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O2 contamination in SSC / HIC test environments. Impact on test results and discussion on acceptable limits for high H2S content
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, KIMAB. (Institut de la Corrosion)
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, KIMAB. (Institut de la Corrosion)
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, KIMAB. (Institut de la Corrosion)
IFP Energies Nouvelles Rond Point de l'échangeur de Solaize, France.
2019 (English)In: NACE - International Corrosion Conference SeriesVolume 2019-March, 2019, Article number 12894Corrosion Conference and Expo 2019; Nashville; United States;, National Assoc. of Corrosion Engineers International , 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is a well admitted fact that oxygen contamination shall be avoided during H2S cracking tests of low alloy steels. In the 2016 revisions of NACE TM0177 and NACE TM0284 documents, quantitative limits of O2 contamination were included with thresholds at 10 and 50 ppb of dissolved oxygen depending on the considered mechanical properties of the tested grade. However, the scientific basis of these values are not well established and there is still a lack of experimental data to illustrate the potential impacts of an oxygen pollution. In addition, while the revised test methods explicitly address initial contamination of the test solution before H2S introduction, they do not consider a continuous oxygen supply during testing. Yet, continuous contamination is extremely difficult to be completely eliminated. In order to better understand the impact of O2 contamination on H2S cracking, a 3-years Joint Industrial Project was launched at the end of 2015. The objectives were to evaluate if O2 contamination can affect H2S cracking test results. A range of steel grades covering different types of O&G applications for High H2S content were used. SSC (uniaxial tensile tests as well as 4 point-bend) and HIC tests were conducted, with well controlled and continuous O2 contamination. Three levels of O2 partial pressures in the gas feed corresponding to 300 ppb, 50 ppb and less than 10 ppb dissolved O2 were used. In parallel to the standard qualification tests, hydrogen permeation and weight-loss corrosion experiments were performed with the same test matrix, covering all regions of the SSC severity diagram. This paper aims at sharing the main results of this project for high H2S content. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Assoc. of Corrosion Engineers International , 2019.
Keywords [en]
Cracking, H2S, HIC, O2 contamination, SSC, Contamination, Crack initiation, Cracks, Hybrid integrated circuits, Oxygen supply, Sulfide corrosion cracking, Tensile testing, Acceptable limit, Hydrogen permeation, Industrial projects, Oxygen contamination, Potential impacts, Qualification test, Test Environment, Uniaxial tensile test, Dissolved oxygen
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-40475Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85070101554OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-40475DiVA, id: diva2:1359986
Conference
NACE - International Corrosion Conference 24 March 2019 through 28 March 2019
Note

Funding details: Arcelor; Funding details: Total; Funding details: ArcelorMittal Maizières Research; Funding text 1: The authors would like to acknowledge the contribution of the consortium of companies whose financial support led to this publication: GE Oil & Gas, Industeel (Arcelor Mittal), Arcelor Mittal Bourg-en-Bresse, SZMF, TechnipFMC, Total and Vallourec.

Available from: 2019-10-10 Created: 2019-10-10 Last updated: 2019-10-10Bibliographically approved

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