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  • 1.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Hostile urban architecture: A critical discussion of the seemingly offensive art of keeping people away2017Inngår i: Etikk i praksis, ISSN 1890-3991, E-ISSN 1890-4009, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 27-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For many years, some urban architecture has aimed to exclude unwanted groups of people from some locations. This type of architecture is called “defensive” or “hostile” architecture and includes benches that cannot be slept on, spikes in the ground that cannot be stood on, and pieces of metal that hinder one’s ability to skateboard. These defensive measures have sparked public outrage, with many thinking such measures lead to suffering, are disrespectful, and violate people’s rights. In this paper, it is argued that these views are difficult to defend and that much more empirical research on the topic is needed.

  • 2.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    Justifying Antibiotic Resistance Interventions: Uncertainty, Precaution and Ethics2018Inngår i: Ethics and Drug-Resistant Infections:  Collective Responsibility for Global Public Health / [ed] Jamrozik E. och Selgelid M.J, Springer, 2018, 5Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter charts and critically analyses the ethical challenge of assessing how much (and what kind of) evidence is required for the justification of interventions in response antibiotic resistance (ABR), as well as other major public health threats. Our ambition here is to chart and briefly discuss main issues, and point to ways in which these need to be further advanced in future research. This will result in a tentative map of complications, underlying problems and possible challenges. This map illustrates that the ethical challenges in this area are much more complex and profound than is usually acknowledged, leaving no tentatively plausible intervention package free of downsides. This creates potentially overwhelming theoretical conundrums when trying to justify what to do. We therefore end by pointing out two general features of the complexity we find to be of particular importance, and a tentative suggestion for how to create a theoretical basis for further analysis.

  • 3.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    Russell Hardin: Trust and trustworthiness2017Inngår i: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, E-ISSN 2002-3383, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 52-61Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    Molnar, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    PRISMA: Processverktyg för social hållbarhet i stadsdelsomvandling2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett verktyg som kan användas av små och mellanstora kommuner som ett processtöd i stadsplaneringsprocesser.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    Munthe, Christian
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nijsingh, Niels
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    TESTING INTERVENTIONS FOR DRASTICPUBLIC HEALTH THREATS: "SOCIAL VALUE", PRAGMATIC RISKS AND THE CHALLENGE OF HEALTH-RELATED RESEARCH ETHICS THE CASE OF DRUG RESISTANCE2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Larsson, Simon
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    De som injicerar droger självklar målgrupp för hepatit C-behandling: debatt2017Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 114, s. 2artikkel-id ER4AArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Munthe, C.
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; .
    Nijsingh, N.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; .
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Joakim Larsson, D. G.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; .
    Health-related Research Ethics and Social Value: Antibiotic Resistance Intervention Research and Pragmatic Risks2019Inngår i: Bioethics, ISSN 0269-9702, E-ISSN 1467-8519, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 335-342Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the implications for the ethical evaluation of research programs of two fundamental changes in the revised research ethical guideline of the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences. The first is the extension of scope that follows from exchanging "biomedical" for "health-related" research, and the second is the new evaluative basis of "social value," which implies new ethical requirements of research. We use the example of antibiotic resistance interventions to explore the need to consider the instances of what we term the pragmatic risks of such interventions to evaluate the social value of certain kinds of health-related research. These (pragmatic) risks severely threaten the social value of interventions in every area where human and social responses significantly impact on their effectiveness. Thus, the social value of health-related research needed to demonstrate its effectiveness depends on the extent and successful management of such risks. Research designed to take into account the management of pragmatic risks also gives rise to similar types of risks, and the potential for social value in light of those risks needs to be considered in ethical reviews based on the new guidelines. We argue that, to handle this new expanded task, the international system of research ethical review addressed by the guidelines needs institutional development.

  • 8.
    Munthe, Christian
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nijsingh, Niels
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi. Chalmers Institute of Technology, Sweden; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Larsson, DG Joakim
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Ethics of Antibiotic Resistance: Towards an Agenda for Feasible and Justified Global Health Policy2019Inngår i: Bioethics, ISSN 0269-9702, E-ISSN 1467-8519, Vol. 33, nr 7, s. 731-733Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    von Platten, Jenny
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Systemomställning och tjänsteinnovation. Lund University, Sweden.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Mangold, Mikael
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Systemomställning och tjänsteinnovation.
    Mjörnell, Kristina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden. Lund University, Sweden.
    Renovating on unequal premises: A normative framework for a just renovation wave in swedish multifamily housing2021Inngår i: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 14, nr 19, artikkel-id 6054Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While the energy transition of the EU housing stock is now being intensified with the launch of the Renovation Wave, economic inequalities are increasing in many OECD countries, which has effects on housing-related inequalities and the demand of affordable housing. The Renovation Wave is thus an opportunity to improve housing quality for low-income households, but also entails risks for increased rents. In Sweden, the standard of housing is relatively high and energy poverty in multifamily housing is rare, meaning that there are limited social benefits to be achieved from extensive energy retrofitting; moreover, Sweden lacks a social housing sector, which limits protection of the worst-off residents. This paper thus explores whether the limited social benefits of the Renovation Wave weigh up against the risks that it entails for the worst-off in the Swedish context. This is done within a normative framework for just energy transitioning that is developed within the context of the Renovation Wave and increasing economic inequalities, consisting of four ordered principles: (1) The equal treatment principle; (2) The priority principle; (3) The efficiency principle; and (4) The principle of procedural fairness. Analysis showed that to be considered just according to our framework, the Swedish energy transition of housing should, in contradistinction to what is suggested in the Renovation Wave, limit the imposition of extensive energy retrofitting in low-income areas. Finally, having identified a mismatch between the most effective approaches in terms of energy savings and the most acceptable approaches in terms of social justice, we offer policy recommendations on how to bridge this mismatch in a Swedish context. © 2021 by the authors. 

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