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A survey of test methods for multiaxial and out-of-plane strength of composite laminates
RISE, Swerea, SICOMP.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2627-3280
2011 (English)In: Composites Science And Technology, ISSN 0266-3538, E-ISSN 1879-1050, Vol. 71, no 6, p. 773-783Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This review paper gives an overview of test methods for multiaxial and out-of-plane strength of composite laminates, with special consideration of non-crimp fabrics (NCF) and other textile systems. Tubular and cruciform specimens can provide arbitrary in-plane loading, while off-axis and angle-ply specimens provide specific biaxial loadings. Tensile and compressive out-of-plane strength may be determined by axial loading of specimens with a waisted gauge section, while bending of curved specimens allow determination of the out-of-plane tensile strength. Tests suited for out-of-plane shear strength include the short beam shear test, the inclined double notch test and the inclined waisted specimen. Testing of arbitrary tri-axial stress states using tubular or cruciform specimens with superimposed through-the-thickness loading is highly complex and significant problems have been reported in achieving the intended stress states and failure modes. Specific tri-axial stress states can be obtained by uniaxial loading of specimens with constrained expansion, as in the die channel test. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 71, no 6, p. 773-783
Keywords [en]
A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs), A. Structural composites, A. Textile composites, B. Strength, Multiaxial testing, Matrix composite, Multiaxial, Textile composite, Failure analysis, Loading, Paper laminates, Shear strength, Stress analysis, Tensile strength, Testing, Textiles, Polymer matrix composites
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-40973DOI: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2011.01.022Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79953095839OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-40973DiVA, id: diva2:1376962
Note

Funding details: NFFP5; Funding text 1: This work is a part of the ReFACT project, which is funded by the Fifth Swedish National Aeronautical Research Programme (NFFP5).

Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2019-12-10Bibliographically approved

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Olsson, Robin

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