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Mechanical performance and modelling of a fully recycled modified CF/PP composite
RISE, Swerea, Swerea SICOMP.
RISE, Swerea, Swerea SICOMP.
RISE, Swerea, Swerea SICOMP.
2012 (English)In: Journal of composite materials, ISSN 0021-9983, E-ISSN 1530-793X, Vol. 46, no 12, 1503-1517 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A fully recycled carbon fiber reinforced maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP)-modified polypropylene (rCF/rPP) composite material has been developed and characterized. This new composite was manufactured employing papermaking principles, dispersing the recycled carbon fibers (rCF) in water, and forming them into mats. Two layers of the recycled polypropylene (rPP) films manufactured using press-forming were sandwiched between three rCF preform layers in a stack. The stack was heated and press-formed resulting in a composite plate with a nominal thickness of 1.20 mm and a fiber volume fraction of 40%. A series of tensile tests using rectangular specimens cut in four different directions (0°, 90°, ± 45°) in the composite plate were performed to confirm in-plane material isotropy. Models to predict stiffness and strength of the short fiber rCF/rPP composite were also employed and validated using experiments. The models were found to be in good agreement with experimental results. Fiber length distribution measurements were performed before (unprocessed) and after (processed) composite manufacturing to investigate the influence of processing on fiber degradation. The results revealed a significant reduction in fiber length by the press-forming operation. To model the viscoelastic and viscoplastic responses of the composite an inelastic material model was employed and characterized using a series of creep and recovery tests. From the creep tests, it was found that the time and stress dependence of viscoplastic strains follows a power law. The viscoelastic response of the composite was found to be linear in the investigated stress range. The material model was validated in constant stress rate tensile tests and the agreement was good, even close to the rupture stress. © The Author(s) 2011.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 46, no 12, 1503-1517 p.
Keyword [en]
carbon fiber, mechanical properties, polymer-matrix composites (PMCs), polypropylene, Recycling
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-13165DOI: 10.1177/0021998311423860OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-13165DiVA: diva2:973361
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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