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  • 1.
    Aalberg, Asbjørn Lein
    et al.
    SINTEF Digital, Norway.
    Holen, Siri Mariane
    SINTEF Digital, Norway.
    Aamodt, Edvard
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety.
    Steen-Hansen, Anne Elise
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety. NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Preconditions for Learning from Fires in Norway: Structural, Cultural, Technological, Interactional and Relational Aspects2021In: Proceedings of the 31st European Safety and Reliability Conference, 2021, p. 1747-1754Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning from incidents is widely accepted as a core part of safety management. This is also true for fires – however few fires in Norway are investigated. Fires are interesting incidents conceptually due to their potential of devastating outcomes on material and human lives and because they happen across all sectors and industries, businesses, and homes. In Norway, several different actors play a role in investigating and learning from fires, from the fire rescue services to directorates and Non-Governmental Organisations. The present study seeks to understand the preconditions for learning from fires in Norway, with emphasis on the formal actors that play a role in preventing and mitigating fires. Methodologically, the study is based on qualitative interviews conducted with relevant actors from first responders, authorities, and other sectors. We found that there are structural, cultural, technological, and relational aspects that seem to influence learning from fires in Norway. The results were analyzed using thematic analysis and the Pentagon model framework. The findings are discussed in relation to theories from organisational learning and learning from incidents.

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  • 2.
    Abbasi, Shirin
    et al.
    Islamic Azad University, Iran.
    Rahmani, Amir
    National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Douliou, Taiwan.
    Balador, Ali
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Industrial Systems. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Sahafi, Amir
    Islamic Azad University, Iran.
    Internet of Vehicles: Architecture, services, and applications2021In: International Journal of Communication Systems, ISSN 1074-5351, E-ISSN 1099-1131, Vol. 34, no 10, article id e4793Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The connection between objects and information exchange has been possible in recent years, with the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) in different industries. We can meet different requirements in each industry utilizing this feature. Intelligent transportation uses the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) as a solution for communication among vehicles. It improves traffic management applications and services to guarantee safety on roads. We categorize services, applications, and architectures and propose a taxonomy for IoV. Then, we study open issues and challenges for future works. We highlighted applications and services due to drivers' requirements and nonfunctional requirements, considering the qualitative characteristic. This paper summarizes the current state of the IoV in architectures, services, and applications. It can be a start view to provide the solutions for challenges in traffic management in cities. The present study is beneficial for smart city developments and management. According to this paper's result, the services and applications evaluate performance with 34% frequency, safety and data accuracy, and security with a 13% frequency in selected papers. These measurements are essential due to the IoV characteristics such as real-time operation, accident avoidance in applications, and complicated user data management. 

  • 3.
    Borg, Markus
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, SICS.
    Olsson, Thomas
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, SICS.
    Franke, Ulrik
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, SICS.
    Assar, Saïd
    IMT Business School, Sweden.
    Digitalization of Swedish Government Agencies: Detailed Census Description and Analysis2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Software engineering is at the core of the digitalization of society. Ill-informed decisions can have major consequences, as made evident in the 2017 government crisis in Sweden, originating in a data breach caused by an outsourcing deal made by the Swedish Transport Agency. Many Government Agencies (GovAgs) in Sweden are rapidly undergoing a digital transition, thus it is important to overview how widespread, and mature, software development is in this part of the public sector. We present a software development census of Swedish GovAgs, complemented by document analysis and a survey. We show that 39.2% of the GovAgs develop software internally, some matching the number of developers in large companies. Our findings suggest that the development largely resembles private sector counterparts, and that established best practices are implemented. Still, we identify improvement potential in the areas of strategic sourcing, openness, collaboration across GovAgs, and quality requirements. The Swedish Government has announced the establishment of a new digitalization agency next year, and our hope is that the software engineering community will contribute its expertise with a clear voice.

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  • 4.
    Burden, Håkan
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria.
    Ohlin, Gunnar
    Lindholmen Science park, Sweden.
    Real-life Observations from Full Electric City Buses Utilising the Information Technology for Public Transport Specification2019Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 5.
    Chen, Lei
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Torstensson, Martin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Englund, Cristofer
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Federated Learning to Enable Automotive Collaborative Ecosystem: Opportunities and Challenges2020In: Proceedings of Virtual ITS European Congress, 2020, article id Paper number ITS-TP18524Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the strong interests in creating data economy, automotive industries are creating data silos with each stakeholder maintaining its own data cloud. Federated learning (FL), designed for privacy-preserving collaborative Machine Learning (ML), offers a promising method that allows multiple stakeholders to share information through ML models without the exposure of raw data, thus natively protecting privacy. Motivated by the strong need for automotive collaboration and the advancement of FL, this paper investigates how FL could enable privacy-preserving information sharing for automotive industries. We first introduce the statuses and challenges for automotive data sharing, followed by a brief introduction to FL. We then present a comprehensive discussion on potential applications of federated learning to enable an automotive collaborative ecosystem. To illustrate the benefits, we apply FL for driver action classification and demonstrate the potential for collaborative machine learning without data sharing.

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  • 6.
    Enerbäck, Oscar
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Malmsten Lundgren, Victor
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Alfredsson, Hampus
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Dolins, Sigma
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    S3 – Shared Shuttle Services: Fas 1 (2017-05-03 – 2019-12-31)2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    S3-projektet handlar om att testa delade, elektrifierade och automatiserade skyttelbussar för att demonstrera hur dessa nya transportlösningar kan stimulera och stödja en förtätning av staden.Inom projektet har stadsutvecklare, näringsliv, akademi och offentlig sektor samlats för att gemensamt utforma och prova nya mobilitetskoncept för den första- och sista kilometern av resan. Rapporten beskriver den första fasen av projektet, från maj 2017 till och med december 2019, där skyttelbussarna testats vid Lindholmen Science Park, Chalmers campus Johanneberg samt i Härryda centrum. För att stärka projektet har arbete även utförts kring kompletterande mobilitetstjänster, öppen innovation, utvärdering, affärsmodell, färdplan, molninfrastruktur samt event och kommunikation kopplat till initiativet. Efter utmanande processer av projektering och tillståndsansökan lyckades testerna genomföras på vad som av teknik- och fordonsleverantörerna ansågs vara den mest utmanande rutten i världen som dessa fordon hittills kört på. Samtidigt är mognadsgraden för teknik och helhetstjänst fortfarande relativt låg, och kombinerat med givna säkerhetsprioriteringar lämnas en del att önska vad gäller grundläggande parametrar som hastighet och komfort. Dessutom innebär nuvarande tillståndskrav på säkerhetsoperatör ombord på fordonen begränsningar vad gäller till exempel hållbara affärsmodeller och möjligheten att studera vissa användarförhållanden. Tack till medverkande parter och finansiärer med ett särskilt tack till Vinnova, Drive Sweden och Lindholmen Science Park som gjort detta projekt möjligt. Tack till Transportstyrelsen, Trafikkontoret, Polisen och Chalmersfastigheter för snabba beslutsvägar och till Atrium Ljungberg för lånet av garageplats. Slutligen önskar projektet rikta ett stort tack till samtliga som varit med och testat skyttlarna.

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  • 7.
    Juell-Skielse, Gustaf
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Hjalmarsson, Anders
    RISE, Swedish ICT, Viktoria.
    En verktygslåda för innovationstävlingar2014In: CIO Sweden, Vol. 2014, no Nov, p. 32-34Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att ordna tävlingar för utvecklare blir ett allt vanligare sätt att generera nya idéer. Ett svenskt projekt tar nu fram verktyg för dig som vill ordna en egen innovationstävling, och kartlägger fallgropar och motivationsfaktorer.

  • 8.
    Kihlander, Ingrid
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, System Transition and Service Innovation. Swedish Defence University, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Mats
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; LUISS Guido Carli University, Italy.
    Karlsson, Magnus
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Certification. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Critical Factors to Consider When Designing an Innovation Management System2024In: Research-Technology Management, Vol. 67, no 3, p. 34-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations can implement an innovation management system in order to address the multidimensional challenges they often have in their practical innovation work. Until the ISO 56002 standard was released in 2019, there was no international standard for the design of innovation management systems. The standard provides support as a framework and highlights important systems elements. We studied two early adopters that have used this international standard to design their innovation management systems. Based on the study findings, we devised a practical approach for framing the design of an innovation management system. The approach includes a set of steps and critical considerations that include understanding a company's innovation ambitions and direction, analyzing the systemic dimensions of the system (the elements and how they interconnect), and introducing a balanced set of control mechanisms.

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  • 9.
    Nilsson, Maria
    et al.
    RISE, Swedish ICT, Viktoria.
    Englund, Cristofer
    Amanuel, Mahdere
    On the usage of portable electronic devices: a qualiative study of cyclist behaviour2014In: International Cycling Safety, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Nordhoff, Sina
    et al.
    Delft University of Technology, Netherlands; EICT GmbH, Germany.
    Malmsten, Victor
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    van Arem, Bart
    Delft University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Liu, Peng
    Tianjin University, China.
    Happee, Riender
    Delft University of Technology, Netherlands.
    A structural equation modeling approach for the acceptance of driverless automated shuttles based on constructs from the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology and the Diffusion of Innovation Theory2021In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 78, p. 58-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated the attitudes and acceptance of automated shuttles in public transport among 340 individuals physically experiencing the automated shuttle ‘Emily’ from Easymile in a mixed traffic environment on the semi-public EUREF (Europäisches Energieforum) campus in Berlin. Automated vehicle acceptance was modelled as a function of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) constructs performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, and facilitating conditions, the Diffusion of Innovation Theory (DIT) constructs compatibility and trialability, as well as trust and automated shuttle sharing. The results show that after adding the DIT constructs, automated shuttle sharing, and trust to the model, the effect of performance expectancy on behavioural intention was no longer significant. Instead, compatibility with current travel was the strongest predictor of behavioural intention to use automated shuttles. It was further found that individuals who are willing to share rides in an automated shuttle with fellow travelers (i.e., automated shuttle sharing) and who trust automated shuttles (i.e., trust) are more likely to intend to use automated shuttles (i.e., behavioural intention). The highest mean rating was obtained for believing that automated shuttles are easy to use, while the lowest mean rating was obtained for feeling safe inside the automated shuttle without any type of supervision. The analysis revealed a preference for the supervision of the automated shuttle via an external control room to the supervision by a human steward onboard. We recommend future research to investigate the hypothesis that compatibility could serve as an even stronger predictor of the behavioural intention to use automated shuttles in public transport than performance expectancy. © 2021 The Author(s)

  • 11.
    Perez-Ramirez, Daniel F.
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Pérez-Penichet, Carlos
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    Tsiftes, Nicolas
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science.
    Voigt, Thiemo
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Kostic, Dejan
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Data Science. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Boman, Magnus
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    DeepGANTT: A Scalable Deep Learning Scheduler for Backscatter Networks2023In: IPSN '23: Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks / [ed] Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, United States, 2023, p. 163-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Novel backscatter communication techniques enable battery-free sensor tags to interoperate with unmodified standard IoT devices, extending a sensor network’s capabilities in a scalable manner. Without requiring additional dedicated infrastructure, the battery-free tags harvest energy from the environment, while the IoT devices provide them with the unmodulated carrier they need to communicate. A schedule coordinates the provision of carriers for the communications of battery-free devices with IoT nodes. Optimal carrier scheduling is an NP-hard problem that limits the scalability of network deployments. Thus, existing solutions waste energy and other valuable resources by scheduling the carriers suboptimally. We present DeepGANTT, a deep learning scheduler that leverages graph neural networks to efficiently provide near-optimal carrier scheduling. We train our scheduler with optimal schedules of relatively small networks obtained from a constraint optimization solver, achieving a performance within 3% of the optimum. Without the need to retrain, our scheduler generalizes to networks 6 × larger in the number of nodes and 10 × larger in the number of tags than those used for training. DeepGANTT breaks the scalability limitations of the optimal scheduler and reduces carrier utilization by up to compared to the state-of-the-art heuristic. As a consequence, our scheduler efficiently reduces energy and spectrum utilization in backscatter networks.

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  • 12.
    Roos, Sandra
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Posner, Stefan
    Stefan Posner AB, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Christina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production.
    Olsson, Elisabeth
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Chemistry, Biomaterials and Textiles.
    Linden, Hanna
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Schellenberger, Steffen
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Larsson, Mikael
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Hanning, Anne-Charlotte
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Product Realisation Methodology.
    Arvidsson, Rickard
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    A Function-Based Approach for Life Cycle Management of Chemicals in the Textile Industry2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 1273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumer products such as clothes and footwear sometimes contain chemical substances with properties that pose a risk to human health and the environment. These substances, restricted by law or company policy, are in focus for chemicals management processes by textile retailers. However, complex and non-transparent supply chains, and limited chemical knowledge, makes chemicals management challenging. Therefore, a function-based approach for life cycle management (LCM) of chemicals was developed, based on results of previous projects and evaluated using a two-step Delphi process. The resulting approach aims to help retailers identify and substitute hazardous substances in products, and consists of three parts: (i) a function-based chemicals management concept model for different levels of chemical information within the supply chain, (ii) tools for non-chemists which explain chemical information, and (iii) a continuous provision of knowledge to stakeholders (e.g., retailers) in a network. This approach is successfully implemented by over 100 retailers in the Nordic countries, providing the textile industry with practical and robust tools to manage and substitute hazardous chemicals in products and production processes. We conclude that the developed approach provides an explicit link, communication, and knowledge sharing between actors in the supply chain, which has proven important in chemicals LCM.

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  • 13.
    Santini, Marina
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, SICS.
    Jönsson, Arne
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, SICS. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Strandqvist, Wiktor
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, SICS. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Cederblad, Gustav
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Nyström, Mikael
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, SICS. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Alirezaie, Marjan
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Lind, Leili
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Prototyping Society. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Blomqvist, Eva
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), ICT, SICS. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Linden, Maria
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Kristoffersson, Annica
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Designing an Extensible Domain-Specific Web Corpus for “Layfication”: A Case Study in eCare at Home : Chapter 62019In: Cyber-Physical Systemsfor Social Applications / [ed] Maya Dimitrova and Hiroaki Wagatsuma, Hershey PA, USA 17033: Engineering Science Reference , 2019, p. 98-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the era of data-driven science, corpus-based language technology is an essential part of cyber physicalsystems. In this chapter, the authors describe the design and the development of an extensible domainspecificweb corpus to be used in a distributed social application for the care of the elderly at home.The domain of interest is the medical field of chronic diseases. The corpus is conceived as a flexible andextensible textual resource, where additional documents and additional languages will be appendedover time. The main purpose of the corpus is to be used for building and training language technologyapplications for the “layfication” of the specialized medical jargon. “Layfication” refers to the automaticidentification of more intuitive linguistic expressions that can help laypeople (e.g., patients, familycaregivers, and home care aides) understand medical terms, which often appear opaque. Exploratoryexperiments are presented and discussed.

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  • 14.
    Sashiko, Muto
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Rudmark, Daniel
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Östling, Alina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    En jämförande analys av Mobility Data Specification och alternativa standarder - lärdomar för det svenska transportsystemet2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A comparative analysis of the Mobility Data Specification and alternative standards - lessons learned for the Swedish transport system

    Previous research results show that Mobility Data Specification (MDS) has been developed and widely spread in a relatively short time, and that the use of MDS has helped cities implement regulatory issues relating to e-scooters and also created business opportunities for external software developers (Rudmark et al., 2023). The main purpose of this report is to, through comparative analysis, further explore and evaluate which success factors can explain OMF/MDS's quick results and to make recommendations for the Swedish transport system based on the analysis. Special consideration is also given to how the EU's delegated acts relate to the various standards. The report builds further on results from previous research within the project (Rudmark, 2022a, 2022b; Rudmark et al., 2023). In addition, a number of supplementary interviews have been conducted with individuals with experience from NeTEx, MDS and NOPTIS.

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  • 15.
    Schade, Jutta
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019), Built Environment, Building Technology.
    Mukkavaara, Jani
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Brunklaus, Birgit
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden (2017-2019).
    Greenhouse gas emission and sustainability of green roofs and storm water system on a district level: Comparisons with a lifecycle perspective2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To reach the climate targets in the future, it is important to verify that materials and technologies used for constructions are sustainable and have a minimal environmental impact. The goal of the project was to add a broad life cycle perspective for quantify energy and greenhouse gas emission, from upstream flow of the construction process and the operational phase by including buildings and storm water system on a district level. The hypothesis was that green roof might have a higher impact on the greenhouse gas emission as more material is needed compare to a standard roof. But in return green roofs reduce and retain stormwater which may reduce the risk for hydraulic overloading in connected stormwater systems. This may lead to reduced greenhouse gas emission if an upgrade of existing systems is not necessary. To evaluate this complex issue a framework was developed combining construction modelling, energy simulation, water system modelling and life cycle assessment. The result of this theoretical study indicates that green roofs reduce and retain stormwater, but in most cases not sufficient to reduce the risk for hydraulic overloading in connected stormwater systems. Furthermore, the energy benefits of the green roof compare to conventional roof on a high isolated roof in the Nordic climate are negligible. The results demonstrated that green roofs should be not solely implemented for reduce and retain of stormwater and for energy reduction in the Nordic climate. Moreover, green roofs should be implemented by considering other sustainable benefit, such as urban air quality, water run off quality, reducing urban heat island effects and preventing noise pollution.

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  • 16.
    Varga, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters, Sweden.
    Brynielsson, Joel
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden; FOI Swedish Defence Research Agency, Sweden.
    Franke, Ulrik
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Cyber-threat perception and risk management in the Swedish financial sector2021In: Computers & security (Print), ISSN 0167-4048, E-ISSN 1872-6208, Vol. 105, article id 102239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The financial sector relies heavily on information systems for business. This study sets out to investigate cyber situational awareness in the financial sector in Sweden, by examining what information elements that are needed for a common operational picture, and exploring how key actors perceive cyber-threats. Data was collected through a survey and a series of interviews with key actors in the sector in conjunction with a national level crisis management exercise. The data was then analyzed and contrasted to theory. Conclusions were drawn and results discussed. Finally, possible mitigation actions were suggested. It was found that actors in the Swedish financial sector have a well developed crisis management working concept. However, information about rational adversaries that cause prolonged disturbances is possibly not collected, analyzed and utilized systematically. Much effort is put into ensuring that timely and relevant information from organizations is shared in an efficient manner. The sector perceives cyber-threats against the underlying financial infrastructure, as well as for IT-service availability and data confidentiality, besides financial theft. The sector has particular concerns for the potential of reputational loss due to cyberattacks. There are also special concerns about the insider threat. Respondents agree that riskmanagement has to account for cyber risk. A possible route to enhance risk management practices is to ensure that cyber personnel are integrated in crisis management teams. © 2021

  • 17.
    Östling, Alina
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Rudmark, Daniel
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.
    Mobility Data Specification (MDS)2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, e-scooters have become increasingly common in cities around the world, and municipalities have been working with digital solutions to regulate and monitor their use. The Mobility Data Specification (MDS) is one such standard that many cities use to establish a digital infrastructure for electric scooters. MDS has helped cities with regulatory issues and created business opportunities for outside software developers. This report has particularly focused on business models and ecosystems, semantic interoperability, information security and privacy protection, and data ownership under MDS.

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