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  • 1.
    Amon, Francine
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety Research.
    Gehandler, Jonatan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety Research.
    McNamee, Robert
    Brandskyddslaget, Sweden.
    McNamee, Margaret
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Vilic, Azra
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Fire Impact Tool- Measuring the impact of fire suppression operations on the environment2021In: Fire safety journal, ISSN 0379-7112, E-ISSN 1873-7226, Vol. 120, article id 103071Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden the responsibility for environmental damage when emergency responders are called to an incident is increasingly focussing on the responders. The problem is that most incident response personnel do not have the training and expertise to assess the environmental consequences of their suppression operations. The Fire Impact Tool was developed for training responders about how fire effluents and suppression media affect air, surface/groundwater and soil. The tool has three interdependent parts: fire models (for vehicles and enclosures), an environmental risk assessment (ERA) model for local impacts, and a life cycle assessment (LCA) model for global impacts. Users can create two scenarios that are compared with a reference case in which responders arrive at the incident and prevent the fire from spreading beyond the vehicle or enclosure but do not suppress the fire. The Fire Impact Tool is not intended for use during an actual fire incident. This work does not answer every question for every possible fire scenario, but it does provide a framework for deeper, broader, more comprehensive training and pre-planning. This is a necessary step toward a future in which responders are prepared to make informed decisions about firefighting strategies and tactics that include environmental consequences.

  • 2.
    Amon, Francine
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Safety.
    Gehandler, Jonatan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Safety.
    McNamee, Robert
    Brandskyddslaget, Sweden.
    McNamee, Margaret
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Vilic, Azra
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Measuring the impact of fire on the environment (Fire Impact Tool, version 1): Project report and user manual2019Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Andersson, Petra
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Rosell, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Organisk kemi (Kmo).
    Simonson, Margaret
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, skydd (BRs ).
    Emanuelsson, Viktor
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Small and large scale fire experiments with electric cables under well ventilated and vitiated conditions2004In: Fire Technology, Vol. 40, p. 247-262Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Petra
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Simonson, Margaret
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, skydd (BRs ).
    Blomqvist, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Rosell, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Organisk kemi (Kmo).
    Stripple, Håkan
    Fire-LCA Model: Cable case study II – NHXMH and NHMH cable2005Report (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 5.
    Andersson, Petra
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Simonson, Margaret
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, skydd (BRs ).
    Rosell, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Organisk kemi (Kmo).
    Blomqvist, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Stripple, Håkan
    Fire-LCA model: Furniture study2003Report (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 6.
    Beyler, C.
    et al.
    Jensen Hughes, USA.
    Croce, P.
    Factory Mutual Emeritus, USA..
    Dubay, C.
    National Fire Protection Association, USA.
    Johnson, P.
    Arup, Australia.
    McNamee, Margaret
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Safety and Transport, Safety.
    Oxygen consumption calorimetry, William Parker: 2016 DiNenno Prize2017In: Fire Science Reviews, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2016 DiNenno Prize recognizes oxygen consumption calorimetry as a significant technical achievement that has had a major impact on public safety. Oxygen consumption calorimetry has made the measurement of heat release rate of a fire a routine part of fire testing for both research and for regulatory compliance. Heat release rate is a primary metric of fire size which is foundational in modern fire protection engineering. The 2016 Philip J. DiNenno Prize is awarded to Dr. William Parker, with ample commendation to his deceased collaborator, Dr. Clayton Huggett. Others who made contributions to the early development and application of oxygen consumption calorimetry include Peter Hinkley, William Christian, Thomas Waterman, Darryl Sensenig, Ralph Krause, Richard Gann, Vyto Babrauskas, Gunnar Heskestad, Norm Alvares, Donald Beason, and Brady Williamson. This review presents an overview of the background to the technological development and its impact on public safety

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Blomqvist, Per
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    McNamee, Margaret
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
    Stec, Anna A.
    University of Central Lancashire, UK.
    Gylestam, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Detailed study of distribution patterns of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and isocyanates under different fire conditions2014In: Fire and Materials, ISSN 0308-0501, E-ISSN 1099-1018, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 125-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study has examined the distribution patterns between gas phase and particle phase of some chemical compounds produced in fires. It has also addressed the question of the distribution of individual particle-associated species between the different size-ranges of particles. The chemical compounds studied and discussed in this paper are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and isocyanates. The steady-state tube furnace, ISO/TS 19700, was chosen as the physical fire model in order to study the production of particles from different types of fire exposure, that is, oxidative pyrolysis, well-ventilated flaming fires and under-ventilated flaming post-flashover fires. Two materials were chosen for investigation, a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) carpet and a wood board. The particle production from the two materials investigated varied concerning both the amounts produced and the particle size distributions. The analysis of PAHs showed that volatile PAHs were generally dominant. However, when the toxicity of the individual species was taken into account, the relative importance between volatile and particle-associated PAHs shifted the dominance to particle-bound PAH for both materials. The substantial degradation in the tests of the low polyurethane content of the PVC carpet, and the (4,4′-methylenediphenyl diisocyanate)-based binder in the wood board resulted in no or very small amount of quantifiable diisocyanates.

  • 8.
    Blomqvist, Per
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Rosell, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Organisk kemi (Kmo).
    Simonson, Margaret
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, skydd (BRs ).
    Quantification of PAH, dioxins and other chemical species in fire gases2001In: Interflam 2001. International Interflam Conference. 9th proceedings. Vol. 1. September 17-19., Interscience Communications Ltd , 2001, , p. 37-48Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Gehandler, Jonatan
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety Research.
    McNamee, Robert
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire Technology.
    McNamee, Margaret
    Lunds University, Sweden.
    Amon, Francine
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety Research.
    Interaktiv Miljöbedömning vid Insats: IMI-verktyget2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Programmet ”IMI-verktyget” (se länk till höger) är utvecklat för att ge räddningstjänst, studenter och forskare ett verktyg för att öka kunskapen angående konsekvenserna av taktiska val vid respons till en brand, exemplifierad av några fordons- och rumsbränder.

    I rapporten till höger (”fulltext”) beskriver hur verktyget fungerar och innehåller också exempel på datorlabbar som skulle kunna genomföras inom en brandingenjörsutbildning eller räddningsledarutbildning.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
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    IMI-verktyget
  • 10.
    Hovart, Lucas
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Kerstin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety.
    Frykmer, Tove
    Lund University, Sweden.
    McNamee, Margaret
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Citizen responsive contributions in wildfire crisis : Questions on lessons learned from the 2021 Finsjö fire2024In: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS Nordic Fire & Safety, 2024, p. 51-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Johansson, Nils
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Van Hees, Patrick
    Lund University, Sweden.
    McNamee, Margaret
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Andersson, Petra
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Jansson, Robert
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Strömgren, Michael
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
    Technical measures to prevent and mitigate the consequences of arson in school buildings2014In: Fire Safety Science, International Association for Fire Safety Science , 2014, p. 531-543Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fires in school buildings caused by arson are a major problem in Sweden and in particular are the costs of these fires disproportionately high compared to the costs of fires in buildings in general. The Swedish Research Board initiated a multidisciplinary project in order to reduce the number and consequences of arson fires in schools. Both technical and social aspects have been dealt within this project. In this paper an overview of the findings of the sub-project related to technical issues are presented. The goal and purpose of it has been to evaluate technical systems and engineering solutions to prevent and reduce the consequences of arson in school buildings. As part of this has a number of issues been considered including: identification of typical fire scenarios and design fires, an inventory of available technical systems and solutions, small- And real-scale experiments and an extensive cost-benefit analysis of a selection of technical systems.

  • 12.
    Martinsson, John
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    Runefors, M.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Frantzich, H.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Glebe, D.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    McNamee, Margaret
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Mogren, Olof
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    A Novel Method for Smart Fire Detection Using Acoustic Measurements and Machine Learning: Proof of Concept2022In: Fire technology, ISSN 0015-2684, E-ISSN 1572-8099, Vol. 58, p. 3385-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fires are a major hazard resulting in high monetary costs, personal suffering, and irreplaceable losses. The consequences of a fire can be mitigated by early detection systems which increase the potential for successful intervention. The number of false alarms in current systems can for some applications be very high, but could be reduced by increasing the reliability of the detection system by using complementary signals from multiple sensors. The current study investigates the novel use of machine learning for fire event detection based on acoustic sensor measurements. Many materials exposed to heat give rise to acoustic emissions during heating, pyrolysis and burning phases. Further, sound is generated by the heat flow associated with the flame itself. The acoustic data collected in this study is used to define an acoustic sound event detection task, and the proposed machine learning method is trained to detect the presence of a fire event based on the emitted acoustic signal. The method is able to detect the presence of fire events from the examined material types with an overall F-score of 98.4%. The method has been developed using laboratory scale tests as a proof of concept and needs further development using realistic scenarios in the future. © 2022, The Author(s).

  • 13.
    McNamee, Margaret
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Göras, Therese
    Skanska, Sweden.
    Mossberg, Aaxel
    Bengt Dahlgren, Sweden.
    Wetterqvist, Cecilia
    Bengt Dahlgren, Sweden.
    Lundh, Karolina
    Bengt Dahlgren, Sweden.
    Blomqvist, Per
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety.
    Blomqvist, Susanne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety.
    Challenges and opportunities for reuse of products and materials with fire safety requirements – A Swedish perspective2023In: Fire safety journal, ISSN 0379-7112, E-ISSN 1873-7226, Vol. 140, article id 103857Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The construction sector is of great importance to the Swedish economy, but its impact on the climate is significant and the sector accounts for about 40% of Sweden's total energy consumption. The sector also generates a significant share of the total material flows and waste quantities in the society. Thus, due to the large impact of the construction sector, there are great opportunities to contribute positively by reducing the climate impact through change and modernization. There are many activities focused on reducing construction waste in various ways and the issue of material and product reuse has received increasing attention in recent years. However, very little work has focused on products associated with fire safety requirements. This paper provides an overview of research on the reuse of materials and products with a focus on products with fire safety requirements. In addition, it provides a review of the Swedish building legislation and its impact on the possibility of reusing materials and products with fire safety requirements. Finally, possible paths are explored for introducing more large-scale reuse of such materials and products. © 2023 The Authors

  • 14.
    McNamee, Margaret
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Meacham, Brian
    Meacham Associates, USA.
    FRIC Webinar : FIRE SAFETY CHALLENGES OF ‘GREEN’ BUILDINGS AND ATTRIBUTES2021Other (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 15.
    Simonson, Margaret
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, skydd (BRs ).
    Andersson, Petra
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Blomqvist, Per
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut / Brandteknik, forskning (BRf ).
    Rosell, Lars
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Organisk kemi (Kmo).
    Fire-LCA Model: Furniture Case Study2004In: Flame Retardants, 2004, p. 15-26Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Vylund, Lotta
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety. Greater Gothenburg Fire and Rescue Service, Sweden.
    Frykmer, Tove
    Lund University, Sweden.
    McNamee, Margaret
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Kerstin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety.
    Understanding Fire and Rescue Service Practices Through Problems and Problem-Solving Networks: An Analysis of a Critical Incident2024In: Fire technology, ISSN 0015-2684, E-ISSN 1572-8099Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how the Fire and Rescue Service can better prepare for solving complex problems in emergencies by using the concept of problems and problem-solving networks. Primary and secondary data from an extensive fire incident were analysed, including semi-structured interviews and incident assessment reports. Complex problems that arise during emergencies can be challenging to define, and solutions can be difficult to identify. However, this study demonstrates that breaking down complex problems into sub-problems can facilitate the identification of what kind of problem-solving network is needed to be able to solve problems in emergencies. Overall, this study contributes to a deeper understanding of the rationale behind problem-solving network in emergency situations and highlights the importance of relationships in problem-solving network to address complex problems during emergencies. 

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