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  • 1.
    Aldaeus, Fredrik
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Dedic, Dina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Karpenja, Tatjana
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Magnusson, Mikael
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Rosén, Fredrik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Sundin, Konstantin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Lindström, Mikael
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Lucisano, Marco
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Modorato-Rosta, Caroline
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Towards a cellulose-based society: current market and consumer trends2017In: The 7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference held in Stockholm, Sweden, 28-30 Mar. 2017: NWBC 2017, Stockholm: RISE Bioekonomi , 2017, p. 1-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been proposed that the future of the forest industry will involve the traditional value chains combined with the needs and demands of a bio-based economy. A global consumer survey was undertaken, together with interviews and workshops with various representatives through the bio-economy. Sources also included in-depth literature studies and research reviews. Based on this input, several current trends have been identified that will affect the route towards a cellulose-based society. These trends describe the effects of urbanization, consumer behaviour, new business models, material recycling, open innovation and the necessity for early demonstration of new research. Four different but equally plausible scenarios have been identified describing the society and the role of cellulose in 2030, highlighting the role of the wood-based biorefinery.

  • 2.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Bolin, Lisa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Lindberg, Siv M
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Linder, Marcus
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Norefjell, Fredric
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Nyström, Thomas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Rex, Emma
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Norrblom, Hans-Lennart
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Tööj, Lars
    Industrial Development Center, Sweden.
    Cirkulära möbelflöden: Hur nya affärsmodeller kan bidra till hållbar utveckling inom offentliga möbler2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har en stark möbelindustri och en stolt tradition av att tillverka tidlösa och högkvalitativa möbler, ofta av naturmaterial. 2016 producerade Sverige möbler för 22,8 miljarder SEK, varav kontorsmöbler stod för nästan en fjärdedel1. Det saknas idag statistik över vad som händer med dessa möbler när de inte längre används, men det står klart att många av dem slängs i förtid när verksamheter flyttar eller när deras behov ändras. Samtidigt syns en tydlig utveckling mot att kunder mer och mer efterfrågar återbrukade eller renoverade möbler som en del i sitt hållbarhetsarbete. Denna utveckling var startpunkten för projektet ”Affärsmodell-innovation för cirkulära möbelflöden”.

    Affärsmodellinnovation för cirkulära möbelflöden är ett Vinnovafinansierat projekt som under åren 2015-2017 arbetat med att utveckla och testa koncept för cirkulära affärsmodeller för i första hand offentliga möbler. I projektet har tjugo aktörer från hela värdekedjan, från underleverantörer, möbelproducenter, återförsäljare och användare till forskare och branschorgan, samarbetat kring affärsutveckling, kundincitament, produktdesign, logistik, hållbarhets- och certifieringsfrågor.

    Den här skriften belyser hur nya affärsmodeller för mer cirkulära möbelflöden kan bidra till en mer hållbar utveckling och ger smakprov på slutsatser från projektet. Skriften riktar sig framför allt till producenter och återförsäljare av möbler för offentliga miljöer, men även kunder och inköpare tror vi kan ha stor nytta av skriften. Vi hoppas att den även kan fungera som inspiration för andra industrier och branscher som funderar på en övergång till mer cirkulära affärsekosystem.

  • 3.
    Berg, Hanna
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Magnus
    Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Lindström, Annika
    RISE, Innventia. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden; Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Spreading joy: examining the effects of smiling models on consumer joy and attitudes2015In: Journal of Consumer Marketing, ISSN 0736-3761, E-ISSN 2052-1200, Vol. 32, no 6, p. 459-469Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine consumer response to pictures of smiling models in marketing, focusing on the roles of emotional contagion from the smiling models and the perceived typicality of marketing with smiling models. Design/methodology/approach – This paper reports the findings from three experimental studies, comparing consumer response to two versions of an advertisement (Study 1) and a packaging design (Study 2 and 3), including either a picture of a smiling or a non-smiling model. To measure consumer response, a combination of self-report questionnaires and eye-tracking methodology was used. Findings – The pictures of smiling models produced more consumer joy and more positive attitudes for the marketing. The positive effects on attitudes were mediated by consumer joy, and the effects on consumer joy were mediated by the perceived typicality of the marketing with smiling models. Originality/value – Despite the ubiquity of photos of smiling faces in marketing, very few studies have isolated the effects of the smile appeal on consumer response to marketing objects. By comparing marketing where the same model is shown smiling or with a neutral facial expression, the positive effects were isolated. The roles of emotional contagion and perceived typicality in this mechanism were also examined and implications of the findings for research and practitioners are discussed.

  • 4.
    Berglund, Martina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    AFoU – a network for sustainable working life and development2017In: Proc. of the The Nordic Ergonomics and Society conference, NES-2017 ‘Joy at Work’, organized by Lund University (LTH) in association with the Ergonomics and Human Factors Society in Sweden (EHSS), and 20-23 August 2017, Sweden, Lund, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to describe and reflect on the development of the Swedish network AFoU (Workplace related R&D for sustainable working life). The overall goal with the network AFoU is to strengthen research contributing to sustainable working life, research that makes significant improvements, and future organizations characterized by competitiveness, quality and renewal through good working conditions. AFoU was started in 2015 and it consists of researchers from different disciplines, practitioners and representatives for unions and employer organizations. The network strives to combine high-quality research with practical use. This is achieved through collaboration between different stakeholders and across disciplines, thereby co-creating new knowledge that is needed to meet current and future demands.

  • 5.
    Berglund, Richard
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Karling, Mats
    Mellby, Clas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Det värdefulla engagemanget: En guide för Lean och för andra strategier för utveckling2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En organisation där alla agerar på eget initiativ för det gemensamma bästa, där alla är beredda att hugga i när det behövs, där alla samspelar för att nå resultat och där alla bidrar till att utveckla organisationen-visst är detta en dröm?Alla vill att medarbetarna och kollegorna ska engagera sig. Men varför skulle de? Har företaget gjort sig förtjänt av att någon gör mer än hon måste?I de allra flesta organisationer underskattas gravt den omsorg som behövs för att medarbetarna ska finna det mödan värt att engagera sig. Det krävs ett klokt och långsiktigt arbete från ledning och chefer för att bygga en företagskultur av förtroende och samverkan, men om det lyckas finns oanade vinster att hämta.Den nya boken, Det värdefulla engagemanget-En guide för Lean och andra strategier för utveckling, vill stimulera till en reflektion kring hur organisationen och ledningen påverkar medarbetarnas engagemang. Boken följer upp vår tidigare bok Lean i ledningen-Utmana hela organisationen, som blivit mycket uppskattad, men Det värdefulla engagemanget är till nytta oberoende av eventuella Leansatsningar.Tio teman behandlas: En färdriktning • En kultur av tillit • Aktiv ledning • Långsiktighet • Utrymme för individen • Lagarbete • Inflytande • Utmaning • Lärande • Del av vinstenDe kunskaper och erfarenheter som lett fram till boken har sin grund i många års uppdrag och forskningsprojekt inom industrin och även i tjänsteföretag. Boken bygger till stor del på en doktorsavhandling,Engagemang efterfrågas – Hur tre tillverkande företag söker medverkan från sina medarbetare när de inför Lean, men är förenklad och omskriven för att direkt kunna tillämpas.

  • 6. Brolin, A.
    et al.
    Bäckstrand, G.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Högberg, D.
    Case, K.
    Inadequately Designed Information and its Effects on the Cognitive Workload2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Brolin, Magnus
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport.
    Fahnestock, Jesse
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment.
    Rootzen, Johan
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Industry’s Electrification and Role in the Future Electricity System: A Strategic Innovation Agenda2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Trends visible today suggest that a transformation of industrial firms’ use of electricity, and a change in their role in the electricity system, could take place as a part of a long-term transition towards a low-carbon Swedish economy. The shape of these changes remains highly uncertain, but electrification, flexible electricity use, and emerging roles in the electricity system for industrial consumers are interdependent developments and should be investigated from a holistic perspective where possible.

    Swedish industry is relatively energy intensive, and has stood for roughly 37% of the country’s electricity use for a decade. The Swedish Energy Agency’s Vivace scenario suggests that this share could expand, despite improved efficiency, to 49% by 2050. The increased use of electricity to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and take advantage of market conditions would play out differently in different sectors, and depending on the development of different technologies. However large-scale opportunities may exist in the long-term, such as using electrolysis to produce hydrogen for replacing coke in the iron and steel industry and as a feedstock in the petrochemical industry.

    Smaller-scale but still important options for electrification include electric/hybrid boilers in the pulp and paper industry and a variety of electro-thermal technologies for heating and drying.

    Increased use of electricity in industry is likely to go hand-in-hand with increasingly flexible use of electricity. In some cases, such as the production of hydrogen or process media, this flexibility will be in-built since the storable energy carriers create new production planning options. In other cases, new approaches to planning, process design, and the use of automation may allow firms to match electricity use to favourable market conditions.

    The expected high penetration of intermittent renewable electricity in the power system may create incentives for this flexibility. These incentives should appear on the wholesale market, in the form of high- and low-price periods. They may also appear via new capacity markets, or through markets for new system services needed to support stability in both transmission and distribution networks. The frameworks and regulations needed to create these markets are not yet in place, and firms will also need to develop technical and management capabilities to take advantage of them.

  • 8.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Berlin, Johanna
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Falk, Petter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    What can LCA learnfrom service design: User integration?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a sustainable society, the use of resources and climate issues needs to be reduced, and the introduction of services seems to be the solution in the new “service” economy. Similar to products, services are designed to fulfill costumer needs. However, customers are seldom involved in the design of products, while they are in the process of service design. Here we look at the leisure service sector to find method concepts for sustainable analysis (Berlin & Brunklaus 2016).

    So far, a literature study and LCA studies on services (Brunklaus 2016) like the opera and theatre (Algehed et al 2010), tourist (Brunklaus et al 2015), and film (Brunklaus et al 2015) has been performed using a producer and consumer perspective, which led to discussion about the reuse of scenes at the opera, and discussion about tourist packages and discussion about film production design. To get this even further, we have looked into the area of service design.

    The purpose of this project is to further develop the various LCA based methods (E-LCA, S-LCA, LCC) in order to integrate user into the design process. The questions are: What can the life cycle methodology learn from service design? What are the similarities and differences?

    The service design includes several parts: Prepare and define the problem, capture the service and user through ethograpichly oriented research tools, Understand the employee and the user, Improve the working process, and Renew the user function (SP service LABs 2016). The life cycle methodology includes also several parts: Goal and scope including the problem and the system of study, the Inventory includes the technical system and environmental or social or economic data, the Impact Assessment includes indicators, and the Interpretation includes technical solutions and hot spot analysis of various kinds (Bauman and Tillman 2004).

    The results show that the service design is developed close to the customer, including study visits and observation, which the life cycle methodology seems to lack. On the other hand the life cycle methodology gains in the well-structured goal and scope. In order to develop the life cycle methodology further we therefore recommend integrating the user more and focusing on the implementation and visualization, similar to Service design.

  • 9.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Rex, Emma
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Berlin, Johanna
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Røyne, Frida
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Ulmanen, Johanna
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Aid, Graham
    Ragnsells, Sweden.
    The value of transdisciplinary perspectives duringtransition to a bio-based economy: The prospect for converting mixed food wasteinto bio-based chemicals2018In: Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products andPolicies: From Science to Innovation / [ed] Enrico Benetto, Kilian Gericke, Mélanie Guiton, Spinger , 2018, p. 327-335Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the current political and industrial transition to a bio-based

    economy, food waste can be an alternative resource for biobased chemicals. This

    chapter describes a case study that evaluates the prospect for Swedish production of

    biobased chemicals such as succinic acid from food waste. The evaluation is

    addressed from multiple systems perspectives. From a technical and resource

    system perspective, the results of the case study show that production seems possible.

    However, from a social system perspective succinic acid production currently

    lacks institutional support and actor commitment and alignment for realizing

    development in Sweden. From an environmental and life cycle perspective, the

    scoping of the analysis is decisive for the results. The study shows that multiple

    perspectives complement each other when seeking a nuanced evaluation of technical

    innovation and give insights for the intended value chain.

  • 10.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Stahl, Selim
    Lorentzon, Katarina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Berlin, Johanna
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Socio-economic analysis based on a life cycle perspective: The comparison of existing and emerging production process for trimethyl phosphite2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Crossler Ernström, Tova
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment.
    Digitala spel i medborgardialog om stadsutveckling: Tidigare forskning och utvecklingsbehov2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a result of a research review and analysis carried out as a prestudy within RISE:s initiative

    Digilog - Digital games for citizen participation in urban development. The text attempts to map out the field(s) of existing research on the subject; which includes areas as diverse as game studies, urban planning and governance research. It then makes some suggestions for both theoretical and practical aspects to address in future work.

  • 12.
    de Fine Licht, Karl
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Molnar, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    PRISMA: Processverktyg för social hållbarhet i stadsdelsomvandling2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett verktyg som kan användas av små och mellanstora kommuner som ett processtöd i stadsplaneringsprocesser.

  • 13.
    De Goey, Heleen
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, David
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Enablers and barriers to design-driven innovation: a case study at a Swedish wood furniture wholesaler2016In: Proceedings of the 23rd International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the enablers and barriers to design-driven innovation at a Swedish wood furniture wholesaler. Design-driven innovation focuses on innovating the purpose a product has to a customer. This is a relatively new concept which is not yet thoroughly explored. A case study is conducted to identify the enablers and barriers to this type of innovation. In line with literature, the enablers were identified prior, throughout and after product development, whereas the barriers were only found in later phases. To conclude, this paper will present implications and suggestions for further research on the enablers and barriers to design-driven innovation.

  • 14.
    Dominic, Chris
    RISE, Innventia.
    Supply and demand chain integration:: A case study conducted in the packaging industry2013In: Packaging technology & science, ISSN 0894-3214, E-ISSN 1099-1522, no 1, p. 51-63Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Engesbak, Vetle
    et al.
    NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Gåsvaer, Daniel
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Ingvaldsen, Jonas A.
    NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Nonås, Kathe
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Ringen, Geir
    SINTEF, Norway.
    Widfeldt, Magnus
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Management of process innovation beyond continuous improvement: towards a researchagenda2016In: Proceedings of the 23rd International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Manufacturing companies constantly improve their manufacturing systems. Yet, the demands of everyday efficiency shifts focus from drastic process innovations to continuous improvement. Using multiple case studies of four Scandinavian manufacturers, this article examines why process innovation is different from continuous improvement, and how it can be managed alongside the companies’ other formal processes. We find the companies lack a vocabulary to talk about process innovation, and have no common methods with which to organize it. Furthermore, process innovation often comes from outside the operational units, and because of this, knowledge integration, ownership and participation needs to be managed actively. 

  • 16.
    Eriksson, Kerstin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.
    Framework for crisis planning: Four required areas for developing a learning process2016In: Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1543-5865, Vol. 13, no 6, p. 519-531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To outline a framework for preparedness planning at the organizational level.The study is based on a content analysis of research literature as well as an analysis of interviews with six preparedness planners working in Swedish local authorities.The study setting included Swedish local authorities of different sizes.The participants are preparedness planners responsible for coordinating crisis management work in Swedish local authorities. The study includes preparedness planners with different backgrounds, education, experiences, and gender.A presentation of 19 factors of preparedness planning identified in the literature and a discussion around how preparedness planners perceive those factors.The main outcome measures are knowledge about how both researcher and practitioner understand and argue around different factors of preparedness planning.The result of this study is a framework for preparedness planning. As preparedness planning ought to be a learning process, the presented framework builds on four areas connected to learning: prerequisites for preparedness planning, who should be involved, what is to be learned, and how should the work be shaped.The analysis of factors identified in the literature and also in the interviews with preparedness planners illustrates that the four areas connected to learning are required for developing a preparedness planning process.

  • 17.
    Fahnestock, Jesse
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    AERTOs Bio-Based Economy: Forward-Looking Analysis2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Forward-Looking Analysis portion of the AERTOs Bio-Based Economy project seeks to develop contextual, exploratory analysis that helps the participating research institutes better evaluate their bioeconomy strategies. The analysis takes a 15-20 year perspective and focuses on the level of the bioeconomy, rather than on specific technologies or biorefinery concepts.

    The analysis contends that RTOs and their industrial partners should consider the uncertainties of the future bioeconomy at different levels – The World and Sustainability, Europe and the Bioeconomy, and the RTOs and Industry – and through the lenses of three alternative logics.

    The logic of environmental sustainability pushes the bioeconomy and its component technologies in the direction of large scale, efficiently incentivized substitution of fossil-based emissions through bio-based alternatives, benefiting biofuel production and creating opportunities for RTOs to take a leadership role in their work to make industrial bioeconomy more sustainable.

    The logic of competitive innovation pushes countries and companies to search for defensible advantages in the bioeconomy. The scale of fossil substitution is smaller but the margins for successful companies are higher, and advanced bio-based materials and chemicals are a dynamic sector for investment. The RTOs have a smaller role and work increasingly on product performance issues.

    The logic of resource utilization sees countries and companies working to maximize the value of existing assets, particularly natural biomass endowments. The bioeconomy is driven primarily through national strategies and the Forest Biorefinery creates national champions in the Nordics. RTOs have a stable workflow and focus on increasing the efficiency of biorefinery systems.

    Uncertainties related to the quantitative boundaries of the future bioeconomy can be assessed through a review of scenario literature on biomass availability, biofuels and bio-based chemicals production. There is a wide range of estimates available, but central estimates suggest that potential supply of sustainable biomass to industry could exceed demand by 70% in the long-term. Pressures created by changes at the margin of markets and through regional variations may nonetheless make realizing this potential difficult. Pathways applying the logic of environmental sustainability, to the extent that it generates common standards, will likely reduce supply-side risks.

    Because the transition to a bio-based economy will occur stepwise, accusations of ‘greenwashing’ may plague early bio-based products and strategies if they are not fully-fossil free or certified sustainable. Nonetheless these first attempts may also generate positive awareness and will need to continue in interplay with the development of standards and certifications. Pathways applying the logic of competitive innovation are likely to be those that create incentives for greenwashing and reputational risks to the bioeconomy.

    Uncertainties about feedstocks and technology costs have made feedstock flexibility a topic of interest in biorefinery development. Here, too, multiple concepts exist, from modular concepts that are truly feedstock agnostic to robust concepts designed to handle heterogeneity within a narrower feedstock basis. Once again the logical pathway applied will be likely to influence the approach to feedstock flexibility.

  • 18.
    Fahnestock, Jesse
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    The use of concepts related to sustainable development in political and strategic documents2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Horizon 2020 project Green.eu, as part of the process of building and activating the Innovation for Sustainable Development Network, is undertaking work on clarifying the (operational) meaning of concepts related to sustainable development, green economy, and eco-innovation in different parts of the world, for different stakeholders and in different contexts. This paper is a first attempt to explore how these concepts are used in policy- and strategy-setting contexts, in the expectation that better understanding of commonalties and differences will improve stakeholders’ ability to identify opportunities and mechanisms for collaboration in practice.

    This analysis explores this situation through a review of documents produced by different stakeholders in different geographies and contexts, applying a consistent framework to make the conceptual content of a range of policy- and strategy-oriented documents comparable. The framework uses Sustainable Development as the central concept around which political objectives, strategies, processes for change, domains for action, and other related concepts are organized.

    Among broad Strategies for sustainable development, Low-Carbon Economy has been the most prevalent, and has the deepest connections to the other strategies. Likewise, in terms of political objectives, climate protection was strongly associated with all the strategies, confirming the apparent link between Low-Carbon Economy and the others. Ecosystem conservation was nearly as prevalent. Taken together, this suggests that the environmental dimension of sustainability is the most important commonality across different strategies.

    In terms of overall emphasis on purely economic objectives, no meaningful split is evident between the developed and developing worlds, with poorer countries and richer countries giving economics an equally prominent role in sustainable development. In a keyword-based analysis of international stakeholders, the European Union put more relative emphasis on development as compared to growth than any other stakeholder group.

    Developing measurement and metrics for sustainability was more than twice as important as any other process for change in the set of ‘global’ documents reviewed. This appears to be an area where global collaboration is widely expected to add value. In a comparison of international stakeholder groups, business emphasized governance, responsibility, and supply chain management, while civil society emphasized partnership and fossil fuel substitution more than other stakeholders.

    The domains for action based on ‘natural assets’ (land use-agriculture-marine/fisheries/aquaculture-forestry-water) were considered almost universally relevant to sustainable development. Energy is unsurprisingly central to many of the documents: only water received comparable priority as a domain for action.

    Overall the EU and Brazil seem to have the most similar approach to sustainable development as that which is visible in the ‘Global’ documents. The poorest countries included in the review appear to be the most conceptually isolated, with no obviously strong links (even to each other).

  • 19.
    Femenias, Paula
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Gluch, Pernilla
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Mjörnell, Kristina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Utmaningar vid planeringav hållbar bostadsförnyelse: - En studie av ett miljonprogramsområde2017Report (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Florén, Brita
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Amani, Pegha
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Davis, Jennifer
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Climate database facilitating climate smart meal planning for the public sector in Sweden2017In: International Journal on Food System Dynamics, ISSN 1869-6945, E-ISSN 1869-6945, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 72-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Food consumption corresponds to around 25 % of the total consumption-driven climate change impact in Sweden. Dietary change has a considerable potential to reduce this negative impact. To motivate dietary changes adequate information about food climate impact has to be communicated at the decision making point. This study aims at facilitating availability and communication of such information specifically for meal planners at the public sector. Thereby a database is developed and incorporated into the Diet and Nutrition planning software systems used in planning meals in public kitchens. The results provide the meal planners with the opportunity to design climate-conscious and healthy meals by choosing resource-efficient and nutritious ingredients. This provides the potential of reducing the climate impact of an average meal by about 20%. Given the total amount of ca. 3 million public meals served each day in Sweden, use of this integrated tool has the potential to reduce the climate impact by more than 700 tonnes of CO2-eq per day

  • 21.
    Grahn, Sten
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University.
    Friedler, Niklas
    Mälardalen University.
    Defining 'benefit' when making production investments: an inquiry of current standards2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Investments in production equipment are made to generate desired production benefit. This work examines how benefit generally is defined and to what extent the benefit is well defined when equipment investments are made. The study revealed that benefit from investments often is unclearly or inconsistently defined, with a narrow system view and often has a weak correlation with benefit for a production system with broader boundaries. This could hamper the possibility to capitalize on industrial trends that indicate a shift in focus, from products, to the benefit utilization of the products can deliver.

  • 22.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University.
    Grahn, Sten
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Friedler, Niklas
    Mälardalen University.
    Lean automation development: applying lean principles to the automation development process2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By a broad empirical study it is indicated that automation development show potential of improvement. In the paper, 13 lean product development principles are contrasted to the automation development process and it is suggested why and how these principles can facilitate, support and improve the automation development process. The paper summarises a description of what characterises a lean automation development process and what consequences it entails. Main differences compared to current practice are also identified. The incentives for, and expected effects of, applying the identified lean principles to the automation development process are discussed. Lean automation development: applying lean principles to the automation development process. 

  • 23.
    Guldåker, Nicklas
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Kerstin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.
    Nieminen Kristofersson, Tuija
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Preventing and Preparing for Disasters: The Role of a Swedish Local Emergent Citizen Group2015In: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, ISSN 0280-7270, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 360-387Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Disasters such as the storms that affected Sweden in 2005 and 2007 showed that citizens initially conducted a large part of the disaster response, such as clearing roads, giving psychosocial support to affected neighbours and repairing power lines in collaboration with power companies. As a result of these storms, an Emergent Citizen Group (ECG) was established in a village which continued to work on risk prevention, even after the event. The aim of this paper is to describe and analyse this local emergent citizen group’s continuing work on the prevention of local risk and vulnerability, and particularly, their work on flood prevention. The results indicate that authorities seldom understand the ECG’s concerns about risks. Authorities also lack the experience and capacity to collaborate with, and support, the ECG’s risk and vulnerability reduction work. Bureaucratic barriers and declining motivation among volunteers within the ECGs could undermine commitment to the prevention of risks.

  • 24.
    Gustafsson, Mathias
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Gluch, Pernilla
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Gunnemark, Sigrid
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Heinke, Katharina
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Engström, Dan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production.
    The Role of VDC Professionals in the Construction Industry2015In: Procedia Economics and Finance, E-ISSN 2212-5671, Vol. 21, p. 478-485Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing use of Virtual Design and Construction, VDC, is changing the way of working in the construction industry. With the introduction of VDC follows the creation of new roles and new ways of communicating within construction projects. The overall aim of the present paper is to map industry practitioners’ view on VDC professionals’ role. This includes mapping their perceptions on what characteristics a VDC professional should possess, what roles they play today and what role they should play in the future, and also to what extent they are perceived to contribute to project success. In order to shed light on these questions a questionnaire was sent to respondents working in varying degrees with VDC, in one of Sweden's largest construction companies. The results show that there is little agreement concerning the goals of VDC within the company. Furthermore, opinions also vary considerably with regards to what responsibilities a VDC professional ought to take within projects, and at the same time expectations of the characteristics of a VDC professional are high. Finally, the results show that there is demand for higher involvement of VDC professionals as compared to their current involvement.

  • 25.
    Gåsvaer, Daniel
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Fundin, Anders
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Jackson, Mats
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Stålberg, L
    Johansson, P
    Exploration and Exploitation within Operations2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Gåsvaer, Daniel
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Hedegård, Joakim
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, KIMAB.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Lundin, Roger
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Persson, Kalle
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Widfeldt, Magnus
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Axelson, Jens
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Att utveckla den smarta svetscellen: Lean, svetsteknik och automation2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En svetscell producerar och är produktiv när svetsning pågår och ljubågen brinner. Då skapas värde i en svetscell. För att nå teknisk och ekonomisk framgång, behöver svetscellen fungera "smart" med effektiva flöden, hög tillgänglighet, optimerad svetsteknik och ur flera aspekter goda miljöegenskaper. Skriften fungerar som hjälp när företag vill utveckla sin svetsverkstad och förbättra svetsproduktionen, utifrån lean, svetsteknik och automation.

  • 27.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Gullander, Per
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Langbeck, Björn
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Medbo, Lars
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Wännström, Carl
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Johansson, Mats
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Swedish Production System (SwePS) – ett kompetenslyft för fordonsindustrin inom Lean Produktion2012In: Proceedings from VINNOVA conference on "Lean och innovationsförmåga – hinder, möjligheter och kunskapsluckor", 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Harris, Steve
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Mirata, Murat
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Broberg, Sarah
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Carlsson, Peter
    Sotenäs kommun, Sweden.
    Martin, Michael
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    A roadmap for increased uptake of industrial symbiosis in Sweden2018Report (Other academic)
  • 29. Hultén, P.
    et al.
    Viström, Magnus
    RISE, STFI-Packforsk.
    Mejtoft, Thomas
    RISE, STFI-Packforsk.
    New printing technology and pricing2009In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 253-262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study analyzes five Swedish printing houses’ pricing with respect to their investments in new printing technology. The new printing technology made it possible for the printing houses to market new products and services to meet the demand for shorter delivery times and full service solutions. Although this demand was apparent, the printing houses’ opportunities to capitalize on their investments depended on the characteristics of the market segment that they served. Findings indicate that the new printing technology made it possible to change prices when the new services reduced delivery time and costs, and when there were substantial differences between the new services and available substitutes. Thus, customers accepted new pricing when the utilization of the new technology resulted in financial gains and time reductions.

  • 30.
    Höjer, Mattias
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Mjörnell, Kristina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Andersson, Olof
    Fastighets AB Trianon, Sweden.
    Kallstenius, Åsa
    Kod Arkitekter, Sweden.
    Lennebo, Reinhold
    Fastighetsägarna, Sweden.
    Minoz, Åsa
    ModigMinoz, Sweden.
    Renander, Lisa
    Tech Farm, Sweden.
    Här är fyra smarta alternativ till att bygga nytt2017In: Dagens samhälle, article id 29 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi behöver 710 000 nya bostäder inom en tioårsperiod, men även behovet av andra fastigheter ökar när befolkningen växer. Det är hög tid att lyfta alternativ till att bygga nytt. Här presenteras en fyrstegsprincip för mer effektivt användande av ytor, skriver forskare, fastighetsägare och arkitekter med flera tillsammans.

    https://www.dagenssamhalle.se/debatt/har-ar-fyra-smarta-alternativ-till-att-bygga-nytt-17320

  • 31.
    Isaksson, Charlotta
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy. University West, Sweden.
    The neglected practice: uncertainties encountered by occupants in a new energy efficient building2017In: eceee 2017 Summer Study proceedings: Consumption, efficiency and limits, 2017, p. 1055-1062Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technical and performance related uncertainties that come with an increased number of components and system complexity are often thoroughly examined and tested in demonstration buildings. On the contrary, and despite the energy research literature stressing the importance to understand the requirements and context of the users, the uncertainties that occupants encounter while adapting to new energy efficient buildings are seldom examined and identified in depth.

    This paper will highlight the usefulness of seeing the technologies for buildings from the users’ point of view. From a social practice perspective and the concept of domestication the paper examines various types of uncertainties encountered by occupants when managing technologies for buildings, such as bedrock heat pump, photovoltaic panels and LED-lighting, in a new energy efficient house.

    The result demonstrates that it is demanding and tiresome to tackle uncertainties and learn how to handle technologies for building, as well as to contact professionals for support. It might in fact be more convenient to "leave it as it is", with the consequences that no one is managing the technologies. Instead of assuming that carrying out this practice is straightforward, it would be better to work on an approach where this is not the case. In fact, the later approach creates much better conditions for extended learning and product development than the former.

  • 32.
    Isaksson, Charlotta
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment. University West, Sweden.
    Hiller, Carolina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment.
    Lane, Anna-Lena
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment.
    Kommunikation för hållbart arbete med energieffektivisering: En kunskapssammanställning om samverkan och kommunikation om energifrågor inom organisationer och företag2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on social and behavioural research, this project compile knowledge on energy management in organisations and companies. The purpose has been to examine how communication and collaboration within organisations and companies can be strengthened in order to promote sustainable energy management.

    The literature demonstrates that energy efficiency is not of strategic importance for organisations and companies. It is not prioritised by the management, who do not invest in cost effective energy measures. The employees regard energy as an implied right and the facility managers’ ability to influence energy issues are restricted, as well as their time and resources to work with it. Poor communication between the various actors within the company give rise to conflicting goals between different interests, and a belief that energy efficiency is something a single person, a technician, occasionally works with. Companies and organisations with a successful energy strategy make it into an issue that the entire organisation addresses. They engage more people and more aspects of their activities while striving for sustainability. It puts the focus on collaboration and communication.

    This project presents guidelines and recommendations about communication that can serve as support for considering energy efficiency measures and energy savings efforts. We structure these into three steps. Messages stating that energy efficiency is a priority and of concern for everyone. Approaches which highlight how energy efficiency can be communicated through for instance guidelines, dialogues, education, and visualization. These approaches should be adapted and incorporated into the companies’ activities and the daily work routines of the employees. Feedback on the use of energy showing to what extent the efforts made are effective and leads to a positive result. Research demonstrates that the more people who are involved in the work on energy efficiency, the better the results tend to be. Good results are, in turn, an important incentive for the continuous work on energy issues.

  • 33.
    Jonasson, Julia
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Andersson, Lisa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Lööf, Jenny (Editor)
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Returcykeln: Ett normkreativt avfallsprojekt2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har ett av världens mest effektiva avfallssystem ur ett miljöperspektiv. Vi har mycket låg grad av deponi och förbränning och hög grad av källsortering. Men det har visat sig svårt att öka andelen sorterat avfall.

    Orsaken till bristande sorteringsgrad och nedskräpning sägs ofta vara att brukare inte förstår systemet eller att de medvetet slarvar i hanteringen av sitt avfall och vid sortering vid lokala återvinningsstationer.

    Men tänk om det inte stämmer. Tänk om det finns orsaker i designen av avfallssystemet som avgör brukarens benägenhet och möjlighet att göra rätt.

    I den här korta rapporten ges exempel på vad som händer när designmetoder, tjänstedesign, normkritik och stadsutveckling möts för att utmana det nuvarande avfallssystemet.

  • 34.
    Jonasson, Julia
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Andersson, Lisa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Jahnke, Marcus
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Fernqvist, Niklas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Hedenstedt, Anders
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Lööf, Jenny (Editor)
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Projektet TJAFS: Normkritisk Tjänsteutveckling i Avfallssystemet2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har ett av världens mest effektiva avfallssystem ur ett miljöperspektiv. Vi har mycket låg grad av deponi och förbränning och hög grad av källsortering. Men det har visat sig svårt att öka andelen sorterat avfall.

    Orsaken till bristande sorteringsgrad och nedskräpning sägs ofta vara att brukare inte förstår systemet eller att de medvetet slarvar i hanteringen av sitt avfall och vid sortering vid lokala återvinningsstationer.

    Men tänk om det inte stämmer. Tänk om det finns orsaker i designen av själva avfallssystemet som avgör brukarens benägenhet och möjlighet att göra rätt.

    I den här utförliga rapporten ges exempel på vad som händer när designmetoder, tjänstedesign, normkritik och stadsutveckling möts för att utmana det nuvarande avfallssystemet.

  • 35. Kjellberg, A.
    et al.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Sjögren, B.
    Moestam, L.
    Design for Commitment to Production Strategy Change2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Koutsikouri, Dina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindgren, Rikard
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Henfridsson, Ola
    University of Warwick, UK.
    Rudmark, Daniel
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria.
    Extending Digital Infrastructures: A Typology of Growth Tactics2018In: Journal of the Association for Information Systems, ISSN 1536-9323, Vol. 19, no 10, p. 1001-1019Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital infrastructures enable delivery of information services in functional areas such as health, payment, and transportation by providing a sociotechnical foundation for partnership governance, resource reuse, and system integration. To effectively serve emerging possibilities and changing purposes, however, a key question concerns how an infrastructure can be extended to cater for future services in its functional area. In this paper, we approach such digital infrastructure growth as a challenge of aligning new partners whose digital capabilities spur innovative services that attract more users. We advance an initial typology that covers four growth tactics (i.e., adding services, inventing processes, opening identifiers, and providing interfaces) with the potential to set extension of infrastructures in motion. We then explore the proposed typology by investigating the ways in which its particular tactics successfully extended the scope of a digital infrastructure for public transportation in Stockholm, Sweden. Our insights invite IS scholars to engage more deeply in the development of growth tactics that achieve infrastructure extensions necessary for improving the durability of service delivery.

  • 37.
    Liebel, Grischa
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Burden, Håkan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria.
    Heldal, Robgardt
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    For free: continuity and change by team teaching2017In: Teaching in Higher Education, ISSN 1356-2517, E-ISSN 1470-1294, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 62-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Team teaching is advocated in education to offer students multiple explanations to complex concepts and to improve teacher development. However, team teaching is typically associated with high staff cost due to the increased amount of teachers involved. The authors argue that team teaching can be conducted in a cheap way by including novice teaching assistants in the lectures and train them ‘on the job’. Additionally, novice assistants cause reflection on action and prevent a mechanization of the course. The authors use Brookfield’s four lenses to reflect on the application of team teaching in a Swedish undergraduate course on software modeling over three years, involving 3 teachers and collecting evaluation data from close to 400 students. The reflection shows that team teaching can be used as a cost-effective way to introduce novice teachers to a course, while at the same time receiving benefits from their participation in lectures and course development.

  • 38.
    Linda, Olsson
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria.
    The Role of Electric Vehicles in Reducing Climate Impact: Swedish Public Debate in 2010-20182019In: The International Journal of Climate Change, ISSN 1835-7156, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To meet the Paris agreement, CO2 emissions from road transport need to be severely lowered. In Sweden, as in many other countries, the number of electric vehicles (EVs) is increasing rapidly. This has led to a recurring debate on whether EVs will help reduce climate impact or not. The aim of this paper is to analyze the Swedish debate on the climate impact of EVs with respect to framing and validity of the arguments. Thirty-one opinion pieces published between 2010 and 2018 are studied. Two discourse coalitions are identified; supporters and opponents of EVs. The opponents’ main argument is that EVs use imported, coal-fired electricity with high CO2 emissions. The supporters argue that EVs use Swedish, fossil-free electricity, thereby causing no CO2 emissions. Neither coalition’s arguments are wholly valid, but nor are they wholly false. Swedish electricity production is largely fossil free, but, at times of high electricity demand, fossil-based electricity is imported. Thus, Swedish EVs often use fossil-free electricity, but sometimes they do not. This is likely to continue with a large-scale transition to electromobility. Both discourse coalitions motivate their positions with a desire to reduce climate impact. EV supporters are optimistic about technology development and frame EVs as fundamental for future carbon-neutral possibilities. While EV opponents are pessimistic, their framing of the issue implies a need for society to assume responsibility for sustainability in a wide system perspective. This should be acknowledged and used by policy-makers, to ensure that EVs’ full potential for climate change mitigation be realized.

  • 39.
    Lindberg, Siv M
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Lindström, Annika
    RISE, Innventia.
    Cederström, Caroline
    RISE, Innventia.
    From, Anders
    Westerlind, Christine
    Shoppers' attention to packaging and in-store media2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Lindberg, Ulla
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy. University of Borås, Sweden.
    Salomonson, Nicklas
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Sundström, Malin
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Sweden; University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Consumer perception and behavior in the retail foodscape – A study of chilled groceries2018In: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, ISSN 0969-6989, E-ISSN 1873-1384, Vol. 40, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the retail grocery business, new competitors such as pure e-commerce players are growing fast, and, in order to compete, ‘brick and mortar’ stores such as supermarkets need to become more professional at providing excellent customer service, and to use the physical servicescape as the main competitive advantages. However, supermarkets also face a challenge to offer consumers high quality products while at the same time providing a pleasant and functional servicescape. Products like groceries often need to be stored in cabinets due to strict regulations and in order to maintain correct temperatures. Some of these cabinets have doors which make them more energy-efficient (Evans et al., 2007 ;  Faramarzi et al., 2002), reduces costs, and contributes to grocery quality, but it can also affect the perceived servicescape, and risk a negative impact on sales (Waide, 2014; Kauffeld, 2015). For example, moisture from the atmosphere that condenses on the inside of the door glass (Fricke and Bansal, 2015) may make the cabinets less transparent, and doors can obstruct consumers from passing by. Thus, having chilled groceries in cabinets with doors can be both beneficial and problematic. However, no studies have been conducted on how open (no doors) or closed (with doors) cabinets for chilled groceries impact consumer perception and behavior. Hence, the purpose of the study is to contribute to an understanding of how consumers behave and what they perceive when shopping chilled groceries from cabinets with doors and without doors in the supermarket.

    Based on a qualitative research approach, combining in-store observations and focus group interviews, and focusing on Bitner's (1992) three environmental variables in the servicescape, i.e. (1) ambient condition, (2) space and functions, and (3) signs, symbols and artifacts, the study investigates the question: do open or closed cabinets for chilled groceries in the supermarket impact consumer perception and behavior, and if so, how?

    Our results indicate that consumers’ behavior and perceptions of the foodscape differ when there are doors or no doors on the cabinets. The paper thereby contributes to servicescape research by focusing on a particular part of supermarkets – the foodscape for chilled groceries–and by enhancing the understanding of environmental variables in the servicescape. The results further show how doors lead to different forms of approach or avoidance behavior in terms of accessibility and that consumers’ vision, olfaction and tactility all influence consumers’ perceptions of freshness and cleanliness in relation to doors or no doors. Our results also have practical implications for retailers who are designing new stores or considering changes in existing store layouts.

  • 41.
    Linder, Marcus
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria.
    Williander, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria.
    Circular Business Model Innovation: Inherent Uncertainties2017In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 182-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Circular business models based on remanufacturing and reuse promise significant cost savings as well as radical reductions in environmental impact. Variants of such business models have been suggested for decades, and there are notable success stories such as the Xerox product–service offering based on photocopiers that are remanufactured. Still, we are not seeing widespread adoption in industry. This paper examines causes for reluctance. Drawing on a hypothesis‐testing framework of business model innovation, we show that circular business models imply significant challenges to proactive uncertainty reduction for the entrepreneur. Moreover, we show that many product–service system variants that facilitate return flow control in circular business models further aggravate the potential negative effects of failed uncertainty reduction because of increased capital commitments. Through a longitudinal action research study we also provide a counterexample to many of the challenges identified in previous studies, which could be overcome in the studied case.

  • 42.
    Mirata, Murat
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Peter
    Sotenäs kommun, Sweden.
    Harris, Steve
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Martin, Michael
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Fornell, Rickard
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Hackl, Roman
    Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Sweden.
    Källqvist, Tobias
    Hifab, Sweden.
    Dalväg, Emma
    Hifab, Sweden.
    Broberg, Sarah
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    International and Swedish State of Play in Industrial Symbiosis: A review with proposals to scale up industrial symbiosis in Sweden2018Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Mohammadi, Zahra
    et al.
    Mälardalen University .
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalen University .
    Kurdve, Martin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Critical Factors in Designing of Lean and Green Equipment2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing production equipment considering lean and related sustainability requirements may be a major factor in achieving productiveness through lean implementation. The objective of the study is to investigate the impact of lean production requirements on equipment design and how the lean requirements affects early design phases and global footprint. Data collection method includes literature review and in depth interviews with equipment users. The results provide support to importance of considering green and lean requirements in designing of production equipment by introducing important lean design factors for production equipment. These factors are designing simple equipment, error-proofing, being portable and flexible, supporting one piece flow, supporting short setup time, easy and reliable maintenance, supporting the operator interface with machine, safety of the operator, supporting production processes and layouts, energy efficiency, easy to operate, minimum cost, visualization, straight flows, teamwork, standardization, quality assurance, using pervious experiences, easy to clean, and easy to control. 

  • 44. Nilsson, Maria
    et al.
    Williander, Mats
    Englund, Cristofer
    RISE, Swedish ICT, Viktoria.
    Commercialisation of Intelligent Transportation Systems: The Case of Cooperative Systems2012In: Proceedings of Transport Research Arena (TRA 2012), 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Norefjäll, Fredric
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Fernqvist, Niklas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Innovationsförmåga för ett hållbart transportsystem: Trafikverket och samverkande aktörers processer för innovations- och omställningsförmåga2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta dokument sammanfattar arbetet som utförts under förstudien till forskningsprojektet: Innovationsförmåga för ett hållbart transportsystem – Trafikverkets och samverkande aktörers processer för innovations- och omställningsförmåga. Syftet med forskningsprojektet är att bidra till att Trafikverkets innovationsarbete får genomslag för omställningen av transportsystemet. Genom ökad kunskap om hur egna strukturer och processer för innovation påverkar och påverkas av, exempelvis andra aktörer, specifika marknadsvillkor eller normer, stärker detta projekt arbetet för ett hållbart transportsystem.

  • 46.
    Pendrill, Leslie
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Science and Technology.
    Metrology and sustainability accounting standards2018In: The New Algorithm: Setting a new market standardfor financial systems, Stockholm, 2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47. Pendrill, Leslie
    et al.
    Berglund, Birgitta
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Mats E
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Sundling, Catherine
    Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Emardson, Ragne
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Psychometric measurement and decision-making of accessibilityin public transport for older persons with functional limitations2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Vulnerable travellers face challenges in the transport environment potentially leading to decreased mobility. A research goal is to find out how to improve railway accessibility by reducing barriers for persons with functional limitations. A method for measuring accessibility has earlier been developed where travel barriers are assigned different weights based on persons’ functional ability and travel behaviour. The more weight placed on a certain barrier, the less accessible and thus less probable a particular journey will be. In the present work, these travel-barrier weights are analysed psychometrically based on the replies to questions about ease or difficulty of accessing travel with various barriers in responses given by 162 older long-distance travellers. An invariant measure theory approach (Rasch) is employed that allows (i) transformation of ordinal questionnaire data onto a quantitative interval scale; and (ii) separate measures of barrier level of challenge and person capability. A principal component analysis revealed three main clusters: 1) mainly ergonomically related questions; 2) mainly informational/cognitive; while cluster 3) is a mix of these two. Correlations are investigated between perceived accessibility and functional ability, and between person capability and functional ability. Independent sources of measurement uncertainty (e.g. under-estimation of scores) are distinguished from separate estimates of task challenge and individual travel capability. These independent sources are accounted for in estimates of reliability and validity of the various measures.

  • 48. Pohl, Hans
    Vägtransporterna elektrifieras – hur påverkar det sysselsättningen i Sverige?2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Road transports are rapidly electrified, and, in a few years, electrified vehicles may represent the majority of all vehicles being sold. This is true for light and heavy vehicles. On the one hand, vehicle electrification is probably necessary to make road transport environmentally sustainable. On the other, electrification is a real challenge to the automotive industry. The automotive industry in Sweden is important and it has since its inception built its business around internal combustion engines. The main question of this pre-study is: To what extent will electrified vehicles have their value added in Sweden and how will the change impact the employment?The core of the pre-study is data from 11 interviews carried out in June 2019. The respondents work with electrification at AB Volvo, Volvo Cars or at a supplier. The inter-views covered among others the speed of change towards electrification, there are people arguing that everything will be electrified within a few years. The vehicle manufacturers argue that the change rate is lower, because it takes time to develop new vehicles and change the vehicle fleet. Another key question is if the consequences of electrification are underestimated. The pre-study indicates that the consequences probably are underestimated by automakers as well as suppliers. A rough estimation tells that internal combustion engine related work employ circa 15,000 people in Sweden. Moreover, the service and maintenance business is expected to diminish substantially, which might impact another 5,000 people. On the positive side, companies like Northvolt may employ 2,000 – 3,000 people in Skellefteå in a few years.

  • 49.
    Pousette, S.
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Löfgren, M.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Nilsson, B.
    Gustafsson, A.
    An extended method to measure overall consumer satisfaction with packaging2014In: Packaging technology & science, ISSN 0894-3214, E-ISSN 1099-1522, Vol. 27, no 9, p. 727-738Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Rex, Emma
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Fernqvist, Niklas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Ryding, Sven-Olof
    IVL, Sweden.
    Hallberg, Klas
    Akzo Nobel, Sweden.
    Ringström, Emma
    Akzo Nobel, Sweden.
    Landström, Lena
    Vattenfall, Sweden.
    Andréasson, Jessica
    Volvo Cars, Sweden.
    Widerberg, Anna
    Volvo Cars, Sweden.
    Dahllöf, Lisbeth
    Volvo Group, Sweden.
    Hallén Jorquera, Rebecka
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Tailored for decision – Knowing your target group prior to adaptation2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Life cycle thinking is but one perspective - if at all considered -, in everyday business decisions throughout the organization; in the selection of suppliers, in the strategy of new product ranges, and, in what information is chosen to be highlighted to the customers. Tradeoffs are constantly made between e.g. environment, quality, price and other company goals. Before any successful adaptation and visualization of life cycle information, it is important for internal life cycle experts to identify and understand how other functions of the company perceive and value life cycle information in their specific working situations.

    To get a better understanding of these internal users of life cycle information, life cycle experts in four multinational companies (Akzo Nobel, Vattenfall, Volvo Cars, Volvo Group) have joined forces with researchers in life cycle management and behavioral science to create a graphical map of how life cycle information is spread and used in different parts of an organization. The aim of the map is to be used as a basis for discussions and recommendations on how to tailor life cycle information in order to support decision making throughout a company.

    The map is constructed by combining a) inventories on how quantitative data seeks its way to internal users through databases, reports and KPIs, with b) qualitative interviews on goal framing and decision weights of e.g. environmental and economic information. As a result, the map illustrates both the “physical” flows of life cycle information and the “cognitive logics” of this information for different users (e.g. how values, attitudes and norms influence the target groups’ likelihood of including life cycle information in their decision processes).

    Based on the map, each company can identify and discuss who the main users of life cycle information are and what premises for life cycle thinking these users have: In what decision making situation is, or can, life cycle information be used? How is the information understood? What other sources of information and rationales for decisions are used in parallel to, or in conflict with, LCA-results?

    Initial analyses on the usefulness of the map point to a better understanding of how life cycle experts can tailor information for decisions in different parts of the company, as well as on its usefulness in illustrating to people outside of the environmental departments the widespread use of life cycle information that already exist in the company. The latter is not least important for creating an understanding in how the organization respond to ongoing external pressure to focus more on a life cycle approach, e.g. new requirements in ISO 14001, new EU Directives on public procurement and current EU work to establish a common LCA methodology.   

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