Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 334
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Aldaeus, Fredrik
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Dedic, Dina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Karpenja, Tatjana
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Magnusson, Mikael
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Rosén, Fredrik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Sundin, Konstantin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Lindström, Mikael
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Lucisano, Marco
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Modorato-Rosta, Caroline
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
    Towards a cellulose-based society: current market and consumer trends2017In: The 7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference held in Stockholm, Sweden, 28-30 Mar. 2017: NWBC 2017, Stockholm: RISE Bioekonomi , 2017, p. 1-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been proposed that the future of the forest industry will involve the traditional value chains combined with the needs and demands of a bio-based economy. A global consumer survey was undertaken, together with interviews and workshops with various representatives through the bio-economy. Sources also included in-depth literature studies and research reviews. Based on this input, several current trends have been identified that will affect the route towards a cellulose-based society. These trends describe the effects of urbanization, consumer behaviour, new business models, material recycling, open innovation and the necessity for early demonstration of new research. Four different but equally plausible scenarios have been identified describing the society and the role of cellulose in 2030, highlighting the role of the wood-based biorefinery.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Algehed, Jessica
    et al.
    Kommunforskning i Västsverige, Sweden.
    Eneqvist, Erica
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Ernits, Heiti
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Huisman, Chelsey Jo
    Uppsala Universtiy, Sweden.
    Jensen, Christian
    Kommunforskning i Västsverige, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Magnus
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Wise, Emily
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Mångfacetterat innovationsarbete under ledning av kommunala organisationeren typologisering av Vinnovas satsning på innovationsplattformar i sex svenska städer : delrapport 1 från Praktiknära samordning av följeforskning vid innovationsplattformar2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten beskriver och analyserar sex svenska innovationsplattformar för hållbara och attraktiva städer. De studerade innovationsplattformarna finns i Borås, Göteborg, Kiruna, Lund, Stockholm och Umeå och har startats och bedrivits med projektstöd av Vinnova i form av en särskild satsning på innovationsplattformar i städer

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Algehed, Jessica
    et al.
    foginnovation, Sweden.
    Eneqvist, Erica
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Jensen, Christian
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lööf, Jenny
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Innovation + stadsutveckling = sant?2019In: INNOVATION OCH STADSUTVECKLING : En forskningsantologi om organiseringsutmaningar för stad och kommun / [ed] Jessica Algehed, Erica Eneqvist,Christian Jensen & Jenny Lööf, 2019, p. 5-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Andersson, Johnn
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Directionality in transformative policy missions: The case of reaching net zero emissions in the Swedish process industry2024In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 437, article id 140664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    This paper proposes a directionality framework that highlights goal, sector and solution as key dimensions of transformative policy missions. The framework is used to investigate the directionality of process industry decarbonization in Sweden, by analyzing the orientation of projects supported by the major national funding program the ‘Industry Leap’ between 2017 and 2022. The results show that innovation activities (i) mainly aim to reduce fossil emissions rather than produce negative emissions, (ii) focus on the steel and chemicals industries, and (iii) engage mostly with carbon capture, electrification and hydrogen. This indicates that innovation activities are somewhat narrow and imbalanced, which suggests that policymakers should promote broader experimentation. The theoretical and empirical contribution of this paper supports academics, policymakers and other actors in understanding, evaluating and shaping the directionality of transformative policy missions.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Andersson, Johnn
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Hellsmark, Hans
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Sandén, Björn
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Unpacking the directionality of technological innovation2020Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Andersson, Johnn
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Hojckova, Kristina
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Sandén, Björn
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Clarifying the focus and improving the rigour of sustainability transitions research on emerging technologies2020Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Andersson, Johnn
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Hojcková, Kristina
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Sandén, Björn A.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    On the functional and structural scope of technological innovation systems – A literature review with conceptual suggestions2023In: Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, ISSN 2210-4224, E-ISSN 2210-4232, Vol. 49, article id 100786Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews how the functional and structural scope of technological innovation systems (TIS) are understood in the literature. We find that it is often unclear if the system function involves innovation, production or both, and a lack of agreement as to whether structural elements are social or social and technical. Since these issues risk hindering cumulative knowledge development and conceptual advancements, we argue that a clear and shared underlying system model is needed. Taking steps in this direction, we propose that the function of a TIS is to develop and shape a specific technology; that this technology can be understood as a production-consumption system; and that the structural elements of a TIS are social, technical and possibly ecological. In addition, we offer guidance to boundary-setting in empirical case studies. We hope that the paper will inspire continued conceptual development in the TIS community and beyond.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Burden, Håkan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Carlgren, Lisa
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Lundahl, Jenny
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Schnurr, Maria
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Sobiech, Cilli
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Stenberg, Susanne
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Thidevall, Niklas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    RISE Policylabb – de första fem åren2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this report, we have compiled our learnings and experiences of working with Policy Lab. Policy Labs have come about as an answer to the question "Can you work with policy and regulatory development in a better way than today?". Our answer to the question is a yes. Our hope with the report is that others will become interested and start their own Policy Lab. Abroad, there are many Policy Labs, but in Sweden there are only a few, which is why we believe there is room for more. There is not a given way to work with Policy Labs once and for all, but each Policy Lab is unique based on its context. Sweden's innovation agency Vinnova defines Policy Labs as follows: "Policy Labs can be explained as a group of actors with different competencies who want to develop a regulatory framework. In the Policy Lab, they use a set of user-centric methods and competencies to test, experiment, and learn in policy development."1 In our Policy Lab, we have worked in various research projects to: 1. analyse challenges/problems that arise between innovations, technology, market, and regulations, 2. develop one or more workable solutions and 3. interact with relevant actors to determine the next steps. What distinguishes our Policy Lab is that we never “own” the issue or solution. We must therefore always work with other actors who can take the results further. Our goal is to enable and skill people. This means that for us it is important to work concretely with real problems and needs owners and preferably test different solutions. We focus on the here and now perspective and not on what the future will look like in 10 years. It is about taking the next step forward towards the future, not creating the best rule, but instead creating the next rule. We also work consistently agile and use design as a method for problem solving. This means that the way we organize our work in the Policy Lab is circular and not linear. When it comes to using design as a method for problem solving, we use the concepts of "design thinking" and "double diamond". For us, it is also important that the members of the Policy Lab have different backgrounds and skills depending on what is needed in the individual project....

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment.
    Andersson, Karin
    DIS/ORDER, Sweden.
    Bratel, Johanna
    DIS/ORDER, Sweden.
    af Ekström, Hanna
    HDK-Valand vid Göteborgs universitet, Sweden.
    Johansson, Hanna
    Liljewall Arkitekter, Sweden.
    Lerme, Wenche
    Göteborgs Stad,Sweden.
    Schneider, Julia
    SLU Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Sweden.
    Sundbom, Cristine
    Usify, Sweden.
    Stad i vått och torrt: Om inkluderande planering och gestaltning av miljöer med blågröna dagvattenlösningar ur ett breddat tillgänglighetsperspektiv2021Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    STAD I VÅTT OCH TORRT - Om inkluderande planering och gestaltning av miljöer med blågröna dagvattenlösningar ur ett breddat tillgänglighetsperspektiv
  • 10.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Molnar, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    ARKILOG: En studie om hur arkitektkontor organiserar sitt arbete med medborgardialog i stadsbyggnadsprojekt2019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare år har intresset för medborgardialoger ökat i stadsbyggnadsbranschen. Detta med förhoppningen att involvering av medborgare i utformningen av våra städer ska leda till allt ifrån ökad demokratisk legitimitet, till bättre utformade städer och mindre överklaganden.Det mesta av såväl den forskning som det praktiska utvecklingsarbete som har genomförts fokuserar dock på metoder för medborgardialogsamt medborgardialog ur ett maktperspektiv(Jahnke, Andersson, Molnar & Blomqvist,2018). Försvinnande lite arbete berör verksamhetersorganisering av medborgardialog, detta trots att det ökade intresset för medborgardialog innebär att allt fler aktörer börjar arbeta meddet. Studien riktar fokus mot arkitektkontor som allt oftare får i uppdrag att utföra dialoger eller utgöra samarbetspartner till den aktör som utför dialogen i stadsbyggnadsprojekt. Arkitekten har dessutom en speciell roll då hen ska bemötabåde beställarensönskemål och medborgarenseller brukarens behov, vilka kan skilja sig åt (Petrescu, 2005). Givet den här utvecklingen ärdet viktigt att generera kunskaper om arkitektkontors arbete med medborgardialog och hur detta påverkas av företagets övergripande organisering. Det är detta vi vill bidra till med denna populärvetenskapliga rapport. Vi har ett relativt brett fokus på alla former av kontakter som arkitekter har med medborgare,dock avgränsat till stadsbyggnadsprojekt. Med det senare menas arbete som berör utveckling av ett geografiskt område som innefattar mer än enbart en enstaka byggnad (vilket kan ske både inom och utanför den formella planprocessen).

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Molnar, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    PROLOG: Processtöd för företag i stadsbyggnadssektorn som vill utveckla sitt arbete med medborgardialog2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Inkludering och dialog framhålls idag som viktiga komponenter för en socialt hållbar stadsutveckling. Som en följd av detta finns numera förväntningar på medborgardialog i fler sammanhang än vid lagstiftade samråd iplanprocesser. Dessa förväntningar påverkar hur kommuner, fastighetsutvecklare och byggherrar tar sig anstadsbyggnadsfrågorna. Det innebär även nya typer av uppdrag för arkitektkontor och andra konsultföretag i stadsbyggnadssektorn. Många såväl beställare som andra företag inom stadsbyggnadssektorn ställs alltså idag inför en mängd val kring hur de ska förhålla sig till och organisera sitt deltagande i medborgardialoger. Hur företaget organiserar sig på strategisk nivå har betydelse för medarbetarnas förutsättningar att delta i och bidra till medborgardialoger.Detta faktum uppmärksammas dock sällan vilket är anledningen till att processtödet Prolog har tagits fram.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Samhällsekonomisk analys av öppna leverantörsreskontradata: Handledning2021Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Socio-economic effects and the value of open data: A case from Sweden2021In: Proc. of 23rd ITS Biennial Conference, 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Governmental and public organisations have historically been generating and accumulating vast amounts of data which could provide many potential benefits for society and national economies. One example of an important dataset is accounts payable providing information about purchases and expenditures of the governmental sector. Academic research in the area of open data is rather new and fragmented. There is a gap in understanding socio-economic impact of open government data ex post at organisational level. This research aims to understand what kind of socio-economic impact a municipality gains by publishing accounts payable as open data, and how municipalities perceive the major benefits, challenges and risks related to open publishing of this dataset. For analysis, we use the example of Swedish municipalities that are already publishing or preparing to publish accounts payable dataset as open data. We discuss costs related to open data initiative, and benefits related to open publishing of analysed dataset. We also provide more insights into benefits and challenges perceived by municipalities in relation to open publishing of accounts payable.

  • 14.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Socio-economic effects of opening government accounts payable (Leverantörsreskontra) data2021Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of this study were to analyse: (i) efficiency gains that a municipality would gain by publishing accounts payable data as open data; and (ii) socio-economic effects with a major focus on democracy aspects. Summarising, we can state that potential efficiency gains related to opening accounts payable data can be significant, which was also confirmed by previous studies. Based on experience of Swedish municipalities publishing accounts payable as open data, we have made an estimation of potential efficiency gains due to reduced time to answer inquiries coming from citizens, journalists, and organisations. Based on these assessments, the potential efficiency gains may reach approximately 2 million kr per year for large municipalities. Additionally, availability of open data on accounts payable may result in further reduction of time needed to handle an inquiry due to opportunity to direct a person to thee open data file, a more exact and specific question formulation, and reduced number of inquiries. It was found that democratic aspects in publishing accounts payable were perceived as more important than potential time savings and efficiency gains. This is especially important for smaller municipalities, which do not get that many inquiries and cannot expect the same level of savings effect. Democracy aspects are closely related to transparency, openness, and opportunity to push procurement prices down. All this leads to even greater savings for municipalities. Another important aspect is finding mistakes and discovery of corruption cases. Elimination of such cases in the future would result in considerable savings at national level. One of the important findings of this research is the fact that municipalities already publishing open data do not see any related risks, while municipalities that are only preparing to publish open data see a number of risks related to open data publishing. The major concerns are related to confidentiality, privacy, and secrecy risks, unclear quality of data, and increased workload for some units. We also make a number of recommendations from different perspectives, which could accelerate the process of open data publishing. This analysis was carried out by Tatjana Apanasevic from RISE Research Institutes of Sweden as a part of Nationell Skalning Öppna Data (NSÖD) project, financed by Vinnova. The analysis is based on primary data collected through interviews with seven municipalities (the City of Gothenburg, the City of Lidingö, Skövde, Varberg, Karlskrona, Uppsala, and Skellefteå), a service provider, consultants working with open data, and three (data) journalists.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Öppna data publicerings process : Leverantörsreskontra, Varberg kommun. Uppföljningsstudie2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nationell Skalning Öppna Data (NSÖD) projektet syftar till att utveckla specifikationer för öppna data och hjälpa kommuner att publicera vissa datamängder som öppna data. Inom projektet har vi analyserat samhällsekonomiska effekter av öppna data. Under år 2020 har vi genomfört studien inriktad mot samhällsekonomiska effekter av publicering av leverantörsreskontra som öppna data (Apanasevic, 2020). Under projektets gång har vi fått en unik möjlighet att följa arbetet med införandet av publiceringsprocessen för leverantörsreskontran i Varbergs kommun. Syftet med denna uppföljningsstudie är att beskriva hur Varbergs kommun införde en öppen datapubliceringsprocess och vilka lärdomar kommunen har dragit. Uppföljningsstudien genomfördes år 2021 och bestod av tre semistrukturerade intervjuer med ledaren för öppna data projekt (för leverantörsreskontra) i Varbergs kommun.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Apanasevic, Tatjana
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Rudmark, Daniel
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Crowdsourcing and Public Transportation: Barriers and Opportunities2021In: Proc of 23rd ITS Biennial Conference, 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decade, private companies have successfully used crowdsourcing to revolutionise mobility, while public transport companies are still mostly failing to utilise the benefits of crowdsourcing. The application of crowdsourcing in public transport is a new area of academic research, and research on crowdsourcing en route in real-time is missing. This research aims to address this gap, explore opportunities and challenges of this type of crowdsourcing, and conceptualise this phenomenon. The research is based on empirical data collected in five Northern European countries. Our research findings help identify areas where crowdsourcing en route can add value to public transport: new forms of communication, opportunities to communicate with third parties, and improved transit planning and optimisation. Identified challenges are related to behavioural change for users, a need to develop infrastructure to enable crowdsourcing en route, and financial rationalities.

  • 17.
    Arvidson, Magnus
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety Research.
    Fire protection of robotic top-loading compact storage systems2020In: Fire Protection Engineering, ISSN 1524-900X, no 85, p. 16-22Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Arvidsson, Niklas
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019).
    Bolin, Lisa
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Lindberg, Siv M
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019).
    Linder, Marcus
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019).
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019).
    Norefjell, Fredric
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019).
    Nyström, Thomas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019).
    Rex, Emma
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Norrblom, Hans-Lennart
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Materials and Production, IVF.
    Tööj, Lars
    Industrial Development Center, Sweden.
    Cirkulära möbelflöden: Hur nya affärsmodeller kan bidra till hållbar utveckling inom offentliga möbler2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har en stark möbelindustri och en stolt tradition av att tillverka tidlösa och högkvalitativa möbler, ofta av naturmaterial. 2016 producerade Sverige möbler för 22,8 miljarder SEK, varav kontorsmöbler stod för nästan en fjärdedel1. Det saknas idag statistik över vad som händer med dessa möbler när de inte längre används, men det står klart att många av dem slängs i förtid när verksamheter flyttar eller när deras behov ändras. Samtidigt syns en tydlig utveckling mot att kunder mer och mer efterfrågar återbrukade eller renoverade möbler som en del i sitt hållbarhetsarbete. Denna utveckling var startpunkten för projektet ”Affärsmodell-innovation för cirkulära möbelflöden”.

    Affärsmodellinnovation för cirkulära möbelflöden är ett Vinnovafinansierat projekt som under åren 2015-2017 arbetat med att utveckla och testa koncept för cirkulära affärsmodeller för i första hand offentliga möbler. I projektet har tjugo aktörer från hela värdekedjan, från underleverantörer, möbelproducenter, återförsäljare och användare till forskare och branschorgan, samarbetat kring affärsutveckling, kundincitament, produktdesign, logistik, hållbarhets- och certifieringsfrågor.

    Den här skriften belyser hur nya affärsmodeller för mer cirkulära möbelflöden kan bidra till en mer hållbar utveckling och ger smakprov på slutsatser från projektet. Skriften riktar sig framför allt till producenter och återförsäljare av möbler för offentliga miljöer, men även kunder och inköpare tror vi kan ha stor nytta av skriften. Vi hoppas att den även kan fungera som inspiration för andra industrier och branscher som funderar på en övergång till mer cirkulära affärsekosystem.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Cirkulära möbelflöden
  • 19.
    Axelsson, Jakob
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Systems-of-Systems Design Patterns: A Systematic Literature Review and Synthesis2022In: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022, p. 171-176Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Design patterns are an established approach for reusing knowledge about good solutions to recurring problems. Patterns can be seen as a way of describing the best practices, and have been used in many different fields, ranging from building architecture and city planning to software development. There are also scattered results relating to patterns for systems-of-systems. The purpose of this paper is to summarize and review the literature on patterns for systems-of-systems and make a synthesis of a recommended approach for the field. Specifically, the novel contributions of the paper are to propose a consolidated structure for describing individual patterns and suggest the dimensions along which a pattern catalog can be organized. The paper also summarizes the concrete patterns suggested in the existing literature and classifies them according to the recommended structure. 

  • 20.
    Axelsson, Jakob
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Svenson, Pontus
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    On the Concepts of Capability and Constituent System Independence in Systems-of-Systems2022In: 2022 17th Annual System of Systems Engineering Conference, SOSE 2022, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022, p. 247-252Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Systems-of-systems are designed to provide a capability that their constituent systems cannot achieve individually. A key property is that the constituent systems have some degree of operational and managerial independence. The concepts of capability and independence are thus central to the field of systems-of-systems. Yet the contemporary literature and standards only give vague definitions of these terms. This vagueness is a barrier to progress in the field, and this paper aims at contributing with a more detailed conceptualization. It describes a system capability as a state-transforming process that uses certain resources. Independence means that the system has a choice about when and how its capabilities should be activated. This requires that the system is an intelligent agent with a notion of utility, a perception of the world around it, and a decision-making capability. When given a mission, the system can complete that mission by activating appropriate combinations of capabilities. A system-of-systems can decompose its mission into parts that correspond to the capabilities of various constituent systems.

  • 21.
    Bardh, Jonas
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Trycktäthet i gjutgods2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en sammanställning av det arbete som gjorts i projekt G833M, ”Trycktäthet i gjutgods”. Idag finns problem med läckande gjutgods och ibland får det stora konsekvenser. Ur miljösynpunkt så får t ex inte olja läcka ut från en motor på en bil. Så ämnet är högaktuellt i dagens samhälle där miljöfrågor får ett allt större fokus. Uppgiften med arbetet var att tydliggöra vad som menas med trycktätt gods, (hur man definierar begreppet trycktäthet). Hur ett tätkrav bör vara utformat och vilka provningsmetoder som finns, och vilka begränsningar de har, har också gåtts igenom. Syftet med artetet har varit att ge en ökad förståelsen för trycktäthet och de provningsmetoder som finns. En korrekt utformad kravsättning bidrar också till att säkerställa att rätt provningsmetod används. Allt för ofta är det kommunikationen mellan köpare och tillverkare som är bristfällig vilket leder till läckageproblem. Genom en ökad kunskap och förståelse hos båda parter bidrar till rätt ställda förväntningar på det färdiga godset. Arbetet har till största del bedrivits genom litteraturstudier och genom några studiebesök hos ett antal företag i branschen.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Barreto, Carlos
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Reinert, Olof
    Umeå University, Sweden; Länsförsäkringar, Sweden.
    Wiesinger, Tobias
    Umeå University, Sweden; Länsförsäkringar, Sweden.
    Franke, Ulrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Duopoly insurers’ incentives for data quality under a mandatory cyber data sharing regime2023In: Computers & security (Print), ISSN 0167-4048, E-ISSN 1872-6208, Vol. 131, article id 103292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the impact of data sharing policies on cyber insurance markets. These policies have been proposed to address the scarcity of data about cyber threats, which is essential to manage cyber risks. We propose a Cournot duopoly competition model in which two insurers choose the number of policies they offer (i.e., their production level) and also the resources they invest to ensure the quality of data regarding the cost of claims (i.e., the data quality of their production cost). We find that enacting mandatory data sharing sometimes creates situations in which at most one of the two insurers invests in data quality, whereas both insurers would invest when information sharing is not mandatory. This raises concerns about the merits of making data sharing mandatory. 

  • 23.
    Barriga, Hanna
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Cárdenas, Marite
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Hall, Stephen
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Hellsing, Maja
    Lund University, Sweden; Lund Institute of Advanced Neutron and X-ray Science, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Maths
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Pavan, Adriano
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Peng, Ru
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Strandqvist, Nanny
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Wolff, Max
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    A Bibliometric Study on Swedish Neutron Users for the Period 2006–20202021In: Neutron News, ISSN 1044-8632, E-ISSN 1931-7352, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 28-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Neutron Scattering Society (SNSS) is an organization open to all those associated with Sweden who are using, or interested in the use of, neutron scattering techniques. Currently, the SNSS has around 230 members distributed all over Sweden. The SNSS is a member of the European Neutron Scattering Association (ENSA) [1], which represents the majority of the national neutron scattering societies and committees in Europe. The overriding objectives of the SNSS are to provide a forum for discussion and exchange of information related to neutron scattering, to stimulate the use of neutron techniques at present-day and future neutron sources, to promote cooperation in neutron science, and to strengthen and broaden the competence in neutron science in Sweden. To meet these objectives, SNSS is engaged in and takes the lead in a variety of different activities. Examples of such are the organization of conferences, workshops, schools and other educational activities related to neutron scattering. Additionally, SNSS represents Swedish neutron scatterers in strategic discussions with funding agencies, universities, scattering communities, and neutron facilities. In 2015, SNSS developed a Swedish Strategy for science using neutrons [2]. This is regularly reviewed and updated, and supports in, e.g., decision making processes related to research and education using neutron scattering techniques at universities, industries, funding agencies, and other stakeholders. Furthermore, SNSS hosts a web page with relevant information for and about the Swedish and international neutron scattering community, including monthly research highlights [3]. SNSS also distributes an electronic Monthly Newsletter to all members and posts with news on Twitter. To analyze the current scientific activities where neutron scattering is used involving scientists with a Swedish affiliation and to meet the above mentioned objectives, the SNSS Board has carried out a bibliometric survey, which is presented in this document.

  • 24.
    Bengtsson, Daniel
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Foresight in Sweden: Keynote speech on state of the art of foresight in Sweden.2021In: Foresight in the Nordics, webinar, December 16, 2021: Foresight in the Nordics - ett webbinarium med Futures Finland och Vinnova - startskottet för nordiskt framsynssamarbete, 2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Berg, Hanna
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Magnus
    Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Lindström, Annika
    RISE, Innventia. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden; Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Spreading joy: examining the effects of smiling models on consumer joy and attitudes2015In: Journal of Consumer Marketing, ISSN 0736-3761, E-ISSN 2052-1200, Vol. 32, no 6, p. 459-469Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine consumer response to pictures of smiling models in marketing, focusing on the roles of emotional contagion from the smiling models and the perceived typicality of marketing with smiling models. Design/methodology/approach – This paper reports the findings from three experimental studies, comparing consumer response to two versions of an advertisement (Study 1) and a packaging design (Study 2 and 3), including either a picture of a smiling or a non-smiling model. To measure consumer response, a combination of self-report questionnaires and eye-tracking methodology was used. Findings – The pictures of smiling models produced more consumer joy and more positive attitudes for the marketing. The positive effects on attitudes were mediated by consumer joy, and the effects on consumer joy were mediated by the perceived typicality of the marketing with smiling models. Originality/value – Despite the ubiquity of photos of smiling faces in marketing, very few studies have isolated the effects of the smile appeal on consumer response to marketing objects. By comparing marketing where the same model is shown smiling or with a neutral facial expression, the positive effects were isolated. The roles of emotional contagion and perceived typicality in this mechanism were also examined and implications of the findings for research and practitioners are discussed.

  • 26.
    Berg, Jessica
    et al.
    VTI Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Sweden.
    Smith, Göran
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems. University of Sydney, Australia: Västra Götalandsregionen, Sweden.
    Shared mobility services in Swedish rural areas: Development and demonstration of the KomILand-concept2021In: 2021 International Transport Forum (ITF) Pre-Summit Research Day, 2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Transport accounts for a large share of global green-house gas emissions. Research efforts are being made to identify, develop, and test new types of resource efficient solutions that meet peoples’ mobility needs. A growing trend within this realm is so called shared mobility services – such as car-sharing, bicycle rental, and ride-sourcing – which is expected to have the potential to complement and strengthen public transport and support less car-centric lifestyles. Shared mobility has become an integral part of the dominant discourse around the future of transport (autonomous-connected-electric-shared), and although their modal shares still are minor, recent years have seen significant growth of shared mobility services.

    However, eforts to develop shared mobility services have predominantly been made in urban areas where the services are expected to have greater impact on green-house gas reduction. Further, most research on shared mobility has focused on urban areas . Consequently, there is a lack of empirical research on how shared mobility services can be organized in rural areas, and what effects they can have on aspects such as of car ownership, green-house gas emissions, and quality of life.

    The KomILand project set out to address these knowledge gaps by developing and testing the KomILand concept – a regional Mobility-as-a-Service platform that enable rural dwellers to put together shared mobility service offerings that are tailored to the specific needs of their communities. An initial pre-study (2017-2018) paved the way for a trial of the concept by identifying suitable rural towns, likely user groups and their demands, key service components, and possible business models. Subsequently, the ongoing trial phase of the project (2019-2021) aims to develop a functional prototype and to test it in collaboration with civic associations in three rural towns with 800-900 inhabitants in Västra Götaland in West Sweden.

    In the following, this extended abstract first presents key findings from the pre-study. Thereafter, a few insights from the ongoing trial are provided prior to a concluding discussion on possible pathways for the journey from a temporary, small-scale trial towards a region-wide and continuous operation.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Berglund, Martina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    AFoU – a network for sustainable working life and development2017In: Proc. of the The Nordic Ergonomics and Society conference, NES-2017 ‘Joy at Work’, organized by Lund University (LTH) in association with the Ergonomics and Human Factors Society in Sweden (EHSS), and 20-23 August 2017, Sweden, Lund, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to describe and reflect on the development of the Swedish network AFoU (Workplace related R&D for sustainable working life). The overall goal with the network AFoU is to strengthen research contributing to sustainable working life, research that makes significant improvements, and future organizations characterized by competitiveness, quality and renewal through good working conditions. AFoU was started in 2015 and it consists of researchers from different disciplines, practitioners and representatives for unions and employer organizations. The network strives to combine high-quality research with practical use. This is achieved through collaboration between different stakeholders and across disciplines, thereby co-creating new knowledge that is needed to meet current and future demands.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Berglund, Richard
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Karling, Mats
    Mellby, Clas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Det värdefulla engagemanget: En guide för Lean och för andra strategier för utveckling2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En organisation där alla agerar på eget initiativ för det gemensamma bästa, där alla är beredda att hugga i när det behövs, där alla samspelar för att nå resultat och där alla bidrar till att utveckla organisationen-visst är detta en dröm?Alla vill att medarbetarna och kollegorna ska engagera sig. Men varför skulle de? Har företaget gjort sig förtjänt av att någon gör mer än hon måste?I de allra flesta organisationer underskattas gravt den omsorg som behövs för att medarbetarna ska finna det mödan värt att engagera sig. Det krävs ett klokt och långsiktigt arbete från ledning och chefer för att bygga en företagskultur av förtroende och samverkan, men om det lyckas finns oanade vinster att hämta.Den nya boken, Det värdefulla engagemanget-En guide för Lean och andra strategier för utveckling, vill stimulera till en reflektion kring hur organisationen och ledningen påverkar medarbetarnas engagemang. Boken följer upp vår tidigare bok Lean i ledningen-Utmana hela organisationen, som blivit mycket uppskattad, men Det värdefulla engagemanget är till nytta oberoende av eventuella Leansatsningar.Tio teman behandlas: En färdriktning • En kultur av tillit • Aktiv ledning • Långsiktighet • Utrymme för individen • Lagarbete • Inflytande • Utmaning • Lärande • Del av vinstenDe kunskaper och erfarenheter som lett fram till boken har sin grund i många års uppdrag och forskningsprojekt inom industrin och även i tjänsteföretag. Boken bygger till stor del på en doktorsavhandling,Engagemang efterfrågas – Hur tre tillverkande företag söker medverkan från sina medarbetare när de inför Lean, men är förenklad och omskriven för att direkt kunna tillämpas.

  • 29.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Agriculture and Food.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, Sweden.
    The double-sided nature of lifestyle-oriented work in the Swedish equine industry2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The equine industry faces problems in terms of recruitment and retention of employees when it comes to fostering decent working conditions and sustainable employments, despite the obvious advantage of offering a lifestyle-oriented work with the privilege of personal leisure interests. The overall aim is to gain knowledge of how employees in the equine industry – here including riding schools and trotting stables – experience their work and work environment. The study is part of two larger research projects, financed by the Swedish-Norwegian Foundation for Equine Research and AFA Insurance, where the purpose is to, in close collaboration with the equine industry, identify and implement methods and tools for a systematic work environment management. The study includes data from a questionnaire, individual interviews and observations. The results showed that the employees considered their work as one of the most important things in life, that they primarily worked for self-realization and good quality of life and that they perceived their current work both attractive and meaningful. Love of horses, passion for the sport, practical work in an outdoor setting, significant, stimulating and varied tasks as well as workplace relations, are the most important factors for the attractiveness and meaningfulness of the work. Nevertheless, imbalance between work and leisure time as well as high physical workload and lack of adequate equipment challenges the experience of an attractive, meaningful and sustainable work. The experiences differed somewhat between the two groups examined, i.e. employees in riding schools and trotting stables.

  • 30.
    Björkdahl, Joakim
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Fallahi, Sara
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society.
    Holmén, Magnus
    Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Explaining business model innovation processes: A problem formulation and problem solving perspective2022In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 105, p. 223-239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explains the business model innovation processes in industrial firms. Drawing on three case studies of leading business-to-business firms shifting from product-based to service-based business models, it introduces problems as a theoretical concept to explain business model innovation processes. We show how formulating and solving problems guide the search for a viable business model and why some problem formulation and solving activities lead firms to shift between backward-looking and forward-looking searches. The decision to shift to a forward-looking search is triggered by the perception of failure to continue with an established way of working, while the shift to a backward-looking search is based on the perception of high alternative costs. We contribute to the business model innovation and servitization literature by theorizing the process of business model innovation and providing implications for managers.

  • 31.
    Bloom, Jörgen
    RISE, Swerea, SWECAST.
    Engångskärnor i pressgjutgods2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Traditionellt har kärnor i pressgjutgods varit tillverkade av stål. Dessa stålkärnor är rörliga och dras ut ur pressgjutgodset innan gjutgodset stöts ut ur gjutverktyget. Detta innebär att formen på dessa stålkärnor har släppningsvinkel som gör dem möjliga att dra. Övriga gjutmetoder, som använder gravitationen eller låga gastryck för att få in smältan i formen, har länge använt engångskärnor av sand för att skapa håligheter i gjutgodset. Sandkärnorna faller sönder efter gjutningen vilket gör att kärnans form inte behöver begränsas av släppningsvinklar. Hitintills har sandkärnornas begränsade hållfasthet inte möjliggjort användning vid pressgjutning på grund av pressgjutmaskinernas höga inloppshastigheter och eftertryck. För utformningen av pressgjutgods vore det i många fall önskvärt att kunna använda engångskärnor. Utvecklingen går framåt med flera olika metoder för att tillverka engångskärnor som har tillräcklig hållfasthet för att tåla påfrestningar under pressgjutning. Kostnaden för att producera gjutgods med engångskärnor är i flera fall betydligt lägre än att produera samma gjutgods med gravitationsgjutning. Användning av engångskärnor kan även möjliggöra nya utformningar av gjutgods som kan medföra exempelvis nya funktioner, nytt utseende samt viktbesparingar.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Bokström, Tomas
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Julin, Josefin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Norman, Dorthe
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Lidman, Johan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Arbetsmiljö och hälsa i fokus – En lärande utvärdering om Botkyrkas pilotprojekt kring preventivt arbete för minskad sjukfrånvaro och mer välmående arbetsplatser2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Botkyrka kommun har under 2018-2021 bedrivit pilotprojektet Arbetsmiljö och Hälsa i Fokus i syfte att förebygga och minska korttidssjukfrånvaro och för att stödja en mer hälsofrämjande organisation. Arbetet har skett i samarbete med Sveriges Kommuner och Regioner (SKR), Sveriges Forskningsinstitut RISE samt Aino Health som varit utförare för en del av insatserna. Föreliggande rapport utvärderar projektet och är tänkt att utgöra en läranderapport som illustrerar hur arbetet utvecklats under projekttiden, och sammanfattar de lärdomar som framkommit under projektets gång. Pilotprojektet har utvecklats löpande och anpassats efter de utmaningar och lärdomar som dykt upp under projekttiden. Pandemin har påverkat projektet både i det praktiska arbetet och vad gäller den på förhand uppsatta utvärderingsmodellen. Trots det finns det goda indikationer på att arbetssätten kan medföra en positiv påverkan på sjukfrånvaro och det systematiska arbetsmiljöarbetet. Utvärderingen visar att antalet nettodagar korttidsfrånvaro minskade jämfört med referensperioden under de första 17 månaderna fram till att pandemin slog igenom mars 2020. Det går inte att veta hur korttidsfrånvaron hade utvecklats under resterande projekttid utan pandemin. Men baserat på hypotesen som föranledde projektet och erfarenheter från andra håll finns det goda skäl att anta att projektets insatser visat sig effektiva för att minska korttidssjukfrånvaron i Botkyrka. Det bedöms som sannolikt att insatsen Hälsosupport ger den relativt snabba effekt på sjukfrånvaron som kunnat skönjas. När det gäller Chefsstödet hade det varit önskvärt med en längre uppföljningsperiod för att kunna urskilja effekter. Men det finns positiva indikationer. Ett återkommande mönster är att gruppen arbetsplatser som fått stöd på arbetsplatsnivå av Chefsstödet inte haft en lika kraftig ökning i sjukfrånvaro som en följd av pandemin som övriga arbetsplatser inom samma förvaltning. Vid uppföljande mätningar av det Arbetshälsoekonomiska analysverktyget (KI- mätning) visas i genomsnitt en lägre indikerad nivå av produktionsbortfall kopplad till ohälsa. Detta kan vara tecken på att ett mer systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete etablerats och hunnit ge viss effekt på de arbetsplatser där Chefsstödet verkat. Den ekonomiska kalkylen för projektet, som tar fasta på värdet av en korttidssjukfrånvarodag enligt Försäkringskassans beräkningsmetod, tyder på att insatserna på relativt kort sikt är självfinansierade. Det ska då beaktas att flera potentiella värden av en bättre arbetsmiljö inte tas med i kalkylen. Att kostnadsbesparingar kan realiseras så pass snabbt är ovanligt för sociala investeringar och pekar på värdet av att investera i systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete. En utgångspunkt för arbetet är insikten att det behövs stödjande insatser på såväl individ- som organisationsnivå. Samtidigt har utmaningar med att förena dessa perspektiv i ett sammanhållet utvecklingsoch implementeringsarbete synliggjorts. Behov att utveckla kompetens i förändringsledning för att skapa ökad kapacitet i kommunens förvaltningar för ständig utveckling kvarstår.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Full text
  • 33.
    Bokström, Tomas
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Julin, Josefin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Norman, Dorthe
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Lidman, Johan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Arbetsmiljö och hälsa i fokus – En lärande utvärdering om Örnsköldsviks pilotprojekt kring preventivt arbete för minskad sjukfrånvaro och mer välmående arbetsplatser2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Örnsköldsviks kommun har under 2018-2021 bedrivit pilotprojektet Arbetsmiljö och Hälsa i Fokus i syfte att förebygga och minska korttidssjukfrånvaro och för att stödja en mer hälsofrämjande organisation. Arbetet har skett i samarbete med Sveriges Kommuner och Regioner (SKR), Sveriges Forskningsinstitut RISE samt Previa som varit utförare för en del av insatserna. Föreliggande rapport utvärderar projektet och är tänkt att utgöra en läranderapport som illustrerar hur arbetet utvecklats under projekttiden, och sammanfattar de lärdomar som framkommit under projektets gång. Pilotprojektet har utvecklats löpande och anpassats efter de utmaningar och lärdomar som dykt upp under projekttiden. Pandemin har påverkat projektet både i det praktiska arbetet och vad gäller den på förhand uppsatta utvärderingsmodellen. Trots det finns det goda indikationer på att arbetssätten kan medföra en positiv påverkan på sjukfrånvaro och det systematiska arbetsmiljöarbetet. Utvärderingen visar att antalet nettodagar korttidssjukfrånvaro minskade jämfört med referensperioden under de första 16 månaderna fram till att pandemin slog igenom mars 2020. Det går inte att veta hur korttidsfrånvaron hade utvecklats under resterande projekttid utan pandemin. Men baserat på hypotesen som föranledde projektet och erfarenheter från andra håll finns det goda skäl att anta att projektets insatser visat sig effektiva för att minska korttidssjukfrånvaron i Örnsköldsvik. När det gäller insatsen Arbetsmiljöhandledare hade det varit önskvärt med en längre uppföljningsperiod för att kunna urskilja effekter både kopplat till sjukfrånvaro och för att få till ett större antal uppföljningsmätningar som underlag för att bedöma hur arbetsmiljön på berörda arbetsplatser utvecklats. Den ekonomiska kalkylen för projektet, som tar fasta på värdet av en korttidssjukfrånvarodag enligt Försäkringskassans beräkningsmetod, tyder på att insatserna på relativt kort sikt är självfinansierade. Det ska då beaktas att flera potentiella värden av en bättre arbetsmiljö inte tas med i kalkylen. Att kostnadsbesparingar kan realiseras så pass snabbt är ovanligt för sociala investeringar och pekar på värdet av att investera i systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete. En utgångspunkt för arbetet är insikten att det behövs stödjande insatser på såväl individ- som organisationsnivå. Samtidigt har utmaningar med att förena dessa perspektiv i ett sammanhållet utvecklingsoch implementeringsarbete synliggjorts. Behov att utveckla kompetens i förändringsledning för att skapa ökad kapacitet i kommunens förvaltningar för att driva ständig utveckling kvarstår.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Full text
  • 34.
    Bokström, Tomas
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Julin, Josefin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Norman, Dorthe
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Measurement Technology.
    Lidman, Johan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    En unik social investering – slutrapport om det sociala utfallskontraktet i Norrköping2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s first Social Impact Bond (SIB) or, as preferred, Social Outcomes Contract (SOC), was a collaborative project between Norrköping local authority and private social investor Leksell Social Ventures (LSV) supported by the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (Mission Mental Health) and Lumell Associates. The aim was to address a social challenge – improving outcomes for youth and children placed in institutional care. After an intense period of feasibility studies and contracting negotiations, the SOC became operational in August 2016. Active work with the target group continued until first quarter 2019 and the evaluation phase was completed in February 2021. This report presents the results in terms of achieved outcomes as well as a broader perspective of learnings, for Norrköping and for the general development of social investment in Sweden. The SOC should be considered a form of social investment, where an initial cost leads to longer term social and economic benefits to society. There are many examples of social investments in Sweden where local authorities have reserved internal funding in so-called social investment funds. The Norrköping SOC was the first Swedish example of a social investment case where a private investor provided a loan to the local authority for upfront funding together with a risk sharing model connected to achieved outcomes. Norrköping and LSV agreed in the SOC that LSV would provide up to 10 million SEK (~1 MEUR) for the project. The associated risk sharing model was such that Norrköping would guarantee 40 % repayment on activity while the outstanding 60 % would be repaid if cost savings in social services would be achieved. Each SEK saved in social service costs would be divided between the parts corresponding to their financial risk (60/40) up to project break even. If the savings would be larger than project costs, LSV would be allowed a total ROI capped at 20 % conditional on improved school outcomes for the target group. The evaluation period was 24 months per individual in the target group and compared with a historic reference group. If the target group individual has lower costs over the evaluation period than its comparison group average, then this provides a positive net saving. If an individual improves when it comes to school performance over 24 months, a positive value is registered, if not, a negative value. Values are assigned from -3 to +3 following an ad hoc model designed for this project (to take into account the wide age span and different educational settings for the target group). Norrköping decided it to be outside legal scope to create a historic comparison group for school performance. Net results for costs and school performance are added for the target group and thus establishing contract outcomes. In addition to primary outcomes, the project was also monitoring mental wellbeing, substance abuse, supporting relations with family and social network and achievement of individual goals. Having a 24-month evaluation period (from when the intervention starts) turned out to be challenging with costs increasing with 7,5 million SEK. However, school performance and social outcomes were all positive. Data suggested that over time, net costs were decreasing, and the project partners agreed to extend the monitoring period to 36 months, but to do this outside of the contract. Over 36 months, the evaluation indicates reduced social service costs of 4 million SEK. The project cost is 7.5 million SEK leading to a net result of -3.5 million SEK. The result is distributed between parts so that Norrköping ends with +1 million and LSV with -4.5 million SEK. In summary, the contract did not perform in the sense that LSV was not eligible to be repaid more than the 40 % guarantee. But from a project and target group perspective, the results are quite positive, both in terms of social and school outcomes and in terms of the extended period cost savings. It can also be noticed that several hypothetically positive outcomes for the target group and for society are not included in the evaluation model. All in all, the SOC should be considered a successful social investment.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Full text
  • 35.
    Boyer, Robert
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Hunka, Agnieszka
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Whalen, Katherine
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Consumer demand for circular products: Identifying customer segments in the circular economy2021In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 22, article id 12348Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding consumer preferences in the circular economy can help producers develop profitable strategies, lowering the risk involved in transitioning to circular business models and circular product design. This study uses a choice experiment to identify customer segments for mobile phones and robot vacuum cleaners at different levels of circularity. The experiment observes how a product’s theoretical Circular Economy Score (ranging from 0 to 100) influences consumer preferences as compared to other product attributes like price, appearance, warranty, battery life, reseller type, or ease of repair. Drawing from 800 UK respondents, the results indicate the presence of three customer segments that are sensitive to a product’s Circular Economy Score, including two that appear willing to purchase recirculated items and one that expresses a preference against them. The results offer initial evidence that a market for recirculated consumer electronics exists and that circularity labeling is a marketable option. The results also present a strong rationale for further research that probes a greater variety of products and contexts. © 2021 by the authors

  • 36.
    Boyer, Robert
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Linden, Hanna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Norefjäll, Fredric
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Rex, Emma
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Vanacore, Emanuela
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Three dimensions of circularity : A systematic approach to circular procurement: Discussion material2020Other (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Boyer, Robert
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Linden, Hanna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Norefjäll, Fredric
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Rex, Emma
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Vanacore, Emanuela
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Tre dimensioner av cirkularitet: Ett systematiskt förhållningssätt till cirkulär upphandling: Diskussionsmaterial2020Other (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Broberg, Kristina
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Resources.
    Broberg, Sarah
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Resources.
    Fransson, Liisa
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Resources.
    Smarta hållbara städer i Skåne: Innovationsekosystemkartläggning2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2019 tog Forsknings och Innovationsrådet i Skåne fram en innovationsstrategi för regionen som syftar till att ”vara en långsiktig agenda för samarbete mellan nyckelaktörer i Skåne för att främja innovation, adressera svag produktivitet och stärka näringslivet med hållbarhet som en självklarhet och konkurrensfördel”. I strategin pekas sex specialiseringsområden ut, däribland smarta hållbara städer. I samarbete med Region Skåne har RISE under hösten 2020 – våren 2021, genomfört en innovationsekosystemanalys för smarta hållbara städer. Under de senaste åren har Region Skåne gett uppdrag till andra aktörer och även själv bedrivit arbete för att kartlägga delar av ekosystemet runt detta specialiseringsområde. Under arbetet med kartläggningen som presenteras i denna rapport identifierades gap i tidigare analyser främst kring vilka stödfunktioner som finns tillgängliga för aktörerna inom smarta hållbara städer. Fokus i denna kartläggning har därför varit ta fram ny kunskap om dessa stödfunktioner. Övriga delar av analysen baseras på en litteraturstudie av tidigare rapporter. Genom ekosystemanalysen vill Region Skåne få en ökad förståelse för regionens kapacitet inom ett antal utvecklingsområden. Härigenom ämnar man skapa en grund för att identifiera styrkor och svagheter inom området och skapa underlag för vidare arbete. Parallellt med RISE arbete har det pågått ett flertal initiativ och kartläggningar, däribland arbetet med klimatneutrala Lund och Malmö som sker på uppdrag av det strategiska innovationsprogrammet Viable Cities. Tillsammans förväntas genomförda och pågående initiativ ge viktiga resultat om Skånes position och utveckling inom området. Det kan även fungera som ett viktigt underlag i det arbete som pågår, och ska vara klart under 2021, med att ta fram en innovationsagenda för utvecklingen av specialiseringsområdet i regionen. Kartläggningen som presenteras i denna rapport har genomförts i tre delar: 1. En litteraturstudie av tidigare publicerade rapporter av relevans för innovationsekosystemet kring smarta hållbara städer. 2. En kartläggning över tillgången på stödfunktioner. 3. En intervjustudie för att få en fördjupad förståelse för stödfunktionernas verksamhet och roll i ekosystemet. Litteraturstudien utgick från flera tidigare genomförda analyser av regionens näringsliv (branscher, ankarföretag) och forskning och forskningsinfrastruktur. Sammanställningen visar att definition av branschområdet smarta hållbara städer är komplext och därmed är det utmanande att identifiera vilka företag som ingår i området. Dock pekar resultaten på att de branscher som inkluderas i FIRS definition av smarta hållbara städer i hög uträckning redan är, eller har potential att bli starka skånska styrkeområden. Gällande forskning visar studien att flera delområden inom smarta hållbara städer i regionen är starka. Framför allt energiområdet utmärker sig i samtliga studerade analyser, men även andra teknikområden är starka. Regionens städer har attraherat stora anslag bland annat från Vinnova, det strategiska innovationsprogrammet Viable Cities och EU Horizon. Antalet testbäddar inom smarta hållbara städer i regionen utmärker sig däremot som lågt jämfört med andra regioner i närområdet (STRING-regionerna). Kartläggningen av stödfunktioner visade att aktörerna ofta inte bedriver en renodlad verksamhet inom en viss typ av stödfunktion, och att de olika typerna av stödfunktioner på så sätt knyter an till varandra. Totalt identifierades 56 olika aktörer inom de fem kategorier av stöd som arbetades fram: acceleratorer och inkubatorer, testbäddar, innovationsstöd och plattformar, nätverk, kluster och hubbar, samt övrigt stöd. De identifierade aktörerna har en geografisk tyngdpunkt i storstadsregionerna i västra Skåne, och det finns således en stor outnyttjad potential i Skånes övriga kommuner som skulle kunna vara med i arbetet framåt och få innovationsområdet att växa i regionen. En fördjupad studie har gjorts genom intervjuer med aktörer med verksamhet inom testbäddar, inkubatorer och acceleratorer samt nätverk och hubbar. När det gäller testbäddar anses dessa utgöra en viktig länk i innovationsekosystemet genom att erbjuda en plats för behovsägare och leverantörer att mötas och för innovationer att testas. Testbäddar kan också ha en roll i att attrahera internationella aktörer till regionen. Trots dess roll anses antalet testbäddar inom smarta hållbara städer i regionen vara begränsat. Generellt upplevs definitionen av testbäddar som smal, och finansieringsmöjligheterna begränsade. Här identifieras ett behov av ökad kunskap kring alternativa finansieringslösningar för att utveckla och bedriva testmiljöer. I slutsatskapitlet sammanfogas resultat från litteraturstudien, kartläggningen och intervjustudien. Resultaten diskuteras utifrån olika domäner i Isenbergs innovationsekosystem-modell och kompletteras med reflektioner utifrån den högst aktuella och intensiva händelseutvecklingen som sker inom hållbar stadsutveckling på olika nivåer. Projektets slutsatser presenteras uppdelat på följande delområden: Näringslivet inom smarta hållbara städer i Skåne, Tillgång till forskning och forskningsinfrastruktur, Tillgång till innovations- och entreprenörskapsstöd, Finansiering och slutligen Den offentliga sektorns roll i utvecklingen av smarta hållbara städer. Städernas omställning pekas ut som en nyckel för att uppnå klimatneutralitet på nationell, europeisk och global nivå. Stora satsningar utvecklas i snabb takt inom den finansiella sektorn samt inom forskning och innovation. Därför behövs kontinuerlig omvärldsbevakning, positionering och påverkan och det finns möjligheter för regionens aktörer att aktivt bidra till utformningen. Nedan sammanfattas de främsta slutsatserna: • Malmö, Lund och Helsingborg har starka positioner inom hållbar stadsutveckling. För att skapa en förflyttning inom specialiseringsområdet i hela regionen krävs det att det skapas förutsättningar även för de mindre kommunerna och städerna att utvecklas och bidra till utvecklingen i regionen. • Det finns många nätverk, men få testbäddar inom specialiseringsområdet i Skåne. För att utveckla områdets styrkor krävs att det finns en utvecklad och fungerande testmiljöstruktur och att testmiljöerna, i den mån det är möjligt, är verksamma i verklig miljö och inom stadens ytor. • Det finns ett behov av att bredda omfattningen av smarta hållbara städer. Branscherna mobilitet och logistik bör inkluderas i definitionen. Därtill behövs en översyn av begreppet så att medborgarens och civilsamhällets drivkraft för att skapa hållbara och klimatneutrala städer kan tas tillvara. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 39. Brolin, A.
    et al.
    Bäckstrand, G.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
    Högberg, D.
    Case, K.
    Inadequately Designed Information and its Effects on the Cognitive Workload2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Brolin, Magnus
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport.
    Fahnestock, Jesse
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment.
    Rootzen, Johan
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Industry’s Electrification and Role in the Future Electricity System: A Strategic Innovation Agenda2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Trends visible today suggest that a transformation of industrial firms’ use of electricity, and a change in their role in the electricity system, could take place as a part of a long-term transition towards a low-carbon Swedish economy. The shape of these changes remains highly uncertain, but electrification, flexible electricity use, and emerging roles in the electricity system for industrial consumers are interdependent developments and should be investigated from a holistic perspective where possible.

    Swedish industry is relatively energy intensive, and has stood for roughly 37% of the country’s electricity use for a decade. The Swedish Energy Agency’s Vivace scenario suggests that this share could expand, despite improved efficiency, to 49% by 2050. The increased use of electricity to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and take advantage of market conditions would play out differently in different sectors, and depending on the development of different technologies. However large-scale opportunities may exist in the long-term, such as using electrolysis to produce hydrogen for replacing coke in the iron and steel industry and as a feedstock in the petrochemical industry.

    Smaller-scale but still important options for electrification include electric/hybrid boilers in the pulp and paper industry and a variety of electro-thermal technologies for heating and drying.

    Increased use of electricity in industry is likely to go hand-in-hand with increasingly flexible use of electricity. In some cases, such as the production of hydrogen or process media, this flexibility will be in-built since the storable energy carriers create new production planning options. In other cases, new approaches to planning, process design, and the use of automation may allow firms to match electricity use to favourable market conditions.

    The expected high penetration of intermittent renewable electricity in the power system may create incentives for this flexibility. These incentives should appear on the wholesale market, in the form of high- and low-price periods. They may also appear via new capacity markets, or through markets for new system services needed to support stability in both transmission and distribution networks. The frameworks and regulations needed to create these markets are not yet in place, and firms will also need to develop technical and management capabilities to take advantage of them.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Session and committe: Informing and stimulating green lifestyle choices2023Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Session (accepted): In order to reach sustainability goals in the future, green and social living must be considered. The interface between production and consumption set the frame for future sustainable lifestyles, including sharing consumption of transport and space in buildings, or the need of a circular production for clothing and electronics. Sustainable lifestyles imply a change of action. It implies new ways of consumption, including behavior change and nudging, as well as new ways of production, including business modeling and service design. This session encourages using visual examples and digital aids to present new ways of consumption and production for future sustainable lifestyles. We will discuss future lifestyles including their environmental and social effects from a life cycle perspective. Session (policy, reguklartion, targets) and scientific commitee (LCM 2023):

  • 42.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    RISE Research Institute of Sweden.
    Session Chair D3_02_S6 Knowledge sharing2020Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Session: New governance approaches for a sustainable built environment: (1) Modularized cyber-physical system as an enabler of interoperable and collective approach for responsive cities. (2)Lessons learnt from green public procurement in the Norwegian construction sector. (3) Felleshus and Paradiset in Vallastaden - Care for social sustainability in a new neighbourhood. (4) Development of the Local SDGs Platform for information sharing to contribute to achieving the SDGs.

    Topic 03 – SOCIAL INCLUSION FOR LIVABLE SOCIETIES. Half the world’s population lives in cities, with the trend going up. This is accompanied by some predictions that due to the strong urbanization pace, cities will become more violent, unhealthy and socially exclusive.The built environment can play a role in creating more inclusive communities and societies. It can facilitate social inclusion, as well as community building based on mutual respect and solidarity. It can contribute to the creation of livable societies that require equal opportunities, decent living standards and valuable urban health & well-being for all, with diversity being seen as a source of strength.

  • 43. Brunklaus, Birgit
    Session Chair T4-7: Designing Sustainable Lifestyles: From Societal Structure to Personal Choices2019Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Session: In order to reach the sustainable development goals in society, both the choices of individuals and the societal structures to allow green and social living must be considered. The design of infrastructure, city management and public organizations set the frame for sustainable lifestyles, including compact living/housing, shared mobility, food and tourism. The design of sustainable lifestyles implies a range of actions, such as behavior change and nudging, business modelling and service design. This session will exemplify and discuss around these actions at different levels, including their environmental and social effects in a life cycle perspective. 

  • 44. Brunklaus, Birgit
    Session Chair TU 1 B: FUTURE SUSTAINABLE LIFESTYLES (Part 1): INDIVIDUAL CHOICES2021Conference proceedings (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Session: In order to reach sustainability goals in the future, green and social living must be considered. The design of infrastructure and city management set the frame for future sustainable lifestyles, including shared design of mobility and housing, or the need of a circular design for clothing and electronics. The design of sustainable lifestyles implies a range of actions, such as behavior change and nudging, business modelling and service design.  This session encourages using visual examples and digital aids to present future sustainable lifestyles. We will discuss future lifestyles including their environmental and social effects in a life cycle perspective. 

  • 45. Brunklaus, Birgit
    Session Chair TU 2B: FUTURE SUSTAINABLE LIFESTYLES (Part 2): URBAN STRUCTURE2021Conference proceedings (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Session: In order to reach sustainability goals in the future, green and social living must be considered. The design of infrastructure and city management set the frame for future sustainable lifestyles, including shared design of mobility and housing, or the need of a circular design for clothing and electronics. The design of sustainable lifestyles implies a range of actions, such as behavior change and nudging, business modelling and service design.  This session encourages using visual examples and digital aids to present future sustainable lifestyles. We will discuss future lifestyles including their environmental and social effects in a life cycle perspective. 

  • 46. Brunklaus, Birgit
    Using the Materiality Assessment and PSILCA database to identify and assess the Social and Governance issues for stakeholders along the value chain of new bio-based materials2020Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this work is to use S-LCA in early process development and value chain creation. In this paper we present the results from using Materiality Assessment and PSILCA database and give some reflections on how stakeholders in the value chain of new bio-based materials understand the results. The materiality assessment builds on reports from the Swedish forest industry, previous S-LCA studies on forestry products, and CSR reports from major investors.The number of times the social topics/indicators appeared in the reports was recorded and analysed in a materiality graph. The S-LCA results are presented in medium risk hours (MRH). Based on the feedback with the stakeholders along the value chain, it was difficult to grasp the meaning of Medium Risk Hours in relation to social impacts. Also, good care has to be taken when communicating results since social LCA is a rather unknown tool to the industries represented here. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Berlin, Johanna
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019).
    Falk, Petter
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    What can LCA learnfrom service design: User integration?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a sustainable society, the use of resources and climate issues needs to be reduced, and the introduction of services seems to be the solution in the new “service” economy. Similar to products, services are designed to fulfill costumer needs. However, customers are seldom involved in the design of products, while they are in the process of service design. Here we look at the leisure service sector to find method concepts for sustainable analysis (Berlin & Brunklaus 2016).

    So far, a literature study and LCA studies on services (Brunklaus 2016) like the opera and theatre (Algehed et al 2010), tourist (Brunklaus et al 2015), and film (Brunklaus et al 2015) has been performed using a producer and consumer perspective, which led to discussion about the reuse of scenes at the opera, and discussion about tourist packages and discussion about film production design. To get this even further, we have looked into the area of service design.

    The purpose of this project is to further develop the various LCA based methods (E-LCA, S-LCA, LCC) in order to integrate user into the design process. The questions are: What can the life cycle methodology learn from service design? What are the similarities and differences?

    The service design includes several parts: Prepare and define the problem, capture the service and user through ethograpichly oriented research tools, Understand the employee and the user, Improve the working process, and Renew the user function (SP service LABs 2016). The life cycle methodology includes also several parts: Goal and scope including the problem and the system of study, the Inventory includes the technical system and environmental or social or economic data, the Impact Assessment includes indicators, and the Interpretation includes technical solutions and hot spot analysis of various kinds (Bauman and Tillman 2004).

    The results show that the service design is developed close to the customer, including study visits and observation, which the life cycle methodology seems to lack. On the other hand the life cycle methodology gains in the well-structured goal and scope. In order to develop the life cycle methodology further we therefore recommend integrating the user more and focusing on the implementation and visualization, similar to Service design.

  • 48.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Börjesson, Emma
    City of Malmö, Sweden.
    Pedersen, Lisa
    City of Malmö, Sweden.
    Green and circular procurement in public organizations: From single use to reuse of furniture and prolonging lifetime of electronics2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The project aims to increase the knowledge of public organizations’ potential to increase the efficiency and circularity of their material flows through procurement, purchase procedures and behavioral change which benefit saving and sharing. The project will be implemented by the City of Malmö’s Environmental Department and Central Procurement Unit in cooperation with the research institute RISE. Through the project, the purchase and waste flows within the City of Malmö’s organization will be mapped and analyzed to identify possibilities for increased reuse, prolonged life/optimization of life and circular use of resources, focusing on a number of product categories to be chosen within the project. The chosen product categories and scenarios: from single use plastics to multiple use products, from procurement to reuse of furniture, prolonging lifetime of electronics (computer, mobile phones). Based on previous research, a consumption based LCA methodology for public organizations will be developed and applied for climate and resource use. Within the project the positive effects of circular procurement on resource use and climate impacts will be analyzed. The role of budget procedures for stimulating circular resource use will also be analyzed, with regards to barriers and possibilities for change. In addition, the project will investigate possibilities for using the saved resources for well-being of the City’s employees, or ordinary citizen., The results will be presented in a draft roadmap for circular economy for the City of Malmö.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation.
    Norling, Malin
    City of Malmö, Sweden.
    Börjesson, Emma
    City of Malmö, Sweden.
    Pedersen, Lisa
    City of Malmö, Sweden.
    Cirkular economy from theory to practice: Stop INeffective USe in the city of Malmö in Sweden2020In: World Sustainble Built Environment Conference - BEYOND 2020: The state of circular built environment  - value-chain perspective / [ed] Holger Wallbaum and Kristina Mjörnell, Gothenburg, 2020, Vol. 7th, article id D2_04_S2Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The project aims to increase the knowledge of public organization to increase the circularity of material flows through procurement procedures which benefit saving and sharing. The project is led by the City of Malmö’s Environmental Department together with the Procurement Department and research institute RISE. The purchase and waste flows are mapped and the barriers and possibilities in procedures are analyzed. In addition, the project will look into using the saved resources for well-being of the City’s employees, or ordinary citizen. The results will be presented in a draft roadmap for circular economy for the City of Malmö. 

    SINA is expected to contribute to society by increasing the economic, environmental and social sustainability of the City of Malmö’s operations, and inspire and facilitate for other public institutions to follow suit. The effect of circularity is measured in terms of climate change, resource use and social effects for municipalities and inhabitants.

    Through SINA, the purchase and waste flows within the City of Malmö’s organization will be mapped and analysed in order to identify possibilities for increased reuse and circular use of resources, focusing on a number of product categories to be chosen within the project. In addition, the project will look into if and how any means saved by improved resource use might be used for measures targeting the well-being of the City’s employees, or even the ordinary citizen. The results will be presented in a draft roadmap for circular economy for the City of Malmö. 

    The role of budget procedures for stimulating circular resource use are essential, also with regards to barriers and possibilities in the current system and the possibilities for change. So far the project has shown that central and standardized budget procedures is essential. Also the availability for data and statistics on city level is essential for mapping purchase and waste flows and to identify possibilities for increased reuse and circular use of resources. So far this is in line with our expectations, and the roadmap for circular economy for the city of Malmö will be dependent on statistics and the procedures within the city of Malmö need to be adopted for circular economy. 

    The lessons learnt are relevant for city management and practitioners in the circular economy. Also practitioner within the purchasing and waste management department are relevant. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Resources.
    Ordoñez, Isabel
    Elisava Barcelona School of Design and Engineering, Spain.
    Svärd, Lotta
    Semcon Sweden AB, Sweden.
    User centred design & energy efficient packaging collection infrastructure supporting circular future lifestyles2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The collection and recycling of packaging and life cycle assessments have traditionally been developed from a technical perspective, not including the actors in the chain. How recycling should be done depends on who you ask, and whether you look at the issue from an energy, material, legal or user-based perspective. FTI, the Packaging and Newspaper Collection organization is responsible for collecting these fractions and better material recirculation in Sweden's municipalities. They ensure that containers are emptied, that the collection points remain clean, that contents go to the right treatment, and that materials are recycled as much as possible. When recyclable materials end up in the wrong place, it causes problems leading to increased energy use in the life cycle. The ongoing project Tjårven, aims to reduce energy use in connection with packaging collection, as well as potential energy gains in the second stage of the packaging life cycle, by redesigning packaging collection from a user centred perspective. In order to show the energy use in the lifecycle and include the actors in the chain, an actor-based LCA method will be used. In order to redesign packaging collection from a user perspective, the design methods will start from users’ behaviour. The project includes a case study that intends to design a more energy efficient collection infrastructure and allowing for a better circularity and sustainable future lifestyle. The project also includes a literature study that will provide an overview of the current state-of-the-art of collection infrastructures, considering how energy efficient they are and how a circular lifestyle can contribute to future sustainable lifestyles.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
1234567 1 - 50 of 334
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf