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  • 1.
    Alklind Taylor, Anna-Sofia
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Nalin, Kajsa
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Holgersson, Jesper
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Gising, Andreas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Ferwerda, Bruce
    Jönköping university, Sweden.
    Chen, Lei
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Guardian Angel: Using Lighting Drones to Improve Traffic Safety, Sense of Security, and Comfort for Cyclists2023In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)Volume 14057 LNCS, Pages 209 - 223, Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH , 2023, Vol. 14057 LNCS, p. 209-223Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Active mobility, such as biking, faces a common challenge in Swedish municipalities due to the lack of adequate lighting during the dark winter months. Insufficient lighting infrastructure hinders individuals from choosing bicycles, despite the presence of well-maintained bike paths and a willingness to cycle. To address this issue, a project has been undertaken in the Swedish municipality of Skara for an alternative lighting solution using drones. A series of tests have been conducted based on drone prototypes developed for the selected bike paths. Participants were invited to cycle in darkness illuminated by drone lighting and share their mobility preferences and perception. This paper summarizes the users’ perception of drone lighting as an alternative to fixed lighting on bike paths, with a special focus on the impact on travel habits and the perceived sense of security and comfort. Most participants were regular cyclists who cited bad weather, time, and darkness as significant factors that deterred them from using bicycles more frequently, reducing their sense of security. With drone lighting, the participants appreciated the illumination’s moonlight-like quality and its ability to enhance their sense of security by illuminating the surroundings. On the technology side, they gave feedback on reducing the drone’s sound and addressing lighting stability issues. In summary, the test results showcase the potential of drone lighting as a viable alternative to traditional fixed lighting infrastructure, offering improved traffic safety, sense of security, and comfort. The results show the feasibility and effectiveness of this innovative approach, supporting transformation towards active and sustainable mobility, particularly in regions facing lighting challenges.

  • 2.
    Karlsson, Stefan
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Building Technology.
    Kozlowski, Marcin
    Lunds Tekniska Högskola, Sweden.
    Kinsella, David
    Lunds Tekniska Högskola, Sweden.
    Haller, Kristian
    Acoustic Agree AB, Sweden.
    Andersson, Sara
    Acoustic Agree AB, Sweden.
    Hellman, Fredrik
    Osby Glas AB, Sweden.
    Persson, Kent
    Lunds Tekniska Högskola, Sweden.
    Kvalitetshöjning av planglas: Icke-förstörande provning av glasets hållfasthet2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållfastheten och därmed kvaliteten på planglas varierar kraftigt beroende på förekomsten sprickor i glasets yta. Sprickorna fungerar som brottanvisningar vilket medför att man måste räkna med stora säkerhetsfaktorer då glas belastas i olika byggnadskonstruktioner. Trä som konstruktionsmaterial har en liknande problematik där man utvecklat virkessortering för att kvalitetsklassning. I den här förstudien har vi undersökt om det går att kvalitetsklassa planglas med hjälp av en oförstörande provningsmetod baserad på icke-linjärt ultraljud. Tre olika kantbearbetningar (A) dragen, (B) obehandlad och (C) polerad kant undersöktes i 4-punktsböjprovning med tre olika belastningshastigheter (0.6, 2 och 5mm/min) och kontinuerlig mätning av skadevärde med icke-linjärt ultraljud. Hållfastheten för de olika kantbearbetningar följer trenden (C) polerad > (A) dragen > (B) obehandlad  med avtagande hållfasthet. Som förväntat gav provningarna ett ökande skadevärde med en ökande last. Provningarna visade även att hållfastheten var lägre för lägre belastningshastigheter. Skadevärdet ökade mest för obehandlad kant vilket tyder på att det fanns en stor spricktillväxt medan lägst ökning gav polerad kant. Vi har även undersökt obehandlade brutna kanter med optiskt profilometri och i ljusmikroskop. Med ljusmikroskopi kunde vi linjärt korrelera kantskadans tjocklek till tjockleken på glaset. Luftsidan på planglas undersöktes med optisk profilometri och man fann tydliga skillnader i ytornas karakteristik. Skillnaderna är inte synliga för blotta ögat men de skulle kunna ge upphov till andra skillnader såsom t ex fuktkänslighet, mekanisk skärbarhet och hållfasthet. Sammanfattningsvis så finns det god potential för kvalitetsklassning av planglas men det kommer att behövas fler tester i ett större forskningsprojekt för att ta detta till marknaden. Marknadspotentialen är enorm med 80 miljoner ton planglas i marknadsbehov.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Kovacs, Peter
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Ollas, Patrik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Hemlin, Olleper
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy.
    Regelmässiga förutsättningar för takrenoveringar och solcellsinstallationer – en litteratursammanställning2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The report presents a two-piece literature summary summarizing incentives and regulatory barriers to the renovation of multi-family houses, as well as general regulations, policies and other conditions for installations of solar cell installations. For developers and suppliers with interest in roof renovation with solar cells, the report aims to provide a picture of the conditions for such actions. The overall picture is that there is a rapid positive development of incentives and regulations specifically for solar cells. Additionally, regulations for energy efficiency and environmental certification can motivate property owners to carry out such combined approach.

    This report complements the project report for project "Environmental Roofing - Solar Energy Redevelopment" (Energy Agency Project Number: 41857-1) and is available via E2B2's website - http://www.e2b2.se/.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Mueller, Urs
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Infrastructure and concrete technology.
    Mineralische Baustoffe: Untersuchen, Bewerten und Konservieren2021 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Um Denkmäler zu bewahren und Altbauten für eine zeitgemäße Nutzung instand zu setzen, sind Lösungen notwendig, die den Eigenschaften und dem Erhaltungszustand der Gebäude angepasst sind. Dazu ist ein Grundwissen über historische Baustoffe erforderlich. Reparaturmaterialien interagieren physikalisch und chemisch mit dem Bestand. Falsche Reparaturversuche können Schäden verschlimmern oder neue Schäden hervorrufen. Dieses Buch ist eine Baustoffkunde der seit Jahrtausenden gebräuchlichen Materialien Lehm, Kalk, Gips, Naturstein und Ziegel. Behandelt werden außerdem Zementmörtel und historische Betone sowie unterschiedliche Farben und Pigmente. Ein Kapitel ist dem Asbest gewidmet. Der Autor beschreibt die Geschichte der Entstehung oder Herstellung dieser Baustoffe, ihre stoffliche Zusammensetzung und die Materialeigenschaften. Ein wesentlicher Teil des Buches befasst sich mit naturwissenschaftlichen Grundlagen und Analysemethoden, mit denen Materialzusammensetzungen bestimmt und Schadensursachen aufgeklärt werden können. Dieses Grundwissen benötigen Planer, damit sie baustoffkundliche Untersuchungen gezielt beauftragen und fundierte Entscheidungen für Maßnahmen zum Schutz, zur Konservierung oder zur Instandsetzung treffen können. Das Buch ist Teil der Reihe »Erhalten historisch bedeutsamer Bauwerke - Empfehlungen für die Praxis«. Diese Buchreihe stellt in thematisch abgegrenzten Einzelbänden konzeptionell-entwurfliche und bautechnisch-konstruktive Methoden für einen behutsamen Umgang mit historischer Bausubstanz vor, bei dem Eingriffe auf das wirklich Notwendige beschränkt werden. Sie gründet auf einer gleichnamigen, vor genau 20 Jahren von Fritz Wenzel und Joachim Kleinmanns herausgegebenen Publikationsreihe, in der die Ergebnisse des Sonderforschungsbereichs 315 »Erhalten historisch bedeutsamer Bauwerke - Baugefüge, Konstruktionen, Werkstoffe« veröffentlicht wurden. 

  • 5. Petra, Steen
    et al.
    Landel, Pierre
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Building Technology.
    Erik, Dölerud
    Modvion, Sweden.
    Otto, Lundman
    Modvion, Sweden.
    Structural design methods for tall timber towers with large wind turbine2019In: International Conference on Computational Methods in Wood Mechanics – from Material Properties to Timber Structures. ECCOMAS Thematic Conference, June 17-19, 2019, Växjö, Sweden, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Stolen, Reidar
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire Research Norway.
    Fjellgaard Mikalsen, Ragni
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire Research Norway.
    Stensaas, Reidar
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire Research Norway.
    Solcelleteknologi og brannsikkerhet2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of photovoltaic (PV) technology in Norway is increasing. In this study, fire safety challenges of PV technology are studied. Fire ignition, fire spread and fire extinguishing are investigated. The study forms a knowledge base for safeguarding fire safety during assembly, operation and during firefighting efforts, and to form unified and clear regulations. The results show:

    Fire ignition: PV installations contain many electric connections which can be potential ignition sources, as well as a small volume of combustible materials. These provide everything needed to initiate a fire. It is important that all connections in a PV installation are robust and can withstand the stress they are exposed to throughout their lifetime, without causing malfunction that could cause a fire.

    Fire spread: For building attached photovoltaics, there are cavities between the module and the building. If there is a fire in this cavity, the produced heat could be trapped, which could lead to a more rapid and extensive fire spread than if the building surface were uncovered. In large scale tests with PV modules mounted on a roof covering, the fire spread under the whole area covered with modules, but stopped when approaching the edge. This demonstrates the importance of sectioning when mounting PV installations, to avoid fire spread to the whole roof. An option is to use materials with limited combustibility as roof covering below the PV module, to withstand the increased heat exposure from the PV modules. The cavity between module and building could potentially also alter the air flow along the building, which in turn could affect the fire spread.

    Firefighting: Firefighters need information on whether there is a PV installation in the building, and where there are electrical components. During firefighting efforts, the fire service must consider the danger of direct contact, and danger of arcs and other faults that could lead to new ignition points. Fresh water can be used as an extinguishing agent. This must be applied from at least 1 meter distance with spread beam and at least 5 meters distance with a focused beam. PV modules can complicate fire extinguishing as they represent a physical barrier between the fire fighter and the area to extinguish, and by creating areas which should be avoided due to danger of components with voltage. When these points are considered, building attached photovoltaics should not be a problem.

    Further work: For building attached photovoltaics, there is little research on vertical mounting (on facades), and on how changed fire dynamics could affect fire spread and extinguishing. Also, today there is an increasing use of building integrated photovoltaics, which could potentially give many new challenges for fire safety and for regulations, as these are a part of the building and at the same time electrical components. German statistics indicate that there is an increased fire risk for these types of installations, compared to building attached photovoltaics, making this an important focus area for further work.

    Download full text (pdf)
    RISE-rapport2018_31_Solcellete_Brann
1 - 6 of 6
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  • nn-NO
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