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Thermogravimetric study on carbothermic reduction of chromite ore under non-isothermal conditions
RISE, Swerea, Swerea MEFOS.
RISE, Swerea, Swerea MEFOS.
Luleå University of Technology.
Luleå University of Technology.
2015 (English)In: Ironmaking & steelmaking, ISSN 0301-9233, E-ISSN 1743-2812, Vol. 42, no 6, 409-416 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, the reduction of chromite ore by coke was investigated by means of thermogravimetric analysis under non-isothermal conditions (from room temperature to 1823 K). The fractional reduced samples were examined by SEM/EDS and X-ray diffraction analyses. The experimental results showed that the reduction of iron in the chromite ore started before that of chromium in the ore, and the reduction of chromium and iron in the ore overlapped to some degree. Chromium iron carbide (Cr,Fe)7C3, was found to be the intermediate phase during the reduction, and a chromium gradient was found in the spinel phase of the fractional reduced sample at 1673 K. A four-stage reduction process was proposed: one stage involving the reduction of iron in the chromite ore and three stages involving the reduction of chromium in the ore. The activity aspects of component FeCr2O4 and component MgCr2O4 in the chromite ore were considered. The difficulty in the reduction of the chromite ore is attributed to the fact that, as the reduction proceeds, the activity of the component MgCr2O4 in the fractional reduced ore will decrease to a very low level, which makes further reduction very difficult. © 2015 Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 42, no 6, 409-416 p.
Keyword [en]
Carbothermic reduction, Chromite ore, Direct alloying, Thermogravimetric analysis
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-12643DOI: 10.1179/1743281214Y.0000000243Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84940102737OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-12643DiVA: diva2:972835
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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