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Enhancing the bioactivity of zirconia and zirconia composites by surface modification
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
Chalmers University of Technology.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4860-8763
2012 (English)In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B - Applied biomaterials, ISSN 1552-4973, E-ISSN 1552-4981, Vol. 100 B, no 3, 832-840 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Among bioceramics, zirconia (ZrO 2) and alumina (Al 2O 3) possess exceptional mechanical properties suitable for load-bearing and wear-resistant applications but the poor bioactivity of these materials is the major concern when bonding and integration to the living bone are desired. This article investigates two different approaches and their underlying mechanisms to improve the bioactivity of zirconia (3Y-TZP) and a zirconia composite with alumina (10Ce-TZP/Al 2O 3). Chemical treatment approach applied on 3Y-TZP where the substrates were soaked in 5M H 3PO 4 to create chemically functional groups on the surface for inducing apatite nucleation. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to detect chemical changes and X-ray diffraction (XRD) to monitor phase changes on the surface before and after acid treatment. Alternate soaking approach applied on 10Ce-TZP/Al 2O 3 consisted of soaking the composite substrates in CaCl 2 and Na 2HPO 4 solutions alternately to make a precursor for apatite formation. The bioactivity was evaluated by apatite-forming ability of surface-treated materials in simulated body fluid (SBF). Both methods resulted in the formation of hydroxyapatite on the surface of materials; however, alternate soaking approach showed to be a simpler, faster, and more effective method than the chemical treatment approach for enhancing the bioactivity of zirconia materials. © 2012 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 100 B, no 3, 832-840 p.
Keyword [en]
aging, alternate soaking, alumina, bioactivity, surface modification, zirconia
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-13352DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.32647Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84858076126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-13352DiVA: diva2:973558
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved

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