Change search
Refine search result
1 - 8 of 8
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Englund, Maja
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Ljung, Emelie
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Pizzul, Leticia
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Läkemedel i källsorterade avloppsfraktioner - en kunskapssammanställning2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Systems with different source-separated toilet fractions (blackwater, fecal sludge and urine) can reduce the number of pharmaceuticals to the aquatic environment and at the same time allow circulation of nutrients. However, knowledge of the occurrence of pharmaceutical residues in source-separated toilet fractions is partly insufficient. There is also a lack of knowledge of how the different treatment processes effect the occurrence of pharmaceutical residues and if they are reduced or maintained thru different treatments. Knowledge of their faith in the environment is also limited, in terms of uptake in plants, degradation, transport and spreading.

    The purpose of this project was to gather current knowledge related to pharmaceutical residues in source-separated toilet fractions from both Sweden and internationally, to be able to identify prioritized research areas for the future. The project also aimed to describe how treatment of source-separated toilet fractions affects the levels of pharmaceutical residues in the final product.

    A review of literature was made, focusing on studies and research related to pharmaceutical residues in the different fractions. No analyzes have been carried out within this project. Data on the content of pharmaceutical residues in untreated and treated source-separated toilet fractions was collected from previous studies and summarized. The basis in the different studies varies a lot, which makes it difficult to compare the results of the content and reduction of pharmaceutical residues in the different source-separated toilet fractions.

    Most of the studies that was found treated pharmaceuticals residues in urine. Most of the treatment methods for urine are performed in lab scale while studies on blackwater are made on plants that are in operation today. For fecal sludge, only one study that treats pharmaceuticals residues has been found.

    Different treatment methods work differently on different types of pharmaceutical residues. For urine, there are studies with many different treatment techniques. Of those considered in this study, only ozone and UV-light have a broad effect and reduces most of the pharmaceutical residues that have been analyzed. Three treatment methods have been studied for blackwater. None of the methods reduced all pharmaceutical residues, but treatment with UASB reactor provided a good reduction as most pharmaceutical residues analyzed were reduced to about 60 %. For fecal sludge, most pharmaceutical residues were not affected by either mesophilic or thermophilic digestion.

    Most studies on pharmaceutical residues in the environment focus on aquatic systems and the information on how the pharmaceutical residues behave in the soil is limited - both in terms of degradation and content in growing crops. More research is needed in these areas.

    Pharmaceutical residues in source-separated toilet fractions are a complex area with several gaps of knowledge and more research is needed. Hopefully, this rapport contributes to an overview of some data and treatment processes and brings more knowledge into the area that simplifies decisions and prioritization of future research.

  • 2.
    Englund, Maja
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Ulinder, Elin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.
    Funktion hos markbaserade reningsanläggningari fält, komplettering2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This project, Function in small on-site soil and infiltration beds for wastewater treatment in field – competition, investigated the status of small on-site soil treatment systems (STS) for wastewater in field. The project is an extension of a former project, “Function in small on-site soil and infiltration beds for wastewater treatment in field” where 101 were inspected. Together with 56 inspections from this project there were a total of 157 filed inspections.

    The purpose of the study was to find out if there were any common problems in STS and to suggest if they could be prevented. This after that several projects pointed out the occurrence of functional problems, such as clogging and decreasing purification in STS. This study is a supplement to the prewires project to make the quantity more statistically safe (larger number of measurements) and more representative regarding the different conditions that may exist in Sweden.

    The result shows that 8% of the STS had very high levels of water (≥ 11 cm) and 9% had very high levels of sludge (≥ 5 cm) in the distribution pipes. There are indications of correlations between very high levels of water in the distribution pipe and high water levels in other parts of the plant, which suggest that the plant is not working as it should. High levels of water can also be connected to functional faults that have arisen from the comments observed in the field and noted in field protocols.  For very high levels of sludge, there are some indications of relationships of various malfunctions, however, these connections are not as clear. Slightly high levels of sludge (2–5 cm) and water (3–11 cm) do not seem to have as strong connection with malfunction.

    The study also indicates that greater water-loading installation, e.g. baths larger than 300 liters or water purification filters that rinse large amounts of water, should not be led to the STS, and that it is important that the plant is built according to the size specified in the permit. The statistical analysis carried out in the study also indicates that the age of the plant can be a "natural" cause for very high water levels.

    According to the SGU database, the groundwater levels during the time of inspections were much below normal or below normal (SGU 2018). Based on given criteria in the project, about 7% of the STS in the study did not meet the requirements of one meter between the distribution pipe and the groundwater. Due to unreliable control points for groundwater it was uncertain whether the requirements were met or not for 53% STS. Without a reliable control point, it is difficult to follow up the distance between the distribution pipe and the current groundwater level.

    It is important to remember that the performed inspections only provide a momentary-view of the STS and not the operation of the STS over time. Following some STS over a longer period would give a better picture of the function over time and a better idea of how sludge and water levels can vary in different parts and with different seasons. There are also no studies on how, for example, different levels of sludge and water in distribution pipes affect the purification process in the STS. This needs to be studied in the future to increase knowledge and provide guidance on what measures can be taken in different types of functional problems.

  • 3.
    Jakubowicz, Ignacy
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Skrifvars, Mikael
    Åkesson, Dan
    Boldizar, Antal
    Yarahmadi, Nazdaneh
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi.
    Enebro, Jonas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Kemi Material och Ytor, Polymer och fiber.
    Berlin, Johanna
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi.
    Royne, Frida
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi.
    Ericson, Mats
    Svensson, Mats
    Lindgren, Martina
    Guide för bioplaster: från tillverkning till återvinning2016Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Kazadi Mbamba, Christian
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Arnell, Magnus
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Svedin, Christer
    Scandinavian Biogas Fuels, Sweden.
    Ejlertsson, Jörgen
    Scandinavian Biogas Fuels, Sweden.
    Jeppsson, Ulf
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Anna
    Scandinavian Biogas Fuels, Sweden.
    Modelling Industrial Symbiosis of BiogasProduction and Industrial WastewaterTreatment Plants – A Review2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present-day treatment of pulp and paper mill effluents can be significantly improvedby incorporating biogas production in the context of industrial symbiosis. In this work anew industrial symbiosis concept is presented, the focus being on modelling it in view ofprocess optimization, design improvement and adoption by the pulp and paper industry.The concept consists of a first stage in which pulp and paper mills effluents are treatedby high-rate anaerobic digestion in external circulation sludge bed (ECSB) reactors toproduce biogas. In the second stage the removal of organic matter contained in thedigestate stream occurs through aerobic activated sludge treatment, aiming to achievemaximum sludge production with minimum aeration requirements. This sludge shouldin the case study then be co-digested with fish-waste silage to yield methane for energyproduction, nutrients-rich reject water that can be recycled to the activated sludgetreatment for optimum microbial activities and, production of nutrient rich soilamendment. The overall research aim is to develop a mathematical model that describesthe relevant process units and the dynamics of the different processes involving organicmatter removal, biogas production and nutrients release. The review overall finds thatan integrated model is required to simulate this concept and should include recentdevelopments in activated sludge, anaerobic digestion and physico-chemical modelling.

  • 5.
    Persson, Karin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials.
    Ahniyaz, Anwar
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials.
    Magnér, Jörgen
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Royen, Hugo
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Filipsson, Staffan
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    A Photocatalytic Membrane: for Treatment of Pharmaceuticals in Wastewater2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Toxic organics, pharmaceuticals and antibiotics are currently only partially or not at all removed from wastewater, as today’s wastewater treatment will only partly degrade those substances. Therefore, those substances will be found in the effluent from wastewater treatment plants and this can be a threat to both human health and aquatic species.

    Photocatalytic membranes show great promise as a method to combat the challenge of toxic organics in wastewater. The novel photocatalytic membrane developed in the project was shown to photocatalytically decompose organic compounds such as pharmaceutical residues and dyes in both tap water and treated effluent from a membrane bioreactor (MBR) wastewater treatment process. Several parameters affecting the affinity of the pharmaceuticals to the membrane surface, such as the hydrophobicity and pKa of the pharmaceuticals and the pH of the water, were shown to affect the efficacy of the removal.

    Finally, when irradiated with UV light the photocatalytic membrane showed promise of keeping high flux and reducing downtime by lengthening the cleaning cycle.

  • 6. Strömbom, S
    et al.
    Posner, Stefan
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Roos, Sandra
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF.
    Chemicals management in the textile sector: Dialogue between authorities, research institutes and retailers leading to concrete actions2015In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Life Cycle Management, 2015, p. 631-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Uhlin, Anders
    et al.
    RISE, Innventia.
    Danielsson, Sverker
    RISE, Innventia.
    Johansson, Therese
    Sivert, Åsa
    Membrane filtration of pulp mill effluents2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, IVF, Energi och miljö.
    Indikatorer för bedömning av miljöpåverkan2014Report (Other academic)
1 - 8 of 8
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
v. 2.35.7