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COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE PROSPECTS FOR DIFFERENT BIOFUELS AND ELECTROFUELS FROM FOREST RESIDUES-STRATEGIES FOR DROP-IN AND SINGLE MOLECULE FUELS ARE BOTH INTERESTING OPTIONS
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden; Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Digital Systems, Mobility and Systems.ORCID iD: 0009-0002-2579-0363
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy and Health, Biorefinery and Energy.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1806-4187
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2022 (English)In: European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings, ETA-Florence Renewable Energies , 2022, p. 333-340Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study compares several forest biomass-based biofuels and some electrofuels, for use in cars and trucks, in terms of economic and climate performance and resource efficiency from a Swedish perspective. Both dropin fuels possible to blend in conventional fuels and single molecule fuels requiring new vehicles and infrastructure are included. Mature costs for feedstock, production, distribution, and vehicles are included. There is no clear winner between drop-in and single-molecular fuels when considering both costs, GHG emissions and resource efficiency, neither for cars nor trucks. For trucks, both single-molecular fuels in the form of methanol and DME (dimethyl ether) and drop-in fuels in the form of diesel based on lignin and from hydropyrolysis perform best (given a process designed to reach high GHG performance). For cars drop-in fuels such as petrol produced from lignin or hydropyrolysis perform well, closely followed by the single molecular fuels methanol, DME and methane and some of the other drop-in fuels. For cars, where electrification is progressing fast, it is reasonable to apply the drop-in fuel strategy. For trucks, either continue with the drop-in fuel strategy or, due to uncertainties linked to new fuel production processes, invest in single molecule fuels such as methanol and DME.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ETA-Florence Renewable Energies , 2022. p. 333-340
Keywords [en]
biofuel, costs, forest residues, greenhouse gases (GHG), lignin, pyrolysis, Alternative fuels, Drops, Efficiency, Forestry, Greenhouse gases, Methanol, Methanol fuels, Molecules, Trucks, Comparative assessment, Forest biomass, Forest residue, Greenhouse gas, Greenhouses gas, Hydropyrolysis, Molecular fuels, Performance efficiency, Resource efficiencies, Single molecule, Biofuels
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-61413Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85142468081OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-61413DiVA, id: diva2:1718033
Conference
30th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2022, 9 May 2022 through 12 May 2022
Note

Funding details: Energimyndigheten; Funding text 1: The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from (i) Mistra - the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research via Phase 2 of the Mistra Carbon Exit project and (ii) the Swedish Energy Agency and the Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels (f3) [Project no. P48357-1 carried out within the collaborative research program Renewable transportation fuels and systems program (Samverkansprogrammet Förnybara drivmedel och system)].

Available from: 2022-12-12 Created: 2022-12-12 Last updated: 2023-10-02Bibliographically approved

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Klintbom, PatrikFurusjö, ErikHolmgren, Kristina

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