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Hydrogen fuel quality from two main production processes: Steam methane reforming and proton exchange membrane water electrolysis
National Physical Laboratory, UK.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4037-3106
VSL, Netherlands.
CEM Centro Español de Metrología, Spain.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, E-ISSN 1873-2755, Vol. 444, article id 227170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The absence of contaminants in the hydrogen delivered at the hydrogen refuelling station is critical to ensure the length life of FCEV. Hydrogen quality has to be ensured according to the two international standards ISO 14687–2:2012 and ISO/DIS 19880-8. Amount fraction of contaminants from the two hydrogen production processes steam methane reforming and PEM water electrolyser is not clearly documented. Twenty five different hydrogen samples were taken and analysed for all contaminants listed in ISO 14687-2. The first results of hydrogen quality from production processes: PEM water electrolysis with TSA and SMR with PSA are presented. The results on more than 16 different plants or occasions demonstrated that in all cases the 13 compounds listed in ISO 14687 were below the threshold of the international standards. Several contaminated hydrogen samples demonstrated the needs for validated and standardised sampling system and procedure. The results validated the probability of contaminants presence proposed in ISO/DIS 19880-8. It will support the implementation of ISO/DIS 19880-8 and the development of hydrogen quality control monitoring plan. It is recommended to extend the study to other production method (i.e. alkaline electrolysis), the HRS supply chain (i.e. compressor) to support the technology growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V. , 2019. Vol. 444, article id 227170
Keywords [en]
Fuel cell electrical vehicles, Gas analysis, Hydrogen production, Hydrogen quality, ISO14687, Contamination, Electrolysis, Gas fuel analysis, ISO Standards, Methane, Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC), Quality control, Steam reforming, Supply chains, Electrical vehicles, Hydrogen fuel qualities, Hydrogen production process, Hydrogen refuelling stations, International standards, Proton exchange membranes
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-40596DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227170Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85073687836OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-40596DiVA, id: diva2:1369575
Available from: 2019-11-12 Created: 2019-11-12 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved

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Arrhenius, Karine

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