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Fenton reagents may not initiate lipid peroxidation in an emulsified linoleic acid model system
SIK – Institutet för livsmedelsforskning.
1992 (English)In: Free Radical Biology & Medicine, ISSN 0891-5849, E-ISSN 1873-4596, Vol. 13, no 5, 543-556 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study includes two parts. First, the Fe2+ autooxidation and chelation processes in the presence of the chelators ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) were studied by measuring UV light absorbance alterations. Competition for Fe3+ between chelators and water or phosphate buffer (PB) ions was confirmed. The addition of EDTA or DTPA to Fe3+ in water or PB only slowly turned the water/PB-Fe3+ complexes to EDTA-Fe3+ or DTPA-Fe3+ complexes. In the second part of this study, the initiation mechanisms of Tween 20 emulsified linoleic acid peroxidation under stimulation by chelator-Fe-O2 complexes were studied by measuring changes in UV light absorbance following diene conjugation. Fe3+ in the presence of EDTA or DTPA did not stimulate diene conjugation. Fe2+ (0.10 mM) and EDTA (0.11 mM) stimulated diene conjugation of the linoleic acid emulsion, but only after apparent Fe2+ autooxidation. Fe2+ and DTPA, as well as premixed DTPA-Fe2+ complex, resulted in very fast diene conjugation in a wide range of concentrations. A nonlinear, mainly square root relation between Fe2+ concentration and peroxidation rate was noted. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and mannitol did not prevent the lipid peroxidation. H2O2 substantially decreased the DTPA-Fe2+ stimulated, otherwise rapid, diene conjugation but slightly enhanced the slower one stimulated by EDTA-Fe2+. Without ambient oxygen, Fenton reagents did not result in 'H abstraction-related diene conjugation. The findings suggest that 'OH resulting from Fenton reagents may not be the main cause for the initiation of peroxidation in this model system. Furthermore, a study with different combinations of Fe2+ and Fe3+ did not support the Fe2+/Fe3+ (1:1) optimum ratio hypothesis. We therefore conclude that perferryl ions or chelator-Fe-O2 complexes may be responsible for the first-chain initiation 2 of lipid peroxidation, at least in this model system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1992. Vol. 13, no 5, 543-556 p.
Keyword [en]
Food Engineering
Keyword [sv]
Livsmedelsteknik
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-8676PubMedID: 1459478OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-8676DiVA: diva2:966549
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08Bibliographically approved

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