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  • 1.
    Amanuel, Mahdere DW
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Arby, Hans
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Schnurr, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Verktygslåda för bättre mobilitet på mindre orter – Utvecklingsprojekt med fem stationssamhällen i Småland2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet "Stationssamhällen Småland: Verktygslåda för landsbygdsmobilitet" tog sikte på att möta utmaningar i relation till minskat bilresande i syfte att se till att Agenda 2030- målen kan uppnås samtidigt som tillgänglighet bibehålls. Fokus lades på mindre tätorter med tågstationer. Den övergripande målsättningen var att projektets resultat ska underlätta för kommuner att identifiera och implementera hållbara mobilitetslösningar som möter såväl invånares som näringslivets behov i den typen av samhällen. Projektet involverade fem småländska kommuner. Genom en fallstudiebaserad ansats, med metoder så som platsbesök, intervjuer och workshops med representanter för lokalsamhället och näringslivet kartlades behov, en färdplan för nya mobilitetstjänster togs fram och en verktygslåda som kommunerna kan använda för att själva planera och implementera dessa utvecklades. Projektet resulterade i en verktygslåda, presenterad som en Wiki-hemsida, som erbjuder en process för nulägesanalys, behovskartläggning, kunskapsuppbyggnad, idégenerering och implementering av mobilitetslösningar. Verktygslådan är avsedd att underlätta för andra kommuner att självständigt förbättra mobiliteten baserat på lokala behov. Insikter från projektet inkluderar betydelsen av brett stöd inom kommunen, näringslivets deltagande som en katalysator för förändring, och behovet av att utgå från specifika målgruppers behov. Projektet framhåller även vikten av mjuka åtgärder, kostnadseffektiva lösningar, och samarbete över kommungränser för att förbättra pendlingsresor. Genom att fokusera på marknadsföring av befintlig kollektivtrafik, optimering av kollektivtrafik, och olika former av samordnad mobilitet, inklusive cykling och samåkning, presenteras konkreta lösningar för ökad tillgänglighet och hållbar mobilitet på landsbygden.

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  • 2.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Burden, Håkan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Carlgren, Lisa
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle.
    Lundahl, Jenny
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Schnurr, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Sobiech, Cilli
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Stenberg, Susanne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Thidevall, Niklas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    RISE Policylabb – de första fem åren2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this report, we have compiled our learnings and experiences of working with Policy Lab. Policy Labs have come about as an answer to the question "Can you work with policy and regulatory development in a better way than today?". Our answer to the question is a yes. Our hope with the report is that others will become interested and start their own Policy Lab. Abroad, there are many Policy Labs, but in Sweden there are only a few, which is why we believe there is room for more. There is not a given way to work with Policy Labs once and for all, but each Policy Lab is unique based on its context. Sweden's innovation agency Vinnova defines Policy Labs as follows: "Policy Labs can be explained as a group of actors with different competencies who want to develop a regulatory framework. In the Policy Lab, they use a set of user-centric methods and competencies to test, experiment, and learn in policy development."1 In our Policy Lab, we have worked in various research projects to: 1. analyse challenges/problems that arise between innovations, technology, market, and regulations, 2. develop one or more workable solutions and 3. interact with relevant actors to determine the next steps. What distinguishes our Policy Lab is that we never “own” the issue or solution. We must therefore always work with other actors who can take the results further. Our goal is to enable and skill people. This means that for us it is important to work concretely with real problems and needs owners and preferably test different solutions. We focus on the here and now perspective and not on what the future will look like in 10 years. It is about taking the next step forward towards the future, not creating the best rule, but instead creating the next rule. We also work consistently agile and use design as a method for problem solving. This means that the way we organize our work in the Policy Lab is circular and not linear. When it comes to using design as a method for problem solving, we use the concepts of "design thinking" and "double diamond". For us, it is also important that the members of the Policy Lab have different backgrounds and skills depending on what is needed in the individual project....

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  • 3.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi.
    Schnurr, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Sonesson, Ulf
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Biovetenskap och material, Jordbruk och livsmedel.
    8 ton society Sweden: Assessing the material footprint of sharing and circular lifestyles in housing,mobility and food2019Ingår i: Life Cycle Management Conference 2019, Poznan, Polen, 2019, Vol. 9, artikel-id 96Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The average Swedish household throws away 480 kg of solid garbage per year. But this amount of material is only a small share of the resource consumption that our lifestylegives rise to. Our homes need to be built, goods produced, we are transported,and food is produced. In today's linear consumption society, every individual inthe EU is estimated to have a material footprint of 29 tons/year on average – afootprint that needs to shrink to 8 tons in order to stay within “planetaryboundaries”. In a circular system, products are recycled and shared leading toless resources and materials needed, but do we know how much? Which resourceand material consumption is generated in Sweden? What could we achieve througha transition to a sharing and circular economy, and how would our consumptionpatterns look like within a sustainable material lifestyle? The goal of thisstudyis to assess the material footprint of sharing and circular lifestyles inhousing, mobility and food system. "8 ton society" takes athree-level method approach: (1) National: assessing the material footprint ofsharing and circular lifestyles in housing, mobility and food systems on anational level. (2) Municipal: Mapping material and waste streams at municipallevel (for the three Swedish municipalities Göteborg, Malmö och Umeå), by whichmunicipalities can identify opportunities for a circular society, for exampleby supplementing existing climate strategies and waste plans with circularaction plans. (3) Household: Combined with a household level analysis ofmaterial footprints, the project contributes to behavioral change at householdlevel as well as strengthened decision making and innovation at national andmunicipal level. The results of the study are material footprints and scenariosthat are used as basis for the development of reduction measures. The scenariosdescribe potential “8t societies” for Sweden, meaning potential policy andsocietal innovations that allow for a drastic reduction of material footprint.These include sharing and circular solutions. Additionally, the project willcontrast the Swedish results to similar projects that have been carried out in Finland and Germany.

  • 4.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Infrastruktur och betongbyggande.
    Steward, Corey
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Systemomställning och tjänsteinnovation.
    Schnurr, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Konsumtionsbaserade resursavtryck och cirkulär ekonomi i Sverige: Nationella och lokala resursavtryck i Göteborg, Malmö och Umeå2020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    World Business Council for Sustainable Development WBCSD estimates that by 2050we will need four to tenfold improvements in resource efficiency. Sweden's Agenda 2030Action Plan for 2018 - 2020 has a strategy for sustainable consumption that aims, amongother things, to increase resource efficiency and circular economy. The Swedishinnovation Agency Vinnova runs a program on circular economy from theory to practice.

    This study is part of a project called “8 on society” and financed by the Swedishinnovation agency Vinnova. The aim of the project is to measure the citizens nationalfootprint and to increase the knowledge of municipalities on circular economy, the useof resources and citizens material footprints.

    In this study we have chosen a method that measures the citizens consumption and itstotal impact on global resources. The method is called Lifestyle Material Footprint LMFand include, among other things, abiotic and biotic resources. A sustainable level withinplanetary boundaries lies at 8 tons per person, according to calculations from theWuppertal Institute and Aalto University.

    The results of this study are based on national and municipal statistics on consumptioncombined with a resource database. The results show that Sweden's consumption-basedmaterial footprint is 32 tons per person and year: including food (20%), mobility (41%),housing (27%), and electronics / clothing / furniture (4%), leisure activities (6%). Theresults for Gothenburg and Malmö are also around 30-35 tons. Umeå stands out and isaround 40 tons. This is because heating for housing and transport are much higher innorthern Sweden. Finland shows similar figures, eg 40 tons.

    Sweden's resource footprint for leisure activities is around 2,000 kg per person and year(distributed on 200 kg outdoor activities, 800 kg computer / TV, culture 100 kg, tourism900 kg). Differences between the three cities lie in tourism. Umeå residents travel more.Sweden's resource footprint for electronics, clothing and furniture is 1400 kg per personand year (800 kg electronics, 499 kg clothes and shoes, and 88 kg furniture).

    The results also show that Swedish waste's related resource footprint is 5.5 tons including2.7 tons for electronics and 1 ton for mixed waste. Gothenburg and Malmö are around 3-4 tons including 1 ton for electronics and 1 ton for mixed waste.

    Future scenarios and different lifestyles have been discussed (local, digital, circular) andcalculations of scenarios around division and circularity show that Sweden's resourcefootprint fall below 8 tons, but only if sharing initiatives increase from 10% to 20%, andcircularity increases to 40%.

    The results also indicate that there is an opportunity to integrate resource footprint intostrategy and action plans in the three cities. Future prospects for using resource footprintas indicator look good. Within the new OECD study and the follow-up of circulareconomics, several new indicators have been proposed, including a resource footprint.To achieve a sustainable society and a circular economy, it also needs a resource targetkg / person for example in IT and electronics!

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  • 5.
    Molnar, Stefan
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Systemomställning och tjänsteinnovation.
    Andersson, Lisa
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Systemomställning och tjänsteinnovation.
    Haugen, Katarina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Systemomställning och tjänsteinnovation.
    Schnurr, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Handbok - Utvärdera temporära åtgärder i stadsmiljö: För dig som vill beställa, genomföra eller granska utvärderingar av temporära åtgärder2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    Handbok - Utvärdera temporära åtgärder i stadsmiljö
  • 6.
    Olsson, Linda
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    Fallahi, Sara
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    Schnurr, Maria
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    Diener, Derek
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    van Loon, Patricia
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    Circular Business Models for Extended EV Battery Life2018Ingår i: Batteries, ISSN 2313-0105, Vol. 4, nr 4, artikel-id 57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the near future, a large volume of electric vehicle (EV) batteries will reach their end-of-life in EVs. However, they may still retain capacity that could be used in a second life, e.g., for a second use in an EV, or for home electricity storage, thus becoming part of the circular economy instead of becoming waste. The aim of this paper is to explore second life of EV batteries to provide an understanding of how the battery value chain and related business models can become more circular. We apply qualitative research methods and draw on data from interviews and workshops with stakeholders, to identify barriers to and opportunities for second use of EV batteries. New business models are conceptualized, in which increased economic viability of second life and recycling and increased business opportunities for stakeholders may lead to reduced resource consumption. The results show that although several stakeholders see potential in second life, there are several barriers, many of which are of an organizational and cognitive nature. The paper concludes that actors along the battery value chain should set up new collaborations with other actors to be able to benefit from creating new business opportunities and developing new business models together.

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  • 7.
    Schnurr, Maria
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Duell, Mathias
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Bygg och fastighet.
    Faxer, Anne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Stenberg, Susanne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Västerdal, Mårten
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Bygg och fastighet.
    Branschöverskridande systemdesign: Hållbar mobilitet för fastigheter och kvarter2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Städer växer och förtätas, våra mobilitetsmönster förändras med teknologin som möjliggörare – men först och främst har personer ett behov av att ”lösa” mobilitet i vardagen utan att tänka för mycket på den. Det måste vara ”lätt att göra rätt” från början, och början och slutet av många resor är just fastigheter, antingen bostäder eller olika sorters verksamheter. Vilka mobilitetslösningar de erbjuder och möjliggör är därför avgörande för hur vi rör oss. Våra nuvarande planeringsnormer gynnar en bilburen mobilitet i och med att det finns regler om parkering per bostad resp. arbetsplats, så kallat parkeringstal (se plan- och bygglagen, förkortad PBL). På sistone har det dock varit ett flertal fastighetsaktörer och kommuner som har börjat experimentera med alternativ till parkeringen. Som så ofta inom begynnande innovationsområden saknas det kunskap och erfarenhet hos aktörerna, samt att nya samarbeten måste utvecklas och fördjupas. Under 2020 fick en grupp forskare på RISE möjlighet att undersöka a) hur en samarbetsprocess mellan två hittills oberoende aktörer eller branscher (”gränsland”) kan se ut och b) vilka som är de främsta utmaningar i det nya gränslandet mellan mobilitet och fastigheter, som exempel för ett gränsland som håller på att växa fram – bland flera andra som uppstår i omställningens spår. Till vår hjälp har vi haft flera experter som frikostigt delade med sig av kunskap och insikter, samt kollegor som har ett ben antingen i samhällsbyggnads- eller mobilitetsforskningen. I den här rapporten föreslår vi en process för samarbete mellan två branscher/ sektorer; och vi har sammanställt våra resultat och gör en bedömning av i vilken riktning mobilitet i fastigheter kommer ta vägen samt vilka förutsättningar som behöver förändras så för att bidra till att det blir just lätt att göra rätt, och därmed öka chanserna att lyckas med klimatomställningen i våra städer och samhällen.

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  • 8.
    Schnurr, Maria
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Faxer, Anne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Skoglund, Tor
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Mobility services at residence and district level: Experiences from Gothenburg/Sweden2023Ingår i: Transportation Research Procedia, E-ISSN 2352-1465, Vol. 72, s. 2840-2847Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One way to contribute to more sustainable travel patterns is involving real estate actors who assume responsibility for mobility services. This paper presents results of two projects that developed or tested MaaS-like mobility solutions for residential or mixed-use areas in Gothenburg (Sweden): A field trial of a mobility broker in a housing unit in a project called (1) DenCity, and a concept study for a mobility system for multiple real-estate actors within a district in the (2) Gamlestaden concept study. The evaluation of (1) adds insights to end-users’ experiences of MaaS. It also showed that expanding mobility solutions to cover multiple housing and facility providers in a district could remedy some of the shortcomings of MaaS for residential units. This would require a different organizational setup since a natural procurer is missing, an insight the concept study (2) was based on.

  • 9.
    Sobiech, Cilli
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Schnurr, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Mobility hubs as a prerequisite for intermodality and sustainable transport solutions2020Ingår i: Proceedings of TRA2020 - 8th Transport Research Arena: Rethinking transport - towards clean and inclusive mobility / [ed] Toni Lusikka, Helsinki: Traficom Research Report 7/2020 , 2020Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobility hubs – intermodal transport stations – can meet current and future mobility demands and support the transition to a sustainable, low carbon transport system, based on a variety of mode choices. But despite being a key to intermodal travel, they have not developed as they could. A mobility hub framework proposed in this paper can help decision makers finding a solution that both meets user needs and increases the overall efficiency of transport systems. Together with two Swedish municipalities, a Swedish gas station operator and architect-engineers, exemplary sites were studied where mobility hubs could be located, and concepts were developed in order to prepare municipalities for the implementation of a mobility hub. Future adaptivity was taken into consideration for the concept development, in order to outline scalability and adaptivity to future needs and technologies reducing the risks for premature obsolescence.

  • 10.
    Thidevall, Niklas
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Schnurr, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Mobilitet och system.
    Modernare och enklare skattesystem för privat bildelning2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The tax situation for private (peer-to-peer, P2P) carsharing in Sweden has been identified by platform operators and end-users as one of the key barriers for growth. Given a tax declaration system in Sweden that requires less to no effort on the individual’s side – declarations usually are pre-infilled and only need to be confirmed, via a digital interface – certain additional revenues like the ones from private carsharing, even if small, need to be filled in manually, posing a seemingly insurmountable barrier for the average Swedish taxpayer. Multiple platform operators within P2P carsharing shared their concerns over how this keeps people from starting to share their cars, while at the same time taking up quite some time on the platform operators’ sides for handling customers’ tax-related questions. Another issue is of course the tax burden itself – 30 percent of the revenues, minus a mileage deduction, which feels high, especially for individuals that choose to share their vehicles out of an environmental motivation and not with the main purpose to generate significant incomes. During a time where the car sharing market is growing significantly– many more people needed access to cars during the Covid-19 pandemic to avoid public transportation – and where all kinds of sharing need to be encouraged to achieve climate and environmental goals, this situation seemed inacceptable and prompted a Drive Sweden funded so-called policy lab project led by RISE Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE). Together with key stakeholders, namely platform operators for private carsharing and sharing of other private assets, the main challenges where identified, along with possible solutions. During the project the Swedish government conveniently proposed a tax deduction of SEK 20,000 (appr. EUR 2,000) for individuals’ revenues from the sharing economy, and the EU came with a directive to introduce a common tax reporting system for the sharing (and “gig”) economy throughout Europe (DAC-7). For both proposals, the project group identified improvement areas in order to foster long-term growth of the sharing economy, in line with national and international development goals. The report sheds light on these and other issues that came up in the numerous discussions and exchanges between a very heterogenous group of stakeholders, opening for further discussion and analyses to come.

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