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  • 1. Almström, Peter
    et al.
    Andersson, Carin
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ericsson Öberg, Anna
    Hammersberg, Peter
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Landström, Anna
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Windmark, Christina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Winroth, Mats
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Sustainable and Resource Efficient Business Performance Measurement Systems: - The Handbook2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Fransson, Kristin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Jönbrink, Anna Karin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Kristinsdottir, Anna Runa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Roos, Sandra
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Olsson, Elisabeth
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Bäck, Jan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Wilson, Karin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Karlsson, Sven
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Miljöhandbokför upphandlare2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbar utveckling innefattar såväl social, ekonomisk som miljömässig hållbar utveckling.

    I Miljöhandboken kommer dessa tre aspekter av hållbar utveckling att behandlas,

    dock ligger störst fokus på miljöaspekterna.

    Miljöhandboken ska hjälpa upphandlare att ställa relevanta miljökrav vid upphandling

    och är ett komplement till exempelvis Konkurrensverkets (f.d. Miljöstyrningsrådets)

    upphandlingskriterier och ska bidra med fakta kring hur miljökrav kan ställas.

    Miljökrav vid upphandling kan innefatta bl. a. energianvändning, livslängd, skadliga

    ämnen, strålning, återvinning och miljöledningssystem. Kravens betydelse påverkas

    bl. a. av upphandlingens omfattning och miljömognaden inom produktsegmentet. I

    miljöhandboken presenteras inga specifika kriterier eller gränsvärden för olika miljöaspekter,

    i stället ges länkar till exempelvis lagstiftning, myndigheter och miljömärkningar.

    Detta för att kriterier och gränsvärden uppdateras kontinuerligt som en följd

    av teknikutveckling men också för att den samlade kunskapen om vad som är miljöproblem

    ständigt växer och kan ge upphov till nya kriterier och gränsvärden. Tyngdpunkten

    i denna handbok ligger på miljöpåverkan ur ett livscykelperspektiv, vilket innebär

    att hänsyn tas till miljöpåverkan från utvinning av råmaterial till resthantering av

    en produkt.

  • 3.
    Gåsvaer, Daniel
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Hedegård, Joakim
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, KIMAB.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Lundin, Roger
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Persson, Kalle
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Widfeldt, Magnus
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Axelson, Jens
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Att utveckla den smarta svetscellen: Lean, svetsteknik och automation2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    En svetscell producerar och är produktiv när svetsning pågår och ljubågen brinner. Då skapas värde i en svetscell. För att nå teknisk och ekonomisk framgång, behöver svetscellen fungera "smart" med effektiva flöden, hög tillgänglighet, optimerad svetsteknik och ur flera aspekter goda miljöegenskaper. Skriften fungerar som hjälp när företag vill utveckla sin svetsverkstad och förbättra svetsproduktionen, utifrån lean, svetsteknik och automation.

  • 4.
    Herzke, D.
    et al.
    NILU.
    Olsson, Elisabeth
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB, Energi och miljö.
    Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in consumer products in Norway - A pilot study2012Inngår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 88, nr 8, s. 980-987Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are used in numerous industrial and consumer products because of their special chemical properties, for instance the ability to repel both water and oil. A broad variety of PFAS have been introduced into the Norwegian market through industrial use (e.g. via fire fighting foams and paints) as well as in treated customer products such as textiles and coated paper. Our present knowledge of the exact chemical PFAS compositions in preparations using perfluorinated compounds is limited. This lack of knowledge means that it is difficult to provide an accurate assessment of human exposure to these compounds or to the amount of waste that may contain treated products. It is a growing concern that these potentially harmful compounds can now be found throughout the global environment.Samples of consumer products and preparations were collected in Norway, with supplemental samples from Sweden. In 27 of the 30 analyzed consumer products and preparations a number of polyfluorinated substances that were analyzed were detected but this does not exclude the occurrence of unknown PFAS. Notable was that perfluorooctanesulphonate (PFOS), which has been strictly regulated in Norway since 2007, was found in amounts close to or exceeding the EU regulatory level in 4 of the 30 analyzed products, all within the leather or carpet product groups. High amounts of fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) were found in waterproofing agents, carpets and textiles, consistent with earlier findings by Fiedler et al. (2010). The presence of PFAS in a broad range of consumer products can give rise to a constant diffuse human exposure that might eventually result in harm to humans. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

  • 5.
    Jönbrink, Anna Karin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB, Energi och miljö.
    Sahlin, Jenny
    Profu AB, Sweden.
    Moberg, Åsa
    IVL Swedish Environmental Institute, Sweden.
    Wilson, Karin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB, Energi och miljö.
    Dvali, Katja
    Profu AB, Sweden.
    Youhanan, Lena
    IVL Swedish Environmental Institute, Sweden.
    Policy for Circular Economy: Prestudy for improved policy development2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes mainly the approach and results from a project “Polcirkeln” within the research program RE:Source, funded by three Swedish agencies: the Swedish Energy Agency, Vinnova and Formas. Polcirceln has studied the current situation and possible future effects of various measures for a circular economy. Among others, the EU's proposed policy package for a circular economy has been studied. A selection of today's flows of products, materials and waste constitutes a starting point and challenges and possible effects on material flows and sustainability have been formulated and analyzed based on experiences and views from different actors in the value chain (mainly from industry), and other experts. Methods used in the study are e.g. interviews, web-surveys, workshops and scenario analysis.

    The importance of Policies moving towards a more holistic approach to achieve more circular flows has been stressed by all stakeholders in the study described in the paper. Instead of dividing activities, obstacles and opportunities between waste, materials, production and consumption, a holistic approach should be introduced in the analysis of the challenges and designing of solutions. Another main finding is that a change to a Circular Economy needs an increased and developed cooperation between companies and other actors along the value chain, thus there is a need to develop policies in order to support the new improved ways for cooperation

  • 6.
    Jönsson, Christin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Olsson, Carina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Köhnke, Tobias
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Kristinsdottir, Anna Runa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Strååt, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Schwarz, Lisa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Guo, Zengwei
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Återvinning av textilier: Hur säkerställer man giftfria flöden i relation till textilåtervinning2016Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med arbetet var att främja ökad återvinning av textilt spill utan ökad spridning av giftiga ämnen eller minskad kvalitet. Arbetet har till stor del utförts genom fallstudier men även genom myndighetsdialoger, underlag till myndigheter och företag samt initiering av nya relevanta forskningsstudier.Målet i arbetspaket 3 Textil var att ta fram ett kvalificerat underlag för ökad användning av giftfri återvunnen textilråvara genom att studera och beskriva kunskapsläget samt ta fram ny kunskap och driva en aktiv dialog med relevanta aktörer inom fyra fokusområden:1. Spårbarhet2. Minskning av spill3. Teknikutveckling för återvinning av textil4. Återvinning på den svenska marknadenMålet har väl uppfyllts och projektet har bidragit till ökad kunskap om möjligheter för ökad användning av giftfri återvunnen textilråvara. Framförallt har fallstudier genererat detaljerad förståelse för vilka specifika utmaningar som är kopplade till olika textila material och fiberslag.Arbetet har utförts i tät samverkan och dialog med parter från textilbranchen: Boob, Filippa K, Gudrun Sjöden, Fjällräven och WRSD, Swegmarks, Ragnsells, Re:Newcell, samt några av deras leverantörer och flera medlemmar i Kemikaliegruppen på Swerea IVF.Projektet visar att materialspecifik kunskap och teknik är det viktigaste steget mot ökad återvinning av industriella restprodukter. Detta är således en förutsättning för att den sekundära råvaran ska ha ett tillräckligt värde och ändamålsenlig kvalitet. Dessa specifika aspekter kommer att studeras vidare inom efterföljand

  • 7.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Henriksson, Fredrik
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Denzler, Patrick
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Bjelkemyr, Marcus
    Production System And Material Efficiency Challenges For Large Scale Introduction Of Complex Materials2017Inngår i: Advanced Materials Proceedings, 2017, Vol. 2, nr 8, s. 492-499Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper links production system research to advanced material research for the vehicle industry. Facilitated by need for reduction of fuel use, the automotive industry is pushing a radical change from using steel structures to new mixed materials structures. In production systems optimised for steel, the changes will affect productivity and material efficiency. Four industrial case studies focusing on production economy and productivity give implications of production technology demands on the material selection regarding new joining techniques and additive or forming methods which has to be investigated when considering new materials. Material efficiency analysis shows that minimising spill in production operations and regulatory demand of recycling need to be considered in material development, which implies both design for disassembly, advanced separation processes and use of recycled raw materials. To be successful in new material introduction, new information flows and knowledge sharing moving from operations and manufacturing development to materials development and design are needed. The material developers could use axiomatic design strategies to structure the production system demands on the materials. State of the art lightweight producers in vehicle and automotive industry are likely early adopters to advanced lightweight structures with need of information flows between material development and operations.

  • 8.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Arbetsmiljö.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Wiktorsson, M.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Arbetsmiljö.
    Lean and green integration in production systems in Sweden - barriers, incentives and opportunities2014Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, special issue on Making progress towards more sustainable societies through lean and green initiatives, s. 180-190Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on integration of operations management, specifically production system models with environmental management and related issues such as quality and safety. Based on knowledge concerning lean-based improvement programmes for company-specific production systems (XPS) and integration between formal management systems, such as ISO 9001 and 14001, industrial practices from integrating management systems with the XPS were studied. A literature-based comparison between formal management systems and XPS is made, indicating integration potentials. The empirical research is an analysis of five vehicle and automotive companies in which various efforts have been made to integrate their management systems with their XPS. The results show that although conscious steps have been taken since the introduction of ISO 14001 in integrating environmental management into everyday operations, there are still obstacles to overcome. To fully include sustainability aspects, the characteristics of the improvement systems have to be adapted and extended. One barrier to extended integration is the lack of integration strategy. There is further a lack of sustainability metrics and adaptation of improvement methods to push companies’ operational performance. In addition, organisational issues still arise concerning the responsibility and ownership of environmental management in relation to operations.

    Based on these results it is concluded that processes for integration are recommended; however, each organisation needs to consider its operations, corporate culture and business opportunities of its environmental management. Still, incorporating environmental management systems into XPS is seen as an effective way of establishing company commonality in continuous improvement, resulting in holistic understanding and improved organisation performance.

  • 9.
    Landström, Anna
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Almström, Peter
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Winroth, Mats
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Andersson, Carin
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ericson Öberg, Anna
    Volvo Construction Equipment AB, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Windmark, Christina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    A life cycle approach to business performance measurement systems2018Inngår i: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, s. 126-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Virtually every company has implemented a Business Performance Measurement System (BPMS) with the purpose of monitoring production and business performance and to execute the corporate strategy at all levels in a company. The purpose of this article is to shed light on common pitfalls related to the practical use of BPMS and further to present a life cycle model with the purpose of introducing structured approach to avoiding the pitfalls. The article contributes to further development of the BPMS life cycle concept and practical examples of how it can be used.

  • 10.
    Landström, Anna
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Andersson, Carin
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Windmark, Christina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Almström, Peter
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Winroth, Mats
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Ericsson Öberg, Anna
    Volvo Construction Equipment, Sweden.
    Myrelid, Andreas
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, Sweden.
    Present state analysis of business performance measurement systems in large manufacturing companies2016Inngår i: PMA Conference 2016, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to empirically investigate the present state of the performance measurement systems (PMS) at 7 sites of 6 different large Swedish manufacturing companies. The methodology has both a bottom-up and a top-down perspective. Important findings are that the PMSs are very similar in how they function but differ a lot in what is measured.

  • 11.
    Linden, Hanna
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Santonen, Teemu
    Innovation Camp: A tool for Circular Economy product development2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12. Mellendorf, M
    et al.
    Alvarez, J
    Arndt, R
    Babavemi, J
    Cueva Jacome, A. H.
    Eisa, M
    Li, L
    Lim, M
    Osibanio, O
    Ovuike, S
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB, Energi och miljö.
    Säll, L
    Schluep, M
    Turner, B
    Volenik, J
    Weber, R
    Iino, F
    PBDE and PFOs inventory guidance for the Stockholm Convention2012Inngår i: Organohalogen Compounds, ISSN 1026-4892, Vol. 74, s. 564-567Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Mellin, Pelle
    et al.
    RISE., Swerea. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Åkermo, Malin
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Fernberg, Patrik
    RISE., Swerea. Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Nordenberg, Eva
    Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Sweden.
    Brodin, Håkan
    Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Sweden.
    Strondl, Annika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, KIMAB. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Nano-sized by-products from metal 3D printing, composite manufacturing and fabric production2016Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 139, s. 1224-1233Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, the health and environmental perspective of nano-materials has gained attention. Most previous work focused on Engineered Nanoparticles (ENP). This paper examines some recently introduced production routes in terms of generated nano-sized by-products. A discussion on the hazards of emitting such particles and fibers is included. Fine by-products were found in recycled metal powder after 3D printing by Selective Laser Melting (SLM). The process somehow generated small round metal particles (∌1–2 ÎŒm) that are possibly carcinogenic and respirable, but not small enough to enter by skin-absorption. With preventive measures like closed handling and masks, any health related effects can be prevented. The composite manufacturing in particular generated ceramic and carbonaceous particles that are very small and respirable but do not appear to be intrinsically toxic. The smallest features in agglomerates were about 30 nm. Small particles and fibers that were not attached in agglomerates were found in a wide range of sizes, from 1 ÎŒm and upwards. Preventive measures like closed handling and masks are strongly recommended. In contrast, the more traditional production route of fabric production is investigated. Here, brushing residue and recycled wool from fabric production contained few nano-sized by-products.

  • 14.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB, Energi och miljö.
    Assessmentof PFOS compounds need for the EU (specific exemptions or acceptable purposes)2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB, Energi och miljö.
    Evaluation of information on perfluorooctane sulfonic acid, its salts and perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB, Energi och miljö.
    Factsheets on alternatives to perfluorooctane sulfonic acid, its salts and perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF AB, Energi och miljö.
    Report on the assessment of alternatives to perfluorooctanesulfonic acid, its salts and perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Posner, Stefan
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Chemicals in textiles - Risks to human health and the environment: Report from a government assignment2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Roos, Sandra
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Arvidsson, Rickard
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Calculating the toxicity footprint of Swedish clothing consumption2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major environmental challenges of the textile industry is the emissions of toxic substances during the production of textiles. It is therefore vital that toxicity impact potential is included when calculating the environmental impact of textile products with life cycle assessment (LCA). Generally, toxicity is considered a weak point in LCA, and specifically for LCA of textile products there is a lack of guidance in the literature. This paper shares the experiences from using USEtox 2.0 for calculating the toxicity footprint of Swedish clothing consumption. The most commonly occurring garments, production processes and related toxic emissions were inventoried for the Swedish clothing consumption. The selected case offered the possibility to compare a variety of bio-based as well as synthetic materials and their production processes. The inventoried substances were matched against existing databases for USEtox characterization factors (CF): the USEtox databases and COSMEDE. For the substances that did not have any CF, USEtox 2.0 was used to calculate new CF. The potential contribution to freshwater ecotoxicity from the Swedish clothing consumption was calculated to 7.9 billion CTUe which can be interpreted as 7.9 cubic kilometres of freshwater where 50% of the species in the ecosystem are exposed daily to a concentration above their EC50. It was found that background processes in the life cycle (exhaust gases from fuel combustion, leakage of substances from mining waste etc.) accounted for 5.5 billion CTUe, or 70%. Direct emissions of toxic substances from the foreground processes (dyestuff, solvents, pesticides etc.) accounted for 2.4 billion CTUe, or 30%. It is important to note that there is a considerable amount of uncertainty in these values. An interesting discovery was that the wet treatment (dyeing and finishing) had the largest contribution to freshwater ecotoxicity impact, both regarding background and foreground processes. The cotton fibre production, infamous for its use of pesticides, had only the second largest contribution, followed by the yarn production. The paper concludes that emissions of toxic substances from textile production are an important environmental aspect to include in LCA studies of textile products. The results also contribute to the understanding of the order of magnitude that use and emissions from textile chemicals have in relation to a nations total clothing consumption. Sharing the experiences from the study can facilitate the inclusion of toxic substances in future LCA studies of textiles and other products.

  • 20.
    Roos, Sandra
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Labelling of chemicals in textiles: Nordic Textile Initiative2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report contains an analysis of the needs and barriers for a legal requirement on declaration and/or labelling of chemicals in textiles. The project is a part of the Nordic action plan for textiles ”Well dressed in a clean environment. Nordic action plan for sustainable fashion and textiles”. Based on the findings from the analysis in this report, a way forward towards a legal requirement on a declaration and/or labelling of chemicals in textiles is proposed via two main options. One option is to work for an extension of the REACH legislation: to make it applicable for labelling and declaration. This option is supported by the industry. Another option is to create a new legislation framework; a product safety regulation for textiles. This option may have a more holistic approach and can include CE-marking.

  • 21.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Kristinsdottir, Anna Runa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Comparison of four environmental assessment tools in Swedish manufacturing: A case study2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 7, artikkel-id 2173Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve sustainable development goals, it is essential to include the industrial system. There are sufficient numbers of tools and methods for measuring, assessing and improving the quality, productivity and efficiency of production, but the number of tools and methods for environmental initiatives on the shop floor is rather low. Incorporating environmental considerations into production and performance management systems still generally involves a top-down approach aggregated for an entire manufacturing plant. Green lean studies have been attempting to fill this gap to some extent, but the lack of detailed methodologies and practical tools for environmental manufacturing improvement on the shop floor is still evident. This paper reports on the application of four environmental assessment tools commonly used among Swedish manufacturing companies-Green Performance Map (GPM), Environmental Value Stream Mapping (EVSM), Waste Flow Mapping (WFM), and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)-to help practitioners and scholars to understand the different features of each tool, so in turn the right tool(s) can be selected according to particular questions and the industrial settings. Because there are some overlap and differences between the tools and a given tool may be more appropriate to a situation depending on the question posed, a combination of tools is suggested to embrace different types of data collection and analysis to include different environmental impacts for better prioritization and decision-making.

  • 22.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Bjelkemyr, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Material efficiency in manufacturing: swedish evidence on potential, barriers and strategies2016Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, nr 127, s. 438-450Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Improved material efficiency is a key to improve the circular economy and capturing value in industry. Material efficiency reduces the generation of industrial waste, the extraction and consumption of resources, and energy demands and carbon emissions. However, material efficiency in the manufacturing sector, as a means of improving the recyclability, reusability, reduction and prevention of industrial waste, is little understood. This study aims to investigate, on a micro-level, further material efficiency improvement opportunities, barriers and strategies in selected manufacturing companies in Sweden, focusing on increasing waste segregation into high quality circulated raw material. Improvement opportunities at large global manufacturing companies are investigated; barriers hindering material efficiency improvement are identified and categorized at two levels; and strategies that have been deployed at manufacturing companies are reviewed. Empirical findings reveal (1) further potential for improving material efficiency through higher segregation of residual material from mixed and low quality fractions (on average, 26% of the content of combustible waste, in weight, was plastics; 8% and 6% were paper and cardboard, respectively); (2) the most influential barriers are within budgetary, information, management, employee, engineering, and communication clusters; (3) a lack of actual material efficiency strategy implementation in the manufacturing companies. According to our analysis, the majority of barriers are internal and originate within the manufacturing companies, therefore they can be managed (and eradicated if possible) with sufficient resources in terms of man hours, education and investment, better operational and environmental (waste) management, better internal communication and information sharing, and deployment of material efficiency strategies.

  • 23.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Indikatorer för bedömning av miljöpåverkan2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Lead-free brass from Nordic Brass Gusum2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Life cycle assessment of cable recycling: Part 1: Plastsep compared to state of the art2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Recycling production cable waste: environmental and economic aspects2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The main driver for recycling cable wastes is the high value of the conducting metal, while the plastic with its lower value is often neglected. New improved cable plastic recycling routes could provide both economic and environmental incentive to cable producers for moving up the "cable plastic waste ladder". The improvement potential for the European cable industry as a whole is roughly estimated to avoidance of 30 750 tonnes of CO

    2eq annually if these new techniques were to be applied to the 5% plastic waste stream from cable production. Cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment of the waste management of the cable scrap is suggested and explained as a method to analyze the pros and cons of different cable scrap recycling options at hand. Economic and environmental data about different recycling processes and other relevant processes and materials are given. Cable producers could use this data and method to assess the way they deal with the cable plastic waste today and compare it with available alternatives and thus illuminate the improvement potential of recycling cable plastic waste. Through using the data and methods provided, the user will be able to show the climate impacts of improving the cable waste recycling (compared to how it is done today) and also to show the economic and technical implications of such improvements.

  • 27.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Recycling production cable waste: Environmental and economic implications2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The main driver for recycling cable wastes is the high value of the conducting metal, while the plastic with its lower value is often neglected. New improved cable plastic recycling routes could provide both economic and environmental incentive to cable producers for moving up the “cable plastic waste ladder”. The improvement potential for the European cable industry as a whole is roughly estimated to avoidance of 30 750 tonnes of CO2eq annually if these new techniques were to be applied to the 5% plastic waste stream from cable production. Cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment of the waste management of the cable scrap is suggested and explained as a method to analyze the pros and cons of different cable scrap recycling options at hand. Economic and environmental data about different recycling processes and other relevant processes and materials are given. Cable producers could use this data and method to assess the way they deal with the cable plastic waste today and compare it with available alternatives and thus illuminate the improvement potential of recycling cable plastic waste both in an environmental and in an economic sense.

    Recycling production cable waste - Environmental and economic implications. (PDF Download Available).

  • 28.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Arbetsmiljö.
    Fransson, Kristin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Olsson, Elisabeth
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Roos, Sandra
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Mall för miljöutredning - ett verktyg för att identifiera företagets miljöpåverkan2014Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mall för miljöutredning hjälper dig att samla in och redovisa kvantitativa data om material- och energiflödet genom det egna företaget. Med hjälp av dessa data skapas en bild som beskriver miljöpåverkan av företagets verksamhet och produkter i ett livscykelperspektiv.

    Till skriften hör bland annat:

    • en Wordmall för miljöutredningen, där man fyller i tabeller och justerar texten

    • ett inventerings- och beräkningsverktyg i Excel, som räknar ut miljöpåverkan av företagets transporter, material, utsläpp och energi

    • en översikt av miljölagarna för inventering av lagkrav

    • instruktioner och blanketter för Miljö-FMEA; ett sätt att identifiera och värdera miljöpåverkan.

  • 29.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Olsson, Elisabeth
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Cost of Waste Management: Plastic Cable Waste2014Inngår i: Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, ISSN 2160-0392, E-ISSN 2160-0406, Vol. 4, nr 2, artikkel-id 45002Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The main driver for recycling cable wastes is the high value of the conducting metal, while the plastic with its lower value is often neglected. New improved cable plastic recycling routes can provide both economic and environmental incentive to cable producers for moving up the “cable plastic waste ladder”. Cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment, LCA, of the waste management of the cable scrap is suggested and explained as a method to analyze the pros and cons of different cable scrap recycling options at hand. Economic and environmental data about different recycling processes and other relevant processes and materials are given. Cable producers can use this data and method to assess the way they deal with the cable plastic waste today and compare it with available alternatives and thus illuminate the improvement potential of recycling cable plastic waste both in an environmental and in an economic sense. The methodology applied consists of: cradle-to-gate LCA for waste material to a recycled material (recyclate); quantifying the climate impact for each step on the waste ladder for the specific waste material; the use of economic and climate impact data in parallel; climate impact presented as a span to portray the insecurities related to which material the waste will replace; and possibilities for do-it-yourself calculations. Potentially, the methodology can be useful also for other waste materials in the future.

  • 30.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Samordning av ledningssystem och Lean Production: 203 telefonintervjuer med verkstadsindustrins miljöchefer2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    203 miljöchefer i svensk verkstadsindustri har intervjuats via telefon på temat integration av formella ledningssystem som ISO 14001 och ISO 9001 med Lean-baserade förbättringsprogram.

    Intervjuerna tyder på att verkstadsföretag med lean-baserade förbättringsprogram och formella ledningssystem samordnar dessa i hög utsträckning. Hela 73% tycker att nivån på samordningen är lagom. Dock är studien för begränsad för att dra några slutsatser om hur väl systemen/programmen är integrerade i verksamheten i övrigt och den sammantagna effektiviteten.

    En hypotes som framförts av många är att leanarbete främjar miljöarbete på ett positivt sätt. Intervjuerna tyder på att verkstadsföretag med lean är mer miljöinriktade än verkstadsföretag i gemen, eftersom de låter miljöchefen sitta med i ledningsgruppen i större utsträckning. Dock ser de (verkstadsföretag med lean) inte större ekonomiska vinster av miljöarbetet än andra verkstadsföretag.

    En intressant observation i denna studie som bekräftas av andra data är att ISO 14001 håller på att bli vanligare än ISO 9000 i Sverige. Totalt i världen är ISO 9000 fyra gånger större än ISO 14001.

  • 31.
    Östlund, Åsa
    et al.
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Material och produkter (TRm).
    Wedin, Helena
    Bolin, Lisa
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Energiteknik (ET).
    Berlin, Johanna
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Energiteknik (ET).
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Smuk, Lena
    Eriksson, Magnus
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP - Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Trä.
    Sandin, Gustav
    RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Hållbar Samhällsbyggnad, Biobaserade material och produkter.
    Textilåtervinning: tekniska möjligheter och utmaningar2015Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
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