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Micromorphology, moisture sorption and mechanical properties of a biocomposite based on acetylated wood particles and cellulose ester
KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
IFP Research.
RISE, Swerea, Swerea SICOMP.
SP Trätek Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2007 (English)In: Wood Material Science & Engineering, ISSN 1748-0272, E-ISSN 1748-0280, Vol. 2, 106-117 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

One of the major issues in a long-term perspective for the use of wood-plastic composites (WPCs) in outdoor applications is the moisture sensitivity of the wood component and the consequent dimensional instability and susceptibility to biological degradation of the composite. In this work, the effects of using an acetylated wood component and a cellulose ester as matrix on the micromorphology, mechanical performance and moisture uptake of injection-moulded WPCs have been studied. Composites based on unmodified and acetylated wood particles, specially designed with a length-to-width ratio of about 5-7, combined with both cellulose acetate propionate (CAP) and polypropylene (PP) matrices were studied. The size and shape of the wood particles were studied before and after the processing using light microscopy, and the micromorphology of the composites was studied using a newly developed surface preparation technique based on ultraviolet laser irradiation combined with low-vacuum scanning electron microscopy (LV-SEM). The water vapour sorption in the composites and the effect of accelerated weathering were measured using thin samples which were allowed to reach equilibrium moisture content (EMC). The length-to-diameter ratio was only slightly decreased for the acetylated particles after compounding and injection moulding, although both the unmodified and the acetylated particles were smaller in size after the processing steps. The tensile strength was about 40% higher for the composite based on acetylated wood than for the composite with unmodified wood using either CAP or PP as matrix, whereas the notched impact strength of the composite based on acetylated wood was about 20% lower than those of the corresponding unmodified composites. The sorption experiments showed that the EMC was 50% lower in the composites with an acetylated wood component than in the composites with an unmodified wood component. The choice of matrix material strongly affected the moisture absorptivity of the WPC. The composites with CAP as matrix gained moisture more rapidly than the composites with PP as matrix. It was also found that accelerated ageing in a Weather-Ometer® significantly increased the moisture sensitivity of the PP-based composites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 2, 106-117 p.
Keyword [en]
Acetylation, Cellulose acetate propionate, Mechanical performance, Micromorphology, Moisture sorption, UV excimer laser, Wood-plastic composite
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-13190DOI: 10.1080/17480270801906175OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-13190DiVA: diva2:973386
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22Bibliographically approved

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