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Risk Assessment of Cattle Handling on Pasture Using Work Environment Screening Tool
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
Purdue University, USA.
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, JTI Institutet för Jordbruks- och Miljöteknik.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Agromedicine, ISSN 1059-924X, E-ISSN 1545-0813, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 116-124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT: Working with beef cattle in an open area or while on pasture has been shown to expose workers to a high risk of work-related injury. Prior research on this problem has been conducted using mail surveys, interviews, self-reporting of work practices and injury experiences, and summaries of published injury data, including media reports. Prior research on injury prevention has largely focused on worker education in a specific cultural or geographical setting. A pilot study was conducted to test the cross-cultural usability of the Working Environment Screening Tool in Agriculture (WEST-AG), a modification of the WEST, developed for Swedish industrial applications, to assess risk factors associated with farmers working with cattle being raised largely on pasture as compared with cattle raised in confined feeding operations. Swedish and English language versions of WEST-AG were developed and pilot-tested on a convenient sample of eight Swedish and eight Indiana farms that raise beef cattle primarily on pasture. On-site observations were conducted independently by Swedish and US agricultural safety professionals and documented using photography and a 15–risk-of-injury component on an 11-degree linear scale. Comparisons were made between independent observations documented from the Swedish and Indiana application of the WEST, including collective assessment of photographic record, and the results reported. Key findings included (a) a higher level of observed risks on Indiana farms studied as compared with their Swedish counterparts; (b) high levels of worker exposure to cattle, especially mature breeding bulls, on both sets of farms; (c) a higher frequency of self-reported farm-related injuries than anticipated on both Swedish and Indiana farms; (d) substantially different economic, social, cultural, and regulatory forces that influence small-operation Swedish and Indiana beef producers’ decisions regarding adoption of safer work practices, including use of new and safer technology; and (e) differences between the interpretations of the levels or severity of risks observed between the Swedish and US researchers conducting the assessments based upon regulatory and cultural context. Recommendations for enhancing the methodology of applying the WEST-AG to beef production are discussed, along with utilizing the findings to recommend steps to enhance worker safety on small beef farms, regardless of cultural setting. The most significant contribution of this study was to explore the viability of an assessment tool for agricultural workplaces that could be used internationally to enhance worker safety and health regardless of cultural and political differences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis Ltd. , 2015. Vol. 20, no 2, p. 116-124
Keywords [en]
Cattle, risk assessment, worker safety, Working Environment Screening Tool, Bos, adult, agricultural land, agricultural worker, animal, bovine, human, Indiana, male, middle aged, occupational accident, pilot study, procedures, questionnaire, red meat, safety, standards, Sweden, workplace, Accidents, Occupational, Animals, Farmers, Farms, Humans, Pilot Projects, Surveys and Questionnaires
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-43189DOI: 10.1080/1059924X.2015.1009664Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84928476807OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-43189DiVA, id: diva2:1385318
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-01-20Bibliographically approved

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