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Ventilation strategies and indoor particulate matter in a classroom
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi ).
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 168-175Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Particle mass and number concentrations were measured in a mechanically ventilated classroom as part of a study of ventilation strategies for energy conservation. The ventilation system was operated either continuously, intermittently, or shut down during nights while it was on during workdays. It appears that the nighttime ventilation scheme is not important for indoor particle concentrations the following day if fans are operated to give five air exchanges in advance of the workday. The highest concentrations of PM10 were found during and after workdays and were due to human activity in the classroom. The average workday PM10 concentration was 14 μg/m(3) , well below the WHO guideline values. The number concentration of particles with diameter <0.750 μm was typically between 0.5 × 10(3) and 3.5 × 10(3)  particle/cm(3) . These concentrations were largely independent of the occupants. Transient formation of small particles was observed when ventilation was shut down. Then remaining ozone reacted with terpenes emitted by indoor sources and gave up to 8 × 10(3)  particle/cm(3) before formation stopped due to lack of ozone. The intermittent ventilation regime was found least favorable for the indoor air quality in the classroom.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 25, no 2, p. 168-175
Keywords [en]
Aerosol, Human occupancy, Indoor air chemistry, PM 10, School, Submicron particles
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-6786DOI: 10.1111/ina.12133PubMedID: 24920172Local ID: 23539OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-6786DiVA, id: diva2:964626
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08 Last updated: 2019-07-09Bibliographically approved

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SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Byggnadsfysik och innemiljö (ETi )SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut
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