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Transportation fuel production from gasified biomass integrated with a pulp and paper mill – Part A: Heat integration and system performance
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
RISE, Innventia.
CIT Industriell Energi, Sweden.
Chalmers University of Technology, .
2016 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 103, p. 557-571Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Production of transportation fuels from biorefineries via biomass gasification has been suggested as a way of introducing renewable alternatives in the transportation system with an aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. By co-locating gasification-based processes within heat demanding industries, excess heat from the gasification process can replace fossil or renewable fuels. The objective of this study was to compare the heat integration potential of four different gasification-based biorefinery concepts with a chemical pulp and paper mill. The results showed that the choice of end-product which was either methanol, Fischer-Tropsch crude, synthetic natural gas or electricity, can have significant impact on the heat integration potential with a pulp and paper mill and that the heat saving measures implemented in the mill in connection to integration of a gasification process can increase the biomass resource efficiency by up to 3%-points. Heat saving measures can reduce the necessary biomass input to the biorefinery by 50% if the sizing constraint is to replace the bark boiler with excess heat from the biorefinery. A large integrated gasification process with excess steam utilisation in a condensing turbine was beneficial only if grid electricity is produced at below 30% electrical efficiency. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2016. Vol. 103, p. 557-571
Keywords [en]
Biomass, Biomass gasification, Energy efficiency, Heat integration, Pinch analysis, Pulp and paper mill, Bioconversion, Chemical pulp, Fuels, Gas emissions, Gasification, Greenhouse gases, Integration, Natural gas deposits, Paper, Paper and pulp mills, Papermaking machinery, Pulp manufacture, Refining, Electrical efficiency, Gasification process, Synthetic natural gas, Transportation system, chemical alteration, efficiency measurement, fuel, greenhouse gas, heat transfer, pulp and paper industry, refining industry
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-41490DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2016.02.091Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84973129267OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-41490DiVA, id: diva2:1377520
Available from: 2019-12-12 Created: 2019-12-12 Last updated: 2019-12-12Bibliographically approved

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