface. Data from NR show that propofol forms a dense monolayer with a thickness of 8.4 Å and a limiting area per molecule of 40 Å2, close to the value extracted from surface tensiometry. The possibility that islands or multilayers of propofol form at the air/water interface is therefore excluded as long as the solubility limit is not exceeded. Additionally, measurements of the 1H NMR chemical shifts demonstrate that propofol does not form dimers or multimers in bulk water up to the solubility limit.

  • 31.
    Oko, Asaf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Brandner, Birgit
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Claesson, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Aggregation of inkjet ink components by Ca and Mg ions in relation to colorant pigment distribution in paper2014In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 456, no 1, p. 92-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Papers coated with salts containing divalent cations exhibit superior inkjet print quality, which has been suggested to be due to fast aggregation of the colorant pigments close to, or even on, the surface of the paper. In this work we show the pivotal role of the carboxylic acid containing dispersing polymer. We report a series of aggregation and sedimentation experiments with commercial inks, generic ink formulations and specific ingredients comprising these formulations, and find differences in their response to the presence of MgCl2 or CaCl2. In particular, flocs and sediments formed in the presence of MgCl2 are denser than those formed in the presence of CaCl2. These differences are not predicted by the Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory. We suggest that ion specific interactions occurring between Mg2+ or Ca2+, and charged carboxylate groups residing on the dispersing polymers, provoke the observed behavior.

  • 32.
    Oko, Asaf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Claesson, Per M.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Niga, Petru
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Life Science.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Measurements and dimensional scaling of spontaneous imbibition of inkjet droplets on paper2016In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 156-169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate theoretically and experimentally the spontaneous imbibition of water based inkjet formulations utilizing paper capillary rise and imbibition of inkjet drops. We approximate the paper structure to a two dimensional anisotropic porous material, and using Darcy's law as a base, we derive dimensionless groups that scale drop imbibition. This derivation is based on a previous dimensional scaling of drop imbibition on thick isotropic porous material. We apply this scaling to a paper substrate by measuring the average drop imbibition rate, and perform paper capillary rise experiments to obtain the average system parameters required for the scaling. The results suggest that this approach is a valuable tool to predict drop imbibition rates on paper. We then continue and perform the same sets of experiments on a different paper with similar structure that is surface treated (surface sized) with CaCl2 salt, an additive that is known to improve print quality. We find that due to rapid aggregation of the colorant ink by the CaCl2, the imbibition rate is slowed down in the capillary rise experiments, i.e., on much larger scales compared to a single inkjet drop. However, the presence of CaCl2 has only minor effect over the average imbibition rates of single drops. Imbibition rates on the CaCl2 surface sized paper did not give adequate scaling as a result of the fact that the aggregation was not included the theoretical assumptions behind the scaling.

  • 33.
    Oko, Asaf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Erratum: Infiltration and dimensional scaling of inkjet droplets on thick isotropic porous materials2014In: Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, ISSN 1613-4982, E-ISSN 1613-4990, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 423-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Oko, Asaf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Medicinteknik.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Infiltration and dimensional scaling of picoliter inkjet drops on nano- and microporous materials – isotropic porous glass and anisotropic paper2016In: Annual Surface and Materials Chemistry Symposium and Materials for tomorrow (ASMCS 2016), 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Oko, Asaf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Claesson, Per M
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
    Imbibition and evaporation of water droplets on paper and solid substrates2011In: Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, ISSN 1062-3701, E-ISSN 1943-3522, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 102011-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Imbibition and evaporation of picoliter (pL) sized water droplets on paper media commonly used for inkjet printing is measured using high speed imaging system. Three types of uncoated and coated paper samples were chosen: multipurpose uncoated paper (80 g/m(2)), matte coated paper (230 g/m2), and gloss coated paper (240 g/m(2)). As a reference, the rate of the evaporation process was quantified by using three impermeable solid substrates with different wetting characteristics, i.e., silicon, glass, and hydrophobized glass. It is shown that for water droplets of about 60 pL, imbibition is the dominant phenomenon on the matte and gloss coated paper leading to a total drying time (imbibition plus evaporation) of 10-15 ms for gloss coated paper and 30-150 ms on the matte coated paper. In the latter sample, different regimes in the imbibition process were correlated with the layered structure of the sample. The drying process on the multipurpose paper is dominated by evaporation, with initial drying rate of 0.4-0.6 pL/ms.

  • 36.
    Reverdy, Charlene
    et al.
    Université Grenoble Alpes, France.
    Belgacem, Naceur
    Université Grenoble Alpes, France.
    Moghaddam, Maziar Sedigh
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Sundin, Mikael
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Bras, Julien
    Université Grenoble Alpes, France; Institut Universitaire de France, France.
    One-step superhydrophobic coating using hydrophobized cellulose nanofibrils2018In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 544, p. 152-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Superhydrophobic surfaces have high potential in self-cleaning and anti-fouling applications. We developed a one-step superhydrophobic coating formulation containing sodium oleate (NaOl), hydrophobized precipitated calcium carbonate and biobased cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) hydrophobized with either alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) or amino propyl trimethoxy silane (APMS) as a binder to fix and distribute the particles. Coatings were made on paperboard and the wetting behavior of the surface was assessed. Static, advancing and receding contact angles with water as well as roll-off and water shedding angle were compared to coatings made with styrene butadiene latex as binder instead of CNFs. Modifications with alkyl ketene dimer showed most promising results for a viable process in achieving superhydrophobic paperboard but required reformulation of the coating with optimized and reduced amount of NaOl to avoid surfactant-induced wetting via excess NaOl. A static water contact angle of 150° was reached for the CNF-AKD. The use of CNFs enables the improvement of coating quality avoiding cracking with the use of nanocellulose as a renewable binder.

  • 37.
    Sedighi Moghaddam, Maziar
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Claesson, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wålinder, M. E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Wettability and liquid sorption of wood investigated by Wilhelmy plate method2014In: Wood Science and Technology, ISSN 0043-7719, E-ISSN 1432-5225, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 161-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The wettability of Scots pine veneers was investigated with different approaches using the Wilhelmy plate method. The probe liquids were water and octane, which differ; in that, water is able to swell the wood sample, whereas octane does not. Novel approaches based on the Wilhelmy plate method to study wettability, liquid penetration, and swelling behavior of wood veneers are introduced. First, immersion to constant depth was performed, and liquid uptake with time was evaluated. Different kinetic regimes, the fastest one associated with contact angle changes and the slowest regime associated with liquid sorption by capillary and diffusion, were observed. Two other approaches, imbibition at constant depth (with initial deeper immersion) and full immersion, were utilized in order to keep the contact angle constant during measurements. Dynamic wettability studies were done by a multi-cycle (10-20 cycles) Wilhelmy method. Based on this, the time-dependent swelling of wood and changes in sample perimeter could be obtained. Generally, water showed higher absorption than octane. In all wettability studies, and for both probe liquids, the penetration process starts with a fast initial sorption, which is followed by swelling in the case of water.

  • 38.
    Sedighi Moghaddam, Maziar
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Claesson, Per
    Wålinder, Magnus
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, Trätek.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    New approaches for studying wood wettability and liquid penetration by using Wilhelmy plate method2012In: Proceedings of the 8th meeting of the Northern European Network for Wood Science and Engineering (WSE)., Kaunas University of Technology , 2012, , p. 151-162Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Sedighi Moghaddam, Maziar
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Claesson, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Multicycle wilhelmy plate method for wetting properties, swelling and liquid sorption of wood2013In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 29, no 39, p. 12145-12153Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation.
    Dimensional Scaling of Aqueous Ink Imbibition and Inkjet Printability on Porous Pigment Coated Paper-A Revisit2018In: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, E-ISSN 1520-5045, Vol. 57, no 49, p. 16684-16691Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A recently published dimensional scaling of infiltration of water-based inkjet fluids was used to revisit published inkjet printability data on mineral-pigment-based, inkjet-receptive coated papers. The dimensional scaling was developed using simple fluids on homogeneous isotropic media and applied on uncoated papers using complex inkjet fluids but so far has not been related to printability. It is shown that the scaling can also work for coated papers using commercial dye- and pigment-based inks with a suggested relation to printability as given by the color gamut area, in which the primary factor is the product of permeability and capillary pressure. A successful scaling suggests that inkjet printability can be predicted from flow and materials parameters, namely, porosity, viscosity, imbibed volume, permeability, and capillary pressure, and would be of general applicability in other areas of inkjet printing. The results further imply the usefulness of the approach in other functional surface modification using waterborne procedures on hard or soft porous materials.

  • 41.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Probing interactions of nanocellulose and sugars using rheology2017In: International Conference on Nanotechnology for Renewable Materials 2017, TAPPI Press , 2017, p. 305-314Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    TopNANO - Top-level nanoscale coatings and surface treatment to prevent and combat condensation of water, ice formation, ice growth and adhesion with applications in aircraft, wind turbines and heat exchangers for improved energy efficiency and safety2015Report (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Swerin, Agne
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Surface, Process and Formulation. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Brandner, B. D.
    PerkinElmer, USA.
    Interaction in cellulosic fiber-fiber joints at humid and wet conditions by AFM and confocal Raman microscopy2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interactions in fiber-fiber joints: • Interaction in crossed cellulosic fiber joints between was studied by atomic force colloidal probe microscopy (AFM) and mapping of surfaces and bonding sites using confocal Raman microspectroscopy (CRM) • CRM imaged surfaces and joints on thermomechanical pulp fibers, bleached pulp fibers and rayon fibers • Chemical and structural constituents relevant for bonding at high enough resolution can be imaged • Differences due to stresses or strains at, or close to, the fiber-fiber bonded area was detected but could not be evaluated. • Clean rayon fibers and bleached kraft pulp fibers, attached to an AFM cantilever and to the edge of an AFM chip, were brought in contact in a 90° crossed configuration • Forces measured in humid air and in water during approach and during retract • Bleached kraft pulp fiber-fiber joints can measured combined in adhesion and friction • Rayon fibers at different RH's give influence of capillary attraction at cross-points. Adhesion values significantly less than predicted by capillary attraction, due to roughness.

  • 44.
    Swerin, Agne
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Claesson, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Frictional forces between hydrophilic and hydrophobic particle coated nanostructured surfaces2013In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 15, no 41, p. 17893-17902Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Swerin, Agne
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Sedighi Moghaddam, Maziar
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor.
    Claesson, Per
    Report on the Troëdsson Adjunct Professorship in Forest-based Surface Chemistry at KTH financed by the Troëdsson Foundation – reporting period 2013-20142014Report (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Swerin, Agne
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Sundin, Mikael
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Wåhlander, Martin
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Formulation of a pigmented foam aimed for superhydrophobic coatings2015In: Paper Conference and Trade Show (PaperCon 2015), 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fundamental studies of superhydrophobicity have evolved toward several industrial applications. The present study concerns the formulation of pigmented foam aimed for water-borne superhydrophobic surface layers. An industrially viable process for a one-step water-borne superhydrophobic coating was developed in collaboration with industrial partners. A typical formulation contained calcium carbonate (preferably aragonite type), sodium oleate and carboxylic latex binder. The pigmented foam was laboratory rod coated onto paperboard substrates. During the drying the foamed structure collapses into a pigmented coating. The contact and rolling-off angles, droplet stain size and Cobb value were evaluated for different amounts of the added ingredients. The frictional resistance and water vapour permeability was measured for some of the samples.

    More recent results show that through careful reformulation of the coating dispersions these pigmented foams can be prepared at considerably higher solids content, which is of utmost relevance to decrease drying time if implemented in an industrial process. It was also shown that the hydrostatic water resistance (Cobb value) and the mechanical robustness could be substantially improved compared to previous results. Surface spectroscopy data provided an explanation for the increased water resistance.

  • 47.
    Swerin, Agne
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Sundin, Mikael
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Wåhlander, Martin
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Formulation of superhydrophobic pigment coatings2015In: Paper Conference and Trade Show (PaperCon 2015), TAPPI Press, 2015, Vol. 2, p. 1410-1424Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Swerin, Agne
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sundin, Mikael
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Wåhlander, Martin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    One-pot waterborne superhydrophobic pigment coatings at high solids with improved scratch and water resistance2016In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 495, p. 79-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A pigment coating was developed to achieve superhydrophobicity in one step from a waterborne formulation containing aragonite calcium carbonate, hydrophobized using sodium oleate, latex binder and cross-linker. Coatings formulated ≤50 mass% and applied to polyethylene coated paperboard substrates displayed typical superhydrophobic features: water contact angles ≥150°, low roll-off angle and low stain sizes, but poor scratch and water resistance as well as foaming issues during preparation. Reformulation at higher solids content significantly improved scratch and water resistance properties. Water rinsing of the dried coatings further increased the water barrier capacity due to reduced surfactant-assisted wetting; findings were corroborated by detailed surface chemistry analyses showing the removal of surface-active components after water rinsing of the dried coatings. A plausible cause for the improved durability is the fact that capillary forces increase exponentially with increasing pigment volume fraction (power law exponent of 2.2) leading to efficient binder coverage during the early stage of pigment coating consolidation.

  • 49.
    Tuominen, Mikko
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Teisala, Hannu
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Haapanen, Janne
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Mäkelä, Jyrki M.
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Honkanen, Mari
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Vippola, Minnamari
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Bardage, Stig
    Wålinder, Magnus E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Superamphiphobic overhang coating on a biobased material2016In: Annual Surface and Materials Chemistry Symposium and Materials for tomorrow (ASMCS 2016), 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Tuominen, Mikko
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik.
    Teisala, Hannu
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Haapanen, Janne
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Mäkelä, Jyrki M.
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Honkanen, Mari
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Vippola, Minnamari
    Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Bardage, Stig
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Wålinder, Magnus E. P.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Swerin, Agne
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Material och ytteknik. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Superamphiphobic overhang structured coating on a biobased material2016In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, E-ISSN 1873-5584, Vol. 389, p. 135-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A superamphiphobic coating on a biobased material shows extreme liquid repellency with static contact angles (CA) greater than 150° and roll-off angles less than 10° against water, ethylene glycol, diiodomethane and olive oil, and a CA for hexadecane greater than 130°. The coating consisting of titania nanoparticles deposited by liquid flame spray (LFS) and hydrophobized using plasma-polymerized perfluorohexane was applied to a birch hardwood. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging after sample preparation by UV laser ablation of coated areas revealed that capped structures were formed and this, together with the geometrically homogeneous wood structure, fulfilled the criteria for overhang structures to occur. The coating showed high hydrophobic durability by still being non-wetted after 500 000 water drop impacts, and this is discussed in relation to geometrical factors and wetting forces. The coating was semi-transparent with no significant coloration. A self-cleaning effect was demonstrated with both water and oil droplets. A self-cleanable, durable and highly transparent superamphiphobic coating based on a capped overhang structure has a great potential for commercial feasibility in a variety of applications, here exemplified for a biobased material.

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