Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Biomass applications in iron and steel industry: An overview of challenges and opportunities
RISE, Swerea, MEFOS. Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institute, Egypt.
RISE, Swerea, MEFOS.
RISE, Swerea, MEFOS.
RISE, Swerea, MEFOS.
2016 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 65, p. 1247-1266Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The iron and steel industry accounts for about 20% of the annual industrial energy utilization. The intensive fossil fuel consumption in steel industry is associated with CO2 emission. In the absence of economically feasible and efficient methods for capture and storage of enormous quantities of CO2 emissions from steel industry, the use of biomass products as a source of energy and reducing agents provides a promising alternative solution for green steel production. However, the biomass application in iron and steel industry is still limited and it suffers strong competition from fossil fuels. The challenges of biomass usage in steel industry are included technical and economic aspects which required synergy between steelmaking and bioenergy sectors. Although intensive work has been carried out separately, there is a lack of link between these two vital sectors. The present article provides a comprehensive review of recent research progresses which have been conducted on biomass upgrading and analysing the opportunities and obstacles for biomass implementation in iron and steel industry. In the first part, an overview on the energy consumption and CO2 emissions in different iron and steelmaking routes is clarified. Moreover, the potential approaches of biomass conversion processes and upgrading technologies are reviewed. In the second part, an attention has been paid to the utilization of torrefied/pyrolyzed biomass in the energy-intensive ironmaking processes. Biomass addition to coal blend during cokemaking and its influence on the product coke quality is discussed. The partial and complete substitution of coke breeze with biochar in sintering process and its influence on the product sinter quality is explained. The impact of charcoal top charging or injection into blast furnace has been elaborated. Benefits and limitations of biomass application in each process are thoroughly discussed. In the third part, an economic analysis of biomass implementation for low-carbon steel is addressed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2016. Vol. 65, p. 1247-1266
Keywords [en]
Bioenergy, CO2 emissions, Energy consumption, Ironmaking, Modelling, Steel industry, Bioconversion, Biomass, Blast furnaces, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Charcoal, Coke, Competition, Economic analysis, Energy utilization, Fossil fuels, Industrial economics, Iron, Iron research, Low carbon steel, Models, Reducing agents, Sintering, Steelmaking, Alternative solutions, Bio-energy, Biomass conversion process, Iron making, Iron making process, Recent researches, Sintering process, Upgrading technologies, Iron and steel industry
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-41086DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.07.061Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84980335370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-41086DiVA, id: diva2:1377211
Note

Funding details: Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas, 232-2014-159; Funding text 1: The authors acknowledge the financial support provided for this work by Swedish Research Council Formas (Grant No. 232-2014-159 ) during the postdoc grant at Swerea MEFOS and the Interreg Nord for financing the RENEPRO project.

Available from: 2019-12-11 Created: 2019-12-11 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus
By organisation
MEFOS
In the same journal
Renewable & sustainable energy reviews
Natural Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 549 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
v. 2.35.10