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Influence of phosphorus on the creep ductility of copper
RISE, Swerea, Swerea KIMAB.
RISE, Swerea, Swerea KIMAB.
2013 (English)In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, ISSN 0022-3115, E-ISSN 1873-4820, Vol. 441, 364-371 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Around 1990 it was discovered that pure copper could have extra low creep ductility in the temperature interval 180-250 C. The material was intended for use in canisters for nuclear waste disposal. Although extra low creep ductility was not observed much below 180 C and the temperature in the canister will never exceed 100 C, it was feared that the creep ductility could reach low values at lower temperatures after long term exposure. If 50 ppm phosphorus was added to the copper the low creep ductility disappeared. A creep cavitation model is presented that can quantitatively describe the cavitation behaviour in uniaxial and multiaxial creep tests as well as the observed creep ductility for copper with and without phosphorus. A so-called double ledge model has been introduced that demonstrates why the nucleation rate of creep cavities is often proportional to the creep rate. The phosphorus agglomerates at the grain boundaries and limits their local deformation and thereby reduces the formation and growth of cavities. This explains why extra low creep ductility does not occur in phosphorus alloyed copper. © 2013 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 441, 364-371 p.
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-12814DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.06.020Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84880311552OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-12814DiVA: diva2:973007
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22Bibliographically approved

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