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Anchorage of naturally corroded, plain reinforcement bars in flexural members
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Applied Mechanics. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3481-1368
2020 (English)In: Materials and Structures, ISSN 1359-5997, E-ISSN 1871-6873, Vol. 53, no 2, article id 38Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reinforced concrete structures are often damaged by corrosion, which affects the interaction between reinforcement bars and concrete. Earlier studies mostly applied artificial corrosion to test the bond between deformed bars and concrete. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the effects of natural corrosion on plain bars. In this paper, 20 beams with naturally corroded plain bars and varying amount of damage were taken from an 80-year-old bridge and tested in three-point bending. All but three of the specimens anchored the yield force of the bars after the opening of one or two major bending cracks. At large deflections, the load-carrying mechanism changed from beam to arch action. Eventually, end-slip of the reinforcement bars was observed. The bars were extracted, cleaned, three-dimensionally scanned, and tested in tension. The average bond strength in the unyielded zone was found to be equal to 7.39 MPa, with a standard deviation of 3.33 MPa. The casting position was identified as an important factor: when uncorroded, bottom-cast bars had a higher bond strength than that of top-cast bars. However, they were more prone to splitting cracks and, consequently, loss of bond strength for small corrosion levels. Top-cast bars had increasing bond strength with increasing corrosion levels, owing to the absence of external cracks. These differences were likely related to a denser concrete surrounding the bottom-cast bars. The remaining bond capacity in the yielded zones was evaluated to be approximately 1.0 MPa. © 2020 The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer , 2020. Vol. 53, no 2, article id 38
Keywords [en]
Bond strength, Concrete, Natural corrosion, Plain bars, Post-yielding, Three-point bending test, Arch bridges, Bond strength (materials), Concretes, Rebar, Reinforced concrete, Corrosion levels, Large deflection, Plain reinforcement, Reinforcement bar, Standard deviation, Three point bending, Corrosion
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-44713DOI: 10.1617/s11527-020-01471-2Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85082592124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-44713DiVA, id: diva2:1426620
Note

Funding details: Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas; Funding details: Trafikverket; Funding text 1: The work was funded by the Swedish research council Formas and the Swedish Transport Administration.

Available from: 2020-04-27 Created: 2020-04-27 Last updated: 2020-04-27Bibliographically approved

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Flansbjer, Mathias

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