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Using measurement uncertainty in decision-making & conformity assessment
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Mätteknik.
2014 (English)In: Metrologia, ISSN 0026-1394, E-ISSN 1681-7575, Vol. 51, S206-S218 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Measurements often provide an objective basis for making decisions, perhaps when assessing whether a product conforms to requirements or whether one set of measurements differs significantly from another. There is increasing appreciation of the need to account for the role of measurement uncertainty when making decisions, so that a 'fit-for-purpose' level of measurement effort can be set prior to performing a given task. Better mutual understanding between the metrologist and those ordering such tasks about the significance and limitations of the measurements when making decisions of conformance will be especially useful. Decisions of conformity are, however, currently made in many important application areas, such as when addressing the grand challenges (energy, health, etc), without a clear and harmonized basis for sharing the risks that arise from measurement uncertainty between the consumer, supplier and third parties. In reviewing, in this paper, the state of the art of the use of uncertainty evaluation in conformity assessment and decision-making, two aspects in particular—the handling of qualitative observations and of impact—are considered key to bringing more order to the present diverse rules of thumb of more or less arbitrary limits on measurement uncertainty and percentage risk in the field. (i) Decisions of conformity can be made on a more or less quantitative basis—referred in statistical acceptance sampling as by 'variable' or by 'attribute' (i.e. go/no-go decisions)—depending on the resources available or indeed whether a full quantitative judgment is needed or not. There is, therefore, an intimate relation between decision-making, relating objects to each other in terms of comparative or merely qualitative concepts, and nominal and ordinal properties. (ii) Adding measures of impact, such as the costs of incorrect decisions, can give more objective and more readily appreciated bases for decisions for all parties concerned. Such costs are associated with a variety of consequences, such as unnecessary re-manufacturing by the supplier as well as various consequences for the customer, arising from incorrect measures of quantity, poor product performance and so on.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 51, S206-S218 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-6619Local ID: 16513OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-6619DiVA: diva2:964458
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08 Last updated: 2017-01-31Bibliographically approved

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