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  • 1.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioekonomi och hälsa, Jordbruk och livsmedel.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Motivational factors for occupational safety and health improvements: A mixed-method study within the Swedish equine sector2023Ingår i: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 159, artikel-id 106035Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A well-functioning systematic occupational safety and health management is beneficial for both individuals and organizations, and employee motivation seems to be crucial for positive outcomes. Occupational safety and health issues are a major concern for the Swedish equine sector since the work environment in horse stables is known to be characterized by low mechanization, high physical workloads, and high injury risks. The purpose of this study was to gain an increased understanding of how systematic occupational safety and health management is performed and which factors that influence motivation for occupational safety and health improvements in the Swedish equine sector. An explanatory sequential mixed-methods study, based on quantitative data from questionnaires and qualitative data from semi-structured interviews, was conducted. Various statistical analyses were performed to obtain quantitative data and an abductive applied thematic analysis was applied for the qualitative data. The results indicate that both intrinsic motivators, i.e. attitudes, values, and influence, as well as contextual factors such as motivational management, occupational culture, and workplace resources, influence compliance in systematic occupational safety and health management and participation in occupational safety and health improvements, which in turn affect workplace outcomes regarding safety and health. The positive relationship found between an implemented and functioning systematic occupational safety and health management and employee motivation for occupational safety and health improvements indicate the importance of employee involvement and participation. Understanding the motivational factors for occupational safety and health improvements from an employee perspective is an important step to creating healthy and sustainable workplaces.

  • 2.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Skagert, Katrin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digitala system, Prototypande samhälle. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Organisational conditions for safety management practice in homecare and nursing homes, pre-pandemic and in pandemic2024Ingår i: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 174, artikel-id 106488Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic was a major challenge for health care and eldercare service all over the world, regarding prevention of spread of contagion to both the elderly and care workers. This study used a mix method design, aiming to identify important conditions for Occupational Health and Safety Management (OHSM) in practice in home care and nursing homes, in general and regarding the prevention of spread of contagion. The result show how conditions for OHSM differed according to eldercare setting and had stronger importance in homecare, both pre-pandemic and in pandemic. Routines and standardized procedures of OHSM was introduced and improved during the pandemic. The routines and standardized procedures had importance for OHSM and COVID-specific OHSM, especially in homecare (r2: 0,86) but also in nursing homes (r2: 0,39). Team communication of risks, work adjustments and equality climate were also of importance. The OHSM work in homecare was understood as Rooms for re-constructing standardized guidelines to un-standardized settings. The practice of safety work was formed by room for elders’ independent decisions of forming their homes and by room for groupthink shaped by employees’ earlier knowledge experiences and norms. Supportive conditions with equal climate, explicable routines, visual instructions and reflections of OHSM have stronger importance where work environments are unstandardized and work and organizational conditions underdeveloped (i.e. homecare). To better bridge the gap between work as imagine and done in unstandardized contexts, conditions in general and specifically the opportunities to reflect and adapt routines together need to be improved. 

  • 3.
    Eriksson, Kerstin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Brand och Säkerhet. Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Organisational learning without fire?: Risk analyses as a basis for developing crisis management capabilities2023Ingår i: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 163, artikel-id 106144Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Risk analyses are seen as a vital tool for crisis prevention and developing capability to respond to future crises. In Sweden, all municipalities are required to perform risk and vulnerability analyses as a basis for their crisis management work. The aim of this paper is to study how and why a risk and vulnerability analysis can become a part of an organisational process for learning how to prevent and prepare for crises. This is done through a study of civil servants in Swedish municipalities and county administrative boards about how they develop and use risk and vulnerability analysis for creating a crisis management capability within the organisation. It is shown that the results from risk and vulnerability analyses normally are not transferred within or beyond the municipalities and that the learning within the organisation and within society is thus limited. © 2023 The Author(s)

  • 4.
    Garmer, Kerstin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Sjöström, Hasse
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Material och produktion, IVF.
    Hiremath, Anand M.
    Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India.
    Tilwankar, Atit K.
    Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India.
    Kinigalakis, George
    Medimetal Limited, Sweden.
    Asolekar, Shyam R.
    Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India; Medimetal Limited, Sweden.
    Development and validation of three-step risk assessment method for ship recycling sector2015Ingår i: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 76, s. 175-189Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Disposal of end-of-life vessels in an environmentally sound and safe manner is a major challenge today. In the present study an attempt has been made to develop a three-step risk assessment method - which offers a systematic pedagogic approach for the "analysis team" comprising of production managers, safety officers, safety supervisors and the designated expert monitor to reduce risks and enhance safety at ship recycling yards. The three-step risk assessment was performed in 35 ship recycling yards through questionnaire surveys and door-to-door communication. Thus, 35 data sets from field personnel at the ship recycling yards, each data set with 8 risk indexes (4 risk indexes each, before and after implementing corrective actions) were collected. In addition, 9 data sets were collected to document the perceptions of experts. In all, a total of 44 data sets were collected and used to validate the risk assessment method. Validation of the three-step method, essentially addresses the differences (or similarities) in "perception of risk" by several health, safety and environment (HSE) managers who volunteered for the risk assessment exercise. In order to validate the risk assessment method, three validation protocols were developed. Consistency check on the data sets was also performed and it was found that the relationship was linear with the slope close to unity. The example illustrating the application of Three Step Method in identifying and minimizing risks provides clear understanding for the users of this method. Evidently, the three-step risk assessment method developed in this research appeared to give consistent results in a variety of scenarios of validation.

  • 5.
    Sandinge, Anna
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Brandteknik. DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Blomqvist, Per
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Brandteknik.
    Dederichs, Anne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Säkerhetsforskning. DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Markert, Frank
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    The necessity of accelerated ageing in fire performance assessments of composite materials2021Ingår i: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 141, artikel-id 105358Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The market for lightweight fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composites is growing. This is seen within advanced applications for e.g. aeronautics, modern ship vessels and railway vehicles. FRPs are often used to save weight, but the downside is that they are ignitable, which implies a potential higher fire risk. It is thus important to thoroughly characterise the material properties of FRPs, including the fire performance, in order to ensure a high safety level. Fire performance testing is made with newly produced materials to show the conformance to required standard test. However, the impact of ageing on the fire performance of materials and products is not mandatory information and hardly ever known. This is still an overlooked matter that is important to address for combustible materials in transport applications, where the requirements of personal safety are especially high. Accelerated ageing is a method to expose materials and products to various environmental parameters for a simulation of long-term usage. Within a few days, weeks or months the damage and degradation of the materials can occur, which normally would be after years in normal climate and after normal usage. Fire performance testing of test samples subjected to accelerated ageing would potentially give important information on the long-term safety of the end-use application of FRPs. The objective of this paper is twofold. One is to find out if the industry, society and research need to deal with the effect of ageing on materials in relation to fire safety as this is not dealt with in fire regulations. And further to identify the state-of-the-art of accelerated ageing methods relevant for Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) materials. In summary, the findings in the literature were limited of reported ageing effects of FRPs, with respect to the fire behaviour. An important conclusion is that there is a major lack of knowledge regarding material aging and fire behaviour, especially for FRPs. However, the identified ageing studies showed that both fire and mechanical properties were affected by ageing. The accelerated ageing methods described in literature was not consequently applied. The ageing methods were special designed for each study and application of material. All methods need a proper validation applying real time ageing. 

  • 6.
    Vermina Lundström, Frida
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Brand och Säkerhet.
    Sjöström, Johan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Säkerhet och transport, Brand och Säkerhet.
    Granström, Anders
    SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Garden structure is critical for building survival in northern forest fires – An analysis using large Swedish wildfires2023Ingår i: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 157, artikel-id 105928Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite increasing concern over wildfires in Fennoscandia, there are essentially no studies on the survivability of buildings within the wildland-urban interface of this region. We make use of four recent large-scale fires in Sweden to elucidate which factors are important for survival, using multiple logistic regression analysis of data collected at the sites. We obtained data on 187 buildings within the fire perimeters, nearly all with wood paneling and tile- or sheet metal roofing. 35 % of the buildings were lost or badly damaged. Results indicate that most buildings were approached by relatively low-intensity fire and that ignition primarily occurred through direct flame contact. The most important factor for survivability was the presence of a maintained lawn. The second most important was that no flammable material was present close to the building façade. Further, fire intensity often decreased close to buildings due to a larger portion of deciduous trees around gardens than in the surrounding forest. These factors were more important than specific features of the building itself, reflecting that the majority of buildings have combustible wooden façades. Our results suggest that the greatest potential for increasing building safety in the Swedish WUI is to keep the area immediately surrounding the building (∼5 m) free from tree litter and other flammable material. Also, since fire intensities are generally low, buildings can in most cases be defended with simple tools without compromising personal safety.

  • 7.
    Zawadowska, Aleksandra
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Giuliani, Luisa
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Dahl Hertz, Kristian
    DTU Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Experimental study on the mechanical properties of fire exposed concrete2021Ingår i: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 142, artikel-id 105357Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of fire-induced collapses of concrete buildings has been reported over the last decades, indicating the need of a better understanding of behaviour of concrete during fire events and of reassessing models recommended by currently used standards for structural fire safety design.This study investigates the mechanical properties of concrete exposed to elevated temperatures. After carrying out preliminary compression and temperature tests, ductility and strength of cylindrical concrete specimens at high temperature were measured in transient and non-transient tests. In transient tests, the specimens were preloaded to a certain stress level and heated up to failure. In non-transient tests, specimens were first heated up to a set temperature and then compressed until failure.The results are presented in terms of stress-strain relationships and critical temperatures. Such results are compared with different concrete models found in literature, as well as with the values recommended by the Eurocode (EN, 2004). The analysis of the strength degradation in non-transient tests indicated that strength values recommended by the Eurocode may not be conservative. Similar conclusions were drawn regarding the strain at peak stress, where the values suggested by Eurocode were found to be unrealistic from the design point of view. Based on the comparison of results obtained in transient and non-transient test, more conservative values of the strength were observed in transient tests. More tests are needed, in order to confirm these conclusions on larger data set. 

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