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  • 1.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Samhällsekonomisk analys av öppna leverantörsreskontradata: Handledning2021Report (Other academic)
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  • 2.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Rudmark, Daniel
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Crowdsourcing and Public Transportation: Barriers and Opportunities2021In: Proc of 23rd ITS Biennial Conference, 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decade, private companies have successfully used crowdsourcing to revolutionise mobility, while public transport companies are still mostly failing to utilise the benefits of crowdsourcing. The application of crowdsourcing in public transport is a new area of academic research, and research on crowdsourcing en route in real-time is missing. This research aims to address this gap, explore opportunities and challenges of this type of crowdsourcing, and conceptualise this phenomenon. The research is based on empirical data collected in five Northern European countries. Our research findings help identify areas where crowdsourcing en route can add value to public transport: new forms of communication, opportunities to communicate with third parties, and improved transit planning and optimisation. Identified challenges are related to behavioural change for users, a need to develop infrastructure to enable crowdsourcing en route, and financial rationalities.

  • 3.
    Axelsson, Jakob
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Svenson, Pontus
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    On the Concepts of Capability and Constituent System Independence in Systems-of-Systems2022In: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022, p. 247-252Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Systems-of-systems are designed to provide a capability that their constituent systems cannot achieve individually. A key property is that the constituent systems have some degree of operational and managerial independence. The concepts of capability and independence are thus central to the field of systems-of-systems. Yet the contemporary literature and standards only give vague definitions of these terms. This vagueness is a barrier to progress in the field, and this paper aims at contributing with a more detailed conceptualization. It describes a system capability as a state-transforming process that uses certain resources. Independence means that the system has a choice about when and how its capabilities should be activated. This requires that the system is an intelligent agent with a notion of utility, a perception of the world around it, and a decision-making capability. When given a mission, the system can complete that mission by activating appropriate combinations of capabilities. A system-of-systems can decompose its mission into parts that correspond to the capabilities of various constituent systems.

  • 4.
    Bardh, Jonas
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Trycktäthet i gjutgods2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en sammanställning av det arbete som gjorts i projekt G833M, ”Trycktäthet i gjutgods”. Idag finns problem med läckande gjutgods och ibland får det stora konsekvenser. Ur miljösynpunkt så får t ex inte olja läcka ut från en motor på en bil. Så ämnet är högaktuellt i dagens samhälle där miljöfrågor får ett allt större fokus. Uppgiften med arbetet var att tydliggöra vad som menas med trycktätt gods, (hur man definierar begreppet trycktäthet). Hur ett tätkrav bör vara utformat och vilka provningsmetoder som finns, och vilka begränsningar de har, har också gåtts igenom. Syftet med artetet har varit att ge en ökad förståelsen för trycktäthet och de provningsmetoder som finns. En korrekt utformad kravsättning bidrar också till att säkerställa att rätt provningsmetod används. Allt för ofta är det kommunikationen mellan köpare och tillverkare som är bristfällig vilket leder till läckageproblem. Genom en ökad kunskap och förståelse hos båda parter bidrar till rätt ställda förväntningar på det färdiga godset. Arbetet har till största del bedrivits genom litteraturstudier och genom några studiebesök hos ett antal företag i branschen.

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  • 5.
    Berg, Hanna
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Magnus
    Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Lindström, Annika
    RISE, Innventia. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden; Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Spreading joy: examining the effects of smiling models on consumer joy and attitudes2015In: Journal of Consumer Marketing, ISSN 0736-3761, E-ISSN 2052-1200, Vol. 32, no 6, p. 459-469Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine consumer response to pictures of smiling models in marketing, focusing on the roles of emotional contagion from the smiling models and the perceived typicality of marketing with smiling models. Design/methodology/approach – This paper reports the findings from three experimental studies, comparing consumer response to two versions of an advertisement (Study 1) and a packaging design (Study 2 and 3), including either a picture of a smiling or a non-smiling model. To measure consumer response, a combination of self-report questionnaires and eye-tracking methodology was used. Findings – The pictures of smiling models produced more consumer joy and more positive attitudes for the marketing. The positive effects on attitudes were mediated by consumer joy, and the effects on consumer joy were mediated by the perceived typicality of the marketing with smiling models. Originality/value – Despite the ubiquity of photos of smiling faces in marketing, very few studies have isolated the effects of the smile appeal on consumer response to marketing objects. By comparing marketing where the same model is shown smiling or with a neutral facial expression, the positive effects were isolated. The roles of emotional contagion and perceived typicality in this mechanism were also examined and implications of the findings for research and practitioners are discussed.

  • 6.
    Björkdahl, Joakim
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Fallahi, Sara
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Holmén, Magnus
    Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Explaining business model innovation processes: A problem formulation and problem solving perspective2022In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 105, p. 223-239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explains the business model innovation processes in industrial firms. Drawing on three case studies of leading business-to-business firms shifting from product-based to service-based business models, it introduces problems as a theoretical concept to explain business model innovation processes. We show how formulating and solving problems guide the search for a viable business model and why some problem formulation and solving activities lead firms to shift between backward-looking and forward-looking searches. The decision to shift to a forward-looking search is triggered by the perception of failure to continue with an established way of working, while the shift to a backward-looking search is based on the perception of high alternative costs. We contribute to the business model innovation and servitization literature by theorizing the process of business model innovation and providing implications for managers.

  • 7.
    Bloom, Jörgen
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Engångskärnor i pressgjutgods2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Traditionellt har kärnor i pressgjutgods varit tillverkade av stål. Dessa stålkärnor är rörliga och dras ut ur pressgjutgodset innan gjutgodset stöts ut ur gjutverktyget. Detta innebär att formen på dessa stålkärnor har släppningsvinkel som gör dem möjliga att dra. Övriga gjutmetoder, som använder gravitationen eller låga gastryck för att få in smältan i formen, har länge använt engångskärnor av sand för att skapa håligheter i gjutgodset. Sandkärnorna faller sönder efter gjutningen vilket gör att kärnans form inte behöver begränsas av släppningsvinklar. Hitintills har sandkärnornas begränsade hållfasthet inte möjliggjort användning vid pressgjutning på grund av pressgjutmaskinernas höga inloppshastigheter och eftertryck. För utformningen av pressgjutgods vore det i många fall önskvärt att kunna använda engångskärnor. Utvecklingen går framåt med flera olika metoder för att tillverka engångskärnor som har tillräcklig hållfasthet för att tåla påfrestningar under pressgjutning. Kostnaden för att producera gjutgods med engångskärnor är i flera fall betydligt lägre än att produera samma gjutgods med gravitationsgjutning. Användning av engångskärnor kan även möjliggöra nya utformningar av gjutgods som kan medföra exempelvis nya funktioner, nytt utseende samt viktbesparingar.

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  • 8.
    Bokström, Tomas
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Julin, Josefin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Norman, Dorthe
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Lidman, Johan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Arbetsmiljö och hälsa i fokus – En lärande utvärdering om Botkyrkas pilotprojekt kring preventivt arbete för minskad sjukfrånvaro och mer välmående arbetsplatser2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Botkyrka kommun har under 2018-2021 bedrivit pilotprojektet Arbetsmiljö och Hälsa i Fokus i syfte att förebygga och minska korttidssjukfrånvaro och för att stödja en mer hälsofrämjande organisation. Arbetet har skett i samarbete med Sveriges Kommuner och Regioner (SKR), Sveriges Forskningsinstitut RISE samt Aino Health som varit utförare för en del av insatserna. Föreliggande rapport utvärderar projektet och är tänkt att utgöra en läranderapport som illustrerar hur arbetet utvecklats under projekttiden, och sammanfattar de lärdomar som framkommit under projektets gång. Pilotprojektet har utvecklats löpande och anpassats efter de utmaningar och lärdomar som dykt upp under projekttiden. Pandemin har påverkat projektet både i det praktiska arbetet och vad gäller den på förhand uppsatta utvärderingsmodellen. Trots det finns det goda indikationer på att arbetssätten kan medföra en positiv påverkan på sjukfrånvaro och det systematiska arbetsmiljöarbetet. Utvärderingen visar att antalet nettodagar korttidsfrånvaro minskade jämfört med referensperioden under de första 17 månaderna fram till att pandemin slog igenom mars 2020. Det går inte att veta hur korttidsfrånvaron hade utvecklats under resterande projekttid utan pandemin. Men baserat på hypotesen som föranledde projektet och erfarenheter från andra håll finns det goda skäl att anta att projektets insatser visat sig effektiva för att minska korttidssjukfrånvaron i Botkyrka. Det bedöms som sannolikt att insatsen Hälsosupport ger den relativt snabba effekt på sjukfrånvaron som kunnat skönjas. När det gäller Chefsstödet hade det varit önskvärt med en längre uppföljningsperiod för att kunna urskilja effekter. Men det finns positiva indikationer. Ett återkommande mönster är att gruppen arbetsplatser som fått stöd på arbetsplatsnivå av Chefsstödet inte haft en lika kraftig ökning i sjukfrånvaro som en följd av pandemin som övriga arbetsplatser inom samma förvaltning. Vid uppföljande mätningar av det Arbetshälsoekonomiska analysverktyget (KI- mätning) visas i genomsnitt en lägre indikerad nivå av produktionsbortfall kopplad till ohälsa. Detta kan vara tecken på att ett mer systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete etablerats och hunnit ge viss effekt på de arbetsplatser där Chefsstödet verkat. Den ekonomiska kalkylen för projektet, som tar fasta på värdet av en korttidssjukfrånvarodag enligt Försäkringskassans beräkningsmetod, tyder på att insatserna på relativt kort sikt är självfinansierade. Det ska då beaktas att flera potentiella värden av en bättre arbetsmiljö inte tas med i kalkylen. Att kostnadsbesparingar kan realiseras så pass snabbt är ovanligt för sociala investeringar och pekar på värdet av att investera i systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete. En utgångspunkt för arbetet är insikten att det behövs stödjande insatser på såväl individ- som organisationsnivå. Samtidigt har utmaningar med att förena dessa perspektiv i ett sammanhållet utvecklingsoch implementeringsarbete synliggjorts. Behov att utveckla kompetens i förändringsledning för att skapa ökad kapacitet i kommunens förvaltningar för ständig utveckling kvarstår.

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  • 9.
    Boyer, Robert
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Hunka, Agnieszka
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Whalen, Katherine
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Consumer demand for circular products: Identifying customer segments in the circular economy2021In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 22, article id 12348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding consumer preferences in the circular economy can help producers develop profitable strategies, lowering the risk involved in transitioning to circular business models and circular product design. This study uses a choice experiment to identify customer segments for mobile phones and robot vacuum cleaners at different levels of circularity. The experiment observes how a product’s theoretical Circular Economy Score (ranging from 0 to 100) influences consumer preferences as compared to other product attributes like price, appearance, warranty, battery life, reseller type, or ease of repair. Drawing from 800 UK respondents, the results indicate the presence of three customer segments that are sensitive to a product’s Circular Economy Score, including two that appear willing to purchase recirculated items and one that expresses a preference against them. The results offer initial evidence that a market for recirculated consumer electronics exists and that circularity labeling is a marketable option. The results also present a strong rationale for further research that probes a greater variety of products and contexts. © 2021 by the authors

  • 10.
    Boyer, Robert
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Linden, Hanna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Norefjäll, Fredric
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Rex, Emma
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Vanacore, Emanuela
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Three dimensions of circularity : A systematic approach to circular procurement: Discussion material2020Other (Other academic)
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  • 11.
    Boyer, Robert
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Linden, Hanna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Norefjäll, Fredric
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Rex, Emma
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Vanacore, Emanuela
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Tre dimensioner av cirkularitet: Ett systematiskt förhållningssätt till cirkulär upphandling: Diskussionsmaterial2020Other (Other academic)
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  • 12.
    Brolin, Magnus
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport.
    Fahnestock, Jesse
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment.
    Rootzen, Johan
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Industry’s Electrification and Role in the Future Electricity System: A Strategic Innovation Agenda2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Trends visible today suggest that a transformation of industrial firms’ use of electricity, and a change in their role in the electricity system, could take place as a part of a long-term transition towards a low-carbon Swedish economy. The shape of these changes remains highly uncertain, but electrification, flexible electricity use, and emerging roles in the electricity system for industrial consumers are interdependent developments and should be investigated from a holistic perspective where possible.

    Swedish industry is relatively energy intensive, and has stood for roughly 37% of the country’s electricity use for a decade. The Swedish Energy Agency’s Vivace scenario suggests that this share could expand, despite improved efficiency, to 49% by 2050. The increased use of electricity to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and take advantage of market conditions would play out differently in different sectors, and depending on the development of different technologies. However large-scale opportunities may exist in the long-term, such as using electrolysis to produce hydrogen for replacing coke in the iron and steel industry and as a feedstock in the petrochemical industry.

    Smaller-scale but still important options for electrification include electric/hybrid boilers in the pulp and paper industry and a variety of electro-thermal technologies for heating and drying.

    Increased use of electricity in industry is likely to go hand-in-hand with increasingly flexible use of electricity. In some cases, such as the production of hydrogen or process media, this flexibility will be in-built since the storable energy carriers create new production planning options. In other cases, new approaches to planning, process design, and the use of automation may allow firms to match electricity use to favourable market conditions.

    The expected high penetration of intermittent renewable electricity in the power system may create incentives for this flexibility. These incentives should appear on the wholesale market, in the form of high- and low-price periods. They may also appear via new capacity markets, or through markets for new system services needed to support stability in both transmission and distribution networks. The frameworks and regulations needed to create these markets are not yet in place, and firms will also need to develop technical and management capabilities to take advantage of them.

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  • 13.
    Béland, Marie-Claude
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Granberg, Hjalmar
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Exploring How Material Demonstrators Accelerate the Transition to a Circular Bioeconomy2023In: diid disegno industriale industrial design, E-ISSN 2785-2245, no 79, p. 44-Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking ideas to market can be a long, iterative, and complex process. When dealing with new bio-based materials, under-standing factors that help bridge the lab-to-market gap and how materials are selected for new product development have the potential to speed up the transition to a circular bioeconomy. This article defines abstract and conceptual material demonstrators and explores how they support the innovation process in different ways. Nine roles are iden-tified, including how material demonstrators contribute to generating and expressing new ideas, enable a shared understanding of technology, support the discovery of market value and the visualization of potential applications as well as helping to articulate internal and external strategies and communications. Abstract and conceptual material dem-onstrators are exemplified with both technology-driven and market-driven bio-based materials used in packaging.

  • 14.
    Carlgren, Lisa
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    BenMahmoud-Jouini, Sihem
    GREGHEC-HEC Paris, France; i3-CRG-Ecole Polytechnique, France.
    When cultures collide: What can we learn from frictions in the implementation of design thinking?2022In: The Journal of product innovation management, ISSN 0737-6782, E-ISSN 1540-5885, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 44-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing interest in the use of design thinking (DT) in innovation has called into question its integration in organizational settings. We draw upon literature on management innovation and new practice implementation that highlights potential cultural conflicts between the values and assumptions underpinning the new practice and the culture of the organization that adopts it. We investigate the cultural fit between DT and the adopting firm through qualitative studies of 13 cases of DT implementation in large established firms complemented with data collected during eight workshops with DT practitioners and scholars. We abductively propose a cultural archetype of DT comprising eight dimensions: subjective and aesthetic ways of knowing, long-term and nonlinear views about time, intrinsic motivation and sense of purpose, flexibility and change, relationships, empathy, and emotions at work, collaboration and inclusion, team autonomy and informality, and external orientation. We identify challenges and consequences associated with cultural misfits encountered in the implementation of DT: lack of legitimacy, lack of depth, disengagement, incrementalism, poor teamwork and alienation, collaboration lip service, micromanaged processes, and lack of external orientation. We thus (i) develop a characterization of DT by providing a detailed cultural archetype that we discuss relative to previous literature on DT and (ii) enrich the research on the recursive relationship between organizational culture and DT implementation, contributing to research on emotions in management and innovation culture. We also (iii) contribute to research on the challenges encountered by firms when adopting DT, extending the research on difficulties linked to cultural misfits when implementing new practices. Finally, we (iv) contribute to research on practice implementation and management innovation by highlighting the interplay between cultural fit, legitimacy, and the implementation climate.

  • 15.
    Collier, Elizabeth S
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Oberrauter, Lisa-Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Normann, Anne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Norman, Cecilia
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Svensson, Marlene
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Niimi, Jun
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Bergman, Penny
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Identifying barriers to decreasing meat consumption and increasing acceptance of meat substitutes among Swedish consumers2021In: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 167, article id 105643Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key lifestyle change people could make to reduce their environmental impact is to reduce their meat consumption. However, meat is still a staple in many people's diet, and some consumers are reluctant to cut down. Meat substitutes, if accepted as adequate replacements for meat, may offer a suitable alternative without leaving consumers feeling dissatisfied. The aim of the present study was to identify psychological barriers to reducing meat consumption and increasing use of meat substitutes among Swedish consumers. Participants engaged in focus group discussions around purchasing, preparing, and consuming meat and meat substitutes. Four main themes were identified through thematic analysis: uncertainty, scepticism, health, and identity. These are discussed in relation to previous work on the barriers to reducing meat consumption. Strategies to communicate the environmental impact of meat to consumers and effect change through behavioural interventions are considered. © 2021 The Authors

  • 16.
    De Goey, Heleen
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, David
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Enablers and barriers to design-driven innovation: a case study at a Swedish wood furniture wholesaler2016In: Proceedings of the 23rd International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the enablers and barriers to design-driven innovation at a Swedish wood furniture wholesaler. Design-driven innovation focuses on innovating the purpose a product has to a customer. This is a relatively new concept which is not yet thoroughly explored. A case study is conducted to identify the enablers and barriers to this type of innovation. In line with literature, the enablers were identified prior, throughout and after product development, whereas the barriers were only found in later phases. To conclude, this paper will present implications and suggestions for further research on the enablers and barriers to design-driven innovation.

  • 17.
    Degerman, Helene
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Barriers towards Resilient Performance among Public Critical Infrastructure Organizations: The Refugee Influx Case of 2015 in Sweden2021In: infrastructures, E-ISSN 2412-3811, Vol. 6, no 8, article id 106Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the autumn of 2015, Europe experienced a sharp increase in refugee influx, and many refugees arrived in the European Øresund Region. Refugees travelled through Denmark and over the Øresund Bridge, arriving in the third largest city in Sweden, Malmö. Private, public and voluntary organizations in Malmö had to change the way they worked to meet the new entry demands. Flexible adaptations to changing circumstances can be described as resilient performance and are supported or hindered by societal and organizational drivers and barriers. Qualitative interview data from Swedish organizations managing the refugee reception in Malmö were analyzed through the theoretical lens of Resilience Engineering (RE). The analysis results showed that necessary adaptations were not supported by the managerial design of the responsible public organizations. The analysis also showed that preconditions created from societal steering hinders value responsiveness at the public management level, i.e., the public management level has barriers towards becoming familiar with the organization’s value structures. Familiarity with the system value and goal structure is essential for an efficient prioritizing of conflicting goals, which is why it is suggested that this aspect be explicitly included in RE principles.

  • 18.
    Diener, Derek
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Fallahi, Sara
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Vanacore, Emanuela
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Ways of operating in business ecosystems to drive circular transitions2021In: New Business Models in a Decade of Action:  Sustainable • Evidence-based • Impactful. Full Conference Proceedings. New Business Models 2021, Halmstad, Sweden, 2021, p. 150-156Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The circular economy megatrend demands that manufacturing firms change their business model, implying that great changes must happen in business ecosystems. This short paper is based on observations from research in three ecosystems and identifies avenues firms can take in business ecosystems when orchestrating implementation of circular economy goals.

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  • 19.
    Dominic, Chris
    RISE, Innventia.
    Supply and demand chain integration:: A case study conducted in the packaging industry2013In: Packaging technology & science, ISSN 0894-3214, E-ISSN 1099-1522, no 1, p. 51-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work was to study the packaging supplier and the integration of integrating packaging suppliers into the supply and demand chain (SDC). The packaging industry has been analyzed using a structured market analysis, and the companies studied have been positioned in an integration model for packaging suppliers. In addition, case studies were conducted to study the development of the packaging industry and its integration within the SDC in the Scandinavian region. The analysis shows that there are gaps in the business relations between the packaging companies studied and the SDC. Most of the packaging suppliers were not integrated into the SDC. Valuable information, available in the network, seldom reaches the packaging supplier who holds the knowledge necessary to create and offer innovative packaging solutions. The article provides an empirical exploration into the field of packaging, logistics and SDC integration and an original conceptual framework that could serve as a theoretical framework for future research work applied in the packaging industry and an interesting business model to the increase understanding of packaging supply chain integration.

  • 20.
    Ernits, Heiti
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Planering på gränsen och gränsen för planering - En studie av gränsöverskridande samhällsplanering2023Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This exploratory thesis aims to describe and analyze how boundaries emerge, affect planning practices, and how boundaries are managed over time in order to achieve integrated planning processes. This thesis is particularly interested in how the interplay between boundary-spanning and boundary-crossing activities in relation to the organization of strategic spatial planning can be understood from an institutional perspective. The overall research question was sub-divided into three further research questions: How do boundaries emerge, and how are they managed, when planning is organized? What boundary arrangements emerge over time for the managing of boundaries? How can the choice of boundary arrangement be understood in relation to institutional orders? The thesis involves a case study of two urban planning projects and an organizational planning reform. Using a qualitative research approach, empirical data were collected through participant observations when planners collaborated, shadowing planners in their work environment, conducting semi-structured interviews with planners, hosting focus group discussions, and analyzing relevant documents. The findings of the present study demonstrate that planners face multiple challenges related to boundaries, which in turn encourages continuous transformation processes. Negotiations are revealed to play a crucial role in managing and modifying boundaries. More specifically, different and conflicting views on how boundaries should be drawn and desired characteristics of the boundaries converge in negotiation processes. Drawing on the institutional theoretical framework of the study, the organizing principles of egalitarianism and hierarchy are positioned in opposition to one another. Negotiations ultimately result in an egalitarian approach to boundary management, which involves preserving formal boundaries and organizing planning work across boundaries. An informal planning organization emerges alongside the formal planning organization, and specific boundary arrangements and approaches to organize collective action in a polycentric planning environment become institutionalized. This development, however, gives rise to new problematic boundaries between the formal and informal planning organization, which in turn leads to further negotiation and incremental changes to boundary arrangements and planning practices.

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  • 21.
    Fallahi, Sara
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Mogren, Olof
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    Listo Zec, Edvin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    Algurén, Peter
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Hallquist, Lukas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Financing solutions for circular business models: Exploring the role of business ecosystems and artificial intelligence2023In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The circular economy promotes a transition away from linear modes of production and consumption to systems with circular material flows that can significantly improve resource productivity. However, transforming linear business models to circular business models posits a number of financial consequences for product companies as they need to secure more capital in a stock of products that will be rented out over time and therefore will encounter a slower, more volatile cash flow in the short term compared to linear direct sales of products. This paper discusses the role of financial actors in circular business ecosystems and alternative financing solutions when moving from product-dominant business models to Product-as-a-Service (PaaS) or function-based business models. Furthermore, the paper demonstrates a solution where state-of-the-art artificial intelligence (AI) modeling can be incorporated for financial risk assessment. We provide an open implementation and a thorough empirical evaluation of an AI-model, which learns to predict residual value of stocks of used items. Furthermore, the paper highlights solutions, managerial implications, and potentials for financing circular business models, argues the importance of different forms of data in future business ecosystems, and offers recommendations for how AI can help mitigate some of the challenges businesses face as they transition to circular business models. © 2022 The Authors. 

  • 22.
    Fernqvist, Niklas
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Hansla, André
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    It's all about the functionality: Psychological determinants of acceptance of energy efficient water taps in freshwater abundant urban areas2021In: Energy and Climate Change, ISSN 2666-2787, Vol. 2, article id 100053Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global climate changes will intensify the competition for fresh water. Technologies for reducing household tap water consumption may be an effective measure for sustainable water consumption. However, such technologies may come with a potential perceived reduction in comfort. This field study thus examines whether and how tenants, who live in apartments in water abundant areas and have a standard cost for water included in their rent, accept reduction in tap-water comfort over a six-month period of technology familiarisation, A repeated questionnaire study (n = 38) was conducted to mesasure changes in acceptance and perceived functionality of water efficient faucets over time. We also tested to what extent motivational factors posited by the value-belief-norm (VBN) theory accounted for acceptance of hands-on experiences in the early-stage of familiarisation. Unlike the familiarisation hypothesis, our results show decreased acceptance for bathroom and kitchen faucets mediated by impaired perceived functionalities (in flow and temperature). No such changes were observed for shower faucets. Moreover, while the casual chain hypothesised by the VBN theory (i.e., moving from values to awareness of consequences to a personal norm of water conservation) is shown to account for acceptance, no ascription of responsibility is disclosed. Overreliance and boundary conditions for familiarisation effects are discussed.

  • 23.
    Forcellati, Corrado Lillelund
    et al.
    Risk Consulting/Sustainability, Singapore.
    Georgeson, Claire
    City University of London, UK.
    Lind, Mikael
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety Research. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Singh, Sukhjit
    University of Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago.
    Sjöberger, Carl
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Woxenius, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Support for Financial Decision-Making2021In: Maritime Informatics, p. 255-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores some of the financial processes where maritime informatics could make a difference and improve existing practices. The chapter takes the principle logic of how maritime transport serves the cargo owner, the passenger, or the transport buyer. The chapter acknowledges different types of costs and risks associated with maritime transport, such as capital, operational, voyage costs and environmental, social, and governance (ESG)-related costs to meet business needs and comply with regulatory requirements. Building upon the role of maritime informatics to achieve transparency, control, mitigate risks, and reduce the costs within each of these categories, different opportunities are acknowledged and associated with different shipping segments. Consideration is also given to economic advantage, resilience, compliance, and sustainability emerging from transparency in financial processes that comes with digital data sharing. The chapter provides a practical framework to identifying the role of maritime informatics in supporting financial management and decision-making by classifying cost/risk categories and digital data streams of relevance by looking at three dimensions: resiliency, compliance, and sustainability.

  • 24.
    Galaz, Victor
    et al.
    Stockholm Resilience Center, Sweden; Stockholm University, Sweden; Beijer Institute, Sweden; The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
    Wilson, Erik
    AI Sweden, Sweden.
    Schewenius, Maria
    Stockholm Resilience Center, Sweden; Stockholm University, Sweden; University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Janson, Sverker
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    AI i klimatets tjänst: en kartläggning av svensk kompetens i ett internationellt perspektiv2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Klimatutmaningen ställer mycket stora krav på samhället. I takt med att klimatförändringarnas effekter blir allt tydligare genom bland annat omfattande skogsbränder, smältande havsisar, och extremoväder, så får klimatfrågan också allt större uppmärksamhet i det offentliga samtalet, hos beslutsfattare, och inom näringsliv och civilsamhälle. Teknikutvecklingen har alltid varit viktig i diskussionen om klimatfrågans orsaker och lösningar, liksom för forskning om hållbar utveckling i stort. I takt med att artificiell intelligens (AI) sett en språngvis utveckling och dess tillämpningar tycks öka på flera samhällsområden, så ökar också intresset för hur AI kan bidra till att tackla klimatutmaningen i alla dess dimensioner - från grundläggande klimatforskning, till klimatanpassning och klimatinnovation. Följande rapport, AI i klimatets tjänst, ger en överblick av potentialen hos AI för klimatutmaningen. Rapporten presenterar också en kartläggning av potentialen för Sverige att bli internationellt ledande inom detta område. Analysen bygger på en litteraturöversikt, intervjuer, en enkätundersökning och en systematisk genomgång av klimatrelaterad AI-forskning i Sverige och utomlands. Resultaten är på intet sätt slutgiltiga, utan ger en överblicksbild av ett snabbt växande område. Vi hoppas att rapporten ska kunna fungera som ett första diskussionsunderlag för de myndigheter, företag, forskare och andra som är intresserade av att vidareutveckla potentialen hos AI-tekniker och deras användning för klimatutmaningen.

  • 25.
    Grahn, Sten
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Lindhult, Erik
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Barriers to value specification when carrying out digitalization projects2021In: Technology Innovation Management Review, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 54-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If digitalization projects aim to effectively create value for a company, one precondition is having a shared view among company staff and project members of what the "desirable" value is. However, it has been shown that few companies fully understand the value that digitalization projects can create for them, while many companies still launch digitalization projects without this understanding. This contributes to the current "alarmingly" low success rate for digitalization projects. Development of effective methods to specify the desired values of digitalization projects is thus important. One step in developing improved specification methods is to ask what the possible barriers are to improving current value specification practices. The purpose of the current study is to address this. We analyzed several digitalization projects regarding how specifications of desired project value were carried out, finding that very limited resources are spent on specifying desired values in digitalization projects, and that this limits project success. Likewise, there are several barriers to increasing resources for specifying desired values. Our findings contribute to understanding the development of value specification methods that aim to overcome these barriers and thus could help improve the success rate of digitalization projects. 

  • 26.
    Grahn, Sten
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University.
    Friedler, Niklas
    Mälardalen University.
    Defining 'benefit' when making production investments: an inquiry of current standards2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Investments in production equipment are made to generate desired production benefit. This work examines how benefit generally is defined and to what extent the benefit is well defined when equipment investments are made. The study revealed that benefit from investments often is unclearly or inconsistently defined, with a narrow system view and often has a weak correlation with benefit for a production system with broader boundaries. This could hamper the possibility to capitalize on industrial trends that indicate a shift in focus, from products, to the benefit utilization of the products can deliver.

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  • 27.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University.
    Grahn, Sten
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Friedler, Niklas
    Mälardalen University.
    Lean automation development: applying lean principles to the automation development process2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By a broad empirical study it is indicated that automation development show potential of improvement. In the paper, 13 lean product development principles are contrasted to the automation development process and it is suggested why and how these principles can facilitate, support and improve the automation development process. The paper summarises a description of what characterises a lean automation development process and what consequences it entails. Main differences compared to current practice are also identified. The incentives for, and expected effects of, applying the identified lean principles to the automation development process are discussed. Lean automation development: applying lean principles to the automation development process. 

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  • 28.
    Gutkin, Renaud
    et al.
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Risberg, Martin
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Gårdstam, Johannes
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Karlberg, Mats
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Wiklund, Daniel
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Slutrapport för det koncernstrategiska projektet Swerea Virtual Lab2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Simulering som verktyg för utveckling, tillverkning och provning av produkter i avancerade material är en stor och betydande del av Swereas ordinarie verksamhet. Swerea Virtual Lab är ett fokusområde inom Swerea AB. Swerea Virtual Lab är en kraftsamling för att hjälpa industrin att utöka sin virtuella produktutveckling. Swerea Virtual Lab är en unik samarbetspartner genom sin storlek, kompetens, materialbredd och förmåga att generera indata till beräkningsmodell, genomföra simuleringar och verifiera resultat i laboratorieskala. Swerea Virtual Lab är ett välkänt begrepp, en prioriterad samarbetspartner och den självklara forskningspartnern i EU projekt och i industriella utvecklingsprojekt i Europa och Sverige. Swerea Virtual Lab kännetecknas av tydlig kontaktstruktur, transparent process, hög kvalité och hög leveranssäkerhet. Swerea Virtual Lab vänder sig till alla branscher som har ett intresse av virtuell produktutveckling.

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  • 29.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    A Start-up Firm´s Greenfield Project of Building a New State-of-the-art Factory in Sweden2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A unique greenfield project within a new industrial domain in Europe started 2017, with a mission to build the world’s greenest batteries, to enable and accelerate the European transition to renewable energy. The new firm, together with Sweden’s Innovation Agency Vinnova, initiated collaboration in the project “Research – new state-of-the-art factory”, (VDr. 2017-03397). This report includes an executive summary and an extract of results. The research project specifically contributed to the initiation and knowledge related to the union collaboration process, aiming to support the establishment of a new state-of-the-art factory in a Swedish context. Relevant results identified during the start-up journey will serve as a contextual base and be used in agreement with the start-up firm in planned publications, i.e. they are not included in detail in this report. Furthermore, areas of development regarding concepts for work organization in the initial production organization have been identified, and initiated actions during the study contributing to operational work processes, and organizational learning.

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  • 30.
    Hillberg, Emil
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Pihl, Hjalmar
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Persson, Mattias
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Weihs, Erik
    E.ON, Sweden.
    Csőre, Máté
    E.ON, Sweden.
    Tóth, Ádám
    E.ON, Sweden.
    Hancock, Neil
    Rosvall, Jörgen
    E.ON, Sweden.
    Samuelsson, Olof
    Lund University, Sweden.
    D1.1 Overview of need-owners and their needs: ANM4L, Januari 20202020Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Hunka, Agnieszka D.
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Habibi, Shiva
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    What drives demand for paid access to a sharing box with underused items?: A choice experiment with Swedish consumers2023In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 393, article id 135793Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Determinants of consumer demand for subscription to a sharing platform for underused tools and hobby items were investigated in a series of choice experiments. The stated-preference study with a census-representative sample of 702 Swedish adults, tested four types of offers (sharing boxes) containing: gardening and power tools, photo and video equipment, kitchen and household tools and outdoor/sport equipment. Respondents faced hypothetical buying scenarios: they were asked to choose a subscription to a maintained and insured sharing box located in a public space and containing premium-segment items from one of the above categories. Results show that a possible location for a sharing box depends on its content - for instance, the sharing box with garden tools was preferred by small garden owners. It was also tested, in a demand simulation scenario, how measures aimed at managing utilisation of shared items, such as booking in advance, booking limits or location of the sharing box would affect the preference for the offer. Findings suggest that respondents would be willing to accept these inconveniences of sharing, provided the subscription price was set accordingly (25% lower than the average used across all experiments). Moreover, respondents seem to be using familiar digital subscriptions as a benchmark to determine a fair price for the offers used in the study. © 2022 The Author(s)

  • 32.
    Joborn, Martin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Ranjbar, Zohreh
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Orsaker till opunktlighet : kritiska störningar och småförseningar2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Delay contribution, critical disturbances and minor delays are new metrics created to clarify the connection between disturbances during a train's journey and its punctuality. A demonstrator for large-scale analyzes based on these metrics has been created. Train traffic throughout 2019 and parts of 2020 is analyzed. The results generally show that the metrics in a meaningful way complement the traditionally used analysis methods and specifically that small delays and disturbances late in travel have a large effect on the punctuality. The metrics can also be applied for station punctuality e.g. in a commuter train system.

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  • 33.
    Johansson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Broberg, Sarah
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Resources.
    Ottosson, Mikael
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Energy strategies in the pulp and paper industry in Sweden: Interactions between efficient resource utilisation and increased product diversification2021In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 311, article id 127681Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pulp and paper industry faces several challenges linked to climate and environmental impact, resource efficiency, rising energy prices, increased competition for biomass resources, and declining demand for traditional printed paper products. However, these challenges also offer strategic opportunities for the industry to develop into a competitive, resource-efficient, and low-carbon industry in line with a biobased economy. Against this background, this paper aims to analyse current energy strategies in the pulp and paper industry in Sweden. Specifically, the paper analyses how companies combine continuous process efficiency to reduce energy costs with activities that could be developed into new energy-related products to increase revenue. Most of the analysed companies work to various degrees with both these strategies, employing methods that include improving energy efficiency, energy security, and energy conversion, as well as developing a wide range of biobased energy products. However, our study indicates that there is an untapped potential associated with energy product development, and we conclude that energy efficiency measures can free up resources, enabling the development of new energy products. Finally, several potential managerial outcomes and implications are outlined. © 2021 The Authors

  • 34.
    Julin, Josefin
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Norman, Dorthe
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Korsell, Nicklas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Bokström, Tomas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Läranderapport för projektet Frisk organisation i Borås stad 2019-20222022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport sammanställer erfarenheter och resultat från Borås stads arbete med projektet Frisk organisation och dess operativa enhet Organisationshälsa. Under 2019 - 2022 har projektet kartlagt och adresserat bakomliggande orsaker till hög korttidssjukfrånvaro på utvalda arbetsplatser inom kommunen. Arbetet har följts upp med två tidigare delrapporter inför vilka man samlat in och sammanställt underlag med fokus på olika delområden. Den första uppföljningen, 2020, analyserade implementeringen av Organisationshälsa och hur arbetsprocessen utvecklats i förhållande till den ursprungliga metodbeskrivningen, samt hur insatserna upplevdes fungera enligt projektgruppen, utvalda chefer och medarbetare. Uppföljningen 2021 redogjorde för de problemområden som kartläggningar på utvalda arbetsplatser identifierat som avgörande för att minska korttidssjukfrånvaron och förbättra arbetsmiljön. Vidare gjordes en uppföljning av handlingsplaner, liksom av lärdomar, utmaningar och utvecklingsbehov. Resultaten från 2021 är fortfarande högst aktuella, bland annat mot bakgrund av pandemin som lett till att delar av Organisationshälsas arbete saktats ned. Denna rapport bygger vidare på tidigare års slutsatser, kompletterar hur arbetet utvecklats under projekttiden och lyfter fram viktiga lärdomar. Organisationshälsa har under projekttiden stöttat 57 enheter på åtta av stadens sexton förvaltningar. Deras arbete har utgjort en värdefull insats för att hjälpa utsatta arbetsplatser att etablera ett systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete, ringa in och åtgärda sina arbetsmiljörelaterade utmaningar. I en föränderlig organisationsmiljö, där även hög personalomsättning är vanligt förekommande, är det en nyckelfaktor att kontinuerligt och gemensamt jobba med arbetsmiljöfrågor, gemensamma rutiner och samsyn på arbetsplatserna. Vikten av att jobba med dessa frågor genomgripande på alla verksamhetsnivåer, samt använda insikterna från detta arbete för att synliggöra de strukturella aspekterna av de utmaningar som verksamheterna möter, har framkommit tydligt under projekttiden. Att adressera problematiken på en högre organisatorisk nivå och skapa forum för att lyfta de återkommande mönster av arbetsplatsrelaterade utmaningar som screeningarna påvisar, är en viktig faktor som lyfts fram av fler av projektets parter, och essentiellt för att på ett systematiskt sätt kunna utveckla kommunens förutsättningar att skapa och upprätthålla en god arbetsmiljö och en frisk organisation.

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  • 35.
    Landqvist, Maria
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Lind, Frida
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Resource renewal in heavy business networks: the case of Modvion starting up in the Swedish wind energy context2023In: Journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 507-519Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Taking the perspective of a start-up company, the purpose of this paper is to analyse resource renewal in heavy business networks. Design/methodology/approach: The theoretical framework is based on the Industrial Network Approach and, especially, the resource interaction framework, business network settings and studies of starting up in business networks. The basis for the paper is a case study of a start-up in the Swedish wind energy context. Findings: Resource renewal in this case means replacing one resource, having implications for the resource interfaces in the three business network settings. Research limitations/implications: The paper contributes to the area of studies of starting up in business networks by identifying a distinct form of resource renewal in heavy business networks enabled by development of resource interfaces in three business network settings. Practical implications: Managers in start-ups as well as established firms need to interact to create and develop the resource interfaces that are needed to achieve resource renewal. Resource renewal not only is in the hands of start-ups but also requires interactive resource development with various collaboration partners. Originality/value: This study takes a start-up’s perspective to resource renewal of heavy business networks and analyses heaviness based on resource interfaces in three business network settings. 

  • 36.
    Larsson, Stig
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Industrial Systems.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Winzenburg, Susanna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Smart Hardware.
    Edström, Adam
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Smart Hardware. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Färdplan: Teknik, material och förmågor för hållbar industriell konkurrenskraft2020Report (Other academic)
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  • 37.
    Larsson, Stig
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Industrial Systems.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Winzenburg, Susanna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Smart Hardware.
    Edström, Adam
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Färdplan: Teknik, material och förmågor för hållbar industriell konkurrenskraft (Broschyr)2020Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    De närmaste 15 åren kommer svenskindustri att med förnyad kraft fortsätta sin digitala omställning, ta tillsig en rad nya material, utveckla nyaaffärsmodeller och öka sin transformationsförmåga. Allt för att stärkasin konkurrenskraft, i symbios medhållbarhet – ekonomisk, ekologisk ochsocial. Coronapandemin medför förvisso enorma utmaningar för industrin,men efter den akuta kris hanteringenkommer med all sannolikhetindustriomställningen att ta ny fart.

    Denna broschyr är en förkortad sammanställning av RISE rapport 2020:46 som finns på länken:http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-44978

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  • 38.
    Linder, Marcus
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    Williander, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, Viktoria.
    Circular Business Model Innovation: Inherent Uncertainties2017In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 182-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Circular business models based on remanufacturing and reuse promise significant cost savings as well as radical reductions in environmental impact. Variants of such business models have been suggested for decades, and there are notable success stories such as the Xerox product–service offering based on photocopiers that are remanufactured. Still, we are not seeing widespread adoption in industry. This paper examines causes for reluctance. Drawing on a hypothesis‐testing framework of business model innovation, we show that circular business models imply significant challenges to proactive uncertainty reduction for the entrepreneur. Moreover, we show that many product–service system variants that facilitate return flow control in circular business models further aggravate the potential negative effects of failed uncertainty reduction because of increased capital commitments. Through a longitudinal action research study we also provide a counterexample to many of the challenges identified in previous studies, which could be overcome in the studied case.

  • 39.
    Linneusson, Gary
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Den Första Ingenjören – kompetens för lönsamhet, produktivitet och lönsamhet2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förstudien den första ingenjören har undersökt hur ett system bör utformas för att stödja mindre tillverkande företag som inte har en fungerande rekryteringsprocess av ingenjörskompetens, dels med att identifiera sitt specifika behov av ingenjörskompetens men också att identifiera rätt ingenjör. Sveriges Ingenjörer lät 2005-2006 ta fram en studie som påvisade ett starkt samband mellan ingenjörskompetens och mindre företags utveckling. Denna utveckling studerades över en 6-års period m.a.p. produktivitet, sysselsättningsgrad och omsättningsökning. Samtliga mätetal visade på markant skilnad i positiv riktning för de som anställt sin förste ingejör gentemot företag som redan hade ingenjörer eller inte hade några ingenjörer alls. Förstudien har syftat till att ta fram en ansökan som kan beskriva hur ett genomförande av ett pilotcase, ett testsystem, för att stödja matchmaking av företag och ingenjörer kan se ut. Förstudien har använt arbetsmöten, workshops med företag och ingenjörer, enkätutskick, samt systemmappning för att samla in och sammanställa data. Resultatet av förstudien är ett förslag på genomförande av test/pilotcase på regional nivå i Jönköpings län för att kunna utvärdera dess nytta och möjlighet att växla upp systemet även på nationell nivå.

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  • 40.
    Marcoulaki, Effie
    et al.
    National Centre for Scientific Research “Demokritos”, Greece.
    Persson, Karin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Chemical Process and Pharmaceutical Development.
    Cotgreave, Ian
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Toxicology.
    Niga, Petru
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Chemical Process and Pharmaceutical Development.
    Dulio, Valerio
    INERIS Institut national de l'environnement industriel et des risques, France.
    Blueprint for a self-sustained European Centre for service provision in safe and sustainable innovation for nanotechnology2021In: NanoImpact, ISSN 2452-0748, Vol. 23, article id 100337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The coming years are expected to bring rapid changes in the nanotechnology regulatory landscape, with the establishment of a new framework for nano-risk governance, in silico approaches for characterisation and risk assessment of nanomaterials, and novel procedures for the early identification and management of nanomaterial risks. In this context, Safe(r)-by-Design (SbD) emerges as a powerful preventive approach to support the development of safe and sustainable (SSbD) nanotechnology-based products and processes throughout the life cycle. This paper summarises the work undertaken to develop a blueprint for the deployment and operation of a permanent European Centre of collaborating laboratories and research organisations supporting safe innovation in nanotechnologies. The proposed entity, referred to as “the Centre”, will establish a ‘one-stop shop’ for nanosafety-related services and a central contact point for addressing stakeholder questions about nanosafety. Its operation will rely on significant business, legal and market knowledge, as well as other tools developed and acquired through the EU-funded EC4SafeNano project and subsequent ongoing activities. The proposed blueprint adopts a demand-driven service update scheme to allow the necessary vigilance and flexibility to identify opportunities and adjust its activities and services in the rapidly evolving regulatory and nano risk governance landscape. The proposed Centre will play a major role as a conduit to transfer scientific knowledge between the research and commercial laboratories or consultants able to provide high quality nanosafety services, and the end-users of such services (e.g., industry, SMEs, consultancy firms, and regulatory authorities). The Centre will harmonise service provision, and bring novel risk assessment and management approaches, e.g. in silico methodologies, closer to practice, notably through SbD/SSbD, and decisively support safe and sustainable innovation of industrial production in the nanotechnology industry according to the European Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability.

  • 41.
    Mattsson, Jens
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Preuter, Marit
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Bokström, Tomas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Bartholdsson, Shirin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Modeller för att leda och styra mot social hållbarhet.: lärdomar från ett innovationspartnerskap2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mellan 2020-11-01 och 2023-09-30 har RISE varit medskapande i ett innovationspartnerskap med Kungälv och Mölndals kommun för att gynna det lokala arbetet och bidra till den bredare kunskapsutvecklingen för att stödja kommuners omställning mot ökad social hållbarhet. Denna slutrapport innehåller en beskrivning av innovationspartnerskapet och är ett kunskapsunderlag för fortsatt utvecklingsarbete.

    Projektet har syftat till att skapa effektiv ledning och styrning mot social hållbarhet genom att utveckla och testa en uppföljningsmodell. Modellen kallas SMASH, vilket står för Systematisk Mätning och Analays av Social Hållbarhet. Modellen utvecklades utifrån de behov kommunerna hade, och innefattar tre delar: en ekonomisk modell för att beräkna vinster av insatser inom socialt arbete och sociala investeringar, en uppföljningsstruktur gällande indikatorer och mål samt ett batteri av verktyg för systematisk verksamhetsutveckling. Både Mölndal och Kungälv valde att arbeta inom arbetsmarknad-/ vuxenutbildningsområdet eftersom det var aktuella processer i båda kommunerna. Modellen kan dock användas inom fler områden.

    Modellen som utvecklats i projektet ger en bättre förståelse av vad som ska följas upp och hur, bland både politik och verksamhet. Modellen har använts som verktyg för att följa upp och utvärdera insatser och projekt inom ramen för socialt arbete. Modellen kan hjälpa till att följa och styra mot sociala hållbarhetsmål, främst genom att koppla politiska mål till aktiviteter och utfall.

    De främsta organisatoriska förflyttningarna som skett som en följd av SMASH och Innovationspartnerskapet handlar om ett större fokus på att mäta utfall, inte bara mål, samt en förbättrad samarbetskultur mellan chefer och medarbetare och mellan olika verksamheter och sektorer. SMASH har också lett till en gemensam förståelse och ett gemensamt språk kring uppföljning, en ökad politisk medvetenhet om vikten av realistiska mål och en bättre struktur för uppföljning.

    En central del i innovationspartnerskapet har varit att involvera parter från olika nivåer i kommunerna och genom dialoger skapa en gemensam förståelse av ägandeskap, ansvar och mandat kring uppföljning av social hållbarhet. Det är i dialogen som det främsta lärandet har skett.

    Innovationspartnerskapet har skapat utrymme för analys och utveckling kopplat till uppföljning av social hållbarhet. RISE ser att både Kungälv och Mölndal har gjort stora förflyttningar inom ramen för SMASH. Det handlar främst om stärkt helhetstänk och utvecklad systematisk kvalitetsutveckling som i sin tur har flyttat fram kommunernas arbete och fokus på social hållbarhet.

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  • 42.
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    RISE, Swedish ICT, Viktoria.
    Cirkulär affärsmodellsutveckling för utvalda fordonsdelar2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet "Cirkulär affärsmodellsutveckling för utvalda fordonsdelar" har syftat till att generera kunskap om hur Volvo Personvagnar och Volvo Bussar kan inleda en omställning till cirkulär ekonomi, genom att utvärdera om, och i så fall vilka, av de delar och komponenter ett fordon idag består av, som kan anses vara ”lågt hängande frukter”, det vill säga möjliga att starta en cirkulär omställning för, med relativt små förändringar av nuvarande affärsmodeller.För Volvo Personvagnar identifierades stolen och airbagen, som intressanta att analysera, och den främsta potentialen visade sig finnas i att använda delar av en stol (främst läder) för tillverkning av s.k. merchandise-produkter.För Volvo Bussar har vi analyserat den cirkulära potentialen för batteriet och funnit att det finns mycket goda möjligheter för att använda det i ett andra liv, som en del av ett energilagringssystem.Den metod projektet har utvecklat för att stegvis analysera och identifiera cirkulär potential hos produkter och delar av produkter, har dokumenterats och kan appliceras av andra tillverkande företag, såväl i fordonsbranschen som i andra branscher.

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  • 43.
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Boyer, Robert
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Williander, Mats
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Market Endurance: A cost-accounting based metric for measuring value retention for the Circular Economy2022In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 179, article id 106117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number and diversity of product-level circularity metrics have expanded rapidly in recent years, however, there remains a lack of tools that objectively assess products’ ability to retain their value over time. This paper proposes a simple arithmetic metric—called the Market Endurance (ME) metric—that partially fills this gap by relying on economic value data that can be easily scaled and accessed, that internalizes exogenous influences on product value, and that could be applied by managers with access to commonplace cost data. The metric is applied to a case study that compares eight different product-based utilities including four different furniture products, sold in two different business models. The case study confirms that the ME-metric rewards long lifespans and high-endurance features like repairability, upgradeability, and adaptability. The ME-metric also rewards business models that encourage customers to retain the same product over longer periods of time and utilities that deliver higher value to the end-customer. The metric can be used for cross-product and cross-sector comparisons and can thereby be a catalyst for circular innovation and transition. © 2021 The Authors

  • 44.
    Mohammadi, Zahra
    et al.
    Mälardalen University .
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalen University .
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Critical Factors in Designing of Lean and Green Equipment2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing production equipment considering lean and related sustainability requirements may be a major factor in achieving productiveness through lean implementation. The objective of the study is to investigate the impact of lean production requirements on equipment design and how the lean requirements affects early design phases and global footprint. Data collection method includes literature review and in depth interviews with equipment users. The results provide support to importance of considering green and lean requirements in designing of production equipment by introducing important lean design factors for production equipment. These factors are designing simple equipment, error-proofing, being portable and flexible, supporting one piece flow, supporting short setup time, easy and reliable maintenance, supporting the operator interface with machine, safety of the operator, supporting production processes and layouts, energy efficiency, easy to operate, minimum cost, visualization, straight flows, teamwork, standardization, quality assurance, using pervious experiences, easy to clean, and easy to control. 

  • 45.
    Niimi, Jun
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Hörlin, Elizabeth
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Oberrauter, Lisa-Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Sörensen, Victoria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Norman, Cecilia
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Normann, Anne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Bendtsen, Marcus
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Bergman, Penny
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Material and Surface Design.
    Sample discrimination through profiling with rate all that apply (RATA) using consumers is similar between home use test (HUT) and central location test (CLT)2022In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 95, article id 104377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of testing locations, home use test (HUT) and central location test (CLT) on consumer evaluations of food products using rate all that apply (RATA) was investigated. As a case study, eight cold cuts were evaluated: four vegetarian/vegan and four meat-based products. A between-subjects design was used, whereby consumers were randomly allocated to either HUT or CLT test location (58 and 71 consumers, respectively). To retain as much similarity as possible across locations, consumers in both groups received identical bags of products with palate cleansers and instructions. Consumers evaluated the products using a lexicon consisting of 32 sensory attributes based on similar studies and benchtop tasting, using RATA with 7pt scales. A total of 30 and 31 attributes differed significantly (p < 0.05) across the products for HUT and CLT, respectively. Sample discrimination was similar between the two locations. Location significantly (p < 0.05) affected discrimination of 14 attributes, but a particular location having consistently higher attribute means was not observed. Bootstrapping of the attribute means per product showed no significant differences between the two testing locations, and multilevel regression models using Bayesian inference did not reveal marked differences in expected ratings between locations. Further comparisons of sample discrimination patterns through principal component analysis showed that the two locations were very similar, including the overlap of confidence ellipses. The between-subjects design strengthens the results: that comparable sensory profiles were obtained from different consumers in different testing locations supports the notion that RATA data from consumers can be reliably collected for relatively sensorially distinct products with minimal data compromise.

  • 46.
    Nilsson Tengstrand, Sara
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Tomaszewski, Piotr
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Borg, Markus
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems. Lund University, Sweden.
    Jabangwe, Ronald
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Challenges of Adopting SAFe in the Banking Industry – A Study Two Years After Its Introduction2021In: XP 2021: Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming.Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 419), Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH , 2021, p. 157-171Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) is a framework for scaling agile methods in large organizations. We have found several experience reports and white papers describing SAFe adoptions in different banks, which indicates that SAFe is being used in the banking industry. However, there is a lack of academic publications on the topic, the banking industry is missing in the scientific reports analyzing SAFe transformations. To fill this gap, we present a study on the main challenges with a SAFe transformation at a large full-service bank. We identify the challenges in the bank under study and compare the findings with experience reports from other banks, as well as with research on SAFe transformations in other domains. Many of the challenges reported in this paper overlap with the generic SAFe challenges, including management and organization, education and training, culture and mindset, requirements engineering, quality assurance, and systems architecture. However, we also report some novel challenges specific to the banking domain, e.g., the risk of jeopardizing customer relations, stability, and trust of external stakeholders. This study validates several SAFe-related challenges reported in previous work in the banking context. It also brings up some novel challenges specific to the banking industry. Therefore, we believe our results are particularly useful to practitioners responsible for SAFe transformations at other banks. © 2021, The Author(s).

  • 47.
    Popp Larsen, Claus
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Balksjö, Therese
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Forzati, Marco
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    Huss, Andreas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Ytterbyn 2030: en scenarioanalys av framtidens uppkopplade samhälle och konsekvenser av utebliven fiberutbyggnad2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande rapport är skriven av RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, på uppdrag av Svenska Stadsnätsföreningen, med syftet att ge insyn i och förståelse för vilka möjligheter ett uppkopplat samhälle kan skapa samt å andra sidan hur ett samhälle kan påverkas om aktörer såsom offentlig sektor, enskilda individer och företag saknar en fullgod uppkoppling. Ett mål med rapporten är att öka förståelsen för vilka tekniska förutsättningar som krävs för att delta fullt ut det digitala samhället. Rapporten presenterar ett antal troliga framtidsscenarier kopplat till “framtidens smarta och uppkopplade samhälle” – där fiber ingår som en del av infrastrukturen – och tillhörande “motsatsscenarier” (beskrivna som “spegelscenarier”) – där fiber inte finns tillgängligt. Dessa scenarier utspelar sig år 2030 i en fiktiv by kallad Ytterbyn.

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  • 48.
    Pousette, Sandra
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Löfgren, Martin
    RISE, Innventia.
    Nilsson, Birgitta
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Sweden; BI Norwegian School of Management, Norway.
    An extended method to measure overall consumer satisfaction with packaging2014In: Packaging technology & science, ISSN 0894-3214, E-ISSN 1099-1522, Vol. 27, no 9, p. 727-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are several reasons why people find it troublesome to use and handle consumer packages. The European Committee for Standardization recently suggested a technical specification (TS) regarding packaging and ease of opening. The present study has expanded the procedure by including consumer satisfaction measurements in two steps and engaging panels comprising two separate age groups. The expanded method, which used six different packages as test objects, engaged 75 panellists, 40 in the older group (65-80years) and 35 in the younger group (25-40years). The expanded method not only included the same operations as described in the TS but also included panellists who graded each handling element separately on a 'smiley' scale, along with feedback for their grades and an overall judgement of the package handling. The grading feedback differed between the two groups. The younger panellists mainly noted issues that were not connected to openability, while older panellists noted openability as the most influential factor. Further analysis revealed that openability was also a key issue for the younger panellists, despite their claims to the contrary. Satisfaction was the most critical TS element for describing a package as being easy to open.

  • 49.
    Pramanik, Roshni
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Challenges in coordination: Differences in perception of civil and military organizations by comparing international scientific literature and field experiences2015In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 18, no 7, p. 989-1007Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The extreme pressure resulting from modern-day disasters in terms of severe shortages of resources, mass casualties, infrastructure breakdown, large-scale damage and their impact necessitate coordination between all the agencies involved in disaster response. Better coordination in international disaster response operations will make them more effective in organizing the different phases of relief, rehabilitation and recovery. Recent disasters such as the hurricane Katrina, the Indian Ocean tsunami and the earthquake in Haiti have seen multiple civil agencies and the military working together. However, challenges have been identified in civil-military coordination. Differences in working procedures and a lack of knowledge on the others organizational identities resulted in stereotyping and prejudices, which are root obstacles to coordination. The aim of this study was to identify the perception-related challenges in civil-military coordination, and how they are perceived in the field by civil and military teams, and to investigate whether perception-related challenges and their implications have been reported in the international literature. A systematic literature review and 12 semi-structured interviews were carried out to answer these questions. Nine out of the 12 respondents were practitioners from the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) and the Swedish military, with experience of international disaster response missions that involved civil-military interactions, and 3 were trainees from Karlberg Military Academy, Stockholm, who were expected to participate in similar operations in the near future. The questions asked during the interviews were based on the systematic literature review. National backgrounds, attitudes and perceptions of the professionals towards the other organization were found to be key factors influencing civil-military coordination. This indicates that comparisons between the perceptions of professionals from both civil and military teams with different nationalities and different political histories should be carried out in future research.

  • 50.
    Pramanik, Roshni
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ekman, O.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Hassel, H.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Tehler, H.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Organizational Adaptation in Multi-Stakeholder Crisis Response: An Experimental Study2015In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 234-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern day crises demand organizations to collaborate and adapt to new roles, functions and structures. In such situations, lack of collaborative behaviour and openness between organizations can result in reduced adaptive ability. Therefore, it is important to facilitate collaboration between organizations. We have studied the extent to which crisis managers are prepared to work with personnel and resources from organizations other than their own when responding to crises. An experiment was designed with four different organizations in Sweden, which involved decision making concerning whether the participants systematically favoured their own organization over others. Findings indicate that increasing familiarity and expectation of future cooperation with other organizations increased the likelihood that decision makers would be prepared to work with other organizations in joint crisis management.

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