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  • 1.
    Angelova, Radostina A.
    et al.
    TU Sofia, Bulgaria.
    Naydenov, Kiril Georgiev
    ALECTIA A/S, Denmark.
    Hägerhed Engman, Linda
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Melikov, Arsen Krikor
    DTU, Denmark.
    Popov, T. A.
    Alexander's University Hospital, Bulgaria.
    Stankov, Peter
    TU Sofia, Bulgaria.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ). DTU, Denmark; Karlstad University, Sweden.
    The response rate in postal epidemiological studies in the context of national cultural behaviour2012In: 10th International Conference on Healthy Buildings 2012, 2012, Vol. 2, p. 1429-1434p. 1429-1434Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to analyse the effect of national cultural differences on the response rate, obtained in questionnaire based epidemiological studies on allergy and asthma, performed in Sweden (DBH) and Bulgaria (ALLHOME). The two studies used one and the same methodology, but the obtained response rate was different: 78.8% in DBH and 34.5% in ALLHOME. The differences in the obtained response rate and the reasons for these differences were analyzed on the basis of the Hofstede's cultural dimensions' indexes, which clearly show the distinction in the national cultural behaviour of people in Sweden and Bulgaria. It was found that national culture could strongly influence the response behaviour of people in epidemiological studies and Hofstede's indexes can be useful tool when designing and performing epidemiological studies, and in particular - questionnaire surveys.

  • 2.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Allergikeranpassat flerbostadshus i Söderberga gård. Hälsomässig och teknisk utvärdering1997Report (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Ammoniak och aminer i inomhusluft vid flytspackelproblem.1993Report (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    An epedemiological investigation on housing characteristics and asthma and allergy among children in Seoul, Korea2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    An epedemiological investigation on housing characteristics and sthman and allergy among children in Seoul, Korea2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Association between Child Care Center Characteristics with Respiratory Health and Allergies among Young Children in the Tropics2006In: Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2006, 2006, , p. 169Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Att mäta luftkvalitet är svårt. Nordisk konsensus angående flyktiga organiska ämnen i inomhusluften och ohälsa.1997Report (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Carbon dioxide concentration measured in homes in Bulgaria included in the ALLHOME-2 study2008In: 11th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate., 2008, , p. 3508Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Dampness in buildings and health. Interdisciplinary research at the Internatioanl Center for Indoor Environment and Energy1999In: Building Physics in the Nordic Countries. Proceedings of the 5th Symposium, Göteborg, Sweden, 1999, Chalmers University of Technology , 1999, , p. 621-628Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Health relevant VOC measurements. Workshop2000Report (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Hälsomässig och teknisk utvärdering av fyra elsanerade bostäder i kvarteret Haubitsen, Uppsala.1999Report (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Indoor airborne VOC exposure and symptoms of asthma and allergy in children2008In: 11th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate., 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    The association between concentration of DEHP and BBzP in indoor dust in Bulgarian homes and selected building characteristic2008In: 11th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate., 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Utvärdering av två metoder för åtgärder av flytspackelproblem. Luftning av flytspackelytan. Kemisk behandling enligt Eversealmetoden.1993Report (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Bölling, Anette
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway.
    Holme, Jörn
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway.
    Nygaard, Unni
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway.
    Bertelsen, Randi J
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway.
    Nånberg, Eewa
    University of Karlstad, Sweden.
    Bodin, Johanna
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway.
    Sakhi, Amrit Kaur
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway.
    Thomsen, Cathrine
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway.
    Becher, Rune
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway.
    Pulmonary phthalate exposure and asthma - Is PPAR a plausible mechanistic link?2013In: EXCLI Journal, Vol. 12, p. 733-759Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
    Moniruzzaman, Syed
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Larsson, Malin
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Lindström, Cecilia Boman
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Hasselgren, Mikael
    County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Bodin, Anna
    County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    von Kobyletzkic, Laura B.
    County Council of Värmland, Sweden; Institute of Clinical Research, Sweden.
    Carlstedt, Fredrik
    County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Lundin, Fredrik
    County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Nånberg, Eewa
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Bo A.G.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Sigsgaard, Torben
    University of Aarhus, Denmark.
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad University, Sweden; County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    The SELMA study: A birth cohort study in sweden following more than 2000 mother-child pairs2012In: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, ISSN 0269-5022, E-ISSN 1365-3016, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 456-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This paper describes the background, aim and study design for the Swedish SELMA study that aimed to investigate the importance of early life exposure during pregnancy and infancy to environmental factors with a major focus on endocrine disrupting chemicals for multiple chronic diseases/disorders in offspring. Methods: The cohort was established by recruiting women in the 10th week of pregnancy. Blood and urine from the pregnant women and the child and air and dust from home environment from pregnancy and infancy period have been collected. Questionnaires were used to collect information on life styles, socio-economic status, living conditions, diet and medical history. Results: Of the 8394 reported pregnant women, 6658 were invited to participate in the study. Among the invited women, 2582 (39%) agreed to participate. Of the 4076 (61%) non-participants, 2091 women were invited to a non-respondent questionnaire in order to examine possible selection bias. We found a self-selection bias in the established cohort when compared with the non-participant group, e.g. participating families did smoke less (14% vs. 19%), had more frequent asthma and allergy symptoms in the family (58% vs. 38%), as well as higher education among the mothers (51% vs. 36%) and more often lived in single-family houses (67% vs. 60%). Conclusions: These findings indicate that the participating families do not fully represent the study population and thus, the exposure in this population. However, there is no obvious reason that this selection bias will have an impact on identification of environmental risk factors. 

  • 17.
    Choi, Hyunok
    et al.
    University at Albany, USA.
    Schmidbauer, Norbert
    Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Norway.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Building Technology. Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Volatile organic compounds of possible microbial origin and their risks on childhood asthma and allergies within damp homes2017In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 98, p. 143-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Risk of indoor exposure to volatile organic compounds of purported microbial origin on childhood symptoms of wheezing, rhinitis, and/or eczema, and doctor-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis, and eczema, respectively, remain unclear. Objective To test hypotheses that total sum of 28 microbial volatile organic compounds (Σ26 MVOCs): 1) poses independent risk on doctor-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis, and eczema, respectively, as well as multiple symptom presentation with a minimum of the two of the above conditions (i.e. case); 2) is associated with significant interaction with absolute humidity (AH) on additive scale. Methods In a case-control investigation, 198 cases and 202 controls were examined during November 2001 – March 2002 period through home indoor air sampling, air quality inspection, and health outcome ascertainment. Results Not only the Σ28 MVOCs but also the global MVOC index were significantly higher within the homes of the cases with a high AH, compared to the controls with a low AH (all Ps < 0.001). Only the cases, but not the controls, were associated with a dose-dependent increase in the exposure variables of interest (Σ28 MVOCs) per quartile increase in AH (P < 0.0001 for the cases; P = 0.780 for the controls). Only among the children who live in a high AH homes, a natural log (ln)-unit of Σ 28 MVOCs was associated with 2.5-times greater odds of the case status (95% CI, 1.0–6.2; P = 0.046), compared to 0.7-times the odds (95% CI, 0.4–1.0; P = 0.074) of the same outcome among the low AH homes. Specifically, joint exposure to a high MVOCs and high AH was associated with 2.6-times greater odds of the doctor-diagnosed asthma status (95% CI, 0.7–8.91; P = 0.137). Conclusion Joint occurrence of high Σ28 MVOCs and AH was associated with a significant increase in the case status and asthma risks in an additive scale.

  • 18.
    Clausen, Geo
    et al.
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark; IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Høst, Arne H.
    Odense University Hospital, Denmark.
    Toftum, J.
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Bekö, Gabriel
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Weschler, Charles J.
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark; University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, USA; Rutgers University, USA.
    Callesen, Michael Thude
    Odense University Hospital, Denmark.
    Buhl, Susanne Bergholt
    Odense City Government and Administration, Denmark.
    Ladegaard, Mette Bill
    Nyborg Town Administration, Denmark.
    Langer, Sarka
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut. IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Andersen, Birgitte
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Sundell, Jan
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark; Chongqing University, China.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark; Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Sigsgaard, Torben
    University of Aarhus, Denmark.
    Children's health and its association with indoor environments in Danish homes and daycare centres - methods2012In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 467-475Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The principle objective of the Danish research program 'Indoor Environment and Children's Health' (IECH) was to explore associations between various exposures that children experience in their indoor environments (specifically their homes and daycare centers) and their well-being and health. The targeted health endpoints were allergy, asthma, and certain respiratory symptoms. The study was designed with two stages. In the first stage, a questionnaire survey was distributed to more than 17000 families with children between the ages of 1 and 5. The questionnaire focused on the children's health and the environments within the homes they inhabited and daycare facilities they attended. More than 11000 questionnaires were returned. In the second stage, a subsample of 500 children was selected for more detailed studies, including an extensive set of measurements in their homes and daycare centers and a clinical examination; all clinical examinations were carried out by the same physician. In this study, the methods used for data collection within the IECH research program are presented and discussed. Furthermore, initial findings are presented regarding descriptors of the study population and selected characteristics of the children's dwellings and daycare centers. Practical Implications: This study outlines methods that might be followed by future investigators conducting large-scale field studies of potential connections between various indoor environmental factors and selected health endpoints. Of particular note are (i) the two-stage design - a broad questionnaire-based survey followed by a more intensive set of measurements among a subset of participants who have been selected based on their responses to the questionnaire; (ii) the case-base approach utilized in the stage 2 in contrast to the more commonly used case-control approach; (iii) the inclusion of the children's daycare environment when conducting intensive sampling to more fully capture the children's total indoor exposure; and (iv) all clinical examinations conducted by the same physician. We recognize that future investigators are unlikely to fully duplicate the methods outlined in this study, but we hope that it provides a useful starting point in terms of factors that might be considered when designing such a study.

  • 19.
    Kortenkamp, Andreas
    et al.
    Brunel University London, UK.
    Axelstad, Marta
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Baig, Asma H
    Brunel University London, UK.
    Bergman, Åke
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Cenijn, Peter
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Christiansen, Sofie
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Demeneix, Barbara
    Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, France.
    Derakhshan, Arash
    Erasmus Medical Centre, The Netherlands.
    Fini, Jean-Baptiste
    Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, France.
    Frädrich, Caroline
    Charitė Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany.
    Hamers, Timo
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Hellwig, Lina
    Charitė Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany.
    Köhrle, Josef
    Charitė Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany.
    Korevaar, Tim I M
    Erasmus Medical Centre, The Netherlands.
    Lindberg, Johan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Chemical Process and Pharmaceutical Development.
    Martin, Olwenn
    Brunel University London, UK.
    Meima, Marcel E
    Erasmus Medical Centre, Netherlands.
    Mergenthaler, Philipp
    Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany; Berlin Institute of Health, Germany.
    Nikolov, Nikolai
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Du Pasquier, David
    Laboratoire Watchfrog, France.
    Peeters, Robin P
    Erasmus Medical Centre, The Netherlands.
    Platzack, Bjorn
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Chemical Process and Pharmaceutical Development.
    Ramhøj, Louise
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Remaud, Sylvie
    Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, France.
    Renko, Kostja
    Charitė Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany.
    Scholze, Martin
    Brunel University London, UK.
    Stachelscheid, Harald
    Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany; Berlin Institute of Health, Germany.
    Svingen, Terje
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Wagenaars, Fabian
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Wedebye, Eva Bay
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Zoeller, R Thomas
    Orebro University, Sweden.
    Removing Critical Gaps in Chemical Test Methods by Developing New Assays for the Identification of Thyroid Hormone System-Disrupting Chemicals-The ATHENA Project2020In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, ISSN 1661-6596, E-ISSN 1422-0067, Vol. 21, no 9, article id E3123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The test methods that currently exist for the identification of thyroid hormone system-disrupting chemicals are woefully inadequate. There are currently no internationally validated in vitro assays, and test methods that can capture the consequences of diminished or enhanced thyroid hormone action on the developing brain are missing entirely. These gaps put the public at risk and risk assessors in a difficult position. Decisions about the status of chemicals as thyroid hormone system disruptors currently are based on inadequate toxicity data. The ATHENA project (Assays for the identification of Thyroid Hormone axis-disrupting chemicals: Elaborating Novel Assessment strategies) has been conceived to address these gaps. The project will develop new test methods for the disruption of thyroid hormone transport across biological barriers such as the blood-brain and blood-placenta barriers. It will also devise methods for the disruption of the downstream effects on the brain. ATHENA will deliver a testing strategy based on those elements of the thyroid hormone system that, when disrupted, could have the greatest impact on diminished or enhanced thyroid hormone action and therefore should be targeted through effective testing. To further enhance the impact of the ATHENA test method developments, the project will develop concepts for better international collaboration and development in the area of thyroid hormone system disruptor identification and regulation.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Von Kobyletzki, Laura
    et al.
    Skåne University Hospital, Sweden; Lund University, Sweden; Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Berner, A.
    County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Carlstedt, Fredrik
    County Council of Värmland, Sweden.
    Hasselgren, Mikael
    County Council of Värmland, Sweden; Örebro University, Sweden.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ). Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Svensson, Åke
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Validation of a parental questionnaire to identify atopic dermatitis a population based sample of children up to age 2 years2013In: Dermatology, ISSN 1018-8665, E-ISSN 1421-9832, Vol. 226, no 3, p. 222-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Validated eczema questionnaires have been available for schoolchildren only, but the incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) is highest during infancy. Objective: To validate a parental questionnaire to identify AD in children up to 2 years of age. Methods: Parents of 476 children answered a written questionnaire prior to an examination by a physician. Sensitivity, specificity, predictive values and test-retest reliability of the questionnaire were assessed. Results: A total of 245 (51%) girls and 231 (49%) boys, aged 1-24 months, with and without physician-diagnosed AD participated. Seventy-one children (15%) had physician-diagnosed AD. Validation of the questionnaire by comparisons with physicians' diagnoses showed a sensitivity of 0.87 (95% confidence interval, CI, 0.77-0.94) and a specificity of 0.98 (95% CI, 0.96-0.99). The positive predictive value was 0.90 (95% CI, 0.80-0.96) and the negative predictive value was 0.98 (95% CI, 0.96-0.99). Conclusion: The questionnaire identified AD in children aged 0-2 years with high accuracy.

  • 21.
    Zhang, Yinping
    et al.
    Tsinghua University, China.
    Li, Baizhan
    Chongqing University, China.
    Huang, Chen
    University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, China.
    Yang, Xu
    Central China Normal University, China.
    Qian, Hua
    Southeast University, China.
    Deng, Qihong
    Central South University, China.
    Zhao, Zhuohui
    Fudan University, China.
    Li, Angui
    Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, China.
    Zhao, Jia'ning
    Harbin Institute of Technology, China.
    Zhang, Xin
    Shanxi University, China.
    Qu, Fang
    Tsinghua University, China.
    Hu, Yu
    University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, China.
    Yang, Qin
    Chongqing University, China.
    Wang, Juan
    Chongqing University, China.
    Zhang, Ming
    Central China Normal University, China.
    Wang, Fang
    Harbin Institute of Technology, China.
    Zheng, Xiaohong
    Southeast University, China.
    Lu, Chan
    Central South University, China.
    Liu, Zhijian
    Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, China.
    Sun, Yuexia
    Tianjin University, China.
    Mo, Jinhan
    Tsinghua University, China.
    Zhao, Yili
    Southeast University, China.
    Liu, Wei
    University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, China.
    Wang, Tingting
    Xinjiang Medical University, China.
    Norbäck, Dan
    University Hospital, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Sundell, Jan
    Tsinghua University, China.
    Ten cities cross-sectional questionnaire survey of children asthma and other allergies in China2013In: Chinese Science Bulletin, ISSN 1001-6538, E-ISSN 1861-9541, Vol. 58, no 34, p. 4182-4189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Asthma, rhinitis and eczema (allergic or non-allergic) have increased throughout the world during the last decades, especially among children. Changes in the indoor environment are suspected to be important causes. China has experienced a dramatic change in indoor environmental exposures during the past two decades. However, such changes and their associations with children's asthma and other health aspects have not been thoroughly studied. China, Children, Homes, Health (CCHH), Phase I, was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey of 48219 children 1-8 years old in 10 Chinese cities during 2010-2012. The questionnaire includes the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) core health questions and additional questions regarding housing, life habits and outdoor environment. In health analyses, children aged 3-6 years old were included. The prevalences of doctor diagnosed asthma varied from 1.7% to 9.8% (mean 6.8%), a large increase from 0.91% in 1999 and 1.50% in 2000. The prevalence of wheeze, rhinitis and atopic eczema (last 12 months) varied from 13.9% to 23.7%, 24.0% to 50.8% and 4.8% to 15.8%, respectively. Taiyuan had the lowest prevalences of all illnesses and Shanghai the highest, except for wheezewhere the highest value was for Urumqi. We found (1) no obvious association between disease prevalences and ambient PM10 concentrations and (2) higher prevalences of disease in humid climates with hot summers and cold winters, but with no centrally heated buildings. Associations between the diseases and economic status as indexed by Gross Domestic Product (GDP) requires further study.

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