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Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in consumer products in Norway - A pilot study
NILU.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF, Energi och miljö.
2012 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 88, no 8, p. 980-987Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are used in numerous industrial and consumer products because of their special chemical properties, for instance the ability to repel both water and oil. A broad variety of PFAS have been introduced into the Norwegian market through industrial use (e.g. via fire fighting foams and paints) as well as in treated customer products such as textiles and coated paper. Our present knowledge of the exact chemical PFAS compositions in preparations using perfluorinated compounds is limited. This lack of knowledge means that it is difficult to provide an accurate assessment of human exposure to these compounds or to the amount of waste that may contain treated products. It is a growing concern that these potentially harmful compounds can now be found throughout the global environment.Samples of consumer products and preparations were collected in Norway, with supplemental samples from Sweden. In 27 of the 30 analyzed consumer products and preparations a number of polyfluorinated substances that were analyzed were detected but this does not exclude the occurrence of unknown PFAS. Notable was that perfluorooctanesulphonate (PFOS), which has been strictly regulated in Norway since 2007, was found in amounts close to or exceeding the EU regulatory level in 4 of the 30 analyzed products, all within the leather or carpet product groups. High amounts of fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) were found in waterproofing agents, carpets and textiles, consistent with earlier findings by Fiedler et al. (2010). The presence of PFAS in a broad range of consumer products can give rise to a constant diffuse human exposure that might eventually result in harm to humans. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 88, no 8, p. 980-987
Keywords [en]
Consumer products, Human exposure, Norway, Perfluorinated compounds, PFOA, PFOS
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-13347DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.03.035Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84861933974OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-13347DiVA, id: diva2:973553
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22 Last updated: 2017-08-03Bibliographically approved

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