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Influence from fuel type on the performance of an air-blown cyclone gasifier
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energy Technology Center.
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energy Technology Center.
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2014 (English)In: Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, E-ISSN 1873-7153, Vol. 116, p. 751-759Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Entrained flow gasification of biomass using the cyclone principle has been proposed in combination with a gas engine as a method for combined heat and power production in small to medium scale (<20 MW). This type of gasifier also has the potential to operate using ash rich fuels since the reactor temperature is lower than the ash melting temperature and the ash can be separated after being collected at the bottom of the cyclone. The purpose of this work was to assess the fuel flexibility of cyclone gasification by performing tests with five different types of fuels; torrefied spruce, peat, rice husk, bark and wood. All of the fuels were dried to below 15% moisture content and milled to a powder with a maximum particle size of around 1 mm. The experiments were carried out in a 500 kWth pilot gasifier with a 3-step gas cleaning process consisting of a multi-cyclone for removal of coarse particles, a bio-scrubber for tar removal and a wet electrostatic precipitator for removal of fine particles and droplets from the oil scrubber (aerosols). The lower heating value (LHV) of the clean producer gas was 4.09, 4.54, 4.84 and 4.57 MJ/Nm3 for peat, rice husk, bark and wood, respectively, at a fuel load of 400 kW and an equivalence ratio of 0.27. Torrefied fuel was gasified at an equivalence ratio of 0.2 which resulted in a LHV of 5.75 MJ/Nm3 which can be compared to 5.50 MJ/Nm3 for wood powder that was gasified at the same equivalence ratio. A particle sampling system was designed in order to collect ultrafine particles upstream and downstream the gasifier cleaning device. The results revealed that the gas cleaning successfully removed >99.9% of the particulate matter smaller than 1 μm. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 116, p. 751-759
Keywords [en]
Biomass, Cyclone gasification, Electrostatic precipitator, Multi-cyclone, Scrubber
Keywords [sv]
Energiteknik
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-6943DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.08.008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84884801889OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-6943DiVA, id: diva2:964798
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved

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