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Thermodynamics and kinetics of the modification of Al2O3 inclusions
MEFOS − Stiftelsen för Metallurgisk Forskning.
MEFOS − Stiftelsen för Metallurgisk Forskning.
Ovako Steel AB.
1996 (English)In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559, E-ISSN 1347-5460, Vol. 36, no SUPPL., S105-S108 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The use of thermodynamic data in describing calcium modification of aluminium oxide inclusions has been summarised and reviewed. The majority of the published Al-S equilibrium diagrams, based on the following reaction: 3CaO+3S+2Al=3CaS+Al2O3, vary significantly due to different sources for thermodynamic data, especially for the activity of CaO and Al2O3. Using ThermoCalc, the activities of CaO and Al2O3 have been calculated and compared to the published data. Calculations in the present work pertaining to the molten range of the system are in good agreement with the most recently published experimental data of Fujisawa et al.7) Based on the assessed thermodynamic data and observed phenomena during calcium modification of inclusions in steel melts of moderate sulphur content, a model for alumina modification by calcium treatment has been developed. According to the model, the reactions progress by the following sequence until the activity of Al2O3 becomes so low that precipitation of CaS occurs: Al2O3⇒CA6⇒CA 2⇒CA⇒CAx(liquid). © 1996 ISIJ.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 36, no SUPPL., S105-S108 p.
Keyword [en]
Ca treatment, Clean steel, Inclusion
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-12749Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0000508395OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-12749DiVA: diva2:972941
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22Bibliographically approved

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