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Wood pulp fibres and nanocellulose: Characterization and application in biocomposite materials
RISE, Innventia, PFI – Paper and Fiber Research Institute.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6183-2017
RISE, Innventia, PFI – Paper and Fiber Research Institute.
RISE, Innventia, PFI – Paper and Fiber Research Institute.
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A composite can be defined as a material composed of two or more components having distinct morphology and chemistry, and giving synergetic effects. In this paper the term biocomposite is used, referring to i) a material having at least one bio-component (e.g. wood pulp fibres and nanofibrils) or ii) biomaterials intended for biomedical applications. The utilization of wood pulp fibres in composite materials has gained major interest during the last years. There are various wood pulp fibres that can be used as reinforcement in composites, e.g. thermo-mechanical pulp (TMP), chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp (CTMP) and kraft pulp fibres. Depending on the pulping process (TMP, CTMP or kraft pulp), the pulp fibres differ greatly with respect to the fibre morphology and chemistry. Kraft pulp fibres have been one of the most used raw materials for producing nanocellulose. Nanocellulose from wood refers to various cellulose nano-materials such as cellulose nanocrystals and nanofibrillated cellulose. Nanofibrillated cellulose is composed of a major fraction of structurally homogeneous nanofibrils having typical widths in the nanometre scale and lengths in the micrometre scale. Wood pulp fibres and nanofibrils have been proposed as reinforcement in composite materials. Some of the major motivations have been the potential improvements by using fibres and nanofibrillated materials with respect to e.g. strength, biodegradability and functionality. The purpose of the present work is to review some advances in biocomposite research and development, including three focus areas; structured biocomposites, flexible biocomposites and biomaterials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Composite Science and Engineering Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-9670OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-9670DiVA: diva2:968423
Conference
22nd, Int. Conference on composites or nano engineering, 13-19 July 2014, Malta.
Available from: 2016-09-12 Created: 2016-09-12 Last updated: 2016-10-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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