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Video quality of video professionals for Video Assisted Referee (VAR)
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Industrial Systems. Mid Sweden University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5060-9402
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Industrial Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9971-2432
FIFA Fédération Internationale de Football Association, Switzerland.
FIFA Fédération Internationale de Football Association, Switzerland.
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2023 (English)In: IS and T International Symposium on Electronic Imaging Science and Technology, ISSN 2470-1173, Vol. 35, no 10, article id 259Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Changes in the footballing world’s approach to technology and innovation contributed to the decision by the International Football Association Board to introduce Video Assistant Referees (VAR). The change meant that under strict protocols referees could use video replays to review decisions in the event of a "clear and obvious error" or a "serious missed incident". This led to the need by Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) to develop methods for quality control of the VAR-systems, which was done in collaboration with RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB. One of the important aspects is the video quality. The novelty of this study is that it has performed a user study specifically targeting video experts i.e., to measure the perceived quality of video professionals working with video production as their main occupation. An experiment was performed involving 25 video experts. In addition, six video quality models have been benchmarked against the user data and evaluated to show which of the models could provide the best predictions of perceived quality for this application. Video Quality Metric for variable frame delay (VQM_VFD) had the best performance for both formats, followed by Video Multimethod Assessment Fusion (VMAF) and VQM General model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society for Imaging Science and Technology , 2023. Vol. 35, no 10, article id 259
Keywords [en]
Sports; Value engineering; Federation internationale de football associations; Perceived quality; Quality modeling; Quality of videos; Research institutes; User data; User study; Video production; Video quality; Video quality metric; Quality control
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-66714DOI: 10.2352/EI.2023.35.10.HVEI-259Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85169574220OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-66714DiVA, id: diva2:1798838
Conference
IS and T International Symposium on Electronic Imaging: Human Vision and Electronic Imaging, HVEI 2023. San Francisco, USA. 15 January 2023 through 19 January 2023
Note

This work was mainly funded by Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) and partly supported by the Sweden´s Innovation Agency (VINNOVA, dnr. 2021-02107) through the Celtic-Next project IMMINENCE (C2020/2-2) as well as RISE internal funding. 

Available from: 2023-09-20 Created: 2023-09-20 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Brunnström, KjellDjupsjöbacka, AndersAndrén, BörjeOzolins, Oskars

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